Tuesday, 7 June 2022

ARTICLE - EXPLANATION , ITS USE IN A SENTENCE WITH EXAMPLES. & EXERCISE --- EXAMINATION QUESTIONS


USE OF AN ARTICLE IN A SENTENCE

----Explanation with Examples 

An article though apparently is a small part in a sentence yet it has an important role in providing a sensible meaning of the sentence. It cannot be just dubbed as trivial as it appears to be. So its proper use at an appropriate place in a sentence is very necessary.

An article is an adjective but it is not termed as an adjective. It is categorised under the head determiners. 

An article describes or introduces a noun and  thus is placed before a noun. Despite its position, an article is not called an adjective. 

If an adjective precedes a noun, an article is placed before adjective.

 For example -
An   interesting story.

 In this sentence 'story' is a noun and 'interesting' an adjective and 'an' is an article.


An article is different from an adjective in the sense that it describes a noun but it does not describe a pronoun whereas an adjective describes both a noun and a pronoun.

There are two articles used --- A, An,  and The.

Articles A and An are used for singular noun which is not specific for example , a book or an apple.

Article The is used to express a specific noun as 'the book'. 'The' describes a particular book. This is clear in the following sentences.

There lived a rabbit in a forest. ........1
The rabbit lived in a burrow near a lion's den in the forest. .......2

In the sentence at Sr. no. 1 'a rabbit'  describes any single rabbit and a forest describes a single unspecified forest. 
But in the sentence 2 'the rabbit' and 'the forest' describe  about a particular rabbit and a particular forest respectively which are refered to in sentence no. 1.

A and An are  in a way shortened form of one and are used for single nouns. One acts as an adjective in a sentence. 

A and an articles are used for countable nouns.

For example :

I have a book.  It means any single book.

I have one book. It means a specified number one of book. 

Article The is used for a specific noun. It is used for singular as well as plural nouns. It is used for countable and uncountable nouns. 

For example :
He drank the water contained in the jug.

I read the book you gave me.
I read the books you gave me.

Application as well as omission of articles in a sentence is equally important. Just as an omission of  an article distorts the meaning of a sentence similarly unnecessary application of an article in a sentence also disturbs its meaning.

A noun used in a general sense does not take any article with it. 

For example : 

Man is mortal.

In this sentence the word man is used in general terms so carries no article. 

But in the following sentence,

I saw a man in the street.

 the word man describes any single unspecific man moving in the street.

The man I saw in the street is a shopkeeper.

In this sentence 'the man' describes about a particular man who is a shopkeeper and was seen by me in the street.

Here follow some sentences for explanation.

EXERCISE

ONE

Find error in the following sentence.

1. It is only after the rains are over, farmers come to know how much loss they have caused to crops.

2. A hand that rocks the cradle rules over the world.

3. It is a big relief when the examinations are over. 

4. He presented her a copy of  latest version of the book.

5. He searched his pocket and found one rupee coin in it.

(ANSWERS)

1. 'The rains' denotes some specific rains whereas it is in a general sense. So 'rains' instead of 'the rains'.

2.  Hand is used here in a specific sense i.e. ' the hand of the mother'. So it should be 'The hand' that rocks the .....

3. ' The examinations' means some specific examinations but here it is used in a general sense. So examinations instead of the examinations.

4. A copy of 'the latest' version of the book.

5. And found ' a one rupee coin' .

TWO

1. Of the two sisters, younger one is more intelligent.

2. The higher you go , cooler it is.

3. This is a first step towards understanding a child's psychology.

4. It was big surprise for me when I met one of my old friends in the market yesterday.

5. During his school days he used to be most obedient pupil of his teachers.


THREE


1. The teacher advised the students to pay an attention to their studies.

2. We have been visiting this city for last five years but we never went to his place.

3. Whenever he comes to my house he is always in hurry.

4. This candidate appears to be a most likely choice of parties of both the sides.

5. It took them about hour to complete their work and get  ready to accompany us.

FOUR

1. He has been living with his family in same house since his childhood.

2. The more a man gets , more he desires.

3. The poor are always contented whereas rich are never happy.

4. The third and the fourth chapters of this book are very interesting. 

5. Nobody likes a person with bad temper like him.

6. All the members of the club have been instructed to follow an uniform code of conduct.

7. I can never forget kindness with which he treated me.

8. I found that he was in right whereas his brother was in the wrong. 

9. The day before yesterday he left for Europe by the air. 

10. There is need of finding out an early solution of the problem to avoid further complications. 
(ANSWERS)

TWO
1. the younger one  2. the cooler  3. the first step  4. a big surprise  5. the most obedient.

THREE

 1. to pay attention. 2. the last five years 3. in a hurry. 4. the most likely. 5. about an hour.

FOUR

1. ....the same house 2. ...the more he desires 3. ....the rich are.... 4. ....and  fourth 5. ....with a bad temper... 6. .... a uniform code 7. .....forget the kindness  8. .......he was in the right.
9. .... by air. 10 .....a need of ..... 




 


CONTD.


 




 



No comments:

Post a Comment