Monday, 27 September 2021

Sentence Arrangement -5. Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation

 Sentence Arrangement questions in examinations are given in different forms. One of the common forms of these is that first and last sentences are given and other four sentences are to be arranged properly between them. This gives an additional feature of checking link of the sentences with these two fixed sentences. However the method of attempting the question remains the same i.e. to check the given options and find our the correct one out of those options. 

The point is made clear with the examples given hereunder.


In the following exercises first and last sentences of the sequence are given. Arrange the remaining four sentences between these two in a meaningful sequence.


ONE

X. Social media platforms of today keep us  connected with the world and people around us.

P. In view of all this, it is more distressing to see how far we have drifted in our attitudes to social issues and how fragile is our tolerance for people who are not like us, thanks to these social media platforms.

Q. Not only this but also old film songs and photographs, oiled hair and plaits and lumpy forms are the topics on which we laugh at.

R. Besides our concern about our likes and dislikes, thoughts over our parents, partners and children, afflictions like inflamed joints, failing ears and eyes and loneliness of those whose children  live abroad are also the things that crop up.

S. ‘The  new generation’s parenting skills, disgust for junk food, overcrowded roads and visiting places and over depending on English in daily life’ are the topics  which we mostly discuss and share with each other here.

Y. Our social media accounts although are flooded with information and sermons of our living style yet it is equally true that in action perhaps we lack all this.

 

OPTIONS
1. PQSR 2.QSRP  3.SQRP  4.SPRQ

EXPLANATION

The first given sentence tells about benefits of a facility to us. It is in positive mood. The last fixed sentence is in negative mood. It tells about what we lost with this facility. 

P tells about negative effects of the facility to us. This sentence can join the last given sentence. P can be at the end of the sequence. 

Q tells further details of topics discussed on the platform. But it starts with 'not only this' which suggests similar information prior to this also.
R  also gives details of similar topics. The word 'besides' suggests its link with some prior sentence.

S gives detail of topics being discussed on the platform. It can be first sentence after the fixed sentence. 

Out of the given options two options start with S and one each with P and Q. P cannot be first sentence due to the words in view of this. Q also cannot be first sentence as it contains 'not only this'.

For options 3 and 4 it is to find out whether P or Q is to follow S. Out of the two P does not fit here. Only the remaining option is 3 SQRP. This answer can be verified.





TWO


X. Nobody knows when the lady luck favours a person and he may not know about it even.

A. The cabman meanwhile was back on his seat before the lady could reply to her husband, he started the cab and they went away.

B. The cab-driver stopped the cab by the roadside near a meadow and went down to drink water.

C. The rich man told his wife about the young man and expressed his desire to her to accept him as their heir as they had no child of their own.

D. The rich man sitting with his wife in the cab peeped out of the cab and saw a handsome young man sleeping under a nearby tree.

Y. The young man missed the chance of being blessed by the Luck dame.


OPTIONS
1. ABDC 2. BDCA  3. DACB 4. BCAD

EXPLANATION

Its sequence is very simple. 
B tells about stopping of a moving cab. In D  Its occupant a rich man looks outside the cab. He sees a young man and in C it tells his wife about the man. In A it tells that the cabman comes back, he starts the cab and they move away. 
This sequence is in option 2 BDCA.







THREE

X. An Electric generator, a device working on the principle of electromagnetic induction, is used to produce electric energy, which can be stored and supplied to the homes, shops, offices, etc. 

A. These generators with a wide range of power output capacities and of different sizes are available in the market, thereby, allowing businesses to choose a suitable generator according to their requirement.

B. Commercial standby generators are used to provide power to commercial buildings or organizations  in the event of a power outage by resuming the supply of power swiftly.

C. The size of a standby generator varies according to its power supply capacity. Mostly generators with high power generating capacity are bigger in size in comparison to those with less power generating capacity.

D. It is possible because the process of transferring and resuming power from the generator occurs within seconds, thus ensuring that the equipment or machinery at work continues to work without interruption.

Y. Commercial standby generator sets are very useful in businesses, organizations or companies as they ensure uninterrupted power supply  and prevent any kind of loss occurring  due to a power cut.


OPTIONS
1. CABD 2. BDAC 3. ACBD 4. DABC 

EXPLANATION

The given options start with different alphabets i.e. ABCD. 
Sentence X describes about working of a generator and its use for homes, shops and companies. 
Sentence A describes about different sizes, and capacity of generator and its utility for different types of users.
Sentence D describes about its working and benefits in case of power failure.
Sentence C describes about proportionate sizes of generators according to their output.
Sentence B describes about use and working of a generator sets in the event of need of alternate source of power. It shows its continuity with the sentence X. The words power resumes swiftly links B with D as it also describes power resuming by generator. D proceeds further with working and use of a generator. A describes about different sizes of generators available in the market. C gives use of generations of different sizes for different users. So BDAC is the answer.








Generally in Sentence Arrangement questions in examinations there are options given and one correct one out of those is to be selected. Undoubtedly practice is the most effective tool solving the question but there are certain tips with the help of which one can arrive at the result easily and quickly. A few of them are listed below.
These sentences relate to one theme, topic, idea or place or thing of description. Their link as to how they describe it is required to be identified.

Some words like pronouns and  prepositional phrases are very helpful in locating relation between sentences.

Sentences containing nouns are arranged prior to those containing pronouns. 

In the examination questions going by the given options makes finding out the answer very convenient. Sense and meaning of sentences in the sequence of options needs to be verified and the correct one to be identified.

Above all sense and meaning of sentences helps in arranging these sentences.





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