Monday, 30 August 2021

Sentence Arrangement -2. Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation


SENTENCE ARRANGEMENT

There are different types of questions relating to arrangement of jumbled sentences into a meaningful sequence in competition examinations.  Mostly these are with given options and the correct sequence is to be selected out of those options. In some cases there are first and last sentences given and the remaining four sentences are to be arranged in between these two sentences. There are sometimes questions relating to first, third, fourth or last correct option of the sequence etc. However for any mode, the method of arranging these remains the same by understanding meaning and sense of the sentences and arranging these by finding out links between them. It remains pertinent to say that there is no foolproof specific rule for this.

Here follow some examples for explanation and practice.


Exercise  One

Of the following sentences, sentnces A and B form the first and the last sentence of the sequence respectively. Arrange the remaining four  sentences into a meaningful sequence between these two.


A. Of the various kinds of scholars who go to universities, there are mainly those who devote themselves to leisure of learning and acquiring knowledge, imparting their knowledge to their fellow beings through their discourses and writings.

P. In this way, a University, by all means, is sanguine to be called a place of learning for all those who acquire as well as those who impart knowledge, it thus in a way unites and allows all of them to mingle with each other to get acquainted.

Q. Among all of these, however, there remains an underneath pedagogic instinct whatever the reason of their pursuit be whether avocation or a quest for a goal.   

R. Most of them engage themselves to gain knowledge for adding to their academic achievements through degrees and medals, their pursuit is orchestrated to achieve their objective. 


S. Scholars resort to universities also for being trained to impart their knowledge to others, so while being taught they have to undergo various procedures of displaying their knowledge and showing its authenticity.


B. Universities, in a way,  bring together all those who are scholars, those  who intend to teach and those who want to be taught, meet with    their all requirements besides providing a common niche for them.


OPTIONS
1. QSRP  2. SRPQ  3. SQPR 4. RQSP

ANSWER

In such questions one should go by the given options.

In this question Sr. no, A and B are given and the remaining PQRS are to be arranged in between these two. A describes activities of scholars in universities. B describes role of universities relating to scholars.  

 Two options start with S and one each with R and Q. No option starts with P. So no need to see to it.
S states that scholars resort to.....also for...The word also tells that there was discussion about scholars in previous sentences. This shows possibility of link with A. Two options 2 and 3 start with S. 

In option 2 R follows S. In R there is repetition of statement of S. In 3, Q follows S in which there is a general statement about teaching instinct. These do not fit here as answer. 

Q states that ...among all of these... Pronoun these indicates some prior reference This links it with S as it describes the categories of scholars who go to universities for different purposes.

The words 'a majority of them' in R shows its link with A. Q describes further about scholars already referred to. S gives more details of activities of scholars. 
Q elaborates further the point stated about scholars in R. So Q should follow R. This is in option 4.

P refers to universities where these scholars go for their pursuits. B elaborates the same point further. This shows link between P and B. So answer is 4 RQSP.





Exercise Two


A. Problems of people living in urban areas are different from those of people living in rural areas though the need of basic necessities remains the same for both the categories.

P. This has resulted into growth of population of these cities beyond planners' imagination and problems of these cities too are rising beyond control of the authorities concerned. 

Q. These problems arise mainly due to these cities being over populated and developed without any planning and making future provisions.

R. People living in these big cities face problems like scarcity of water or power supply, over-crowded roads and visiting places, traffic congestions on roads and limited parking places for vehicles etc.

S. People in large number from nearby areas are moving to these cities for  their livelihood and better basic amenities and this is causing haphazard growth of dwelling areas in and around these cities.

B. The need of the hour is broad macro-planning for various cities keeping in view the local requirements and envisaging  future growth of population of the area.


OPTIONS  1.QRSP 2.RSQP  3.RQSP   4. SRPQ 


ANSWER

In such questions there is need to find links between different sr nos.
Sr. no. P describes problems of people living in urban areas. B suggests solution of this problem.
R gives details of these problems whereas Q enlists reasons of these problems. So R should follow A and Q should follow R. S further tells about reasons and P gives the result of these problems. B tells about solution of these problems.
In this way a possible sequence is RQSP.
This is option 3. Answer is 3 RQSP.


Exercise Three


A. Human body needs all the constituents of food for its balanced development otherwise deficiency of any of these may cause serious illness.

P. This in turn has resulted in adding to health problems of people rather than solving them because this all has resulted in diminishing immunity of human beings against various diseases.

Q. Nowadays, as a snobbery,  people of all ages have started curtailing different food items without knowing  their requirement for the body.

R  Of late, people have started having controlled quantity of sugar and fats thinking that these cause various diseases of heart and diabetes or obesity etc.

S. In comparison to this, about a couple of decades ago, people were not so much concerned about control over their food rather they were in the habit of taking very rich and abundant food and they were  quite healthy having very few health problems.

B. So before taking any such decision about curtailment of diet one must consult one's physician and must take the required food sufficient to replenish the needs of the body.

OPTIONS

1. QSRP   2. SRQP 3.RQPS  4.PSRQ



ANSWER

In such questions one should go by the given options.

In this question, two sentences A and B are given. The remaining four sentences, PQRS are to be arranged in a befitting sequence.

A tells about requirement of food constituents for human body. B contains an advice to consider before curtailing food items quantity.

The given four options start with each of the four serial numbers PQRS.

P. Words 'this in turn' show that this is result of some prior action. This does not fit with A as there is no such reference in it. So option 4 is ruled out.

Q tells about curtailment of food items by people. This shows some link with A. Option 1 can be the possibility.

R further describes items of food like sugar etc. which people take in lesser quantity these days. This does not fit with A as there is no mention of food items in A. So option 3 is ruled out. 

S tells about food habits of people in the past time. This compares food habits of people of past time with those of present days. This does not fit with A so option 2 is ruled out.

P tells about certain activities on human health and B gives advice to be careful about taking different food items. There seems link between these two. P is in last serial in two options 1 and 2. But S cannot follow A. So option 2 is not correct. Correct answer is 1 QSRP.

Exercise Four


A. Khadi Industry,  which was once a lucrative mode of employment for villagers, has lost its sheen and it is no more a source of income for them.

P. Power loom industry of today in fact gives a tough competition to village Khadi industry.

Q. Therefore there is a great demand of these clothes in the market and to meet with it big power looms have come into existence.

R. But people in different parts of the world still like and wear khadi clothes.

S. The Khadi industry is no longer a small village industry but it vies with other industries like Textile industry etc.

B. Clothes and other items made of Khadi produced by power looms are liked and used all over the world and these are considered cheaper and better in quality.


OPTIONS

1.SRQP    2.SRPQ  3.RQSP  4. PSRQ



Exercise Five

X.  If a company is to survive in the world of cut-throat competition of today it is of utmost importance for it to update all methods and techniques of its working. 
  
A. The meeting which was attended by all the staff members  lasted for two hours and the participants were acquainted with the various methods being adopted in the field of marketing today.

B. All the participants considered this meeting very useful for them as they came to know the importance of replacing old methods with the new ones for getting better results in the field of marketing. 

C. Immediately after their return from the seminar, they decided to hold a meeting of the staff in the office and a meeting was called.

D. The directors of the company had an opportunity to attend a seminar on the topic 'New Challenges in the field of Marketing' last week.

Y. Such exchange of ideas and policies among themselves is of great help for a company in framing its new policies and enforcing new techniques of working.


OPTIONS

1.BCAD   2. ABDC  3.CBAD 4. DCAB




Friday, 27 August 2021

Sentence Arrangement--1 - Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation


ARRANGEMENT OF JUMBLED SENTENCES INTO A MEANINGFUL SEQUENCE



In competition examinations there are questions relating to arrangement of jumbled sentences into a meaningful sequence. For attempting these questions though there is no hard and fast rule yet understanding meaning and sense conveyed by the given sentences helps in finding  solution. There are some key words which show linkage between these sentences and those are required to be identified. 

A few of these are enumerated  hereunder :

To form the first sentence generally a Noun as its subject is required in the sentence.

A sentence having a pronoun as its subject generally does not form the first sentence of the sequence.

Articles like "a, an or the" also give a hint about position of the sentence in the sequence. The articles "a" or "an" show that this sentence can be first sentence but a sentence containing article "the" shows that reference of the noun following "the" has already been made in a sentence prior to this sentence. 

There are words like it, its, this, these, that, those, hereunder, below, preceding,  or  following etc. which also  indicate  position of the sentence in a sequence. 

For example:
Its effect on them was so intense  that they immediately changed their decision. 

Here words like "its" "them" and "they" refer to  something already discussed in preceding sentences. So this cannot be first sentence.


Words like but or yet also help in locating position of the sentence. After use of these words the mood of the statement undergoes a change. If there is a positive mood of the statement after these words it will change to negative or vice versa.

 For example: 
He wanted to appear in the examination this year but he could not.

Though he appeared in the examination this year yet he did not pass. 

Words like also, however, nevertheless  also  indicate  context of the sentence with others.

In certain examination questions there are options given to select the correct answer out of those. These options help in finding out the correct answer. One can easily go by these options.  The option which does not form the first serial number of the options can easily be ignored. The options which do not fit into probabilities can also be ignored and only the remaining options can be considered. This method reduces  labour and saves time in finding out the correct solution.

For Example:

There are four serial numbers, PQRS and options are

SRQP  QPRS  SPQR  RPQS

Options show that answer cannot start with Sr no P. So it can be ignored. Now two options start with S think about them.If it does not fit in norms ignore it too. Now focus on the remaining two options Q and R only. This will save labour and time.


Examples elucidate the point further.

Here follow Exercises for Practice.


Exercise One

Arrange the following sentences into a meaningful sequence.

P. It pertains to a rift in the relationship between children and parents, the young and the old due to conflict of their ideologies. 

Q. Generation gap refers to the distancing of people of successive generations with respect to communication, behaviour, thinking etc. 

R.As a result several old age homes have mushroomed in our country which take into their fold senior citizens bereft of love of their children and family.

S. In fact when a young person and an old person cannot understand each other's view point, it is said to be a case of generation gap and it is widening at an alarming rate and destroying the social fabric all over the world.

OPTIONS

1. SQRP   2. RSQP  3. QPSR  4. SPQR

Answers with explanations.

One can safely go by the given options. 
No option starts with P so it cannot be first sentence.
There are two options starting with S. This can be answer. 

Sr no R starts with words "as a result" which shows that there are some facts prior to this sentence on the basis of which this conclusion has been made. So this cannot be the first sentence. 

Option S starts with words "In fact" which shows that this sentence gives explanation of some point already stated prior to it. So this does not appear to be the first sentence.

Option Q is a general statement about a fact "generation gap" this appears to be first sentence. Out of the given options only at sr no. 3 starts with Q. This sequence can be checked.

If we start from the last Sr. no. S , it describes effect of gap on social set up. Further Sr. no. R tells about more such conditions prevailing in the society. This indicates that R can follow S. So option with sequence SR should be first checked. 

Option Q can be followed by P as it further elaborates the point stated in Q.  S further gives detail of it.  Finally R shows the concluding result of all these. 

So Option 3  QPSR is the answer.


Exercise Two

P. Seeing him a beam of light flashed in the eyes of the old man, though  he failed to recognise him yet he appeared to be known to him.

Q. He being exhausted was feeling it difficult to continue his journey further but even then  he did not want to surrender.

R. All of a sudden he caught sight of a young man at a distance who appeared to be heading towards him.

S.  An old farmer was walking slowly on the road with the support of his stick but he had a strong zeal in his mind to achieve his target.

OPTIONS
1. RQPS 2. SQRP 3. SPQR  4. PQSR

Answer with explanation.
P. In this sentence  article 'the' before 'old man'  indicates that there has already been reference to 'old man' in previous sentences. So this cannot be first sentence. So option 4 is ruled out.

Q. In this sentence the pronoun 'he' indicates that this cannot be first sentence. Besides there is no option starting with Q.

R. The words 'he appeared to be exhausted'  refer to someone already mentioned in previous sentences. So this too cannot be first sentence. Option 1 too cannot be answer.

S. This sentence starts with a Noun 'an old farmer' so this can be first sentence. There are two options starting with S. These two need to be checked.

It is to be seen  whether after S it is P (option 3) or Q (option2). 
Option P tells about someone whom the old man saw but there is no such reference in S. So P cannot follow S. 

Answer is 2. SQRP. This sequence can be checked and verified.
S tells about an old farmer walking and Q tells that he is exhausted. This makes link between the two. R gives reference to a young man whom the old man saw  and P describes about his recognition by old man. 




Exercise Three

Arrange the following sentences into a meaningful sequence.

P. In ancient times when scientific instruments were not there man made these predictions by  watching  movements of winds or birds etc.     

Q. It has been his continuous endeavour to know weather changes before hand as these are of utmost importance for him.

R. Predicting weather has always been a cumbersome business for man since long.

S. Various methods have been used in the past to make accurate weather predictions but without much success as weather often plays truant. 

OPTIONS
1. SRQP  2RQSP 3.QPRS 4. RPQS





CONTD.










Thursday, 19 August 2021

Error Spotting ( Indefinite Pronoun Usage-2 )- SENTENCES OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS PATTERN

  ERROR  SPOTTING

Usage of Indefinite Pronoun in sentences.

In a sentence an Indefinite Pronoun is used as Subject or Object when subject or object of the sentence is not specific or certain. These are expressed in general terms. 

For example : 
Anybody, Anyone, Anything, Nobody, None, Nothing, Somebody, Someone, Something, Everybody, Everyone, Everything etc. 

Some of these Indefinite Pronouns are always used as singular, some as plural and some as both singular and plural.

Indefinite Pronouns used as Singular --
One, Everyone, Nobody, Somebody, Anybody, Each, Every etc.

Indefinite Pronouns used as Plural ---
Many, Several, Few, Both, Others etc.

Indefinite Pronouns used as Singular and Plural ---
Most, All, None, Any, Some etc.

NOTE : A verb is used in a sentence according to its Subject. So to find in an error in a sentence it is very important to identify  Subject in it. 




Sentences with Indefinite Pronouns used both as Singular and Plural.


Most of the work is complete.
Most of the boys are absent.

All was lost in disaster.
All  were present there.

None  is responsible for this.
None of them were present.

All did not leave some are still there.
All work is not complete,some is near completion and other is yet to be started.


EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE

Find out error if any in the following sentences.


1. Most of the machinery parts imported from Russia is reported to have developed some technical fault and as such are required to be  replaced.

(Hint : There is hint of error in this sentence itself. 
" Most of the machinery parts"
"is reported to have"......"are required to be". As subject is plural verb too should be plural ,It should be "are reported" like "are required to".)



 2. One of the players selected for tournaments are likely to be detained and may not be sent for  training because of his pre-engagement.

(Hint : In this  sentence for the singular  subject "One of the " singular verb "is" in place of "are" is required.)


3. Many of the decisions taken by the committee in the meeting yesterday was unanimous except one controversial one which was passed through voting.

(Hint : In this  sentence for the plural subject "Many of the decisions" a plural verb "were" instead of " was" is required.)


4. It is important to remember that the vast majority of the people living in this area are farmers with a limited amount of land and scarce sources of income.

(Hint : In this sentence for "the vast majority " singular verb  "is" instead of "are" is required.)

5. This bill is not likely to be passed in the house as a majority are not in favour of its passing.

(Hint : In the latter part of the sentence"a majority " is subject and is singular. So a singular verb is required. It should be "a majority is".)



CONTD.









Monday, 16 August 2021

Error Spotting ( Indefinite Pronoun Usage-1 )- SENTENCES OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS PATTERN

 ERROR  SPOTTING

Usage of Indefinite Pronoun in sentences.


An Indefinite Pronoun is used in a sentence in place of a Noun as Subject or object. When a doer or a receiver or in other words a Subject or an Object is not certain, an Indefinite Pronoun is used. An indefinite Pronoun refers to persons or things in a general way. 
For example :

Anybody can do this work.
Everybody is ready to go there.
Someone has picked his pocket.
All were happy in the party.
Always do good to others.
 
In these sentences, the words Anybody, Everybody, Someone, All, and others are examples of Indefinite Pronoun. These are Pronouns but do not represent any definite person or thing.


Some points to be noted in case of Indefinite Pronouns :

 - One is used as singular and it is followed by one's and not his or her.

One should do one's duty.

- Each, Either and Neither when used as Pronoun are followed by singular verb. 

Each of them was happy there.
Neither of the two is fit for this job.

- either and neither are used for two things or persons.

- Any one refers to more than two persons or things.

Any one of the four friends is expected to take  part.
Neither of the two brothers is at fault.
You can have either of the two shirts.

- None is used both as singular and plural 

None but fools have faith in these things.
Have you any news for me? There was none for you.
Did you bring any fruit? There was none in the market.

- Each other is used for two persons or things but One another is used for more than two persons or things.

Both the sisters love each other.
They are quarrelling with one another.

Here are some sentences for Practice:

1. Someone is knocking at the door.
2. Either of the two brothers is at fault.
3. None of them has any information.
4. Some were very helpful.
5. Each of them is ready to accompany us.


In competition examinations there are questions with incorrect usage of Indefinite Pronouns in sentences. The error in sentences is required to be located and rectified.


Generally in examination questions these  mistakes relate to --

1. Indefinite Pronoun itself
2. Verb used with an Indefinite Pronoun.
3. Question tag in the sentence.


For example:
1. One should obey his parents.
2. Everyone student present there deposited his fee.
3. Everybody will attend the party, won't he? 
4. Everything was in order, weren't they?

(All these three sentences are incorrect.)


(Explanation:)

1. One is followed by one's.
One should obey one's parents.

2. Everyone is a Pronoun, Student a Noun.
 A Pronoun cannot describe a Noun. It should be either -
Every student present there deposited his fee. 
Every is adjective and student is a noun.
OR
Everyone present there deposited his fee.
Everyone is a Pronoun and Subject here.

3. For living things plural question tag is used.
 Everyone will attend the party, won't they? 

4. Everything was in order, wasn't it?



SENTENCES FOR PRACTICE


RECTIFY THE ERROR IF THERE IS ANY IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.

1.  When the inspector entered the room, he found everybody  in his place and doing their job silently and peacefully.

2.Everybody who wants to live in this society with one's head high will certainly try that such things do not happen and nobody dares to level any charge against him.

3.The authorities are pressing all of you hard to accept their terms and conditions but  each one of you will have to take his own decision whether to accept those or not.

4. A majority of the plants grown on either sides of the road were  laden with flowers of different colours.

5. Neither of the two sisters nor her mother was willing to part with money but they had to take this decision for the sake of one of their family friend.


ANSWERS

1. There is a hint about answer in the sentence itself. 
"......everybody in his place ......."
So it should be....
"........doing his job......"

2. Everybody takes "his" with it so it should be "with his head high".

3. In this sentence subject is "You" , so its possessive should be "your" in stead of "his".

4. ".....on either side of the ....."

5. "........one of their family friends".














CONTD.

Tuesday, 10 August 2021

Error Spotting (Adverb-Adjective Usage -2 )- SENTENCES OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS PATTERN

 ERROR  SPOTTING

Usage of Adverb and Adjective in sentences.


In a sentence an Adjective is used to describe a Noun or a Pronoun  and an Adverb is used to describe mainly a Verb, an Adjective or an Adverb. 

There are certain words which are used both as an adjective as well as an adverb. A few of these are: 

Early, Enough, Fast, Little, Long, Loud, Late, Much, Only.


The status of a word whether a word is an adjective or an adverb depends on its place and position i.e. its usage in a sentence.


In one of its forms, an adjective is formed, when   ly  is added to a Noun and an adverb is formed when  ly is added to an adjective. But these two create confusion while using them in a sentence.
 For example :

Saint (Noun) + ly = Saintly (adjective)
King (Noun) + ly = Kingly (adjective)
Woman (Noun) + ly = Womanly (adjective)

High (adjective) + ly = Highly (adverb)
Quick(adjective) + ly = Quickly (adverb)
Strict (adjective) + ly = Strictly (adverb)


In competition examinations there are questions with incorrect usage of an adverb or an adjective in sentences. The error in sentences is required to be located and rectified.


For example :

The money-lender is a miser person. ........1
He turned out to be a coward person. .......2


In the sentence 1 the word miser describes the word person.
But both these words miser and person are nouns. A noun cannot describe a noun. It should be an adjective i.e. miserly.

 In the sentence 2 the word coward describes the word person.
But both these words coward and person are nouns. A noun cannot describe a noun. It should be an adjective i.e. cowardly.

One of the areas of confusion in selecting an adjective or an adverb is their usage with a Gerund,  a Present Participle or a Past Participle in a sentence. Both a Gerund and a Present Participle are basically a first form of verb in continuous form (i.e. first form of verb+ ing) but their usage in a sentence is different for either of them. A Gerund is used as a noun and a Present Participle is used as an adjective. To describe a Gerund i.e. a Noun, an Adjective is required whereas to describe a Present Participle i.e. an Adjective, an Adverb is required.

Further Present Participle and Past Participle both are used as adjective. In case of Present Participle work started in the past continues upto present. But in case of Past Participle work started in the past  is also completed in the past. As both are used as adjective, they require an adverb to describe them.


For example :

1. Brisk walking is good for health.
2. I saw him walking briskly.
3. He purchased a well furnished house.



In sentence no. 1, Walking is a Gerund and an adjective Brisk describes it.

In sentence no.2, walking is an adjective describing a pronoun him and an adverb briskly describes it.

In sentence no.3, house is a noun and past participle, an adjective furnished describes it. Further  an adverb well describes the adjective furnished.



SENTENCES FOR PRACTICE

1. The board has decided to impose a severe penalty on all the players for their slowly playing in the penultimate match played during the last week.

2. Hurriedly accomplishing the project is reported to be one of the reasons for so many mistakes and lapses found in the final report of the project. 

3. I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else's freedom just as sure as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me.

4. He is well versed with the rules of this place because he has been visiting here very frequent during the last few years.

5. The case provoked nationwide protests from different sections of the society who said that the police treated victims  of a particular community more favourable than those of others. 

 



(ANSWERS)

1. Playing is a gerund and a noun so to describe it there should be an adjective slow instead of an adverb slowly.

2. Hurriedly is an adverb and accomplishing is a gerund, a noun. It should be 'Hurriedly accomplished  project'. Project, a noun, accomplished a participle, an adjective and hurriedly is an adverb describing adjective accomplished.

3. 'I am not truly free' is correct but ..'just as sure as I am not free' is incorrect. It should be surely.

4 Visiting is a verb and to describe it an adverb frequently instead of adjective frequent is required.

5. Treated is a verb and to describe it, favourable, an adjective is used. It should be an adverb favourably instead of favourable.
CONTD.



Saturday, 7 August 2021

Error Spotting (Adverb-Adjective Usage -1 )- SENTENCES OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS PATTERN

 

ERROR  SPOTTING

Usage of Adverb and Adjective in sentences.


An Adjective describes a Noun or a Pronoun whereas an Adverb describes mainly a Verb, an Adjective or an Adverb.

For example:
He is my close friend. ......1
He sat close to me. ...........2

In sentence 1, the word close is an adjective as it describes noun friend. But in sentence 2, the word close is an adverb as it describes verb sat. 

He is my very close friend. .........3
He sat very close to me................4

In sentence 3, the word very is an adverb as it describes adjective close. In sentence 4, the word very is also an adverb as it describes adverb close. 



In competition examinations questions are given with incorrect usage of an adverb or an adjective in sentences. The error in sentences is required to be located and rectified.


For example :

She is feeling good now.  ............1

His movements were so quickly that he was back in his original position in no time. ..........2

All of us witnessed briskly sliding of the fish into water. ........ 3


In the sentence 1 the word good describes verb feeling but it is an adjective and in its place an adverb is required. The correct word in its place is adverb well. 

She is feeling well now.


In the sentence 2 the word quickly is an adverb but to describe a noun movements, an adjective is required. It should be quick instead of quickly.


This sentence can be either

He moved so quickly that he was in his original position in no time.  OR
 His movements were so quick that he was back in his original position in no time.


In the sentence 3, sliding is not a verb but it being a gerund is a noun. To describe a noun, an adjective is required. Briskly is an adverb. It should be brisk instead of briskly. 

This sentence can be either

All of us witnessed the fish sliding briskly into water.
 OR

All of us witnessed brisk sliding of the fish into water.





SENTENCES FOR PRACTICE

1. All the crops of cotton were damaged as it rained heavy this year.

(Ans: Rained is a verb and to describe it an adverb is required but heavy is an adjective it should be heavily instead of heavy.) 

2. He was so frightened that he jumped sudden from his chair and rushed towards the door.

(Ans: Sudden an adjective describes the verb Jumped but to describe it an adverb is required. It should be suddenly instead of sudden.)

3. All of us expect him to perform his duty fair towards all the parties of the case.

(Ans: Fair describes a verb perform but it is an adjective whereas  to describe it an adverb is required. It should be fairly instead of fair.)


4. After the match was over all the players sat quite in their rooms and took rest.
 
(Ans:  Sat is a verb and to describe it an adverb is required. Quitely instead of quite is required to be used here.)



5. The cook chopped all the vegetables fine and washed them well before cooking.

(Ans: Fine an adjective describes the verb chopped. In its place an adverb  finely is the correct word.)  



EXERCISE 


1. The lack of sufficient delicate methods to detect injury before symptoms appear is one of the great unsolved problems in medicine.

2. Its situation is uncommonly pleasant and healthful and although the surface of this area is somewhat rocky and uneven, the soil is excellent adapted for agricultural purposes.

3. She seemed so fatigued and so unwilling to watch what was going on that she became increasing flustered and angry when no one paid attention to her.

4. All of them enjoyed themselves very much during the course of their journey as it was thorough comfortable for them all the time.

5. He on his part acted reasonably and courageously yet he appeared to be acting cowardly to all of those present there.
 
6. The young man at once went down the stage, ran hurried through the audience and started shouting very loud at the watch man.

7. The guests were offended and annoyed as the host behaved rude with them and did not attend to them properly.

8. I have decided not to purchase the new car because the company is now demanding a considerable higher price of it than it quoted earlier.

9. They  had to undergo a fair larger course of action this time than that they had during their previous attempt.

10. The track was very slippery and the truck driver was moving very fast but even then he managed to stop the vehicle in a skillfully manner and all of them were saved. 


ANSWERS

1. ..of sufficiently delicate..
2. ...is excellently adapted..
3. ....became increasingly..
4. ...it was thoroughly...
5. acting in a cowardly manner...
6. ...ran hurriedly ....
7. ...behaved rudely with..
8....a considerably higher..
9. ....a fairly larger...
10. .......skillful manner....



CONTD.