Friday, 21 May 2021

ACTIVE PASSIVE -CHANGE THE VOICE - COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -2 (with solutions)

 

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE--  CHANGE THE VOICE

COMPETITIVENESS EXAMINATION QUESTIONS-EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -2





Active and Passive forms of voice are used while writing and speaking according to the emphasis to be accorded to a particular part of the sentence. If role of subject is more important Active form of voice is used in the sentence. But to put more emphasis on the activity passive form of voice is used. 



For example


The teacher punished the students. 

In this sentence the subject 'the teacher' is being emphasized.

But in the following sentence

The students were punished for the mischief.

The students are more emphasized.



Questions of Voice are given in different forms in the competitive examination these days. Sometimes there are questions of error spotting relating to change of voice in the given sentences. 

There are also options given against a sentence and the correct option is to be chosen and marked. 




Steps for attempting Questions with given options 


  • In a question with the given options one has to go by the options provided in the question and has to select the most appropriate out of those. 
  • In voice, active or passive form is changed of the verb used in the sentence without any change in tense.
  • In no case tense of the sentence is to be changed. Tense must remain the same under all circumstances.
  • First of all identify of Tense of the Sentence.
  • Mark the Main and Helping Verbs in the sentence.
  • Find out if there is any verb used as Gerund, infinitive or participle etc. in the sentence. These need to be treated in a separate way while making a change.
  • Change the voice of the main verb with its subject and object of the sentence according to the rules of voice.
  • Now find out the nearest appropriate sentence in the given options.

 


Here are some examples of sentences on the pattern of questions given in competition examinations :



EXERCISE NO 1


Question - Out of the given options select the correct form of the following sentence after change of voice.


 1. The juggler showed tricks that thrilled children,

Options:

1. Tricks shown by juggler thrill children.
2. Children had thrilled by tricks shown by juggler.
3. Children were thrilled by tricks shown by the juggler.
4. Tricks were shown by the juggler that thrilled children.


2.  Who knows her in this city?

Options:

1. By whom is she known in this city?
2. To whom has she been known in this city?
3. Who is she known to in this city?
4. Whom is she known to in this city?



3. I expected him to clear the examination.

Options:

1. He is expected to clear the examination by me.
2. I expect to clear the examination by him.
3. It was expected of him to clear the examination.
4. I am expected to clear the examination by him.



4. I caught her stealing my book.

Options:

1. She was caught by me while stealing my book.
2. My book being stolen was caught by me.
3. I caught my book being stolen by her.
4. She was caught stealing my book by me. 



5. You need not take this medicine now.

Options:

1. You need not this medicine to be taken now.
2. This medicine need not taken by you now.
3. This medicine should not be taken by you now.
4. This medicine may not be taken by you now.





ANSWERS

1. The juggler showed tricks that thrilled children.

This sentence is in active voice as its main verb 'showed' is first form of verb. It is to be changed into passive voice.
In this sentence main verb is 'showed'. The juggler, subject and tricks is object. According to rules its verb after change should be 'was/were  shown. The second verb 'thrilled' in the sentence relates to 'tricks' as 'that' describes the noun 'tricks'.


Now check the given options.
First option describes 'Tricks ...... thrill children. This sentence is in present Indefinite tense and it is in active voice. It is incorrect.
Second option has '.......had thrilled'  Past Perfect tense. As tense is changed  the option is incorrect.
fourth option shows that juggler thrilled the children whereas the tricks thrilled children. So this option is incorrect. 
In Third option, the verb 'thrilled' is changed into 'were thrilled' and 'showed' into 'shown'. The part '...tricks thrilled children' is changed as ' 'children were thrilled by tricks', Juggler showed tricks is changed into 'tricks shown by the juggler.' This is the correct option.


 2. Who knows her in this city?

In this sentence 'knows' is main form and it is first form of verb. So the sentence is in active voice. It is to be changed into passive voice. 'Knows' in passive voice will be 'is/are known'. It takes preposition 'to' instead of 'by' with it. 'Who' is in subject case and in object case it is 'whom'. In passive voice in object case it is 'To whom' and in Subject case it is 'who'. 

In passive voice this sentence has following two forms.
-- To whom is she known in this city?
-- Who is she known to in this city?
So the option 3 is the correct answer.



3. I expected him to clear the examination.

In this sentence 'I' is subject 'him' object and 'expected' is verb. 'Expected' is first form of verb in Past Indefinite Tense. It is in active form of voice. It is to be changed into passive voice.
'Expected' will change into 'was expected'.
Options 1,2 and 4 are in Present Tense so both are incorrect. Option 3 is the correct answer. 



4. I caught her stealing my books.

In this sentence 'I' is subject, 'her' object, 'caught' main verb and 'stealing' is participle. The main verb 'caught' is first form of verb in Past Indefinite tense. It is in active form and is to be changed into passive voice. 'caught' after change  will be 'was caught'. Option 2  says ..my book.. was caught and option 3 ... I caught my book both are incorrect. Option 4 says .....stealing my book by me which does not fit well. Option 1 is correct She was caught ... while stealing.

 

5.  You need not take this medicine now.

Need is used both as main verb and modal verb. Here it is acting as a modal verb. Main verb is take in Present Indefinite tense. This sentence is in active form to be changed into passive voice. You is subject and this medicine is object in this sentence. The verb 'take' in passive voice will be 'be taken'. 

In options 4 and 5 modals should and may are incorrect. In option 2 need taken is incorrect because in passive voice with modal verb 'be and third form of verb' is used. So option 1 is the correct answer.  





EXERCISE NO 2

Question - Out of the given options select the correct form of the following sentence after change of voice.



1. She does not conceal anything from me.

Options:

1. Anything is not concealed from me by her.
2. Nothing is concealed from me by her.
3. Nothing has concealed from me by her.
4. Anything has not been concealed from me by her.



2. She gave the beggar food to eat.

Options:

1. The beggar was given food by her to be eaten.
2. Food to eat was given to the beggar by her.
3. Food was given to the beggar to eat by her.
4. The beggar was given food by her to eat.



3. I saw her nagging her husband.

Options:
1. I saw her husband was nagged by her.
2. Her husband was seen nagging by me.
3. Her husband being nagged was seen by her.
4. I saw her husband being nagged by her.


4. They say nobody understands her problem.

Options:

1. It is said her problem is not understood.
2. They say her problem is understood by nobody.
3. Her problem is said  to be understood by nobody.
4. Her problem is said to be not understood by anybody.

 

5. He was recommended  a viable alternative.

Options:

1. A viable alternative was recommended him by somebody.
2. Someone recommended him a viable alternative.
3. Someone recommended a viable alternative for him.
4. A viable alternative has been recommended to him.



 6. People believe a man's friends are the index of his character.

Options

1. It is believed the index of a man's character are his friends.
2. A man's friends are believed to be the index of his character.
3. It is believed a man's friends should be the index of his character.
4. The index of a man's character should be his friends.



7. Which season follows winter? 

Options

1. By which season will be followed winter?
2. Which season is followed by winter?
3. Which season is winter followed by?
4. Which season winter is followed by?


8. If winter comes will spring not follow it?

Options

1. If winter comes will spring  not be followed by it?
2.If winter came will it not be followed by spring?
3.If winter comes will it not be followed by spring?
4.If winter comes would it not be followed by spring?


9. Better  results were expected from the children.

Options

1. The children expected better results. 
2. They expected better results from the children.
3. Parents expected better results from the children.
4. Parents expected the children with better results.
 

10. She found her lost purse lying under the table.
Options

1. Her lost purse was found by her  lying  under the table.
2. Her lost purse was found lying under the table by her.
3. She found her lost purse  being laid under the table.
4. She found her purse lost lying under the table.



11. We expected her to return by month end.

Options
1. She was expected to be returned by month end.
2. She was expected by us to return by month end.
3. We expected her to be returned by month end.
4. We expected her return by month end.


12. Get your coat stitched.

Options

1. Let your coat be got stitched.
2. Get your coat to be stitched. 
3. Get stitched your coat by someone.
4. Get someone to stitch your coat.


13. She hosted a party as a son is born to her.

Options

1. She hosted a party as she gave birth to a son.
2. A party was hosted by her as she gave birth to a son.
3. She gave birth to a son and she hosted a party.
4. A party was hosted by her as a son was born to her.


14. The jury could hardly take any decision.

Options

1. Hardly could any decision  be taken by the jury.
2. Any decision could hardly be taken by the jury.
3. No decision could be taken by the jury.
4. Any decision could not be taken by the jury.


15. The poet who was born into a poor family wrote many satirical poems.

Options

1. Many satirical poems were written by the poet who took birth in a poor family.
2. The poet who took birth in a poor family wrote many satirical poems.
3. The poet wrote many satirical poems who took birth in a poor family.
4. The poet took birth in a poor family and wrote many satirical poems.


















ANSWERS

1.(2)   2.(4)   3.(4)   4.(3)   5.(2)  6. (2). 7.(3) 8. (3). 9. (3). 10. (2). 11. (2). 12. (4). 13.(2). 14.(3). 15 (1)





1. In active voice, not and anything is used. But in passive voice, instead of not and anything, nothing is used.

2. In this sentence, the point to be noted is that for food ' to be eaten is used' and for beggar, 'to eat ' is to be used.

3. In this sentence, I is subject, saw verb and her is object. Nagging is participle (a verb used as a present participle) and her husband object to participle. Here both objects ' her' and ' her husband' can be used. If saw is used it will be ' was seen'  and if nagging is used it will be 'being nagged'.

4. They say or People say changes into ' it is said'. Sometimes main sentence is also used for passive voice. In main sentence, 'nobody' is subject, 'her problem,' object, 'understands' verb in Present Indefinite Tense. Understands will change into ' is understood' and 'say' into 'is said'.

5. This sentence is in passive voice. Here subject is required. In such cases a vague subject like someone or somebody is used. ' was recommended' will be 'recommended' and 'he' into 'him'. 


6. Sentences starting with People or they say are changed like 'It is said..' But sometimes it is also changed with object of the sentence like-
A man's friends are believed to be the index of his character.


7. This sentence is in present tense and in interrogative form. Follows will change into is followed by. To make interrogative form, is will precede winter. So it will be 
Which season is winter followed by?

8. In this sentence the part ...will spring not follow it? is to be changed.
It will be
....will it not be followed by spring?
If winter comes will it not be followed by spring?

9. This sentence is in past tense and in passive voice.
A subject is required. So parents is an appropriate choice.
Parents expected better results from the children.

10. In this sentence, she is subject, found is verb and her lost purse is object. So it will be - Her lost purse was found lying under the table by her.
First option is incorrect because it gives impression of her lying under the table. 

What will be the answer if the sentence is...
She found that her lost purse was lying under the table.
In this sentence only the first part will change -
It was found that her lost purse was lying under the table.

11. In this sentence we is subject, expected is verb and her is object. The other verb in the sentence is 'to return'. It cannot be changed into passive form because a person himself is to return and not a thing or commodity is to be returned. So it will be...
She was expected by us ...the remaining sentence will be added as it is.

12. This sentence gives impression of imperative sentence but here 'get' is a causative sentence. For that a subject will be added in the sentence. This sentence is in passive form and its active form will be Get someone to stitch your coat.










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