Monday, 6 January 2014

NARRATION -----Change from Direct to Indirect form of speech (Assorted Sentences)-----Exercises for Practice

NARRATION - Change  of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech  - Assorted Sentences                             


In conversation two different ways are used to express things. If the speaker himself states Direct mode of speech is used whereas if the contents are conveyed by another person to someone, Indirect mode of speech is used. Certain changes are required to be made while making Direct to Indirect mode of speech or vice versa. 





DIRECT SPEECH

Direct speech comprises of two parts:-


1. Reporting speech                  2. Reported speech


Reporting Speech and Reported Speech are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“  ”). 

The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).  

The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. 




INDIRECT SPEECH



In Indirect Speech -


  • inverted commas are not used.

  • Generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunctions like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc. 

  • the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.

  • The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.
  • The tense of reporting speech is not changed.
  • The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.
  • The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.
  • First Person in the reported speech changes according to Subject & Second person according to object  in the reporting speech. For third person there is no change.




EXERCISES   FOR PRACTICE




(Assorted Sentences)




EXERCISE NO. ONE




Change the Narration of the following sentences.



 The old man said to a child  in the street," Why are you roaming here?Who accompanies you?  Have you come here to make some purchases? You look perplexed. What is the matter ? Can I do anything for you?"


The child said to the old man, " Sir, I came here to see my brother but I lost my way. Can you help me? Will you guide me in locating way to my house? 

The old man said to the child," I shall be glad to help you.  Where is your house located ? Will you like me to escort you to your house? Do not be afraid. Trust on me. Come along with me as I know where your house is. I shall lead you to your house safely." 


On reaching his house the child said, " Hurrah ! Finally I am at my house." He said  to the old man." Thank you for your kind help! May God bless you with good health and long life!"


The old man said," Good bye !Child." and went away. 






SOLUTION



The old man asked a child in the street why he was roaming there and who accompanied him. He asked him further if he had come there to make some purchases. He told him that he looked perplexed and asked him what the matter was and if he could do any thing for him.

The child replied to the old man respectfully that he had come there to see his brother but he had lost his way. He asked him if he could help him and if he would guide him in locating way to his house.

The old man told the child that he would be glad to help him. He asked him where his house was  located and if he would like him to escort him to his house. He advised him not to be afraid and to trust on him.He told him to come along with him as he knew where his house was and he would lead him to his house safely.

On reaching his house the child cried with joy and told that finally he was  at his house. He thanked the old man for his kind help and prayed that  God might bless him  with good health and long life.The old man bade the child good bye and went away.




TWO



All the students stood up when their teacher entered the classroom and said," Good morning , sir !" The teacher said," Sit down. Have you done your home work today?  Is there any student in the class who has not done  homework?"

All the students spoke in one voice," Thank you, sir! "


The teacher said to the students,"Do you know that your examinations will be starting next week ? You will have to work hard if you want to get through with good marks. Cheer up!Do not waste your time and start doing your revision work immediately. May God reward your hard work with a great success!"






SOLUTION


All the students stood up when their teacher entered the classroom and respectfully bade him good morning.  The teacher ordered them to sit down.  He asked them if they had done their home work that day and if  there was any student in the class who had not done  homework.


All the students respectfully thanked him in one voice.


The teacher asked the students if they knew that their examinations would be starting next week and told them that they  would have to work hard if they wanted to get through with good marks. He cheered them up and further advised them not to  waste their time and start doing their revision work immediately. He prayed that God might reward their hard work with a great success.





THREE


The preacher said to his followers, " Have faith in God and do the right. May God shower his blessings on you ! Do you know that I can  manage the pampered and spoilt children well ? "


One of his followers stood up and said to him," There are two such boys in the village and their parents are fed up with them. Will you like to try them? "


He said to him, " Yes, ask their parents to send both of them to me separately in the morning."


Next morning the eldest boy came to the preacher. He said to the boy, " Sit down before me and reply my questions." 


The preacher said to the boy ." Do you know where the God is ? Do you know the way we can find Him? "


The boy shouted loudly and said to him , " Come after me, please, if you want to know, " and ran away from there.


On reaching his house he went straight to his brother and both of them shut the door. The eldest boy said to the other," Do you know that the old man has lost his  God and he suspects me of it ? "


The younger said to him, " Don't worry . Let us find out and if we get Him we'll never let him know about it."  




SOLUTION


The preacher advised his followers to have faith in God and do the right. He prayed that God might shower his blessings on them. He asked them if they knew that he could  manage the pampered and spoilt children well. 


One of his followers stood up and told him that there were two such boys in the village and their parents were fed up with them. He asked him if he would you like to try them.


He replied in affirmative and told him to ask their parents to send both of them to him separately in the morning.


Next morning the eldest boy came to the preacher. He ordered the boy to sit down before him and reply his questions.


The preacher asked the boy if he knew where the God was and if he knew the way they could find Him.


The boy shouted loudly and requested him to come after him if he wanted to know and ran away from there.

On reaching his house he went straight to his brother and both of them shut the door. The eldest boy asked the other if he knew that the old man had lost his  God and he suspected him of that.


The younger told him not to worry. He proposed to him that they should  find out and if they got Him they would never let him know about that.  








FOUR



The interviewer said to the candidate,"I offer you two options for giving your reply. You can choose either three easy questions or one very difficult question. Will you like to avail the offer ? If yes, which option do you want to use ? "

The interviewer said to the candidate,"Do you know that if you opt for a particular choice you will not be allowed to change it ? Please note that if your reply is incorrect,  you may lose the opportunity. Should I go ahead and put forth the question to you ? "

The candidate said to him,"Yes, you can ask me one difficult question."

Promptly said the candidate," It was day, Sir."

The interviewer said to the candidate," How do you know that ? "

The candidate said to him," Sir, you said that there would be one question only. So  I am not supposed to answer your second question." 

The candidate thought for a while and said," Sir, I shall use the second option and would like to reply one difficult question."

The interviewer said,"Which of the two, day or night, was first to come ?"






SOLUTION



The interviewer offered the candidate two options for giving his reply and told him that he  could choose either three easy questions or one very difficult question. He asked him if he would like to avail the offer and If yes  which option he wanted to use.

The candidate thought for a while and respectfully told that he would use the second option and would like to reply one difficult question.

The interviewer asked the candidate if he  knew that if he opted for a particular choice he would not be allowed to change it. He requested him to note that if his reply was incorrect, he might lose the opportunity. He  asked him if he should  go ahead and put forth the question to him.

The candidate replied in affirmative and told him that he could ask him one difficult question.

The interviewer asked him which of the two, day or night, had been first to come.

The candidate  told promptly and respectfully that  it had been day.
The interviewer asked the candidate how he knew that.

The candidate respectfully told him that he had  said that there would be one question only. So  he was not supposed to answer his second question.  










FIVE 


The hermit said to his disciple,"What is the purpose of life of a person in this world? Is it that a person is born in a family in a city and in a particular country and he is to spend his or her life as per orders of those people living there?"

The disciple said,"My Lord! I am ignorant. I have no knowledge about these facts of life. Kindly guide me and help me to emancipate from problems of the world."

The hermit said to the disciple,"For this you will have to meditate hard and lead a pious life. Only then you can achieve the right path of your emancipation."

The disciple nodded his head in affirmative and said,"For this I seek your blessings and guidance.Please favour me with the same and oblige."








SOLUTION


The hermit  asked his disciple what the purpose of life of a person in this world was and if it was that a person was born in a family in a city and in a particular country and he was to spend his or her life as per orders of those people living there.


The disciple  addressed to the hermit as his lord and told that he  was ignorant and he had no knowledge about those facts of life.He further requested him to  guide him and help him to emancipate from problems of the world.


The hermit told  the disciple that  for that he would have to meditate hard and lead a pious life and only then he  could achieve the right path of his emancipation.


The disciple nodded his head in affirmative and told that for that he sought his blessings and guidance. He further requested him to favour him with the same and oblige.










SIX



While sitting in a college canteen one boy said to another boy,
"What is the definition of "a suitable girl for marriage? Do you think that a girl should possess all the qualities of head and heart?"

The other boy said to him,"How can we expect a girl to be perfect if a man himself is not perfect?"

The first boy said to the second boy, "Do you not think that a girl should have all the qualities of a good wife, she should know modern and traditional values?"

The second boy said to the first,"Do you think that any such a girl exists on this Earth who is at the same time modern as well as traditional?"

The first boy said to the second," Should not a bride adjust herself according to the family of the bridegroom? Should she not obey and serve the family members of the bridegroom?"

The second boy said to the first," What do you think  the girl should be according to boy's choice or his parents' choice?"

The second boy said to the first,"For this you will have to be clear in your mind about your own preferences."

The first boy said to the second boy,"This is the most baffling question going on in my mind. I am unable to find its answer."






SOLUTION



While sitting in a college canteen one boy asked another boy
what the definition of a suitable girl for marriage was. and if he thought a girl should possess all the qualities of head and heart.

The other boy asked him how they could expect a girl to be perfect if a man himself was not perfect.

The first boy asked the second boy if he did not think that a girl should have all the qualities of a good wife and she should know modern and traditional values.

The second boy asked the first if he thought that any such a girl existed on this Earth who was at the same time modern as well as traditional.

The first boy asked the second if a bride should not adjust herself according to the family of the bridegroom and she should not obey and serve the family members of the bridegroom.

The second boy asked the first what he thought the girl should be according to boy's choice or his parents' choice.

The first boy told the second boy that that was the most baffling question going on in his mind and he was unable to find its answer.

The second boy told the first that for that he would have to be clear in his mind about his own preferences.





SEVEN



A customer sitting in a restaurant said to the waiter,"Your restaurant looks very beautiful. Do you serve good food also here?"

The waiter said to the customer,"Sir, the food served in this restaurant is very delicious and of high quality. All types of dishes are served to customers here."

The customer said to the waiter,"I want to take my lunch here. Will you serve me with a good quality of food?"

The waiter said to the customer, " Don't worry Sir, you will feel like taking your food as you take that at your home."

The customer immediately stood up from the chair and said to the waiter," No, I don't want to take my home food here but I have come here to have food of this restaurant."

The waiter realised the condition of the customer and said to him," Please sit down comfortably. I assure you that good food will be served to you and that too with full care."








SOLUTION





A customer sitting in a restaurant told the waiter that his restaurant looked very beautiful and asked him if he served good food also there.

The waiter told the customer respectfully that the food served in that restaurant was very delicious and of high quality and all types of dishes were served to customers there.

The customer told the waiter that he wanted to take his lunch there and asked if he would serve him with a good quality of food.

The waiter told the customer respectfully not to worry and he would feel like taking his food as he took that at his home.

The customer immediately stood up from the chair and showing his negation told the waiter that he did not want to take his home food there but he had come there to have food of that restaurant.

The waiter realised the condition of the customer and requested him to sit down comfortably. He further assured him that good food would be served to him and that too with full care.







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