Important Points to note :
1. Generally there is a central point, idea, thought or personality about which a paragraph is written Try to locate the sentence which contains such matter. Mostly such a sentence forms the first or the last sentence of the paragraph.
2. There are two methods to describe the central idea. First, in the
opening sentence, a central point is mentioned. Thereafter the sentences
following that, give a logical description or details of that and for that, some
examples are given. In the second method, some facts are given in the opening
sentences of the paragraph and their result is given in the concluding lines.
Try to find out the sentence containing the central idea and arrange the
remaining sentences accordingly.
3. Sentences containing proper nouns i.e. names of persons, places, or
buildings, etc., or abstract nouns like qualities i.e. goodness or beauty, etc. come
in the opening line or in the few starting lines of the paragraph.
4. Sentences containing pronouns like he, his, him, she, her, they, their,
them, or the first or last part of a name come in the subsequent part of the paragraph.
5. Pronouns like it, this that, these or those show that these mention
about the topic already detailed in the sentences preceding them. So these
sentences generally do not form the first line of the paragraph.
6. Sentences containing words like therefore, But, And, accordingly or resultantly, etc. come in the central part of the paragraph. The first sentence of the
paragraph may contain introductory details of something and the last line of the
paragraph contains conclusions of some logical details.
7. Sometimes words like initially, eventually, finally ensuing, proceeding, following, or mentioned below or above in the sentence also indicate the location of that particular sentence in the paragraph.
8. In some paragraphs there are sentences giving statements in favour of or against an argument. Try to sort out and arrange sentences of both types separately. This helps in framing the paragraph.
Initially, it may not be so easy as stated, but a little practice makes it possible.
To explain all this here are some examples.
Arrange the following jumbled sentences in a meaningful sequence. Select one out of the given options as the answer.
A. The big leap the companies have to make is to provide 'service' with both efficiency of execution and cheaply taking advantage of the lower wages of techies available in India.
B. Experts opine that the digital transformation induced by pandemic is here to stay in the time to come and IT companies in India will capitalise on the new interest in digital technology to survive the pandemic.
D. With fresh budgets to make the digital transformation mainstream, the IT service providers will thrive as their budgets swell and they grow.
1. ACDB 2.DCAB 3.CBDA 4. BDCA
A. The plan needs all-around support, and it would take more than a notification or advisory for the transport sector because change has to be driven by a more honest and pragmatic assessment and government-industry interface.
C. A study conducted two years ago highlighted driver fatigue, drowsiness, and lack of sleep as the biggest causes of accidents and fatalities on road in India.
A. The project, which had been facing hindrances because the two state governments had been trying to find a consensus on sharing water from it, will cost Rs 44605 crore.
C. The project is expected to help irrigate 10.62 lakh hectares of land and provide drinking water to 62 lakh people apart from generating 103 MW of hydropower and 27MW of solar power annually.
C. While some believe these to be harmless social events while others suggest that such competitions confuse societal morals, exploit women and instill insecurity in young girls worldwide.
D. Since their conception, these have helped in providing educational advancement, supporting for charities and encouraging a form of confidence in their participants.
A. Tempered glass, in particular, is being employed in roofing applications as well as in manufacturing of glass windows. In developing countries, tempered glass is replacing standard glass in roofing applications on account of its high strength properties.
C. Its properties of transparency, scattering, absorption and thermal response allow multiple applications.
D. It is perhaps most widely known for its extensive use in houses and offices in glass windows. It is increasingly being used in construction applications.
Y. Nowadays, even waste glass in the powder form is gaining usage as part replacement of cement in concrete, a trend set to gain momentum over the coming years.
X. A true woman is one who takes pride not just in her own achievements but in the achievements of her family as well. She laughs with you, she cries for you and
A. her ambitions on the back burner so she can help her family with theirs. She takes pride in your achievements and holds your hand through your disappointments. Yes, that is the true woman. You will find her
B. when the whole world has turned back on you she will still be standing right behind you. She loves you beyond reason and forgives you time and again unconditionally. She puts
C. her son a pair of socks instead. You will find her son at a cricket match even when she can't understand the first thing about the game.
D. not at a beauty pageant but at the supermarket shopping for groceries, probably dressed in something sturdy or at a departmental store reaching out for a vial of cream or to buy
Y. You will find her helping the blind cross the street. You will find her at a Sunday mass singing herself. Yes that would be her the real, true woman.
1. ABDC 2. BADC 3. DABC 4. BACD
Two options start with B and one each with A and D.
Selection of sentences in case of such an exercise is a little easier because the sentences are to be linked according to their starting or ending lines or words.
In case of X the ending line is incomplete but begining is complete.
In case of Y both beginning and ending are complete.
Opening sentence in all the sentences ABCD are incomplete. Endings in all except C are incomplete. Now ending words of sentences are to be linked with starting words of other sentences. C can be the last sentence linking with Y as it has a complete ending. Three options 1,2 and 3 end with C. So 4 can be ruled out as answer.
Sentence X ends with a conjunction 'and' , before this there is a complete sentence, so after conjunction also there should be a complete sentence. All sentences except B and Y start with incomplete sentences. This doesn't fit with Y. So B can be the first sentence of the sequence.
B ends with 'she puts'. With this D doesn't fit but A and C can fit. Out of these two A appears to be appropriate. 'She puts her ambitions on the back burner'.
A ends with ' you will find her' it links with D ' not at a beauty pageant'.
So answer is 2.BADC.
X. ISRO originally intended to launch Mars Orbiter Mission
with its Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle but the
GSLV failed twice in 2010 and still had issues with its
P. The initial planned orbit raising manoeuvers were completed with
nominal results, while a subsequent supplementary manoeuver
managed its successful transit to Mars.
Q. Since the vehicle was not powerful enough to place Mars Orbiter
Mission on a direct-to-Mars trajectory, the spacecraft was planned
to be launched into a highly elliptical Earth orbit.
R. The launch was rescheduled, the satellite was placed into Earth
orbit with revised perigee and apogee.
S. The unsuccessful attempts did not deter their enthusiasm but
waiting for the new batch of rockets would have delayed the
Mission for at least three years, so ISRO opted to switch to the less-
powerful Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
Y. Thus the Indian agency successfully executed a Mars mission
in its first attempt; and this brought laurels for India and for
The Mars Orbiter Mission team of India.
1. SQRP 2.PRSQ 3. RQSP 4. QSRP
A. Something really liked about these tales is the characters, they always represent something more than just a person in a story. They can represent happiness, sadness, ambition, the options are endless.
B. Through their characters these tales often help represent something that cannot really happen in real life. People like seeing the things that happen in fairy tales as it inspires them.
C. These tales are crucial for the growth of young as well as older people who need to take a break from the drudgery of real life. They feel enjoying the world of their fantasy and liking.
D. They have therapeutic values to them and help readers to cope through their fears and to remove themselves of aggressive feelings and destructive desires.
Y. The aspects in the stories have always been known to inform readers of all the perspectives of life that relate to fairy tales and they help model behavioral codes and developmental paths, even as they provide us with terms for thinking about what happens in our world.
Two options start with C and one each with A and B.
Sentence X tells that fairy tales are fantasy and these serve for people as an escape from harsh realities of life. Sentence Y tells about various aspects of life related to fairy world and their relation with what happens in this world.
Sentences A and B tell about characters of fairy tales and fondness of people for these tales.
Sentence C tells about effect of fairy tales on people as these relieve them from stress of hardships of life. Sentence D tells further about positive effect of fairy tales on life of people.
Words ' create and escape' in sentence X and 'break from drudgery' in Sentence C show link between these two sentences. D explains this fact further. So the sequence starts with C followed by D.
Options 2 and 4 are ruled out.
Sentence B follows A as these two explain about characters.
Option 3 is ruled out. Answer is 1 CDAB. This sequence can be checked
Q. No. 1.
Arrange the sentences A, B, C, D and E to form a logical sequence & to construct a coherent paragraph.
A. He was not just a visionary CEO but also a magician who turned labour into capital and gave it back to the very same labourer.
B. He was also a wealth creator who made thousands of villages prosperous while ensuring that villagers retained ownership of their means of wealth.
D. Of course magicians are mere tricksters so Kurien should rather be called social reformer who created a farmer-owned behemoth while empowering rural women producers by handing them cash for milk.
E. A grateful nation feels indebted to the greatest Chief Executive Officer it has ever produced, Kurien, for building a formidable brand, Amul, competing with the best in the world –Nestle, Unilever and GlaxoSmithKline.