Friday, 15 August 2014

ACTIVE PASSIVE -CHANGE THE VOICE - COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -3 (with solutions)

 

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE--  CHANGE THE VOICE

COMPETITIVENESS EXAMINATION QUESTIONS-EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -3





A sentence with a transitive verb has two voices -- Active Voice and Passive Voice.  Both Active and Passive forms of voice are used while writing and speaking.

 In Active voice the sentence describes about Subject as doer of action whereas in Passive  voice the subject is described as receiver of action. 

For example:

The girl plucks flowers. ...........1

This sentence in active form tells about the girl doing an activity.

But the same sentence in Passive Voice -

Flowers are plucked by the girl. .........2

describes about flowers and Subject the girl shifts to a secondary position as a receiver of the activity.


A verb is said to be in the Active Voice when the person or the thing denoted by Subject acts or is active.  The verb 'plucked' in the sentence 1 written above is active. 



A verb is said to be in the Passive Voice when the person or the thing denoted by Subject does not act or is inactive but receives the action done by someone or something. So the verb ' was plucked' in the sentence 2 written above is passive. 



An intransitive verb is not used in the Passive Voice unless it takes a Cognate Verb in its Active form. 

For example : 

He slept a sound sleep.

A sound sleep was slept by him.




The Passive Form of Voice is used when the Subject in its Active Voice is vague, unknown or unimportant like People, they Someone or somebody etc.


 For example:

Someone stole her purse.

Her purse was stolen.

They sent goods free of charges.

Goods were sent free of charges. etc.



While forming Passive Voice of a sentence following changes are made :

Simple Present :  is, am, are + Past Participle

Simple Past : Was, were + Past Participle

Present Perfect : Has, Have Been +Past Participle

Past Perfect : Had Been + Past Participle

Present Continuous : Is, am, are being + Past Participle

Past Continuous :  Was, were being + Past Participle

Future Tense : Shall, will be + past Participle


While changing Active Voice into Passive Voice, Object in active voice is made subject in the Passive Voice.



In Competitive Examinations, questions relating to Voice are of different types. Generally, there are those with options given against a sentence and the correct option is to be chosen and marked. 




Steps for attempting Questions with given options 


  • In a question with the given options one has to go by the options provided in the question and has to select the most appropriate out of those. 
  • In voice, active or passive form is changed of the verb used in the sentence without any change in tense.
  • In no case tense of the sentence is to be changed. Tense must remain the same under all circumstances.
  • First of all identify of Tense of the Sentence.
  • Mark the Main and Helping Verbs in the sentence.
  • Find out if there is any verb used as Gerund, infinitive or participle etc. in the sentence. These need to be treated in a separate way while making a change.
  • Change the voice of the main verb with its subject and object of the sentence according to the rules of voice.
  • Now find out the nearest appropriate sentence in the given options.

 


Here are some examples of sentences on the pattern of questions given in competition examinations :



EXERCISE NO 1




1. People believe a man's friends are the index of his character.

Options

1. It is believed the index of a man's character are his friends.
2. A man's friends are believed to be the index of his character.
3. It is believed a man's friends should be the index of his character.
4. The index of a man's character should be his friends.



2. Which season follows winter? 

Options

1. By which season will be followed winter?
2. Which season is followed by winter?
3. Which season is winter followed by?
4. Which season winter is followed by?


3. If winter comes will spring not follow it?

Options

1. If winter comes will spring  not be followed by it?
2.If winter came will it not be followed by spring?
3.If winter comes will it not be followed by spring?
4.If winter comes would it not be followed by spring?


4. Better  results were expected from the children.

Options

1. The children expected better results. 
2. They expected better results from the children.
3. Parents expected better results from the children.
4. Parents expected the children with better results.
 

5. She found her lost purse lying under the table.


Options

1. Her lost purse was found by her  lying  under the table.
2. Her lost purse was found lying under the table by her.
3. She found her lost purse  being laid under the table.
4. She found her purse lost lying under the table.




EXERCISE NO 2


1. We expected her to return by month end.

Options

1. She was expected to be returned by month end.
2. She was expected by us to return by month end.
3. We expected her to be returned by month end.
4. We expected her return by month end.


2. Get your coat stitched.

Options

1. Let your coat be got stitched.
2. Get your coat to be stitched. 
3. Get stitched your coat by someone.
4. Get someone to stitch your coat.


3. She hosted a party as a son is born to her.

Options

1. She hosted a party as she gave birth to a son.
2. A party was hosted by her as she gave birth to a son.
3. She gave birth to a son and she hosted a party.
4. A party was hosted by her as a son was born to her.


4. The jury could hardly take any decision.


Options

1. Hardly could any decision  be taken by the jury.
2. Any decision could hardly be taken by the jury.
3. No decision could be taken by the jury.
4. Any decision could not be taken by the jury.


5. The poet who was born into a poor family wrote many satirical poems.

Options

1. Many satirical poems were written by the poet who took birth in a poor family.
2. The poet who took birth in a poor family wrote many satirical poems.
3. The poet wrote many satirical poems who took birth in a poor family.
4. The poet took birth in a poor family and wrote many satirical poems.





EXERCISE NO 3.



1. Do you know whom you are speaking to ?

Options

1. Is it known to you whom you are speaking to?
2. Is whom you are speaking to known to you?
3. Is who you are speaking to known to you?
4. Are you known to whom you are speaking to?

2. Can you tell what this box contains?

Options

1. Can it be told by you what is contained in this box?
2. Can you tell what is contained in this box?
3. Can what is contained in this box be told by you?
4. Can it be told what is contained in this box by you?



3. Flying kites in the sky enchants children.


Options

1. Children are enchanted by flying of kites in the sky.
2. Children are enchanted by kites being flown in the sky. 
3. Children are enchanted by kites flying in the sky. 
4. Children are enchanted by flying kites in the sky.


4. What displeased the boss?

Options

1. By what was the boss displeased with?
2. What the boss was displeased with?
3. What would the boss be   displeased with?
4. What was the boss displeased with?

5. What cannot be cured must be endured.

1. If it cannot cure it must endure.
2. When it cannot be cured it must be endured.
3. What you cannot cure must endure.
4. What one cannot cure one must endure.





ANSWERS

Exercise No. 1
  1. (2). 2.(3) 3. (3). 4. (3). 5. (2).

Exercise No. 1

1. Sentences starting with People or they say are changed like 'It is said..' But sometimes it is also changed with object of the sentence like-
A man's friends are believed to be the index of his character.


2. This sentence is in present tense and in interrogative form. Follows will change into is followed by. To make interrogative form, is will precede winter. So it will be 
Which season is winter followed by?

3. In this sentence the part ...will spring not follow it? is to be changed.
It will be
....will it not be followed by spring?
If winter comes will it not be followed by spring?

4. This sentence is in past tense and in passive voice.
A subject is required. So parents is an appropriate choice.
Parents expected better results from the children.

5. In this sentence, she is subject, found is verb and her lost purse is object. So it will be - Her lost purse was found lying under the table by her.
First option is incorrect because it gives impression of her lying under the table. 

What will be the answer if the sentence is...
She found that her lost purse was lying under the table.
In this sentence only the first part will change -
It was found that her lost purse was lying under the table.





Exercise No. 2


1. (2). 2. (4). 3.(2). 4.(3). 5 (1)


1. In this sentence we is subject, expected is verb and her is object. The other verb in the sentence is 'to return'. It cannot be changed into passive form because a person himself is to return and not a thing or commodity is to be returned. So it will be...
She was expected by us ...the remaining sentence will be added as it is.

2. This sentence gives impression of imperative sentence but here 'get' is a causative verb. For that a subject is to be added in the sentence. This sentence is in passive form and its active form will be Get someone to stitch your coat.

3. In this sentence first part is in active form and the second part is in passive form. So first part is to be changed into passive and the second into active form. These two conditions are fulfilled in option no. 2

4. This sentence is in active form. In passive voice for negative purpose  the word 'any' is not used. But in its place 'No' is used. So option 3 is correct.

5. In this sentence, the part ' the poet.....wrote many satirical poems.' is in active form. The other part 'who was born in a poor family' is in passive form. The sentence after change will be.....
Many satirical poems were written by the poet who took birth in a poor family. 



Exercise No 3.

1.(1)  2.(1)  3.(4)  4.(4)  5.(4)



Monday, 11 August 2014

ACTIVE PASSIVE -CHANGE THE VOICE - COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -2 (with solutions)

 

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE--  CHANGE THE VOICE

COMPETITIVENESS EXAMINATION QUESTIONS-EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -2





Active and Passive forms of voice are used while writing and speaking according to the emphasis to be accorded to a particular part of the sentence. If role of subject is more important Active form of voice is used in the sentence. But to put more emphasis on the activity passive form of voice is used. 



For example


The teacher punished the students. 

In this sentence the subject 'the teacher' is being emphasized.

But in the following sentence

The students were punished for the mischief.

The students are more emphasized.



Questions of Voice are given in different forms in the competitive examination these days. Sometimes there are questions of error spotting relating to change of voice in the given sentences. 

There are also options given against a sentence and the correct option is to be chosen and marked. 




Steps for attempting Questions with given options 


  • In a question with the given options one has to go by the options provided in the question and has to select the most appropriate out of those. 
  • In voice, active or passive form is changed of the verb used in the sentence without any change in tense.
  • In no case tense of the sentence is to be changed. Tense must remain the same under all circumstances.
  • First of all identify of Tense of the Sentence.
  • Mark the Main and Helping Verbs in the sentence.
  • Find out if there is any verb used as Gerund, infinitive or participle etc. in the sentence. These need to be treated in a separate way while making a change.
  • Change the voice of the main verb with its subject and object of the sentence according to the rules of voice.
  • Now find out the nearest appropriate sentence in the given options.

 


Here are some examples of sentences on the pattern of questions given in competition examinations :



EXERCISE NO 1


Question - Out of the given options select the correct form of the following sentence after change of voice.


 1. The juggler showed tricks that thrilled children,

Options:

1. Tricks shown by juggler thrill children.
2. Children had thrilled by tricks shown by juggler.
3. Children were thrilled by tricks shown by the juggler.
4. Tricks were shown by the juggler that thrilled children.


2.  Who knows her in this city?

Options:

1. By whom is she known in this city?
2. To whom has she been known in this city?
3. Who is she known to in this city?
4. Whom is she known to in this city?



3. I expected him to clear the examination.

Options:

1. He is expected to clear the examination by me.
2. I expect to clear the examination by him.
3. It was expected of him to clear the examination.
4. I am expected to clear the examination by him.



4. I caught her stealing my book.

Options:

1. She was caught by me while stealing my book.
2. My book being stolen was caught by me.
3. I caught my book being stolen by her.
4. She was caught stealing my book by me. 



5. You need not take this medicine now.

Options:

1. You need not this medicine to be taken now.
2. This medicine need not taken by you now.
3. This medicine should not be taken by you now.
4. This medicine may not be taken by you now.





ANSWERS

1. The juggler showed tricks that thrilled children.

This sentence is in active voice as its main verb 'showed' is first form of verb. It is to be changed into passive voice.
In this sentence main verb is 'showed'. The juggler, subject and tricks is object. According to rules its verb after change should be 'was/were  shown. The second verb 'thrilled' in the sentence relates to 'tricks' as 'that' describes the noun 'tricks'.


Now check the given options.
First option describes 'Tricks ...... thrill children. This sentence is in present Indefinite tense and it is in active voice. It is incorrect.
Second option has '.......had thrilled'  Past Perfect tense. As tense is changed  the option is incorrect.
fourth option shows that juggler thrilled the children whereas the tricks thrilled children. So this option is incorrect. 
In Third option, the verb 'thrilled' is changed into 'were thrilled' and 'showed' into 'shown'. The part '...tricks thrilled children' is changed as ' 'children were thrilled by tricks', Juggler showed tricks is changed into 'tricks shown by the juggler.' This is the correct option.


 2. Who knows her in this city?

In this sentence 'knows' is main form and it is first form of verb. So the sentence is in active voice. It is to be changed into passive voice. 'Knows' in passive voice will be 'is/are known'. It takes preposition 'to' instead of 'by' with it. 'Who' is in subject case and in object case it is 'whom'. In passive voice in object case it is 'To whom' and in Subject case it is 'who'. 

In passive voice this sentence has following two forms.
-- To whom is she known in this city?
-- Who is she known to in this city?
So the option 3 is the correct answer.



3. I expected him to clear the examination.

In this sentence 'I' is subject 'him' object and 'expected' is verb. 'Expected' is first form of verb in Past Indefinite Tense. It is in active form of voice. It is to be changed into passive voice.
'Expected' will change into 'was expected'.
Options 1,2 and 4 are in Present Tense so both are incorrect. Option 3 is the correct answer. 



4. I caught her stealing my books.

In this sentence 'I' is subject, 'her' object, 'caught' main verb and 'stealing' is participle. The main verb 'caught' is second form of verb catch and the sentence is in Past Indefinite tense. It is in active form and is to be changed into passive voice. The verb 'caught' after change  will be 'was caught'. Option 2  says ..my book.. was caught and option 3 ... I caught my book both are incorrect. Option 4 says .....stealing my book by me which does not fit well. Option 1 is correct She was caught ... while stealing.

 

5.  You need not take this medicine now.

Need is used both as main verb and modal verb. Here it is acting as a modal verb. Main verb is take in Present Indefinite tense. This sentence is in active form to be changed into passive voice. You is subject and this medicine is object in this sentence. The verb 'take' in passive voice will be 'be taken'. 

In options 4 and 5 modals should and may are incorrect. In option 2 need taken is incorrect because in passive voice with modal verb 'be and third form of verb' is used. So option 1 is the correct answer.  





EXERCISE NO 2

Question - Out of the given options select the correct form of the following sentence after change of voice.



1. She does not conceal anything from me.

Options:

1. Anything is not concealed from me by her.
2. Nothing is concealed from me by her.
3. Nothing has concealed from me by her.
4. Anything has not been concealed from me by her.



2. She gave the beggar food to eat.

Options:

1. The beggar was given food by her to be eaten.
2. Food to eat was given to the beggar by her.
3. Food was given to the beggar to eat by her.
4. The beggar was given food by her to eat.



3. I saw her nagging her husband.

Options:
1. I saw her husband was nagged by her.
2. Her husband was seen nagging by me.
3. Her husband being nagged was seen by her.
4. I saw her husband being nagged by her.


4. They say nobody understands her problem.

Options:

1. It is said her problem is not understood.
2. They say her problem is understood by nobody.
3. Her problem is said  to be understood by nobody.
4. Her problem is said to be not understood by anybody.

 

5. He was recommended  a viable alternative.

Options:

1. A viable alternative was recommended him by somebody.
2. Someone recommended him a viable alternative.
3. Someone recommended a viable alternative for him.
4. A viable alternative has been recommended to him.






ANSWERS

1.(2)   2.(4)   3.(4)   4.(3)   5.(2)  


1. In active voice, not and anything is used. But in passive voice, instead of not and anything, nothing is used.

2. In this sentence, the point to be noted is that for food ' to be eaten is used' and for beggar, 'to eat ' is to be used.

3. In this sentence, I is subject, saw verb and her is object. Nagging is participle (a verb used as a present participle) and her husband object to participle. Here both objects ' her' and ' her husband' can be used. If saw is used it will be ' was seen'  and if nagging is used it will be 'being nagged'.

4. They say or People say changes into ' it is said'. Sometimes main sentence is also used for passive voice. In main sentence, 'nobody' is subject, 'her problem,' object, 'understands' verb in Present Indefinite Tense. Understands will change into ' is understood' and 'say' into 'is said'.

5. This sentence is in passive voice. Here subject is required. In such cases a vague subject like someone or somebody is used. ' was recommended' will be 'recommended' and 'he' into 'him'. 












Saturday, 9 August 2014

ACTIVE PASSIVE -CHANGE THE VOICE - COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (with solutions)

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE--  CHANGE THE VOICE

COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS-EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -1



Both Active and Passive forms of sentences are used while writing and speaking. A particular form is used to show emphasis on certain part of the sentence. Active form is used if the role of the subject is to be emphasized and passive voice is used to show importance of the activity or the object.


In competitive examinations different types of questions are given to assess knowledge about the topic. In certain questions numbered options are given as answer of a sentence voice of which is  to be changed and the correct option is required to be selected out of the given options.  


For example :


Question - Choose the most appropriate option to change the voice ( Active Passive ) form of the given sentence. 


I appreciate the way he welcomed us.

OPTIONS

a) I appreciate the way we are welcomed by him.
b) I appreciate the way by which he welcomed us.
c) The way he welcomed us was appreciated by me.
d) I appreciate the way we were welcomed by him.



SOLUTION

This sentence is in active form is  to be changed into passive voice.In the first part of this sentence, 'I' is subject and 'appreciate' is verb in present indefinite tense. In the latter part, 'he' is subject, 'welcomed' is verb in past indefinite tense. 'Us is object.

To change this sentence into passive - 

'Appreciate' will change into 'is appreciated'. 'I' into 'by me'.
'Is appreciated by me'.

'Us' will change into 'we'.
'Welcomed' will change into 'were welcomed'.
'He' will change into 'by him'.
'the way we were welcomed by him'.

But the answer is to be selected out of the given options only. The nearest correct option will be selected as answer.



NOTE : IN NO CASE TENSE IS CHANGED WHILE CHANGING THE VOICE. THE SENTENCE CONTINUES TO REMAIN IN THE SAME TENSE.




1. In the first option, 'I appreciate' is in the same tense but 'are welcomed' is in present tense whereas in the sentence 'welcomed' is in the past tense. This option is not correct.
2. In passive voice, with helping verb like 'is, am, are, was, or were' etc. third form of verb is used. But in this sentence, 'I appreciate' and 'he welcomed us' are in the same active voice. This option is also not correct.
3. In this option, ' I appreciate' is changed into 'was appreciated by me'. In this way the tense is changed to past tense. It is not correct.
4. 'I appreciate the way' is in the same form but 'he welcomed us' is changed to 'we were welcomed by him'. It is in passive form and the sentence is in the same tense. This is the nearest correct option as answer.


Here follow some sentences for practice.


EXERCISE - ONE


Question : Out of the given options select the nearest correct option to change the Voice of the following sentence. 



1. She expected me to help her.

OPTIONS
a) She is expected to help by me.
b) To help by me is expected by her
c) It is expected that I should help her.
d) It was expected of me to help her.




2. Circumstances forced him to resign.


OPTIONS
a) Circumstances were forced him to be resigned.
b) He to resign was forced by circumstances.
c) He was forced to resign.
d) Circumstances forced him to be resigned.



3. People say that he cheated the old lady.

OPTIONS
a) He cheated the old lady is said by people.
b) It is said that he cheated the old lady.
c) The old lady is said to be cheated by people.
d) People say the old lady is cheated.



4. Time demands he should hold the reins.

OPTIONS
a) He was demanded to hold the reins.
b) It is demanded he should hold the reins.
c) It is demanded the reins should be held.
d) Time demands him holding the reins.



5. Someone has stolen my bag in the market.

OPTIONS
a) My bag was stolen in the market by someone.
b) My bag had been stolen in the market. 
c) Someone stole my bag in the market.
d) My bag has been stolen in the market.






ANSWERS

EXERCISE - ONE

1. This sentence, in active voice, is required to be changed into passive voice. According to  grammar rules  following changes are required.

' She' - Subject case - 'by her'.
'expected' - 'was expected'.
'me' - 'I '.
'her' - object case - 'She'
'to help' - 'to be helped'.

Keeping the above points in mind, answer is to be selected out of the given options 


This is the easiest sentence because in all the options except one, 'is expected' is used. Present tense is used. In voice tense is not changed. So the last option with 'was expected', the nearest appropriate option is the answer.



2. This sentence is in active voice. 'Circumstances' is subject. Such a subject is considered a vague subject. 'Forced' is verb and 'him' is object. According to grammar rules it should change as under:

'Forced' verb in past tense - 'was forced'.
'Him' - He 
'to resign' - to be resigned. Grammatically this change is correct but this change does not make any sense or meaning. So it is not required.
'Circumstances' - 'by circumstances'. This subject,mostly avoided is dropped in passive voice.

According to the above changes, it should be -
He was forced to resign.

In option a) 'circumstances were forced' is incorrect because circumstances were not forced or nobody forced circumstances. In option b) the words 'to resign' are placed wrongly. In option d) verb 'forced' is in active voice. So this cannot be passive voice. Option 'c' is the correct answer.


NOTE - WORDS IN SUBJECT CASE LIKE PEOPLE, SOMEBODY, SOMEONE, THEY, PROVIDENCE ETC. USED IN ACTIVE VOICE ARE AVOIDED IN PASSIVE VOICE. 


3. This sentence is in active voice. People is a vague subject in this sentence. It is not generally used in passive voice. Changes in passive voice will be as follow:

'Say' - 'is said'.
'Cheated' - verb in past tense. - 'was cheated'.
'The old lady' will have no change.
'He' - 'by him'
Such sentences start with the word 'it'.

The words like 'is said by people' in a) and 'is said to be' do not make any sense or meaning in the context of the sentence.
Option b) is the correct answer.



NOTE - THE WORD 'NEED' IS USED BOTH AS A MODAL VERB AS WELL AS A MAIN VERB. 
For example - 
I need a pen. (main verb) 
You need not worry. (modal verb)


4. This sentence is in active voice. 'You' is subject, 'need' a modal verb, 'remind' main verb and 'me' is an object.'Need not remind' is negative verb in present tense.

Changes will be -
'You' - 'by you'
'Need not remind' - 'Need not be reminded'.
'Me' - 'I'.

a) In making passive voice modal verb is not changed. So needed is incorrect. 
b),c)  Similarly in these options should is incorrect.
d) This option is the correct answer.

5. This sentence due to its verb 'has stolen' appears to be in passive voice but this sentence in Present Perfect Tense is in active voice.

 'Someone' - Subject  (a vague subject)
'Has stolen' - verb in Present tense.
'My bag' - object.

Changes will be -
'Someone' - 'by someone'.
'Has stolen' - 'has been stolen'.
'My bag'  will not change.

Options a), b), c) are in past tense so these are incorrect. Someone has been dropped in passive voice. Option d) is correct answer.


NOTE -  IN CASE OF A PHRASAL VERB ITS PTEPOSITION SHOULD NOT BE CHANGED, SHIFTED OR DROPPED

For example : 
Boys laughed at the beggar.
The beggar was laughed at by boys.





EXERCISE - TWO



Question : Out of the given options select the nearest correct option to change the Voice of the following sentence. 



1. They expect him to arrive at any time.

OPTIONS
a) They are expected to arrive at any time.
b) They expect he will arrive at any time.
c) It is expected he should arrive at any time.
d) He is expected to arrive at any time.



2. Women like men to flatter them.

OPTIONS
a) Men are liked to be flattered by women.
b)Men are liked by women to flatter them.
c) Women like men should flatter them.
d)Women are liked to be flattered by men.




3. She served food hot.

OPTIONS
a) Hot food was served  by her.
b) She served with hot food.
c) Food was served by her hot.
d) Food was served hot by her. 



4. You need not remind me.


OPTIONS
a) You are not needed to remind me.
b) I should not need to be reminded.
c) You should not need me to remind.
d) I need not be reminded by you.



5. Somebody informed them that we were not inviting them.

OPTIONS
a) Somebody informed that they were not being invited.
b) They were not being invited informed somebody.
c) They were informed not being invited by somebody.
d) They were informed that they were not being invited.






ANSWERS



1. This sentence is in active voice and in present tense.In this sentence-
They -Subject  Expect - Verb in Present Indefinite Tense.
Him- Object. The changes will be as under :

They - 'by them.'
Expect - 'is expected'.
Him - 'He'.
To arrive - 'to be arrived'. But this does not make any sense.

a) 'They are expected' is wrong because 'they expect' and
     'he is expected'. 
b) 'They expect' is in active voice. It is not correct.
c) There is 'should' in this option which conveys wrong meaning.
d) 'He is expected' is the correct passive voice. In this sentence subject has been dropped. This is the nearest correct answer.



2. This sentence is in present tense and in active voice. 
Women - Subject
Like - verb in present tense.
Men - Object.
The changes will be -
'Women' - by women.
'Like' - to be liked.
'Men' will  not change.
Men are liked by women to flatter them.

a) This sentence gives impression of 'men to be flattered' which is wrong according to the original sentence.
c) 'Women like men' is active voice, so this is incorrect.
d)'Active voice 'Women like' will not change into women are liked. This is also incorrect.
b) Men are liked .... is the correct answer.



3. This sentence is in past tense and in active voice. 
In this sentence 

She - Subject
Served - Verb
Food - Object
Hot - Adverb describing verb 'served'.

Note that this sentence is different from the sentence - She served hot food where hot is an adjective describing noun 'food'. This adverb is required to be placed properly in the passive voice.

The changes will be -
She - by her.
Served - was served
Food will remain unchanged. 
Hot will be with verb 'served'.
Food was served hot by her.
d) option is correct.

In a) and c) 'hot' is adjective describing 'food'.
In b) 'served' is verb of active voice.



4. This sentence in present tense is in active voice. 
In this sentence -
You - subject
Need - modal verb like will, can, should etc.
remind - Main verb in present tense.
Me - Object.

Changes will be -
You - 'by you'.
Need not remind - Need not be reminded.
Me - I
I need not be reminded by you.
a) Need is modal verb and will not be changed.
b) & c) Tense cannot be changed. Should is incorrect.
d) is the correct answer. 



5. This sentence  in past tense is in active voice.
In this sentence-
Somebody - Subject - Vague subject dropped in passive voice
Informed - Verb in past tense
Them - Object
In the second part of the sentence-  
We - Subject
Were not inviting - Verb in negative past continuous tense.
Them - Object

The changes will be
Informed - were informed
Them- They
Were not inviting - were not being invited.
We - by us
Them - They
They were informed that they were not being invited.
Here subjects of both parts have been dropped in passive voice.
d) is the correct answer. 





EXERCISE - THREE




Question : Out of the given options select the nearest correct option to change the Voice of the following sentence. 




1. She likes he loves her.

OPTIONS

a) He loves her is liked by her.
b) She is liked as he loves her.
c) She likes she is loved by him.
d) She likes being loved by him.


2. Request him to attend the meeting.


OPTIONS
a) He should be requested to attend the meeting.
b) He is requested to attend the meeting.

c) Request him let the meeting be attended.
d) He be requested to attend the meeting.






3.  Parents want their children respect them.

OPTIONS
a) Parents want their children should respect them.
b) Children are wanted to respect their parents.
c) Children respect them is wanted by parents.
d) Parents want to be respected by their children.


4. They are planning to postpone his marriage ceremony.


OPTIONS
a) His  marriage ceremony is planned to be postponed.
b) It is planned his marriage ceremony to be postponed.
c) His marriage ceremony is being planned to be postponed.
d) They are planning his marriage ceremony be postponed.


5. They say that you made it possible.


OPTIONS
a) You are told to make it possible.
b) You made it possible is said by them.
c) You said that you made it possible.
d) You are said to have made it possible.






6. Someone saw him stealing her  purse.

OPTIONS
a) He was seen while he stole her purse.
b) He stole her purse was seen by someone.
c) He stealing her purse was seen by someone.
d) He was seen stealing her purse.


7. A huge crowd surrounded the mansion 
and made entry into it 
    impossible.

OPTIONS
a) The mansion was surrounded by a huge crowd and made entry into it impossible.
b) The mansion had been surrounded by a huge crowd and made entry into it impossible.
c) The mansion was surrounded by a huge crowd making entry into it impossible.
d) The mansion was surrounded by a huge crowd and entry into it  was made impossible.



8. Ask him to begin the work.

OPTIONS
a) Let he be asked to begin the work.
b) Let him be asked to begin the work.
c) He be asked to the work to be begun.
d) The work to be begun be asked.








9. They believe a ghost haunts this place.

OPTIONS

a) This place is believed to be haunted by a ghost.
b) This place is haunted by a ghost is believed.
c) They believed this place is haunted by a ghost.
d) This place is believed being haunted by a ghost.



10. He was selling balloons like hot cakes.

OPTIONS
a) Balloons like hot cakes were sold by him.
b) Hot cakes liked by balloons were being sold.
c) Balloons were being sold like hot cakes.
d) Balloons are being sold like hot cakes by him.

11. Prepare for the ensuing examinations.
OPTIONS 
a) The ensuing examinations be prepared.
b) Be prepared for the ensuing examinations.
c) The ensuing examinations should be prepared.
d) You are required to prepare for the ensuing examinations.



12. The child threw a stone and it hit a passer- by.

OPTIONS 
a) The child threw a stone and a passer-by was hit.
b) The child had thrown a stone  that hit a passer-by.
c) A stone was thrown by the child  hitting a passer-by.
d) A passer-by was hit by a stone thrown by the child.

13. All desire wealth but a few acquire it.

OPTIONS 
a) Wealth is desired by all but to be acquired by a few.
b) Wealth is desired by all but is acquired by a few.
c) All desire wealth but it is acquired by a few.
d) All have desire for wealth and it is acquired by a few.




14. He ordered the servant to lay the table.

OPTIONS 
a) To lay the table was ordered by him.
b) The servant to lay the table was ordered by him.
c) The servant was ordered to lay the table. 
d) To lay the table by servant was ordered by him.



15. The guests occupying the room forgot to switch off lights last night.
OPTIONS
a. The room being occupied by the guests were forgotten to switch off lights last night.
b. Lights were forgotten to be switched off by the room being occupied by the guests last night.
c. Lights were forgotten to be switched off by the room occupying guests last night.
d. Lights were forgotten to be switched off by the guests occupying the room last night.

16. Coal is supplied to thermal plants situated in different parts of the country by road.

1. Thermal plants situated in different parts of the country are supplied coal by road.
2. They supply coal to thermal plants situated in different parts of the country by road.
3. Thermal plants situated in different parts of the country supply coal by road.


17. The chief guest, on his arrival at the gate of the venue, was welcomed by garlanding.

1. They on his arrival at the gate of the venue welcomed the chief guest by garlanding.

2. They welcomed the chief guest by garlanding on his arrival at gate of the venue.

3. Garlanding on his arrival at the gate of the venue welcomed the chief guest. 











ANSWERS

1. c)  2. d)    3.  d)    4. c)  5. d) 6. d) 7.c) 8. b) 9. a). 10. c)  11. b)12. d) 13. b) 14. c) 15 (d).








Wednesday, 6 August 2014

ACTIVE PASSIVE ---CHANGE THE SENTENCES FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE --EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (with solutions)

ACTIVE & PASSIVE--CHANGE THE VOICE

EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE


While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e Active and Passive forms). Words are used in a sentence according to the emphasis to accorded to them. Words to be emphasised are written in first place and words of less importance are placed in  secondary position in the sentence. 


For example

Someone has picked my pocket in the crowd.

The point to be emphasized in this sentence is  'my pocket has been picked' and not by whom. Here we can drop the subject and write this sentence in passive voice as follows. 

My pocket has been picked in the crowd.


The two forms of sentences i.e. Active and Passive forms are changed from one to other. The process of changing from Active to Passive form of a sentence is called 'Change of the Voice'.


 In a sentence there are Subject, Verb and Object. But some sentences are without  an object. For change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary..