NARRATION -----Change of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech -----Assertive Sentences
1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech
These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“ ”).
The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).
The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter.
In Indirect Speech
- inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc.
-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.
- The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.
- The tense of reporting speech is not changed.
-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.
- The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.
--First Person in the reported speech changes according to Subject & Second person according to object in the reporting speech. For third person there is no change.
a. She told that you were not going to the office.
b. She confirmed whether you were going to the office.
c. She confirmed that you were not going to the office.
2. " How clever of you to have solved the sum so easily," said the mother.
a. The mother expressed surprise that it was so clever of him to have solved the sum very easily.
b. The mother told that he was very clever in having solved the sum so easily.
c. The mother exclaimed admiringly that it was very clever of him to have solved the sum so easily.
3. "When I was young I was a hockey player ," said he to her.
a. He told her that when he was young he had been a hockey player.
b. He told her that when he was young he was a hockey player.
c. He told her that when he had been young he had been a hockey player.
a. The old man said what his son would like to become when he grew up.
b. The old man asked his son what he would like to become when he grew up.
c. The old man asked his son what he wanted to become when he grew up.
a. The visitor asked the landlord with whom you had been talking when he entered the room.
b. The visitor asked the landlord with whom he had been talking when he entered the room.
c. The visitor asked the landlord with whom he had been talking when he had entered the room.
1.b 2.b 3.b 4.b 5.b
(Note Generally 'if and that' are not used together while removing inverted commas but in this sentence 'that' is connective for assertive sentence and 'if' denotes condition in original sentence itself)
She told him that how he managed his affairs was worth appreciating.
The guest told the host that what pleased him was the way he treated them during their visit.
5. The stranger said to the lady,” Have you ever been to my village? ”
The stranger asked the lady if she had ever been to his village.
The old man asked the child why he had broken that
do you not go to your class rooms?”
The teacher asked the boys what they were doing there
and why they did not go to their class rooms.
you when I return?”
Her brother asked her what present he should bring for
her when he returned.
4. The rich man said to the beggar, “Why do you not do any work? Do you not feel ashamed in begging alms from others?”
The rich man asked the beggar why he did not do any work
the class today?”
Boys asked the teacher when he intended to start
the class that day.
The traveler asked the cab man how long he would take to
reach the destination and if he could not drive the cab a little faster.
The customer asked the shopkeeper what the price of that article was and if he could give him two of those articles.
The old lady asked the young man if he could tell her where that road led to and if he would guide her way to the railway station.
from and if he could tell him that.
( Exclamatory Sentences)
The woman exclaimed that that child was very beautiful.
see him there.
not find out any solution.
1. The captain said, "Good morning,Friends!"
3. The boy said, "If I were a king!"
The boy wished that he had been a king.
4. The old lady said, "May you live long, my son!"
The old lady prayed that her son might live long.
5. They said," May you live a long and prosperous life!"
They prayed that you might live a long and prosperous life.
The land lord ordered his servant to go away and leave the room at once.
She ordered her maid servant to bring her a glass of water.
The priest advised the boys not to while away their time.
4. Mother said to her son."Work hard lest you should fail."
Mother advised her son to work hard lest he should fail.
5. The doctor said to the patient,"Do not smoke."
The doctor advised the patient not to smoke.
1. The clerk said to the man,"Do not disturb me.Mind
your own business."
The clerk forbade the man to disturb him and
advised him to mind his own business.
The officer told the peon that the visitor might be allowed to come in.
3. The father said to his son,"Let us go out for a walk."
The father suggested to his son that they should go out
for a walk.
4. The girl said to her friend," Please show me your purse. "
The girl requested her friend to show her her purse.
5. The man said to me," Let us wait for our turn."
The man proposed to me that we should wait for our turn.
Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech
1. "Why didn't you obey my orders?" said the officer to the peon."Leave my service at once and do not come here again."
The Officer asked the peon why he had not obeyed his orders. He ordered him to leave his service at once and forbade him to come there again.
2. She said to her friend," How pleasant weather it is! I like going out for a walk very much.Let us go out for a long drive. Please take your sister too along with and we all shall enjoy ourselves there very much."
She exclaimed that it was a very pleasant weather and told her friend that she liked going out for a walk very much. She proposed to her friend that they should go out for a long drive.She further requested her friend to take her sister too along with and told that they all would enjoy themselves there very much.
3.The host said to the guest," Please come in and have a seat. What brings you here? What can I do for you? Will you like to have a cup of coffee? "
The host requested the guest to come in and have a seat. He asked him what brought him there and what he could do for him. He further asked him if he would like to have a cup of coffee.
4.The girl said to her father," Why are you in such a pensive mood today? Please let me know its reason. It will be my pleasure if I can do anything for you. Have you not gone to your office today?
The father said to her daughter," No,I am fine. I have not gone to my office because I want to see you. Are you free today?"
The girl asked her father why he was in such a pensive mood that day. She requested him to let her know its reason and told him that it would be her pleasure if she could do anything for him. She asked him if he had not gone to his office that day.
The father replied in negative and told her that he was fine and he had not gone to his office because he wanted to see her. He asked her if she was free that day.
5.The officer said to the employee,"Why are you late today? Do you not know that I do not allow any body to come in the office late? What is the reason of your late arrival? I allow you to attend the office today as an exceptional case. Do not repeat this instance in future." The employee said,"I am late today because my son fell ill suddenly and I had to take him to the doctor. I am sorry for this and I assure you that I shall not repeat it in future."
The officer asked the employee why he was late that day and if he did not know that he did not allow any body to come in the office late. He asked him what the reason of his late arrival was. He informed him that he allowed him to attend the office that day as an exceptional case and advised him not to repeat that instance in future. The employee replied that he was late that day because hisson had fallen ill suddenly and he had to take him to the doctorand he was sorry for that and he assured him that he would notrepeat that in future.