Wednesday, 13 October 2021

Sentence Arrangement -7. Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation


 Generally in Sentence Arrangement Questions in examinations there are options given and the correct one out of those is to be selected. Undoubtedly practice is the most effective tool for solving the question but there are certain tips which help in arriving at  the result easily and quickly. A few of these are listed below.

These sentences relate to one theme, topic, idea or place or thing of description. Their link as to how they describe it is required to be identified.

Some words like pronouns and  prepositional phrases are very helpful in locating relation between sentences.

Sentences containing nouns are arranged prior to those containing pronouns. 

In the examination questions going by the given options makes finding out the answer very convenient. Sense and meaning of sentences in the sequence of options needs to be verified and the correct one to be identified.


Following examples illustrate the point.


In the following exercises first and last sentences of the sequence are given. Arrange the remaining four sentences between these two in a meaningful sequence.


ONE

X. Glass is an inorganic transparent product made from silica sand, limestone, soda ash and sodium carbonate. It differs in colour, density and quality based on further chemical composition.

A. Tempered glass, in particular, is being employed in roofing applications as well as in manufacturing of glass windows. In developing countries, tempered glass is replacing standard glass in roofing applications on account of its high strength properties.

B. It has its utility in small, medium and hi-tech applications ranging from household mirrors, solar panels, optical fibre to radiation shielding glasses in nuclear facilities.

C. Its properties of transparency, scattering, absorption and thermal response allow multiple applications.

D. It is perhaps most widely known for its extensive use in houses and offices in glass windows. It is increasingly being used in construction applications.

Y. Nowadays, even waste glass in the powder form is gaining usage as part replacement of cement in concrete, a trend set to gain momentum over the coming years.


OPTIONS
1. ACBD  2. BCAD  3. CBDA  4.CDBA

EXPLANATION

Two of the given options start with C and one each with A and B. No option starts with D.

Sentence X describes about structural and physical properties of glass. Sentence Y describes about the latest trend of use of glass in construction work.

Sentence A describes about the latest trend of use of a particular type of a glass, tempered glass, in construction work. This sentence indicates its link with sentence Y. 

Sentence C starts with a pronoun 'its' which describes the noun 'Glass' in sentence X. X describes about structure and properties of glass and C describes about multiple applications of glass according its properties. C thus follows X. Answer should start with C.

Sentence B gives further details of application of glass according to its structure and utility. Words 'its properties...allow to multiple applications' link it further with words ' it has ....high-tech applications ' in B.   B should follow C. 

Sentence D tells about use of glass in construction work. Sentence A gives details of a type of glass being used in construction work these days. So A should follow D. 

It means options 1 and 2 cannot be answer. Out of 3 and 4. Further D cannot follow C and A cannot follow B. So option 4 too cannot be answer. 
Option 3 CBDA is the correct answer. This sequence can be verified.



TWO

X. A true woman is one who takes pride not just in her own achievements but in the achievements of her family as well. She laughs with you, she cries for you and

A. her ambitions on the back burner so she can help her family with theirs. She takes pride in your achievements and holds your hand through your disappointments. Yes, that is the true woman. You will find her

B. when the whole world has turned back on you she will still be standing right behind you. She loves you beyond reason and forgives you time and again unconditionally. She puts

C. her son a pair of socks instead. You will find her son at a cricket match even when she can't understand the first thing about the game.

D. not at a beauty pageant but at the supermarket shopping for groceries, probably dressed in something sturdy or at a departmental store reaching out for a vial of cream or to buy

Y. You will find her helping the blind cross the street. You will find her at a Sunday mass singing herself. Yes that would be her the real, true woman.


OPTIONS 

1. ABDC 2. BADC 3. DABC 4. BACD

EXPLANATION

Two options start with B and one each with A and D.

Selection of sentences in case of such an exercise is a little easier because the sentences are to be linked according to their starting or ending lines or words.

In case of X the ending line is incomplete but begining is complete.

In case of Y both beginning and ending are complete.

Opening sentence in all the sentences ABCD are incomplete. Endings in all except C are incomplete. Now ending words of sentences are to be linked with starting words of other sentences. C can be the last sentence linking with Y as it has a complete ending. Three options 1,2 and 3 end with C. So 4 can be ruled out as answer.

Sentence X ends with a conjunction 'and' , before this there is a complete sentence, so after conjunction also there should be a complete sentence. All sentences except B and Y start with incomplete sentences. This doesn't fit with Y. So B can be the first sentence of the sequence. 

B ends with 'she puts'. With this D doesn't fit but A and C can fit. Out of these two A appears to be appropriate. 'She puts  her ambitions on the back burner'. 

A ends with ' you will find her' it links with D ' not at a beauty pageant'. 

So answer is 2.BADC.


THREE

X. Fairy tales, one of the favorite forms of literature, are a mystical fantasy of creatures and animals that everyone wishes they could be a part of.  They have been around for hundreds of years and create an escape for people.

A. Something really liked about these tales is the characters, they always represent something more than just a person in a story. They can represent happiness, sadness, ambition, the options are endless.

B. Through their characters these tales often help represent something that cannot really happen in real life. People like seeing the things that happen in fairy tales as it inspires them.

C. These tales are crucial for the growth of young as well as older people who need to take a break from the drudgery of real life. They feel enjoying the world of their fantasy and liking.

D. They have therapeutic values to them and help readers to cope through their fears and to remove themselves of aggressive feelings and destructive desires.

Y. The aspects in the stories have always been known to inform readers of all the perspectives of life that relate to fairy tales and they help model behavioral codes and developmental paths, even as they provide us with terms for thinking about what happens in our world.


OPTIONS
1. CDAB 2. ABDC 3. CDBA 4. BDAC










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