ACTIVE AND PASSIVE-- CHANGE THE VOICE
COMPETITIVENESS EXAMINATION QUESTIONS-EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE -3
A sentence with a transitive verb has two voices -- Active Voice and Passive Voice. Both Active and Passive forms of voice are used while writing and speaking.
In Active voice the sentence describes about Subject as doer of action whereas in Passive voice the subject is described as receiver of action.
The girl plucks flowers. ...........1
This sentence in active form tells about the girl doing an activity.
But the same sentence in Passive Voice -
Flowers are plucked by the girl. .........2
describes about flowers and Subject the girl shifts to a secondary position as a receiver of the activity.
A verb is said to be in the Active Voice when the person or the thing denoted by Subject acts or is active. The verb 'plucked' in the sentence 1 written above is active.
A verb is said to be in the Passive Voice when the person or the thing denoted by Subject does not act or is inactive but receives the action done by someone or something. So the verb ' was plucked' in the sentence 2 written above is passive.
An intransitive verb is not used in the Passive Voice unless it takes a Cognate Verb in its Active form.
For example :
He slept a sound sleep.
A sound sleep was slept by him.
The Passive Form of Voice is used when the Subject in its Active Voice is vague, unknown or unimportant like People, they Someone or somebody etc.
Someone stole her purse.
Her purse was stolen.
They sent goods free of charges.
Goods were sent free of charges. etc.
While forming Passive Voice of a sentence following changes are made :
Simple Present : is, am, are + Past Participle
Simple Past : Was, were + Past Participle
Present Perfect : Has, Have Been +Past Participle
Past Perfect : Had Been + Past Participle
Present Continuous : Is, am, are being + Past Participle
Past Continuous : Was, were being + Past Participle
Future Tense : Shall, will be + past Participle
While changing Active Voice into Passive Voice, Object in active voice is made subject in the Passive Voice.
In Competitive Examinations, questions relating to Voice are of different types. Generally, there are those with options given against a sentence and the correct option is to be chosen and marked.
Steps for attempting Questions with given options
- In a question with the given options one has to go by the options provided in the question and has to select the most appropriate out of those.
- In voice, active or passive form is changed of the verb used in the sentence without any change in tense.
- In no case tense of the sentence is to be changed. Tense must remain the same under all circumstances.
- First of all identify of Tense of the Sentence.
- Mark the Main and Helping Verbs in the sentence.
- Find out if there is any verb used as Gerund, infinitive or participle etc. in the sentence. These need to be treated in a separate way while making a change.
- Change the voice of the main verb with its subject and object of the sentence according to the rules of voice.
- Now find out the nearest appropriate sentence in the given options.
Here are some examples of sentences on the pattern of questions given in competition examinations :
EXERCISE NO 1
1. People believe a man's friends are the index of his character.
1. It is believed the index of a man's character are his friends.
2. A man's friends are believed to be the index of his character.
3. It is believed a man's friends should be the index of his character.
4. The index of a man's character should be his friends.
2. Which season follows winter?
1. By which season will be followed winter?
2. Which season is followed by winter?
3. Which season is winter followed by?
4. Which season winter is followed by?
3. If winter comes will spring not follow it?
1. If winter comes will spring not be followed by it?
2.If winter came will it not be followed by spring?
3.If winter comes will it not be followed by spring?
4.If winter comes would it not be followed by spring?
4. Better results were expected from the children.
1. The children expected better results.
2. They expected better results from the children.
3. Parents expected better results from the children.
4. Parents expected the children with better results.
5. She found her lost purse lying under the table.
1. Her lost purse was found by her lying under the table.
2. Her lost purse was found lying under the table by her.
3. She found her lost purse being laid under the table.
4. She found her purse lost lying under the table.
EXERCISE NO 2
1. We expected her to return by month end.
1. She was expected to be returned by month end.
2. She was expected by us to return by month end.
3. We expected her to be returned by month end.
4. We expected her return by month end.
2. Get your coat stitched.
1. Let your coat be got stitched.
2. Get your coat to be stitched.
3. Get stitched your coat by someone.
4. Get someone to stitch your coat.
3. She hosted a party as a son is born to her.
1. She hosted a party as she gave birth to a son.
2. A party was hosted by her as she gave birth to a son.
3. She gave birth to a son and she hosted a party.
4. A party was hosted by her as a son was born to her.
4. The jury could hardly take any decision.
1. Hardly could any decision be taken by the jury.
2. Any decision could hardly be taken by the jury.
3. No decision could be taken by the jury.
4. Any decision could not be taken by the jury.
5. The poet who was born into a poor family wrote many satirical poems.
1. Many satirical poems were written by the poet who took birth in a poor family.
2. The poet who took birth in a poor family wrote many satirical poems.
3. The poet wrote many satirical poems who took birth in a poor family.
4. The poet took birth in a poor family and wrote many satirical poems.
EXERCISE NO 3.
1. Do you know whom you are speaking to ?
1. Is it known to you whom you are speaking to?
2. Is whom you are speaking to known to you?
3. Is who you are speaking to known to you?
4. Are you known to whom you are speaking to?
2. Can you tell what this box contains?
1. Can it be told by you what is contained in this box?
2. Can you tell what is contained in this box?
3. Can what is contained in this box be told by you?
4. Can it be told what is contained in this box by you?
3. Flying kites in the sky enchants children.
1. Children are enchanted by flying of kites in the sky.
2. Children are enchanted by kites being flown in the sky.
3. Children are enchanted by kites flying in the sky.
4. Children are enchanted by flying kites in the sky.
4. What displeased the boss?
1. By what was the boss displeased with?
2. What the boss was displeased with?
3. What would the boss be displeased with?
4. What was the boss displeased with?
5. What cannot be cured must be endured.
1. If it cannot cure it must endure.
2. When it cannot be cured it must be endured.
3. What you cannot cure must endure.
4. What one cannot cure one must endure.
Exercise No. 1
1. (2). 2.(3) 3. (3). 4. (3). 5. (2).
Exercise No. 1
1. Sentences starting with People or they say are changed like 'It is said..' But sometimes it is also changed with object of the sentence like-
A man's friends are believed to be the index of his character.
2. This sentence is in present tense and in interrogative form. Follows will change into is followed by. To make interrogative form, is will precede winter. So it will be
Which season is winter followed by?
3. In this sentence the part ...will spring not follow it? is to be changed.
It will be
....will it not be followed by spring?
If winter comes will it not be followed by spring?
4. This sentence is in past tense and in passive voice.
A subject is required. So parents is an appropriate choice.
Parents expected better results from the children.
5. In this sentence, she is subject, found is verb and her lost purse is object. So it will be - Her lost purse was found lying under the table by her.
First option is incorrect because it gives impression of her lying under the table.
What will be the answer if the sentence is...
She found that her lost purse was lying under the table.
In this sentence only the first part will change -
It was found that her lost purse was lying under the table.
Exercise No. 2
1. (2). 2. (4). 3.(2). 4.(3). 5 (1)
1. In this sentence we is subject, expected is verb and her is object. The other verb in the sentence is 'to return'. It cannot be changed into passive form because a person himself is to return and not a thing or commodity is to be returned. So it will be...
She was expected by us ...the remaining sentence will be added as it is.
2. This sentence gives impression of imperative sentence but here 'get' is a causative verb. For that a subject is to be added in the sentence. This sentence is in passive form and its active form will be Get someone to stitch your coat.
3. In this sentence first part is in active form and the second part is in passive form. So first part is to be changed into passive and the second into active form. These two conditions are fulfilled in option no. 2
4. This sentence is in active form. In passive voice for negative purpose the word 'any' is not used. But in its place 'No' is used. So option 3 is correct.
5. In this sentence, the part ' the poet.....wrote many satirical poems.' is in active form. The other part 'who was born in a poor family' is in passive form. The sentence after change will be.....
Many satirical poems were written by the poet who took birth in a poor family.
Exercise No 3.
1.(1) 2.(1) 3.(4) 4.(4) 5.(4)