Thursday, 31 October 2019

EDITING IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR -- ERROR SPOTTING , OMISSIONS - MISSING WORDS - CORRECTING IN A SENTENCE OR PARAGRAPH


Editing in English Grammar 
- Error Spotting - Omissions - Missing words - Correcting 



A writer writes about what he thinks or observes around himself. First he accumulates all this in his mind and then he puts it  down in writing through an appropriate medium i.e. language or words. This all is an instantaneous and continuous process. Further it is written too with a similar pace. In the process of writing sometimes the writer thinks certain words in his mind but skips those while writing and this goes unnoticed. This is called omission of words which requires correction for a correct and complete final form of writing. This correcting of omitted words also forms a part of Editing in English Grammar. To understand it better here is a sentence.


Editing is generally during proof reading.

By a casual reading one gets the idea what the writer wants to convey in this sentence but reading it again makes it clear that there is something missing in the sentence. It becomes clear that the main verb in this sentence is missing. So the correct form of the sentence will be as under.

Editing is generally done during proof reading.

In an examination a short text with one omission in each line is given. A candidate is required to find out and provide the words, a clause or a phrase missing in the given sentence or paragraph. Numbered blanks are provided with each line for writing the corrected word. The missing word is to be written with the words prior to it and after it. In the sentence written above it will be -

generally - done - during

In such cases, generally, omission of following types of words are observed.These are to be kept in mind while attempting these questions.

First of all there are omissions relating to tenses or verb forms which are to be noticed and corrected.

In many cases there are omissions of prepositions in these sentences. Proper preposition is required to be used in the sentence.

Sometimes articles or determiners are missing in the sentences. These are to be identified and be provided in the sentence. Similarly conjunctions too are required to provided in the sentences.

In certain cases proper pronouns are not used in the sentences. These are required to be corrected.

In certain cases number of nouns is also not used correctly. These also require to be checked and corrected. 

For this purpose a fair good knowledge of vocabulary and grammar is essential. The very first reading of draft or manuscript gives an idea of missing links between different parts of the text. So reading time and again makes the omissions clearer to the reader.

First of all read the complete passage or text to understand the purpose of writing of the writer. This will also give first hand assessment about style and language used.Try to understand the use of tense in the passage. See that appropriate tense is used in all the sentences. For this subject and verb relation too is to be checked and corrected where it is incorrect. Sometimes modals or main verbs are not used correctly. Either of these two is sometimes missing in sentences.

Here under are some exercises of omissions for practice.



ONE



The following sentences have not been edited. There is one error of omission in each sentence. Point out the error, write the missing word with words prior or after omission. Underline the word you have supplied. One is done as an example.

1. Both sisters  exceedingly     
       sisters are exceedingly

intelligent but the younger 

beautiful than the elder .



2. In her room a candle
      a candle was
 burning dimly the table and

 she was sitting alone the

 chair looking the wall.



3. Time is precious than
more precious  

money. It said that Money 

 lost can regained but time

once lost can't recalled.





SOLUTION 




1. Both sisters  exceedingly     
       sisters are exceedingly

intelligent but the younger is 


beautiful than the elder one.



2. In her room a candle

       was
 burning dimly on the table and

 she was sitting alone in the


 chair looking at the wall.




3. Time is more precious than

more precious  

money. It is said that Money 


 lost can be regained but time


once lost can't be recalled.




TWO


The following sentences have not been edited. There is one error of omission in each sentence. Point out the error, write the missing word with words prior or after omission. Underline the word you have supplied. One is done as an example.





One day during  last week I 

 my friends was travelling 

by a car. After we covered a 

little distance when heard a 

great noise  the road side. We 
saw that many people  gathered 
near  big building. They were moving 
here and there in confusion. Some 
them  shouting loudly. We stopped
our car and went  that place. We
saw that the building was fire. Many 
persons were stranded  the building. 
A fire fighting engine  standing there 
and firemen were trying  douse the fire 
but they were not able to control. 
 A large number  flames coming out
 of the building were flying high  
 sky. People standing there told me 
 that a rubber factory and the building
 caught fire due electric short circuiting.
 The firemen with  help of local people
 were able to draw  a large number of
 labourers stuck  the factory. The 
 site presenting a very heart rending
 scene. We felt very sad see all this.






SOLUTION



One day during the last week I 
with my friends was travelling 
by a car. After we had covered a 
little distance when we heard a 
great noise on the road side. We 
saw that many people were gathered 
near a big building. They were moving 
here and there in confusion. Some of
them were shouting loudly. We stopped
our car and went near that place. We
saw that the building was on fire. Many 
persons were stranded inside the building. 
A fire fighting engine was standing there 
and firemen were trying to douse the fire 
but they were not able to control it.
 A large number of flames coming out
 of the building were flying high towards 
 sky. People standing there told me that

 that was a rubber factory and the building
 caught fire due to electric short circuiting.
 The firemen with the help of local people
 were able to draw out a large number of
 labourers stuck inside the factory. The 
 site was presenting a very heart rending
 scene. We felt very sad to see all this.













THREE


The following sentences have not been edited. There is one error of omission in each sentence. Point out the error, write the missing word with words prior or after omission. Underline the word you have supplied. One is done as an example.



The food we consume daily    
daily is
converted  glucose, which
fuels the cells  the body. The
excess glucose in the system 
stored in the form  fat. Insulin,
a hormone made  the pancreas,
is a shuttle  the glucose in the
system. If the system  excess
 glucose,  insulin production
goes . If one regularly binges
eat then the body ends  
requiring more insulin  shuttle
the glucose  cells. this is 
referred  pre-diabetes or
insulin resistance. One need
then few healthy dietary 
changes  lifestyle modifications
 help prevent the onset 

 pre-diabetes or control diabetes.







SOLUTION
The food we consume daily is
converted into glucose, which
fuels the cells in the body. The
excess glucose in the system is 
stored in the form of fat. Insulin,
a hormone made by the pancreas,
is a shuttle for the glucose in the
system. If the system has excess
 glucose, the insulin production
goes up. If one regularly binges
eat then the body ends up 
requiring more insulin to shuttle
the glucose to cells. this is 
referred as pre-diabetes or
insulin resistance. One needs
then a few healthy dietary 
changes and lifestyle modifications
that help prevent the onset 
of pre-diabetes or control diabetes.







FOUR


The following sentences have not been edited. There is one error of omission in each sentence. Point out the error, write the missing word with words prior or after omission. Underline the word you have supplied. One is done as an example.



Way information technology 
 and artificial intelligence are 
influencing society, the human teacher 
be replaced by mechanical teachers 
future. Children  learn individually
 home sans school, sans human teachers.
" It is difficult to say what  impossible 
for the dream  yesterday is the
 hope of today and  reality of 
tomorrow. " says  educationist. If
learning was to  only about acquiring 
information , robot or tele-teacher 
would be the right choice but  educate 
a person meant only  stuff him or her
 facts or figures. " Education is
not filling  a pail but the lighting 
 a fire." says W.B. Yeats. One
wonders  a machine will be able
to light a fire  the young hearts.
Devoid  human warmth and 
emotions,  the electronic educator
ever be able to establish  emotional

bond between  teacher and students









SOLUTION

The way information technology 
 and artificial intelligence are influencing
influencing society, the human teacher will 
be replaced by mechanical teachers in
future. Children will learn individually
at home sans school, sans human teachers.
" It is difficult to say what is impossible 
for the dream of yesterday is the
 hope of today and the reality of 
tomorrow. " says an educationist. If
learning was to be only about acquiring 
information , a robot or tele-teacher 
would be the right choice but to educate 
a person meant only to stuff him or her
with facts or figures. " Education is
not filling of a pail but the lighting 
of a fire." says W.B. Yeats. One
wonders if a machine will be able
to light a fire in the young hearts.
Devoid of human warmth and 
emotions, will the electronic educator
ever be able to establish an emotional
bond between a teacher and students.




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