Thursday, 12 April 2018

NOUN - CASE FUNCTIONS OF A NOUN DEFINITION WITH EXAMPLES

NOUN AND CASE : FUNCTIONS OF THE NOUNS

A word that denotes a thing, place,person, quality, state, condition, position or attitude is called a Noun. A Noun is the name of a person, thing or a place.

Name of a Thing : Book, Chair

Name of a Place : City, Rome  

Name of a Person : John, Alice

Name of a Quality : Strength, Bravery

Name of a Work : Job, Deed

Name of a Condition : Rest, Sleep

Following are the functions of a Noun :
1. Subject of the Verb

2. Object of the Verb or
     of the Preposition

3. Complement of the Verb

4. Possessing the Noun

5. Apposition to a Noun

6. Being Addressed

On the basis of these functions of  a Noun, Cases are decided. A Noun is used in the following cases :


1. Nominative Case

2. Objective Case

3. Possessive Case

4. Complement of the Verb

5. Case in Apposition

6. Nominative of Address

7. Nominative Absolute

1. Nominative Case :

When a Noun is used as a subject of the Verb, it is in the Nominative Case. 

For Example :

 John writes a letter.

 In this sentence John is 'Subject'  writes is  'Verb' . OR  John is  subject of  verb writes.  'John' has been used as Subject of the verb writes. Here John is used in Nominative case. 

Alice is plucking flowers. 

In this sentence Alice is 'Subject' and  is plucking is 'Verb'. Alice is Subject of the Verb is plucking. Alice has been used as Subject of the Verb is plucking. Here Alice is used in Nominative case.