Tuesday, 27 June 2017

VOCABULARY -- Word Meaning Exercises ---based on Previous Examination Questions

Exercises relating to Vocabulary - Word Meanings 

(Based on latest changed style used in Competition Exams.)

Mark the correct Meaning of the word in bold and underlined.

Exercise No.
One 



1. What I surmise is that there was a deliberate attempt to malign his reputation.

1. foresee 2. guess 3. believe 4. gather 

2. The meeting ended without any result due to inexorable attitude of both the parties.

1. adamant  2. indifferent  3. impressive  4. plausible 

3. A dissonant atmosphere prevailed throughout the meeting of the board.

1.disastrous  2.entertaining 3.monotonous 4. lacking harmony 

4. The authorities need an evidence to prove her complicity in the scam.

1. innocence 2.occupation 3. participation 4. governance

5. She is in the habit of be-fooling others by  dissimulation of her feelings.

1.imitating  2.overdoing  3.concealing  4.faking  

6. She was an avid writer who wrote many books on science fiction.

1. seasoned 2. enthusiastic 3. prominent 4. established 

7. Indignant over callous attitude of his parents he decided to leave the house.

1. disappointed 2. concerned  3. exhausted  4. offended 

8. Ecosystem of the area has been jeopardized due heavy industrialization.

1. endangered 2.engraved  3.entranced   4.enhanced

9. His explanation about his behaviour helped to mitigate host's anger.

1. enhance 2. hamper 3. express 4. lessen

10. Slowly but surely Nature retrieves, impressions grow fainter, but are not effaced.

1. make out  2. dole out 3. wipe out 4. run out  


(ANSWERS : 1. (2)  2.(1)  3.(4)  4.(3)  5.(4)  6.(2) 7.(4) 8.(1) 9.(4) 10. (3) )


Two 

1. Benefits of these schemes are enjoyed by elite people only and others remain bereft of those,

1.privileged  2. dependent  3. deprived  4. favourite

2. His explanations could not quell the criticism slapped on him by his opponents.

1.diminish  2.appease 3.face  4. resist

3. During his election campaign Trump bragged about cheaper health care for people.

1.declared  2.announced  3. decided    4. boasted

4. Her past still haunts her and often perturbs her.

1.influence   2. coerce 3.stalk   4. dread

5. Cartoons and caricatures galore in the social media showing their break up.

1. figure 2.decorate   3. abound 4. flash

6. Scurrilous and unfounded allegations were leveled against him to defame him.

1. offensive 2. serious 3, grave 4, speculative 

7. She, vulnerable and anguished, acted in a heroic manner in the days of misery.

1. disgusted 2. distressed 3. dissipated 4, depressed 

8. As the news of bomb explosion spread, all the people started running helter and skelter.

1. dreadfully  2. swiftly 3. haphazardly 4. brashly

9. Trump's recent statements drew expressions of consternation and extreme disbelief.

1. enmity 2. aversion 3. suspicion 4. dismay

10. The markets responded with trepidation after a series of scandals in the country.

1. confusion 2. mistrust 3. dread 4. suspicion  



(ANSWERS 1.(1) 2.(2) 3.(4) 4.(3) 5.(3) 6.(1) 7.(2) 8.(3) 9.(4) 10.(3))



Three

1. The motive of business for him  is more lucrative than magnanimous.

1. benevolent 2. beneficial 3. productive 4. vindictive 

2. The company runs business successfully with altruistic motive without compromising with principles.  

1.profitable    2.philanthropic    3.generous  4.lucrative 

3. The playwright has used very pompous and magniloquent prose style in his works.

1. aesthetic  2. articulate 3. celebrated  4. pretentious

4. In modern age technology is used to augment human abilities and merge with machines.

1. enhance 2. compare 3. curtail 4. combine

5. Her characteristic spunk is punctuated by big smile on her radiant face.

1. courage 2. behaviour 3. appearance  4.attitude 

6. Scientists are in search of a genetic mutation that will leave a person nearly impervious to heart disease. 

1.vulnerable 2. susceptible 3. resistant 4. stimulated

7. Strong headed leaders tend arrogate to themselves an aura of inevitability and infallibility.

1. expose  2.restore 3.display  4.assume  

8. The miscreants vandalised private and public property.

1.embezzled 2.grappled  3.destroyed  4. divested 

9. She stood, motionless and in timorous attitude, before him and he simply gazed at him.

1.emotional 2.silent  3. frightened 4.agitated

10. Donald Trump has a history of vacillating political allegiances. 

1.substantial  2. stringent 3. poignant 4.wavering  

1.(1) 2.(2) 3.(4) 4.(1) 5.(1) 6.(3) 7.(4) 8.(3) 9.(3) 10.(4)




Four

Select meaning of the word out of given options.


1. Quintessence 

1. Glorification  2, Personification  3. Edification 4. Ratification


2. Pique 

1. Surprise  2. Ecstasy   3. Satisfaction  4. Annoyance


3. Turbid

1. Serene 2. Turbulent 3. Muddy 4. Splash 


4. Swerved 

1. Turned  2. Overturned  3. Disappeared 4. Fell Down


5. Altruistic 

1. lucrative  2. Philanthropic  3. Profitable  4. Generous

(ANSWERS 1.(2) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(1) 5.(2) )

Select  Synonym of the word out of given options.


1. Avid 

1.Enthusiastic  2. Seasoned  3. Established 4. Distinguished


2. Simulated

1. Arduous  2. Strenuous  3. Replicated 4. Vigorous


3. Vehemently 

1. Effectively  2. Vivaciously  3. Intensely 4. Publically 


4. Decimated 

1. Usurped 2. Snatched 3. Defunct 4. Reduced


5. Quirk 

1. Strength  2. Show  3. Twist  4. Irony 

(ANSWERS 1.(1) 2.(3) 3.(3) 4.(4) 5.(3) )