Monday, 7 March 2016

Question Papers of Previous Competition Examinations (English Section ) Duly Solved & Answers with Explanations -ONE

         

IBPS  CLERKS Preliminary Examination Question Paper

(English Section)  (Based on examinee's memory)  

(Held on December 6, 2015 -------- Fully solved) 

(Answers with explanations)


Directions  (1 - 5 ) : Rearrange the following five sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) in a proper sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below:  


A. She thought it was very dangerous to have that mallet there and started talking to herself.
B. It must have been there for a long time but somehow she had never noticed it before and she began thinking.
C. Saying all this, she threw her tools, sat herself down and began crying.
D. One evening when Mia had gone down to the cellar, she h happened to look up at the ceiling and saw a mallet ( a kind of wooden hammer) stuck in one of the  beams.
E. She said "Suppose I was to be married, and have a son, and he was to grow  up to be a mn, and come down into the cellar,  like I am doing now and the mallet was to fall on his head and kill him, what a dreadful thing it would be!"

  1. Which of the following should be the LAST (FIFTH) sentence after the rearrangement? 
           (1) A (2) E (3) C  (4)  D (5) B

      2. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after the rearrangement ?

           (1) A (2) B  (3) C  (4)  D (5)  E
       3. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after the rearrangement ?

            (1) A (2) B  (3) C  (4) D  (5) E

       4. Which of the following should be the  SECOND sentence after the rearrangement ?

            (1) A  (2) B  (3) C  (4)  D (5) E

       5. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement ?

            (1) A (2) B ( 3) C  (4) D (5) E


(ANSWERS  1 - 5) :
Generally in such a question , a statement is given in a sentence and other sentences are there to support or negate it or in favour of it or against it. There are two methods of writing a paragraph. The sentence containing the statement is written at the top and other sentences follow it. The other method is sentences supporting or negating the statement are given first and the concluding or the last line gives the statement. The candidate is to link all the sentences according to one out of the above two patterns in the examination.
In the given question, there is a sequence of occurrences with a lady who suddenly saw something at the ceiling and her mind started working and she acted accordingly.The sequence will be as under :

First      D. One evening when Mia had gone down to the cellar, she  happened to look up at the ceiling and saw a  mallet ( a kind of wooden hammer) stuck in one of the  beams.

Second  B. It must have been there for a long time but somehow she had never noticed it before and she began  thinking.

Third    A. She thought it was very dangerous to have that mallet there and started talking to herself.

Fourth  E. She said "Suppose I was to be married, and have a son, and he was to grow  up to be a mn, and come down into the cellar,  like I am doing now and the mallet was to fall on his head and kill him, what a dreadful thing it would be!"

Last C. Saying all this, she threw her tools, sat herself down and began crying.

So the answer will be : 1. (3)  2. (4) 3. (1)  4. (2) 5. (5)



Directions  (6 - 10 ) : In these questions, sentences with four bold words are given. One from four words given in the bold may be either wrongly spelt or inappropriate, if any, that word will be your answer. If all the words given in the bold are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, then "All Correct" is your answer.  

6.  The government has permitted  foreign  direct investment in digitail                                     service providers up to a limit of 50 percent.

      (1)  permitted (2)  Digitail (3)  service  (4) Per cent  (5) All correct

7.  A bank gift card is usually a prepaid card which can be used in an ATM to cheque the       balance but one cannot withdraw cash.

      (1) Usually (2) prepaid  (3) cheque  (4) withdraw  (5) All correct

8. He first joinned the Board of Directors two  years ago and has expressed his concerns           at various global debates.

       (1) joinned (2) ago  (3) various  (4) global (5) All correct

9.  The waste amount of information available today has created a more                                    knowledgeable public.

      (1)  waste (2) amount  (3) information  (4) public  (5) All correct

10.  Some of the steps taken over the late few months have made the tax                                            return filing process simpler.

         (1) steps (2) late  (3) filing  (4)  Simpler (5) All correct.


(SOLUTION 6-10)  :

6. The word 'digitail' is spelt wrongly. It should be digital.
7. Instead of the word 'cheque', there should be 'check'.
8. Spellings of the word 'joinned' should be joined'.
9. It is not 'the waste amount' but it should be 'the vast amount' meaning the large amount.
10. It should be 'over the last few months'.




Directions  (11 - 20 ) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given. Certain words/phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

A long time ago, an honest king ruled over a small kingdom named Bijanagar. Every day, the king would listen to the complaints of his people and try to solve their problems in the best possible way.One day a soldier came running into the king's court. 'I have an alarming piece of news, My Lord !' cried out the soldier. 'My wife told me that there is some evil in our kingdom. Crops have been ruined  and wells have been poisoned!'   When the minister heard this, he instantly walked upto the king and said,"I guess some enemy is trying to create panic in our kingdom, so that our attention gets diverted to solving our internal problems. And then the enemy will take advantage of our inner disturbances and attack us." said the minister.
You seem to be right! nodded the king. 'What shall we do then?' The minister said, 'In my opinion we should not let our people know that we suspect our enemy. It may give rise to contempt. Instead, we should distribute food and water among our people and  tell them that  the crops might have been damaged because of disease. Meanwhile, I will disguise myself as an old man and try to find out the truth.' The king agreed. That evening, the minister disguised himself as a poor old man and came out of the palace stealthily.
The Minister went to a farmer's house and called out,'Food! Please give me food!' The farmer came out with two pieces of  bread in his hand and said ,'This is all that I have, O old man!' "You seem to be in trouble," said the old man. 'Yes, someone has been very cruel. They have stamped and ruined my crops,' said the farmer."But I heard the crops were ruined because of  a disease."said the old  man.'No, that's not true!' the farmer interrupted. " The royal guards are the culprits. They have stamped our crops and poisoned our wells." 'How can you be so sure? asked the old man. 'I heard it from some people at the inn nearby', replied the farmer.
The old man thanked  the farmer for the food and left. He then went to the inn nearby. He saw some people gathered near a table, discussing their ruined crops and wells. among them were two young men talking loudly. "Our king didn't punish his royal guards for this wicked deed. Instead, he is trying to cover up by providing food to us!'said one of them. 'Yes, our king isn't honest any more. He has lost his goodwill!' backed up the other. Everyone standing there nodded in agreement. After a while the two young men prepared to leave.  the minister disguised as the old man was watching them. He started following the two young men. When they came out of the inn, one of the young man said, "We have provoked theses people against their king. We must  continue the same way. Within a  couple of days, the angry citizens will revolt against ruler. Then we should inform our king."  'and that would be the most appropriate moment to attack ' laughed the other gentleman.
The Minister heard it all.  He hid behind a tree. The two young men went inside a small hut. The Minister came back to the  palace and informed the king about the wicked plan of  the other kingdom. Instantly the soldiers rode to the small hut where the two men were staying and captured them. The next morning, the culprits were brought out in the palace for their evil plan and were punished for their deeds.

11. Which of the following is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning to the                                     word 'RUINED' as used in the story ?

      (1) Reconstructed (2) Built  (3) Succeeded  (4) Nurtured  (5) Accomplished

12. Which of the following can be an appropriate title for the story?

      (1) The Ungrateful Citizens
      (2)  The Evil in Bijanagar
      (3) The Good Harvest
      (4) Never Trust your Minister
      (5) Disguise - The Only Way to Reveal the Truth.

13. Which of the following statements is true in the context of the story ?

      (1) The real culprits behind the mischief were the soldiers of Bijanagar.
      (2) The king initially hesitated to agree with the Minister's plan.
      (3) The Minister was gifted gold coins upon identifying the culprits.
      (4) The farmer who gave bread to the Minister was kind  and humane.
      (5) None of the given statements is true.

14. Which of the following is most nearly the SAME in meaning to the                                                word 'PROVOKED' as used in the story ?

(1) Motivated (2) Heightened  (3) Instigated (4)  Allowed (5) Injured

15. Which of the following correctly explains the meaning of  the phrase,'lost his goodwill' as        used in the story?
  1. Misplaced his valuables.
  2. Lost his relatives
  3. Suffered a serious injury.
  4. Failed to gain the love of his friends in the first place.
  5. Lost respect among his people

16. Which of the following characteristics of the Minister comes across distinctly through the        story?

1. He was cowardly.       2. He was sharp   3. He was greedy   4. He was old   5. He was violent.

17.    As mentioned in the story, the Minister disguised himself as an old man to :

         (A) visit the kingdom without the fear of being thrashed by public.
         (B) participate in  a local fair.
        (C) identify the culprit causing mischief in Bijapur.
       
        (1) Only A  (2) Both A & B  (3) Only C  (4) Both B & C  (5) Only B


18. As mentioned in the story, the young men were provoking the citizens of Bijanagar                   because :

      1.they were being bribed by the Minister for doing so.
      2. it was a part of their plan to attack Bijanagar.
      3. they wanted to ruin the reputation of Bijanagar.
      4. they were notorious by nature.
      5. Other than those given as options.

19. Which of the following is most nearly the SAME in meaning to the                                               word STEALTHILY as used in the story ?

       1.Secretively 2. Honestly 3. Publicly 4. Shyly 5. Healthily

20. Which of the following is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning to the                                      word CONFESS as used in the story ?

        1.Hide 2. Reveal 3. Sing 4. Believed 5. Deny.


(ANSWERS 11 - 20) :

11. (4)  The word 'ruined'  has its dictionary meaning destroyed, spoilt or damaged. So words succeeded, built and accomplished do not fit according to the sentences. Out of the two Reconstructed and nurtured , nurtured is the correct word here. Nurture means to raise , to cultivate or to foster.
12. (2) First citizens were not ungrateful so it is incorrect. Third Crops were not in  good condition so it is incorrect. The king trusted his Minster, so fourth is also not correct. The whole story was not related to disguise only so this cannot be the central theme or idea.  Bijanagar had become victim of evil intentions of another king so second is the correct answer.
13. (4).First statement is not true. Second also is not according to the passage. Third also is not correct. Farmer was very kind and humane. So fourth is true.
14. (3) The word 'Provoked' has its dictionary meaning 'to incite' and is used in negative sense.  So the words motivated, allowed and heightened are not correct. Injured means 'to hurt' is also not correct. Instigated is the correct answer.
15. (5) The phrase means 'the people did not praise or admire him now ' . accordingly Lost respect among his people is the correct option.
16. (2) The adjectives , cowardly, greedy, old and violent do not describe character of the minister. Only sharp is the correct answer according to traits described about minister in the passage.
17. (3) The minister disguised himself as an old man to know the truth about enemy and his intentions. So option 3 (C)is the correct answer.
18. (2). According to the passage it was all according to a plan to attack Bijanagar. Accordingly, 2 is the correct answer.
19. (1) The word STEALTHILY has its dictionary meaning  sneakily or without knowledge of others. So first is the correct answer.
20. (5)  The word Confess means 'to admit' . Its opposite is to deny So 5 is the correct answer.


Directions  (21 - 25 ) : On these questions , read the sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Select the part with the error  as your answer. If there is no error, select 'No error'  as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)


21. The cook, quickly / (1) come inside and/ (2)  caught hold of / (3) the surprised crow/(4)          No error (5)

22. One summer afternoon/(1) the queen and her maid/(2) set out for a stroll/(3) in the                palace gardens/(4) No error.(5)

23. All the hunters /(1) stopped in their tracks/(2) as the deer they saw/(3) was extremely            beautiful/(4) No error (5)

24. As days went away, the jackal /(1) became fat and healthy because /(2) the lion was a               good hunter and always /(3) left a generous share for his friends./(4) No error (5)

25. The merchant called out to (1)/ the villagers in  his high voice(2)/ and it all came eagerly         (3)/ to see what he had with him./(4) No error (5)
____________________________________________________

(ANSWERS  21 - 25)
21.(2)  From the sentence it is quite evident that it is in past tense -- Past tense of catch                        hold-- caught hold is used. So instead of come it should be came.

22.(5) The sentence is correct.

23.(2)  The sentence is correct.

24.(1)  The word went away means departed. For passage of time it should be went by.

25.(1) No preposition is used with called out. So 'to' is incorrect or superfluous here.

___________________________________________________________


Directions  (26 - 30 ) : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank  appropriately. find out the appropriate word in each case.

Once upon a time, there lived a poor orphan who was an exceptional artist and would often draw pictures of rivers,mountains and people. One day, a fairy gifted him golden paint brush and to his great .........26.........whatever he painted with the brush came to life. His fame  spread and he was brought to the king's .........27..........The king and his ministers took the boy into the fields. ' .........28.........an ocean here! 'ordered the king. The boy protested that it wasn't right and the fields and houses would be .........29........ But the king ordered him to paint the ocean and a  storm. the boy painted ............30.......... and the storm was so violent that the boat in which the king and his ministers were overturned, killing them.

26. 1.doubt 2. surprise 3. miracle 4. sorrow 5. problem.

27. 1. favour 2. dilemma 3. court 4. justice 5. riches

28.  1.Sail 2. origin 3. cry 4. create 5. find.

29. 1. damage 2. hurt 3. form 4. destroyed 5. wiped.

30. 1. slowly 2. similar 3. equally 4. skillful 5. accordingly.




ANSWERS (26-30)


For making a correct choice of a word to be filled in the blank, following steps are suggested:

  • First identify different parts of speech in the given sentence.
  • Find out the part of speech required in the blank space.
  • Try to find out the link of  different parts of speech in the sentence with that   required in the blank i.e. if some noun is required its adjective available in the sentence  or if some verb is required, its adverb available in the sentence etc.
  • From the link available, position of the required word can be assessed,i.e. it will tell whether the word will be in singular or plural form etc.
  • An assessment can also me made from the relative conjunction, preposition or article in the sentence an article singular or plural will tell about the word.
  • An attempt can also be made through identifying and linking the blank with the tense used in he sentence.   
  • Above all this the required is to understand the meaning and sense of the sentence and to choose the most appropriate word according to that out of given options to be filled in the blank. A positive or negative  sense of the sentence can make indication to the word to be used in the blank.
  • In most of the cases, these sentences comprise of  clauses more than one, formation and tense of one clause can give clue to structure of the other clause and thereby about the word to be filled in the blank. 
  • To cap all these practice makes the job easy and convenient.

            



26.(2). This sentence is in positive and optimistic sense. So the words -doubt, sorrow and problem are not correct. Similarly miracle also does not suit here. Only the word Surprise is correct.
27. (3)  The person was brought to king's........Here words like dilemma, justice and riches do not fit well. Favour is also not correct here. Court is the correct answer. Court is the place where king and his ministers meet and take decisions.
28. (4). The king ordered ' ........an ocean here' Here a verb is required. So origin is incorrect. Sail and cry are also not according to the sentence. Out of find and create , Create is the appropriate word to be used here.
29. (4) Here , after would be, third form of verb is required. So the words damage and form are out -rightly ruled out.Hurt also does not fit here. Out of the words wiped and destroyed , destroyed is the most appropriate word.
30. (5) The sentence is - the king ordered......and the boy......and. ---- meaning the boy acted according to  the orders of the king. Here adverb is required.  Hence 'Accordingly' is the correct word to be used here.






IBPS  RRB Office Assistant Examination Question Paper

(English Section)   (Based on examinee's memory)  

(Held on September 12, 2015 -------- Fully solved) 

 (Answers with explanations)


Directions  (81 - 85 ) : Read the following  sentences to find out whether there is any grammatical error in them. The error, if any, will  be in one part of the sentence. Mark part with the error as your answer if there is no error, mark 'No error' as your answer. (ignore the error of punctuation, if any.)    

81. Such manufacturing plants will/ generated employment for/ over 1000 skilled professionals /over the next five years.

(a) Such manufacturing plants will
(b)  generated employment for
 (c) over 1000 skilled professionals
(d) over the next five years.
(e) No error

82. On account of the falling  in/its revenue and profitability /the company has received /a lower credit rating this year.

(a)On account of the falling  in
 (b)its revenue and profitability
(c)the company has received
(d)a lower credit rating this year.
 (e)No error

83. The panel appointed by/ the government has recommended/ the removal of these ambiguity/in the draft of the taxation law.

(a) The panel appointed by
(b)the government has recommended
 (c)the removal of these ambiguity
 (d) in the draft of the taxation law.
 (e)No error

84. With the reserve Bank of India handing out/licences for new banks as well as/new types of banks such as Payments banks/Public Sector Banks will face many challenges.

(a)With the reserve Bank of India handing out
(b) licences for new banks as well as
(c) new types of banks such as Payments banks
(d) Public Sector Banks will face many challenges.
(e) No error

85. When the  emperor heard of/the saga's wit and intelligence/he sent to a messenger to/invite him to the court.

(a)When the  emperor heard of
 (b)the saga's wit and intelligence
 (c) he sent to a messenger to
(d) invite him to the court.
(e) No error

ANSWERS : (81-85)

81. (b) 'Will or Shall' are followed by first form of verb. So instead of 'will generated' it                           should be 'will generate'.
82. (a) 'falling in its revenue' is incorrect.  It should be 'falling....revenue' meaning its                             decreasing income. 
83. (c) 'Removal of these ambiguity' is incorrect. It should be '......these ambiguities'.

84. (b) licenses of new banks.

85. (c) .....he sent a messenger to invite.




Direction  ( 86 - 95)  :  Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are given in  bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

Once an old lady lost her eyesight and became blind. She called a doctor and agreed to pay him a very big amount if he cured her. But she had a condition that she would not give him a single penny if she was not cured. The doctor came to her house daily for treatment. day after day he started stealing the lady's furniture and other valuable things from the house. Everyday he took away one thing from the lady's house. In order to do this, he delayed curing the lady. He finally cured the lady after he had removed all the furniture and valuable articles from the lady's house. Now he demanded his fee from the lady. But the lady refused to pay the fee and said that she was not  cured fully.

The doctor registered a case against her. On being asked by the judge in the  court as to why she was not paying the fee, the sharp lady told the court that her eyesight was not fully restored as she could not see her furniture and other articles in the house. the judge was very clever, He gathered what was going on and punished the doctor.



86. Which of the following can be said about the doctor ?

A. He spent the rest of his life in prison.
B. He was outwitted by the old lady.
C. He believed he could get away with his deception.

(a) Only A (b) A and B  (c) Only C  (d) B and C (e) A, B and C.

87. Which of the following is true according to the story ?

(a) The lady was still partially blind, hence, refused to pay the doctor.
(b) The judge in the court was not intelligent.
(c) The doctor in fact was not successful.
(d) The lady had taken advantage of the doctor's naivete.
(e) All the given statements are true.

88.  Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word 'REGISTERED'  given in bold as used in passage.

(a) Lodged
(b) Withdrew
(c) Dislocated
(d) Uncalculated
(e)  Dismembered


89.  Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word 'GATHERED'  given in bold as used in passage.

(a) Collected
(b) Accumulated
(c) Rounded
(d) Amassed
(e)  Understood


90. Which of the following can be the most appropriate title of the story?

(a) The Skilled Doctor
(b) The Blind who saw  all.
(c) The Rich Lady's House
(d) The Court of Mercy and Justice
(e) The Iron Lady

91. Which of the  following can be said about the old lady?

(A) She  was dumb
(B) She fought for justice
(C) She was  a cheat
(a) Only A  (b) Only B  (c) A and C (d) Only C (e) A,B and C


92.  Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word 'CURED'  given in bold as used in passage.

(a) Healed
(b) Rested
(c) Stationed
(d) Lifted
(e)  Sighted


93. which of the following aspects of the doctor's personality comes across very strongly in  the story?

(a) He was arrogant
(b) He was  empathetic
(c) He was rich
(d) He was a cheat
(e) He was gullible.

94. Why did the lady not complain when her furniture was being stolen?

(a) She had no use for it.
(b) She had no idea that it was happening ever after she was cured.
(c) She always wanted to pay the doctor in kind and cash.
(d) She intended to sell it anyway and thought the doctor was doing her a favour.
(e)  Other than those given as options.


95.  Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word 'DELAYED'  given in bold as used in passage.

(a) Slowed
(b) Patented
(c) Protected
(d) Absolved
(e) Expedited


ANSWERS : (86 - 95)



86.  (d)   A. It is not mentioned that the doctor was jailed for his life.  
                B . It is correct that the lady outwitted the doctor.
                C. It is true that doctor believed that he could succeed in deceving the lady.
                So the answer is (d) B & C.
87. (c)  (a) Incorrect The lady was cured.
              (b) The judge was intelligent to see through doctor's tricks.
              (c) Correct The doctor could not succeed in deceiving the lady.   
              (d) Incorrect. The lady did not do so.
              (e) All are not correct statements.
88. (b) Registered means admitted a case in the court. Its opposite is withdrew the case.

89.  (e) Gathered means in this context to understand.All other options are incorrect                             according to the given sentence.
90. (b) The story tells about qualities of the lady. So this is the correct option.

91. (b) The lady was not dumb nor a cheat. She tried and got justice.

92. (a) Cured means to recover from illness or heal.

93. (d) The doctor was cheat. Other options are not correct.

94. (e) None of the given options are correct according to the passage.

95. (e) Delayed means 'was late' Its opposite is 'expedited'.



Directions  (96-100) : Pick out the most effective word from the given words to fill in the blank to make the sentence meaningful and complete.

96. The gentleman came to know that the villager was in ............of money.

(a)  dire (b) desire (c) demand (d) wise (e) need

97. Two crows..........each other to see who could fly the highest.

(a) thought (b) challenged (c) argued  (d) kill (e) wants

98. ............ all the other men in Alaska, Sheena's father did not have a steady job.

(a) well (b) like  (c) from (d) so (e) similar

99. Kevin was eagerly ............for the summer holidays to begin.

(a) counted (b)waiting  (c) longed  (d) thinking (e) around

100. Suddenly there was a flash of lightening ............by thunderstorm.

(a) followed (b) knowing  (c) crossing  (d) split  (e) taking


ANSWERS : (96 - 100)


96. (e) ' in need of ' means required. Other options  are not correct.

97. (b) The sentence is in  past tense So wants and kill are incorrect. Out of thought, argued                and challenged, challenged is the correct word.  

98. (b) The words well, from and so do not fit here. Out of similar and like , like is the                          correct word.
99. (b) The sentence suggests it to be in past continuous tense. So the words counted, longed and around are incorrect. Out of thinking and waiting , 'waiting for' is the correct option.

100. (a) In such sentences, words like preceded, proceeded or followed are used. Followed is                 the correct option.


Directions  (101-105) :  Rearrange the given six sentences/group of sentences A,B,C,D,E and F in a proper sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the given questions.

A.  Immediately the crowd dispersed leaving Joja to deal with his donkey as he thought fit.
B. Many people gathered around them and started asking why he was beating the poor                animal.
C. In anger and desperation Joja began to belabour it with a stick.
D. Joja was on his way to the market with a basketful of vegetables loaded on his donkey              when suddenly halfway there the donkey stopped and even after trying hard, did not                 budge.
E. " I can see you come from a large and bud-mouthed family," he said to his donkey with               sarcasm.
F. Joja gave his donkey an admiring look and said,"Had I known you had so many relatives        to defend you, i would never hit you."

101. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (LAST) sentence after rearrangement.
       
           (a) E   (b) D  (c)  A (d) B  (e) F

102. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement.
       
           (a)  A  (b)  B (c) F (d) D (e) C

103. Which of the following should be the FOURTH  sentence after rearrangement.
       
           (a)  A  (b) B   (c) C  (d)F  (e) D

104. Which of the following should be the FIRST  sentence after rearrangement.
       
           (a) A   (b) C  (c) B (d) F (e) D

105. Which of the following should be the FIFTH  sentence after rearrangement.
       
           (a) E   (b)  D  (c) A (d) F (e) C


ANSWERS : (101-105)

The sentences are about a donkey and treatment given to it by its master.The starting sentences of A and B suggest that these cannot form the beginning of the passage.  The words 'to belabour it' in the sentence C and a dialogue of E also tell that these  should not form the first sentence. The sentence F gives impression that there was some action prior to this. So D can be the first sentence followed by C and B . Sentences E & F are a little confusing but by reading these it is quite clear that F and E are fourth and fifth sentences.the last sentence is A. so answer is 101. (c) 102(e) 103(d) 104(e) 105(a)





Directions  (106-110) :  In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given. These are numbered as (a) (b) (c) and (d) one of these four words printed in bold may be either wrongly spelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word which is wrongly spelt or inappropriate, if any. The letter of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark 9e) i.e. "all correct" as your answer.

106.  Out of the two mules that Roma had, one fall in the  wall.   

           (a)out (b) mules  (c) fall  (d) wall (e) All correct.

107.  Snow white is under threat from her evil stepmother whowants to be fairest in the              village.

          (a)under  (b) threat  (c) evil (d) fairest (e) All correct.

108. Nobody realises that over two billion people across the globe now speak this                           language.

          (a) realises  (b) across  (c) globe (d) language (e) All correct.

109. Tried of  seeing the land he loves cluttered with trash, Thurman the turtle decided             to  take action.

         (a) tried (b)cluttered  (c) decided  (d)action  (e) All correct.

110. During his chase  to catch the rabbit, he sprang into a small bush from where he                     came out not with the rabbit but with a huge thorne in his palm.
       
         (a) chase (b) sprang (c) thorne (d) palm (e) All correct.


ANSWERS : (106-110)


106. (c) The sentence is in the past tense. So instead of fall it should be 'fell'.
107. (d) to be the fairest of all in the village.
108. (c) across the world.
109. (a) Instead of tried it should be 'Tired' meaning being sick of seeing......
110. (c) The word thorn is  spelt incorrectly.


Directions  (111 - 120 ) : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank  appropriately. find out the appropriate word in each case.


Two baby coyotes once lost their way while travelling through a forest. Tired and frightened, they walked on and on ......111........One of  them sat down and burst into tears. The other tried to ........112......him and said a small prayer. 'Dear God, please help us find our way ......113......home.' The God took pity and created dark clouds in the sky. "Yippee!" ......114.....the coyote who believed his prayer had been answered. The other began to cry.....115....... The rain began to fall......and the entire forest was soon......116....The coyotes were swept away by the.....117,,,,,,of the  water. ' this is so much fun. we'll soon be home!' shouted......118.... joyfully. The other kept his eyes tightly shut and began to curse as they were tossed......119..... by the swirling waters. As the waters swept past, the coyote, whose eyes were open in ....120......looking at the world, suddenly jumped towards something.He had seen his mother who grabbed him and led him to safety. The other coyote kept his eyes shut and was swept to sea. 

111. (a) that  (b) till  (c) upto (d) sudden (e) instead

112. (a)hurt  (b) push (c) comfort (d)teach (e) plead

113. (a) back(b) to (c)from (d) early(e)go

114. (a)happy  (b)whispered (c)feels (d)cried (e)shouting

115. (a) tears(b) much (c)lot (d) fervent (e)harder

116. (a) inundate(b)flourishing (c) clearly  (d) flooded  (e) dry

117. (a) space (b) area(c)force (d)puddle (e)part

118. (a) him (b)one  (c) them (d) each(e)both

119. (a) about(b)almost (c) into(d) above  (e)softly 

120. (a)death (b) wonder(c)doubt (d)miracle (e)shock

ANSWERS : (111-120)


111.(b)  ....they walked on and on till one.... If some is action is going on, to reverse or stop it                 words like till, until or unless are used.
112. (c) As one was weeping comfort is the appropriate word. Other options are not correct.
113. (a)  back is the correct option here.
114. (d)  Sentences are in past tense So cried is the correct word.
115. (e)  Options a,b, and d are not suitable here. Out of c and e e is the correct option.
116. (d)  After '......entire forest was...' third form of verb is required. So flooded is correct                       option.
117. (c) ....swept away by the.......of water' force is the correct answer here.
118. (b) Here him, them and each are incorrect.The word 'Both' appears to be correct here                    but the next sentence starting with "the other...."is not according to it . So 'one' is                     the correct answer.
119. (a) After the word 'tossed' adverb like away or about is used.
120.(b)The words like death,doubt and shock are incorrect here. However wonder is correct.






IBPS PO  Preliminary Examination  

Held on October 3, 2015      (Based on examinee's memory)Fully solved with explanations.



Question
Direction  ( 1 - 5)  : In the following sentences there are two blanks for which are given. Choose the most appropriate option.

  1. The proposal has been .................and will be sent to the cabinet for final...............................
            (a) designed , process
            (b) drafted , approval
            (c) amend , sanction
            (d) said , objection
            (e) mentioned , figure

       2.  The fake diesel factory was being ...................under the.............of a dairy.

            (a) operated , operation
           (b) captured , array
           (c) functioned , alias
           (d) run , garb
           (e) activated , control

       3. The moment the staff opened the office, unidentified ................    .................                               weapons entered and asked the cashier to hand over the keys of the vault.
         
           (a) miscreants , brandishing
           (b) object , carrying
           (c) persons , had
           (d) people , associating
           (e) man , lifting

       4.   The singer who has been very .............about  his faith in the party also ..............at the               great event.

            (a) vocal , performed
            (b) strong , sang
            (c) open , dance
            (d) loud , came
           (e) creative , present

      5.   Over the years , the town has.......................popularity as the best .............for                               paragliding and pilots from across the world visit it.
              
           (a) acquired , spots
           (b) calm , one
           (c)  gained, destination
           (d) sought , wonder
           (e) sent , place


Direction  ( 6 - 10)  : Read these sentences to find out whether there is any grammatical error in them. The error , if any, in them will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part part with error as your answer.If there is no error,mark no error  as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).   

       6. Many citizens are gravitating /towards the nation's/ second- largest state because it                 offer/ ample job opportunities.

           (a) Many citizens are gravitating
           (b) towards the nation's
           (c) second- largest state because it offer
           (d)  ample job opportunities.
            (e) No error

        7. Most African nations were largely/ shielded from the 2008 financial crisis/ by China's             insatiable demand/ for natural resources.

            (a) Most African nations were largely
            (b)  shielded from the 2008 financial crisis
            (c)  by China's insatiable demand
            (d)  for  natural resources.
            (e) No error

       8. Skeptics worries that the devaluation / of the country's currency is/ a desperate move             to/ bail out struggling exporters.

            (a)  Skeptics worries that the devaluation
            (b)  of the country's currency is
            (c)  a desperate move to
            (d)  bail out struggling  exporters.
             (e) No error

       9.  Consumers are constantly been /encouraged to take/ advantage of the/ lowered                        interest rates.

             (a) Consumers are constantly been
             (b) encouraged to take
             (c) advantage of the
             (d) lowered interest rates
             (e) No error

      10. Emerging economies are/dominating the news /but for/ all the wrong reasons.

             (a) Emerging economies are
             (b) dominating the news
             (c) but for
             (d) all the wrong reasons
             (e) No error

Direction  ( 11 - 20)  :  Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are given in  bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

Over the past few days alone, the China's  Central bank has pumped extra cash into the financial system and cut interest rates. The aim is to free more cash for banks to lend and provide a boost for banks seeking to improve the return on their assets. The official data though suggested that bad loans make up only 1.4%  of their balance sheets. How to explain the discrepancy ? One possible answer is that bad loans are lagging indicator i.e. it is only after the economy struggled for a while that borrowers began to suffer. Looked at this way, China is trying to anticipate problems keeping its banks in good health by sustaining economic growth of nearly 7% year-on-year.
Another more worrying possibility is that bad loans are worse than official data indicate. This does not look to be the cause for China's biggest banks, which are managed conservatively and largely focus on the country's biggest value and quality borrowers.But there is mounting evidence that when it comes to smaller  banks, especially those yet to list on the stock market, bad loans piling up. That is important because unlisted lenders account for just over a third of the Chinese banking sector, making them as big as Japan's entire banking industry.
Although, non - performing loans have edged up slowly, the increase in special -mention loans (a category that includes those overdue but not yet classified as impaired loans) has been much bigger. Special mention loans are about 2% at most of China's big listed banks, suggesting that such loans must be much higher at their smaller, unlisted peers.  Many of these loans are simple bad  debts which banks have not yet admitted to. Another troubling fact is that fifteen years ago, the government created asset management companies (often referred to as bad banks ) to take on the non-performing loans of the lenders. after the initial transfer these companies had little to pay. But, last year, Cinda, the biggest of the bad banks, bought nearly 150 billion Yuan ( $ 24 billion) of distressed assets last year, two thirds more than 2013.
These assets would have raised the banks bad-loans ratio by a few tenths  of a percentage point. Although such numbers do not seem very alarming, experts who reviewed last year's results for 158 banks of which only 20 listed  found that'shadow loans', loans recorded as investments which may be a disguise for bad loans have grown to as much as 5-7 billion Yuan, or 5% of the industry's assets. These are heavily concentrated on the balance sheets bof smaller unlisted banks, and at the very least, all this points to  a need for recapitalisation of small banks.

11. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word ' LAGGING' given in the passage.
(a) Delayed
(b) Breaking
(c) Stopping
(d) Protecting
(e) Tying
12. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the word ' FREE' given as used in the passage.
(a) Expensive
(b) Secret
(c)  Complimentary
(d) Restrict
(e) Charged
13. Which of the following, according to the passage, can be said about China's large banks?
A. These are cautiously run.
B. their clients are mainly high value.
C. 2% of their loans have been  classified as overdue but not impaired.
(a) Only B (b) Only A  (c) All A, B and C  (d) A and C  (e) B and C
14. Which of the following is the central idea of the passage?
(a) Small banks should be permitted to become listed on the stock exchange.
(b) The government should do away with  asset management companies.
(c)  China's financial crisis is not as serious as it is being made out to be.
(d) China's central Bank has failed to predict and stop the decline of its banks.
(e) There is trouble brewing in China's small unlisted banks.

15. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word 'POINTS' given in the passage.
(a) Peaks  (b) Moments  (c) Arguments (d) Indicates  (e)Plugs

16. Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?
(a) China has not implemented any resources to help its banking in recent times.
(b) Approximately 32 % of China's banking sector is unlisted.
(c) China's stock market has plummeted in recent times.
(d) Japan's banking industry is experiencing a boom unlike that of China.
(e) None of the given options is true in the context of the passage.

17. What does the example of the Cinda convey ?
(a) Many of the loans given by China's banks are in trouble.
(b) Many such large Chinese asset management companies are failing.
(c) China's economy is overly dependent on large banks.
(d) China is the ideal destination for small banks to flourish.
(e) Such companies  have become obsolete.

18. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the word 'MOUNTING' as used in the passage.
(a) Melting  (b) Accumulating (c)  Removing (d) Submerging (e) Decreasing

19. Which of the following best describes experts' findings regarding shadow loans?
(a) Shadow loans have been steadily falling and are negligible at present.
(b) These are growing substantially and indicate the need for reform of small banks.
(c)  Shadow loans are unfairly being passed on to asset management companies.
(d) These loans are  inconsequential for the health of banks.
(e) The findings are faulty as only includes listed banks.

20. What is the author's view regarding small banks?
(a) These have a better loan portfolio than large banks.
(b) These are a good health helping helping to sustain economic growth of 7%.
(c) These should be merged with large banks to bail them out of trouble.
(d) Regulations governing these banks should be relaxed.
(e) Other than those given as options.

Directions  (21-25 )  : Rearrange the given six sentences /group of sentences A,B,C,D, E and F in a proper sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the given questions.

A. Global investors are quaking over the prospect of a devastating stump in the world's second biggest economy.
B. A possible answer could be that the country's troubles raise doubts about whether its policymakers have the tools to keep their economy growing at a healthy place something that has been a constant reassurance for more than two decades.
C.And they are fast losing confidence that the country's policymakers, seemingly so sure-footed in the past know how to solve the problem.
D. However, such a domino effect is significant but hardly catastrophic so why the hysteria?
E. China is exporting something new to the world economy - Fear?
F.  Apart from the shrinking confidence, the biggest fear is that a collapsing Chinese economy would-  derail others  around the world  from emerging markets in Chile and Indonesia to industrial powers such as the United States.

21.Which of the following should be the SECOND  sentence after rearrangement ?
(a) A (b) B (c) F (d) D (e) E

22.Which of the following should be the FIRST  sentence after rearrangement ?
(a)A (b) C(c) B (d) F (e) E

23.Which of the following should be the SIXTH (LAST)  sentence after rearrangement ?
(a) E   (b)D   (c)A   (d)B   (e) F

24.Which of the following should be the FIFTH  sentence after rearrangement ?
(a) A (b)D  (c)E (d)F  (e) C

25.Which of the following should be the FOURTH  sentence after rearrangement ?
(a) A (b) D (c) C  (d)F  (e) D

Directions (26-30)  : In the following passage, there are blanks,each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

Primary school enrollment in India has been a success story ..........26.........due to various programmes and drives to increase enrollment even in remote areas. With enrollment reaching at least 96% since 2009 and girls......27...... up 56% of new students between 2007 and 2013, it is clear that many ........28......... of access to school have been ......29........ improvement in infrastructure has been the .........30....... behind achieving this and now in India 98% habitations have a primary school within 1 km and 92% have an upper primary school within a 3 km walking distance.

26. (a) Mostly (b) Properly  (c) Totally  (d) Optionally  (e) Largely
27. (a) Coming  (b) reaching  (c) Counting (d) making (e) touching
28. (a) issue  (b)  opportunities(c) problems (d) efforts  (e) exertions
29. (a) accustomed (b) addressed (c) met (d) forwarded  (e) dissolved
30. (a) main  (b) effort (c) force (d) compulsion (e) awareness.

SOLUTION
Question  (1 - 5 )  : In this case one is to check which of the given options is not correct to be inserted in the blank.
I
  1. (a) the word designed does not suit well with proposal. Similarly process too is also not correct with the word final.
  2.  (c) amend is in present tense for plural whereas  sentence is in past tense. So this too is incorrect.
  3. (d) said is not used with proposal and objection is also not appropriate word here. This is also not correct.
  4.  (e) mentioned  is also not correct because from the sentence it is clear that the proposal is in written form. So this is also not  fit for this.
  5. (b) Drafted is the most appropriate word out of the given words . approval also suits well with final. This option is correct to be inserted in the blank.
2.
1. (a) operated seems correct here but operation is not correct with second blank space. So this option is                                  incorrect.
2. (b) captured means detained or confines which seems not fit here So this option is not correct.
3. (c) functioned does not suit well with being. So this is also not correct.
4. (e) activated means to make active or to start which does not suit here. This option is incorrect.
5. (d) For a factory run is the most appropriate word out of given options. garb means in the cover of. So this option is correct.
3.
1. (b) object cannot be correct because sentence contains a word asked. Objects never speak or ask. This option is  incorrect.
2. (c) person appears correct word but had does not suit well with this. So this option is incorrect.
3. (d) people appears to be correct but associating does not go well with this. this option is incorrect.
4. (e) the word man can be used here but lifted does fit with weapons So this option is incorrect.
5. (a) miscreants means criminals or scoundrels and brandishing means waving in the air These two words fit well in these  blanks This is the correct option.
4.
  1. (a) The word performed with singer does not fit well However vocal seems  right a little but this combination of both words does not go well here.
  2. (c) The word dance does not go well with a singer So this option cannot be correct.
  3. (d) both the words loud and came do not seem appropriate in this sentence. This option is incorrect.
  4. (e) creative does not fit well with a singer The word present also is not correct grammatically in the sentence. So this option is also not correct.
  5. (b) The words strong and sang go well in the sentence and this option is correct.
5.
1. (a) The word spots is not correct according to the words 'the town has' in the sentence. Spots are plural and town is singular.This is incorrect option.
2. (b) the word 'claim' cannot be used with the word 'has' in the sentence.
3. (c) The word 'gained' is used with popularity destination is also correct according to the sentence. This is the correct option out of given ones.
4. (d) wonder is not correct word in the sentence. Similarly sought means to ask for It is also not correct here.
5. (e) Popularity is not sent So this option cannot be correct

6. (c) The word 'it' is singular but verb with it used 'offer' is incorrect it should be 'offers'.
7. (c) by insatiable demand is not correct here.
8. (a) worries word is not correct here.
9. (a) 'are' is followed by 'been' which is incorrect.
10. (c)It should be ' for the wrong reasons'. All is used here for economies not for reasons.
11.  (a). The word 'Lag' has its dictionary meaning 'to hold' or 'to delay'.
12. (d) The word 'free' means here  'easy flow' of money. Its opposite is 'to restrict'.
13. (d) First paragraph mentions about China government's concern about proper functioning of banks. Third paragraph describes about 2% of overdue loans that are not impaired.
14. (a). Al other Sr no.s do not suit as per the matter given in the paragraph.
15. (d) Points to in the sentence under reference means show signal towards or in other words 'indicates'.
16. (b) statement is true according to facts given in the passage.
17. (a) This fact is stated in the paragraph.
18. (e) 'Mounting' means increasing and opposite to it is decreasing.
19. (b) describes position of shadow loans in the economy.
20. (a) This fact is given in the passage.


Generally while writing a paragraph two  methods are used. First a statement is given and other sentences are written to support it or in favour of it or against it. Secondly some sentences are written giving some facts and a result is deduced in the last sentence.
In the given sentence, a statement is given raising some fear about developments in China's economy and the rest of the sentences are used to elaborate it describing in its favour or against it.


In the first sentence (E) some fear is raised about China's economy.
FIRST  :China is exporting something new to the world economy - Fear?

It is further elaborated in B.
SECOND : (B) A possible answer could be that the country's troubles raise doubts about whether its policymakers have the tools to keep their economy growing at a healthy place something that has been a constant reassurance for more than two decades.

Third and fourth sentences give details of the fact given in the aforesaid sentence.
THIRD : (A) Global investors are quaking over the prospect of a devastating stump in the world's second biggest economy.

FOURTH : (C) And they are fast losing confidence that the country's policymakers, seemingly so sure-footed in the past know how to solve the problem.

Next sentence describes further resultant things that are likely to happen if it happens so.
FIFTH : (F) Apart from the shrinking confidence, the biggest fear is that a collapsing Chinese economy would-  derail others  around the world  from emerging markets in Chile and Indonesia to industrial powers such as the United States.

In the last sentence conclusion of these all is given.
SIXTH : (D) However, such a domino effect is significant but hardly catastrophic so why the hysteria?
So according to the above sequence of sentences answer will be as under :

21. (b)
22 (e)
23 (d)
24 (f)
25 (c)

26. (e) Out of the given words the word 'largely' is the most suitable to be used in the blank.
27. (b) Out of the given options the words coming, counting and making do not make any sense in the sentence.However  the words 'touching' and 'reaching' make some  meaning. Out of the two reaching is                          the appropriate word  to be used her.
28.  (d) Issue is a singular word so it is incorrect with many. opportunities and exertions are also not appropriate words to be used. Out of the remaining two words efforts is the appropriate word.
29. (c) with the above word 'efforts' accustomed forwarded and dissolved do not fit. Out of the remaining two words addressed and met, the latter is the befitting word.
30. (b) The word main should follow by some noun which is not after the blank space.Similarly awareness and compulsion also do fit here. Out of the words effort and force the former is the right word to be used here.








IBPS PO Preliminary Examination Question Paper (Based on an examinee's memory) held on October 10, 2015 duly solved with explanations .

Directions : (1 - 10 )   : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions. certain words and phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Inequality is at the top of the agenda around the world. Hilary Clinton, the leading Democratic candidate to succeed Barack Obama as President of the United States, made inequality the centrepiece of a major  campaign speech.
Economics at the IMF too have recently released a study assessing the causes and consequences of rising inequality.  Its authors reckon that while inequality could cause all sorts of problems, governments should be especiallly concerned about its effects on growth. They estimate that a one percent point increase in the income share of the top 20% will drag down growth by 0.08% percentage points over five years , while a rise in the income share of the bottom 20% actually boosts growth.But how does inequality affect economic growth rates? Economists say that some inequality is needed to propel  growth.Without the carrot  of large financial rewards, risky entrepreneurship and innovation would grind to a halt.In 1975, an economist, argued that societies cannot have both perfect equality and perfect efficiency, but must choose how much one to sacrifice for the other. while most economists continue to hold that view, the recent rise in inequality has prompted a new look at its economic costs. Inequality could impair growth if those with low incomes suffer poor health and low productivity as a  result, or if, as evidence suggests, the poor struggle to finance investments in education, inequality could also threaten public confidence in growth-boosting capitalist strategies like free trade.
More recent work suggests that inequality could lead to economic or financial instability. the governor of the reserve Bank of India argued that governments often respond to inequality by easing the flow of credit to poorer households, however, American households borrowed heavily prior to the crisis to prop up their consumption. But for this rise in household debt, consumption would have stagnated as a result of poor wage  growth. Crafting a response to rising inequality is therefore tricky, he says. some of the  negative impact of  inequality on growth can be blamed on poor government policies in highly unequal countries. In Latin america, for instance,  populist pressure for excessive state economic control seems to shorten the average duration of growth spells. Yet in moderation, redistribution seems to benign effects perhaps by reducing dependence on risky borrowing among poorer households. Over the past generation or two inequality has risen most in places where progressive policies, such as high top tax- rates, have been weakened a little more redistribution now might improve the quality  and quantity of economic growth and reduce the demand for more aggressive state interventions later.
  1. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word CARROT given in bold as used in the passage.
  2.            (a) Nutrient (b) Threat  (c) Argument (d) Incentive (e) Satisfaction

      2. Choose the word which is most  nearly the same in meaning  to the                           word SPELLS given in bold as used in the passage.
           (a) Curses  (b) Predictions  (c) Periods  (d) Charms  (e) Results

     3. Which of the following best describes the opinion of experts regarding                   inequality?

(a) The impact of inequality on growth is exaggerated by governments.
(b) Inequality is a complex phenomenon and requires careful handling.
(c) Governments should aim at achieving perfect equality.
(d) State interventions such as redistribution cannot reduce inequality.
(e) Easing the flow of credit to poor households is the way to reduce inequality.

  4. According to  the passage, which of the following is/are the possible impact         (s) of inequality?

A. It affects economic stability of a country.
B. The public  may object to policies like free trade.
C. It discourages entrepreneurship and innovation.
  1. Only (A)
  2. Only (B)
  3. All (A) (B) and (C)
  4. Only (A)  &  (B)
  5. Only (B)  & (C)
  5. What examples of Hillary Clinton and  IMF economists cited in the passage          convey?

(a) Politicians  misrepresent research depending on the message they want to deliver.
(b) Americans are not concerned with the impact of growing inequality.
(c) Social issues are focused on prior to elections but not implemented thereafter.
(d) The issue of inequality is getting a lot of attention at present.
(e) America and IMF disagree on the measures to be  adopted to handle inequality.

  6.What is the author''s view regarding policies such as high top tax-rates?

(a) These are pointless as they drag down growth.
(b) He is in favour of these as research shows they have apositive impact.
(c) He believes they promote risky lending practice among the poor.
(d) These are unfair as they impact ess than 20 percent of the population.
(e) Other than those given as options.

   7. Which of the following is true in the context of  the passage?

(a) Governments and central bankers are in  agreement on the measures needed to reduce inequality.
(b) India  and  Lain America have the highest rates of inequality.
(c) Government policies of redistribution of wealth serve no purpose whatsoever.
(d) Inequality is on the rise on account of the partial policies of  the IMF.
(e) None of the given options  is true in the context of the passage.

  8. Choose the word which is  most nearly the  opposite in meaning to the word BENIGN  given in   bold  as  used in the passage.

(a) Mild  (b)Gentle   (c)Selfish  (d)Friendly  (e) Nasty

  9. Which of the following is the central idea  of  the passage?

(a) Inequality impacts growth and cannot be eliminated .
(b) Inequality is growing in developed  countries not just developing ones.
(c) Those in positions of power are unconcerned about the effects of inequality.
(d) Economists in developed  and developing countries disagree about managing inequality.
(e) The IMF should  take the lead and define acceptable norms  of inequality.

  10, Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning to the                  word FREE  given in bold as used in the passage.

         (a)Restricted (b) Expensive (c) Independent (d) Confidential (e) Boundless


Directions : (11 - 15 )   : Rearrange the given six sentences/group of sentences                                                     (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) and  (F) in a proper  sequence so as to                                               form a  meaningful paragraph and then answer the                                                         given questions.

A. These nuggets contain words of caution because many young middle-class Chinese who gear up during the nation's glittering boom years, are suddenly confronting the shadow of an economic slowdown and even hints of austerity.
B. Titled "Guide on Safe  Passage Through the Economic Crisis", it is aimed at young Chinese urban professionals.
C. Recently, an advice column has been circulating widely on China's most popular social media phone app.
D. Its nuggets of wisdom include "Work hard at your job so you are the last too be laid off " and " In an economic crisis, liquidity is the number one priority".
E. By austerity they mean cancelling vacations and delaying weddings and even selling recently purchased apartments to have cash on hand.
F. These frantic measures are prompting the leaders to take appropriate actions to bring the situation under control.

11. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement ?
(1) A (2)  B (3) C  (4)  F (5) D

12. Which of the following should be the  SECOND sentence after rearrangement ?
(1) A (2)  B (3) F  (4)  D (5) F

13. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (LAST) sentence after rearrangement ?
(1) E (2) D  (3) A  (4) B  (5) F

14. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement ?
(1) A (2) D (3) E  (4) F  (5) C

15. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement ?
(1) A (2) F  (3) B  (4)  C  (5) E


Directions : (16 - 20 )   : Each sentencebelow has two blanks, each blank  indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the words that fit the meaning  of  the sentence as a  whole.

16. The actress is .............that she will be spending her birthday with her husband and other..........of the family.
(1) ecstatic, elements (2)  abject, sources  (3)  confused, people (4) mundane, partners  (5) thrilled, members

17. Steep hills and low rise traditional buildings that once ......... the mosque have in recent years given.........to                     shopping malls and luxury hotels.
(1) befell, up (2) encased, space   (3)  beautified, forward (4) hid, liberty (5) surrounded , way

18. Scientific research has now ............... that a fish-rich diet can help...........depression.
(1) established, react (2) confirmed, curb  (3) released, combat  (4) revealed, accustom  (5) deepened, limit.

19. The actress who put on a lot of weight to effectively.............. the  character she played in  her film, looks like a  ...............heroine now.
(1) depict, conventional (2)  pass. regular  (3) portray, more  (4)  revolve, usual (5) represent, absolute.

20. Even as he ...............himself for his film debut, the comedian is .............. getting a taste of how some friendship in        showbiz come with a price tag.
(1) prepares, favourably (2)  readies, allegedly (3)  locates, reportedly  (4) Shows, apparently (5) apportions,   supposedly

Directions : (21 - 25 )   : In the following questions, read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence.  Select the part with the error as your answer. If there is  no error, select "No error" as your answer. Ignore the error of punctuation, if any.

21.  The pledge that countries /(1) are making to battle climate change/(2) will still result in the world /(3) heating up by more than 6 degree Celsius./(4) No error (5).

22. When it come to helping /(1) one another, it turns out /(2) that some fish are better/(3) at it than previously thought./(4) No error (5).

23. Every child in our /(1)  country has the right/(2)  to acquire quality/(3) primary and secondary education./(4) No error (5)

24. The club members are /(1) socially responsible and /(2) take part in /(3) variety volunteering activities.  /(4)No error (5)

25. On Sunday night,/(1) a rare phenomenon will have produce/(2) a moon that will appear slightly bigger /(3)  than usual and have a reddish hue./(4) No error (5)


Directions : (26 - 30 )   : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the balank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

A......26...... affecting the quality of primary education appears to be ......27.....levels of teacher motivation. In 2002-2003, 25% of primary school teachers in rural India were absent n a  given day. The impact of absenteeism is.....28... by the fact that the average primary school in India has a workforce of no more than three teachers. the obvious reason, remuneration, does not appear to be a .......29..... In fact, both education experts and ordinary citizens ........30.....that government-employed school teachers are paid relatively well.UNESCO surveys from as early as 2004 indicate that the annual statutory salary of primary school teachers in India with 15 years' experience was more than $14000.

26.  (1)  important   (2) tip   (3) pointless   (4) key    (5) seriously
27.  (1) high (2) pointed  (3) acute  (4) low  (5) beneath
28.  (1) exacerbated  (2) married  (3) stated (4) witnessed (5) portrayed
29.  (1)  presence (2) forcing  (3) driver  (4) reckon  (5) case
30.  (1) together  (2) says  (3)  argue (4) couple (5) impart

(ANSWERS)

  1.   (4) : This is from the idiom 'carrot and stick' where carrot means inducement or enticement. so the correct                   option here meaning the word is incentive.
  2.   (3) : The sentence......duration of growth spells....' itself suggests passage of time. So the answer is periods.
  3.   (2) : the sentence in the passage '....crafting a response to rising inequality is tricky....' vouches this statement.
  4.   (3) : All the statements concur with the views expressed in the passage.
  5.   (4) : Second & third sentences are given to support the statement given in first sentence ...inequality is at                       the top of the agenda....
  6.   (3) :  the lines in the passage.....over the past.....inequality has risen..where...high tax has been weakened.
  7.  (3) :   the lines in the passage ....some of the negative impacts of inequality on growth......on poor government               policies in......... support this statement.
  8.  (5) :  The dictionary meaning of benign is...kind , benevolent or gentle its opposite can be vicious or here nasty.
  9.  (1) : The options 3 to 5 are partial statements. Out of 1 & 2 , 1 is the correct answer.
  10.  (1) : Options 3 & 5 have same meaning as free. 4 too is incorrect. Out of 1 & 2 , 1 is the most appropriate here.

11 to 15  : If we go through the sentences carefully, out of all these, C starting with 'Recently... suggests to be the first                    sentence. Further B gives further details about the app referred in C. D and A give  its further details. E                          clarifies the point in A  further. F gives the conclusion of all these sentences. So the answer is :                                         11(1) 12(2) 13(5) 14(3) 15(4).

16 to 20 :

16.          The bracketed words of the following options do not suggest correct meaning in the                  sentence.1(elements)  2(abject) 3(confused people) 4(mundane partners) So 5 is                        the answer.
17.           All other options except 5 do not fit well in the sentence.
18.           Only option 2 is correct according to the given sentence.
19.           Only option 1 is correct to be inserted in blanks.
20.          The option 2 is the best & correct of all other options.
21.  (4)   For climate the word'warming' is used. Heating is incorrect word here.
22.  (1)   It is singular so requires singular verb,'comes'. Come is incorrect.
23.  (5)  Sentence is correct.
24.  (4) Volunteering suggests activities of volunteer persons which is incorrect. So here                        volunteer is the correct  word. ,,,,variety of volunteer activities.
25.  (2)  The sentence is in future tense, The words 'will have produce' are incorrect. It                              should be will produce.

26. (4) Key   27. (4) low 28. (1)  29 (5) case 30 (3) argue








RBI Grade B (Officer) Examination Question Paper (English Section )  
 Held on 21-11-2015
Duly solved with explanations.

English Comprehension

Directions  (91- 100 )   : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Brazil does not look like an economy the verge of over heading. The IMF expects it to shrink by 3% this year, and 1% next. (The country has not suffered two straight years of contractions since 1930-31), 1.2m jobs vanished in September, unemployment has reached 7.6 % up from 4.9% a year ago. Those still in work are finding it harder to make ends  meet real (i.e. adjusted for inflation) wages are down 4.3% year-on-year. Despite the weak economy, inflation is nudging double digits. The Central Bank recently conceded  that it will miss its 4.5%  inflation target next year. Markets don't expect it to be met before 2019. If fast-rising prices  are simply a passing effect of the Brazilian real  (R$) recent fall, which has pushed up the cost of imported goods,the they are not too troubling.  But some economists have a more alarming explanation that Brazil's budgetary woes are so extreme that they have undermined the Central Bank's power to fight inflation- a phenomenon known as fiscal dominance.
The immediate cause of Brazil's troubles are external: the weak world economy, and China's faltering appetite for oil and iron ore in particular, have enfeebled both exports and investment. But much of the country's pain is self-inflicted. The President could have used the commodity windfall from the first term in 2011-14 to trim the bloated state, which swallows 36% of GDP in taxes despite offering few decent public services in return. Instead handouts, subsidised  loans and costly tax breaks for favoured industries were splurged on. Those fuelled a consumption boom, and with it inflation, while hiding the economy's underlying weaknesses: thick red take, indispensable taxes, an unskilled workforce and shoddy infrastructure.The government's profligacy  also left the public finances in tatters. The primary balance (before interest payments) went from a surplus of 3.1% of GDP in 2011 to a forecast deficit of 0.9%  this year. In the same period public debt has swollen to 65% of GDP, an increase of 13 percentage points. That is lower than in many rich countries, but Brazil pays much higher interest on its ddebt. It will spend 8.5% GDP this year swevicing it, more than any other big country. In September it lost its investment-grade credit rating.
Stagflation pf the sort Brazil is experiencing presents central bankers with dilemma. raising interest rates  to quell inflation might push the economy deeper into recession; lowering them to foster growth might send inflation spiralling  out of control, Between October last year and July this year, the country's rate-setters seemed to prioritise price stability, raising the benchmark Selic rate by three percentage points, to 14.25% where it remains, The alluring real rates of almost 5%  ought to have made the Brazilian Real attractive to investors. Instead the currency has weakened and rising inflation despite higher interest rates, combined with a doubling of debt-servicing costs in  the past three  years has led to the diagnosis of fiscal dominance. The cost of servicing Brazil's debt has become so high, that rates have to be set to keep it manageable rather than to rein in prices. That, in turn, leads a vicious circle of a falling currency and rising inflation. There is no question, however, that Brazilian monetary policy is at best hobbled. State-owned banks have extended nearly half the country's credit at low, subdisidised rates that bear little relation to the selic- at a cost of more than 40 billion R$ ($10 billion) a year to the tax payer. As private banks have cut lending in the past year, public ones have continued to expand their loan books.  All this hampers money policy and if left unchecked, this spurt of lending may itself threaten price stability.


91. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word ' PASSING' given in bold as used in the passage.
  1. Missing 2. Superficial 3. Permanent 4. Alive 5. Incoming.

92. Which of the following best describes the author's view of Brazil's Banks?
1. Their practices may add to the country's economic troubles.
2. Private Banks should be penalised for their unfair and risky lending practices.
3. State owned banks are fiscally strong and holding up the banking sector.
4. They are not being held back by the country's Central bank with outdated regulations.
5. Other than those given as options.


93. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word SPURT given in bold as used in the passage.
1. Swell 2.  Drop 3. Stream 4. Leak 5. Gush


94. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word FUELLED given in bold as used in the         passage.
1. Patrolled 2. Publicised 3. Convinced 4. Reproduced 5. Stimulated.


95. Which of the following describes the global perception of Brazil's economy?
1. The economy is strong and in need of more government investments in industries like oil.
2. The economy is overheating because of a massive commodities boom.
3. It is political volatile country which is experiencing financial stability at present.
4. It is a good destination for investment with low interest rates.
5. None of the given options describes the global perception of Brazil's economy.


96. Which of the following is the central idea of the passage?
1. Brazil's Central Bank has managed to control inflation despite the lack government support.
2. The state of Brazil's public finances prevents the Central Bank from implementing sound monetary policy.
3. Brazil's economy has strong fundamentals and will soon recover from a temporary slowdown.
4. A series of innovative and robust financial measures is helping Brazil recover its economic health.
5. Brazil is in its worst recession since 1930 as it is overexposed to economies like China which are in trouble.

97. According to the passage which of the  following is/are a factor (s) that has/have impacted Brazil's economy?
A. Weakening of Brazil's currency
B. Drop in demand for oil
C Economic sanctions against it by the IMF.

  1. Only (A)  2. Only (B) 3. All (A) (B) & (C) 4. Only (A) & (B) 5. None of the (A) (B) and (C).


98. Which of the following is true in the context of the  passage?
  1. Brazil has capitalised on its commodity windfall by raising taxes and strengthening its economy.
  2. Brazil has been unfairly downgraded by investment credit rating agencies.
  3. It is advisable for Brazil's Central Bank to immediately lower interest rates to control inflation.
  4. Lowering interest rates is the only way to stabilise the economy and attract foreign investment.
  5. None of the given options is true in the context of the passage.

99. What do the statements regarding Brazil's GDP, quoted in the passage, convey?

1. Brazill's invests a substantial part of its GDP in infrastructure unnecessarily.
2. The economy is unbalanced  with debt outweighing GDP.
3. Brazi's economy is stronger than many devloped countries at present
4. Its GDP has been gradually improving despite the Government's policies.
5. Other than those given as options.

100. Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word CONCEDED given in bold as used in the passage.
1. Imposed penalty 2. Defeated by 3. Deprived of  4. Admitted to   5. Contributed to.


Directions : (101 - 105 )   : In these questions, read the sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence.  Select the part with the error as your answer. If there is  no error, select "No error" as your answer. Ignore the error of punctuation, if any.


101. The civic body has working/towards ensuring zero waste dumping/from fish markets               by scientifically processing/leftovers from these areas.
  1. The civic body has working
  2. towards ensuring zero waste dumping
  3.  from fish markets by scientifically processing
  4. leftovers from these areas.
  5.  No error.
102. Scientists have created/ the blackest material ever made/ which is as dark that it can               absorb / almost all light  that hits it.
1.Scientists have created
2.the blackest material ever made
3.which is as dark that it can absorb
4.almost all light that hits it.
5. No error

103.  The European Union is keen on/seeking cooperation from/ Indian Universities in                     order to welcome/ more students to tap the resources available abroad.
1. The European Union is keen on
2.  seeking cooperation from
3. Indian Universities in order to welcome
4.  more students to tap the resources available abroad.
5.  No error

104.   The district police arrested/five students for alleged obtaining/admission to                                college/by producing fake documents.
1.The district police arrested
2. five students for alleged obtaining
3.admission to college
4.by producing fake documents.
5. No error

105. With the new technique ./one person's appears seamlessly/on another person's face.               even if the second/person is not smilingly at all.
1.  With the new technique .
2.one person's appears seamlessly
3.on another person's face. even if the second
4.person is not smilingly at all.
5. No error



Directions : (106 - 110 )   : Rearrange  the following seven sentences (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) and (G) in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph, then answer the given questions.

(A)  Furthermore, many cities in China and India are continually modernizing their retail and distribution infrastructures, many market entry less complex than in it would be in rural areas.
(B) These companies feel that the capital base of these two countries isn't sufficient for a credible entry or that their competitive environment is already too tough for new entrants.
(C) The juice market, for example, will grow more than three times as fast in Shanghai alone as in all of Malaysia.
(D) Instead, they should ascertain whether building a presence in only few selected cities is feasible.
(E) But companies shouldn't dismiss these markets outright.
(F) Once, this feasibility is ensured, for specific product categories with low minimum scale requirements, even a limited entry in China or India can yield returns equivalent to countrywide coverage in other emerging economies or higher.
(G) Some companies have written off China and India as unrealistic expansion opportunities.

106 : Which of the following should be the FIRST   sentence after the rearrangement ?
(1) A(2)B (3)F (4)D (5)G

107 : Which of the following should be the SECOND   sentence after the rearrangement ?
(1)G (2)A (3)E (4)B (5)C

108 : Which of the following should be the THIRD   sentence after the rearrangement ?
(1)A (2)B (3)C (4)D (5)E

109 : Which of the following should be the LAST (SEVENTH)   sentence after the rearrangement ?
(1) A(2) G(3)D (4)C (5)F

110 : Which of the following should be the FOURTH   sentence after the rearrangement ?
(1) G(2) F(3) E(4)D (5)C


Directions : (111 - 120 )   : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find  out the appropriate word in each case.

We have worked really......111.........on helping those at the very bottom, but is that enough ? Imagine how different the world would be if the .....112.....of much aid spending was not "ending $1.25 dollar a day poverty" but "......113.....  a fairer and more  equitable world." Inequality is about much more than income and that is why it is such a valuable ........114......If   we took the wealth of the world's richest and used it to double.treble or even quadruple the incomes of the world's poorest three billion people would that be enough? It would make a big difference but those people would still be relatively poor and ........115......of better, fuller lives. Inequality, as focal point for campaigns. ....116....us to accept and explain that building a better world is a slow and perennial.........117.......Delivering a world where the quality of education, healthcare and national infrastructure available to every person is sufficient to bestow on them meaningful hope and ambition is hopefully the aim of "development". It is not possible without.....118......inequalities. Goals and targets will help us to keep moving forwards but achieving them will not ........119.......  success, which is why.......120......Its important role as an aspiration - we should not be so belligerent about zero poverty and especially about whether aid is the tool to get us there.

111.  (1)  lot (2) Much(3)Hard (4)fortunately (5)abysmally
112.(1)aiming (2)limitation(3)surrounding (4)focus (5)control
113.(1) creating(2)spreading(3)touching (4)heightening (5) Populating
114.(1) frame (2)resource(3)portion (4) dimensions(5)remark
115.(1) want(2)desolate(3) absent(4) deserving(5)lamenting
116.(1) lets(2) makes(3) pushed(4)pulls (5)allows
117.(1)account (2)endeavour(3) causes (4)method (5)wisdom
118.(1) prevailing(2)current(3) talking(4)tying (5)tackling
119.(1) result(2)arrest(3)equal (4)station (5)figure
120.(1) as(2)despite(3)although (4)while (5)technically


SOLUTION  (ANSWERS) :

91.  (3) The word Passing means 'not long lasting' or temporary . Its opposite is Permanent.
92  (1) The opening and concluding lines of the last stanza confirm this statement.Their efforts on either way are                       likely to spurt inflation and threaten price stability.
93 (2)  Spurt means sudden increase. Its opposite is to decrease or drop.
94 (5) Options 1,2 & 3 have different meanings to that of fuelled. Out of 4 & 5 Stimulated is the appropriate word.
95.(4) The debt GDP ratio  of Brazil is better than many other countries.
96 (1) Throughout these passage it is explained that Brazil's banks are managing economy affairs despite their bad                  condition.
97 (4)  Third option C is incorrect. The remaining two confirm the fact.
98 (3)  The passage gives a picture of Brazil's and economy and role of banks of Brazil under the circumstances. It                     also suggests measures  to control inflation. This is an important and effective method for this purpose.
99 (2) In the second paragraph it is mentioned that ...public debt has increased to sixty five percent of GDP thereby                increasing deficit of the country.
100  (4) Conceded has its dictionary meaning- accepted or agreed to. So Admitted to is correct answer.


101. (1) The sentence is in present continuous tense. So has is incorrect. It should be .....is working towards.
102. (3) Clause showing quality/result is ......so dark ........that and not ....as dark that...
103. (3) Instead of in order to  it should be 'to'.
104. (2) students were admitted actually so it is not alleged but alleged is producing fake documents. Alleged should                  be removed from her.
105.(3) The sentence suggests that one person's face appears seamlessly on that of another person.
In such questions of rearrangement of sentences to form a paragraph. Some statement (or a fact) is given in first sentences and other sentences follow it to support or negate it as the case may be.Similarly in this question F gives a fact and others sentences follow it to explain the same.
106 (3)  It is about a decision of some companies willing to make investment in other countries.
107 (4)  B explains further about the decision of companies.
108 (5) E adds further logic to above statement and cautions the countries.
109 (1) This sentence gives a concluding statement about all the  facts.
110 (4). Further to the third sentences this sentence suggests some further action in this direction.




NOTE :  In such questions, there is a need to understand formation of the given sentence i.e. to identify different parts of speech in the sentence. Generally there are Subject, Verb and Object.  In a sentence, there are Noun, pronoun,verb, adjective, adverb, conjunction and prepositions etc. First identify all these and further what out of these is missing in the given sentence. Then how each part is related to the other part of speech. Identify the correct combination i.e proper choice of an adjective with a  noun and an adverb with a verb.A singular verb is used with a singular noun or pronoun. A plural part of speech should match with other plural  part in the sentence. Proper placement of these parts in the sentence is also necessary. For example an adjective or an adverb should be in proximity with the noun or verb that it qualifies. Similarly proper prepositions and conjunctions should be used. Formation of a sentence, whether it is in assertive or interrogative form too should be taken care of. Idioms and phrases in their complete form should be used at the appropriate place in the sentence. As choice is to be made out of given options, all the given words are considered and inapplicable are omitted to choose the correct one.   


111 (3) Here an adverb to suit verb work is required. Fortunately and abysmally do not suit                  here. Out of the remaining 'hard' with verb  work is the correct option.
112 (4) The sentence suggests some noun here. But surrounding aiming and limitation are                   not appropriate. Out of  the remaining two control and focus , focus is the most                         appropriate word.
113 (1) Here a verb is required that is suitable with the noun 'world'. Out of given options                     'create' is the appropriate word.
114 (1) Here a noun in singular form is required to suit the words....  such a valuable.......( a                is singular here) So dimensions is incorrect. Remark and portion also do not fit here.               Resource also does not make a sense. Frame             is the correct word here.
115(4) The words absent,want and desolate do not  fit properly in the sentence. Out of the                   remaining two 'lamenting' does not give a meaning according the passage. 'deserving'              is the appropriate choice.
116 (2) Here a verb suitable with words '........to accept and explain' is required. Out of given                words .....'makes' us to                     accept and explain is the correct word.
117 (2)  words  'a slow and perennial...' suggest that 'causes' is incorrect ( a is singular,                         'causes' is plural). Similarly wisdom and account are also not suitable                                           words. Out of 'method' and 'endeavour', 'endeavour' is the correct word . Its meaning                is to try or to make an attempt.
118 (5)  Here a verb is required. So current is incorrect. Out of the remaining tackling is the                 appropriate word.
119 (3) Here a verb suitable with noun 'success'  is required. Words arrest, station and figure             do not make a sense in the sentence. Out of the remaining two 'equal' is the                                 correct word according to the meaning of  the sentence.
120 (2)  The words like 'although','technically' and 'as' do not fit here according to sentence                 formation. Out of the remaining two 'despite' and 'while', 'while' also does not                            complete the sentence. So 'despite' meaning in  spite of is the correct word.






IBPS  PO/MT CWE -V - Main  Examination 

Question Paper  (English Section)  (Based on examinee's memory)  

(Held on October 31, 2015 -------- Fully solved) 

(Answers with explanations)


Directions  (51 - 55 ) : In the given sentences, there are two blank spaces. Below each sentence five pairs of words have been given. Find out which pair of words can be filled up in the blanks in the sentence in the same sequence to make the sentence meaningfully complete.  


51. The incident has ...................severe damage to the ...........of the employees.

(1)  resulted, optimism (2) led, emotions (3) produced, conduct (4) contributed, integrity
(5) caused, morale.

52. .............investing in technology, the company has been........to compete globally.
(1) For, trying (2) Despite, gradual  (3) While, clear  (4)Since, enable (5) By, able

53. The root..........of slow reduction in poverty is ........of investment in agriculture.
(1)  purpose, increase (2) reason, hike  (3) cause, lack  (4) effect, incidence
(5) Consequence, plunge.

54. You have unfairly ..............his success to the fact that he is well.............
(1) reduced, behaved (2) doubted, adjusted (3) excused, educated  (4) attributed,connected (5) rated, known

55. To...........the problems of the region it is...........to interact with the local people.
(1) discover, necessity (2) understand, essential(3)  research, advice (4) manage, needful
(5) focus, better


Directions  (56 - 60 ) : Read these  sentences to find out whether  there is any error in them. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence.That part is the answer. If there is no error, mark "No error" as the answer. (Ignore the error of punctuation, if any ).

56. Santosh succeed/(1) due to the encouragement/ (2) of friends,relatives/ (3) and well wishers (4) No error (5).

57.One of the foremost/(1)challenges faced by/ (2) the company is that of/(3) and well-wishers./(4) No error (5).

58.We aren't bothered/(1) as long as / (2)they don't interfere/ (3) with ours freedom(4) No error (5).

59. The two-part documentary /(1) is a critique of the education system/ (2) and its impacting (3) on upliftment of women./(4) No error (5).

60.All the Airlines is/ (1)using the increased awareness / (2) about security to impose a new/ (3) code of  conduct among passengers.(4) No error (5).

Directions  (61 - 65 ) : In the given sentences, one word has been given in bold. Below the sentences, five words are suggested, one of which can replace the word given in bold without changing the meaning of the sentences. Find out the  appropriate word in the given sentences.      

61. The content of this passage relates to the Mughal period.
  (1) depicts (2) shows (3) seems (4) happens (5) pertains

62.  Nilima's  husband compelled her to give up her job.
(1) cautioned (2) forced (3) protected  (4) restricted  (5) continued

63.  Rahul played well to third rank in  the competition.
(1) finish (2) find  (3) number  (4) establish  (5) get

64.  It was evident that the gold ring was stolen by the domestic servant.
(1) unknown (2) reveal (3) agreed  (4) clear  (5)proof

65.  The sad tale narrated by the distressed woman affected everyone.
 (1) contacted (2) realised (3) touched  (4) surprised  (5) cautioned


Directions  (66 - 75 ) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words are given in bold the passage to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

By the mid-nineteenth century, the educated Indian had become sufficiently aware of both his rich historical heritage and the abject state of his current existence, Nostalgia and a sense of racial identity grew as Indians gradually perceived the oppressiveness of alien rule. In the early nineteenth century, Orientalist scholars associated with the Fort William college, Kolkata helped considerably to unearth several obscure Indian texts and traditions, thereby also creating a new awareness and sensitivity among Indians about their cultural heritage.

In the first half of the nineteenth century, particular in some parts of the country, patriotism was not grossly inconsistent with an undisguised support for the continuation of British rule. Writers of this period from this part of the country made repeated references to how the British had 'rescued' India from many centuries of 'tyrannical' and 'unprogressive' governance  of earlier rulers. Many people of this time, in fact, made an important distinction between the pragmatic gains to be made from a short-term tutelage under British rule and a long-term objective of securing independence from it.Through such thoughts ultimately proved to be naive  and over-optimistic. In the 1820s and 1830s, the advantages of British rule seemed to outweigh its disadvantages. In a letter written in 1823 to Governor General Lord Amherst, an Indian social reformer Raja  Rammohan Roy (1774-1833) opposed an official move to open a Sanskrit college on the ground that it would produce no positive or progressive influence on the educated Hindu. He felt rather than indulge in abstract metaphysical speculation as was likely to be the result of a purely Sanskritik education, Indians would profit far more by imbibing the  best of modern European civilization -- pragmatism and a rational, scientific outlook. Social  usefuleness more than anything else was now to be the true measure of things. In fact, his emphasis on rationality and a commonsense approach to religion led some of his friends and admirers to call him a 'religious utilitarian'.

66. According to the passage, what was the contribution of early nineteenth century orientalist scholars?
1. Pointing out deficiencies in the study of Sanskrit.
2. Criticising the study of Indian texts and traditions.
3. Encouraging students to get admission in For William College.
4. Creating awareness and sensitivity about Indian culture.
5. Making Indians  adequately nostalgic.

67. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word 'NAIVE' as used in the passage.
1. Abstract
2. Speculative
3. Hypothetical
4. Wise
5. Lasting

68. In the first half of the nineteenth century, writers from some parts of the century.........
1. started appreciating the work of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.
2. appreciated the British rule from rescuing India from the way it was ruled by previous              rulers.
3. proclaimed themselves as patriotic writers who could save India from cultural aggression.
4. realised the importance of careful  and systematic study of ancient Indian texts.
5. provided tacit but strong support to the liberation movement.

69.  Which awareness had dawned on Indians by the mid-nineteenth century ?

1. The long term advantages of British rule.
2. Rationalistic attitude towards living.
3. Rich historical heritage.

(1.) only 1   (2.)only 2  (3.) 1 & 2  (4) 2 & 3 ( 5.) only 3

70. According to the passage, what did Raja Rammohan Roy feel about pure Sanskrit                     education?

1. It would imbibe the best of spiritual Indian civilization.
2. It would create awareness of our true cultural heritage.
3. It would generate nostalgia and strong racial identity.
4. It would help enhance patriotism among people.
5. It would spread abstract metaphysical education.

71. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word "ABJECT" as used in         the passage.
         1. Negative 2. Exalted 3. Absolute 4. Scarce 5. Virtual

72. Which thoughts, according to the passage, proved imprudent and over optimistic?
1. It was better for India to have British rule in the short-term?
2. Making a distinction between short-term and long-term objectives.
3. The ideal of patriotism and independence among Indians.
4. Indians would profit more by Sanskrit education.
5. Racial identity is crucial for political independence.

73. According to the passage, which of the following was opposed Raja Ram Mohan Roy?
1. The tradition of 'Sati' and 'Child marriage'.
2. Intolerance of Indians in governance.
3. Official move to open a Sanskrit college.
4. Orientalist scholars joining Fort William College.
5. Rapid growth of English as a principal medium of instruction.

74. According to the passage , which factor brought a sense of racial identity among the                 Indians?
1. Increasing understanding of the Indian education system.
2. Economic equality among the people.
3. Growing harshness of the British rule.
4. Regional imbalance between India and its neighbour.
5. Growing religious fundamentalism among the people.

75.Choose the word which is  similar in meaning  as the word "TUTELAGE" as used in            the passage.
         1. Protection 2. Measure  3. Planning  4. Contribution 5. Strategy



Directions  (76 - 80 ) : Which of  the phrases given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the given sentence to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct ? If the sentence is correct as it is and no correction is required, mark "No correction required" as your answer. 


76. According to our analysis, allocation for the agriculture sector being high from last year.
1. as high as  2. is higher than 3. was higher to  4.  can be high   5. No correction required.

77. He did not invest wisely and has lost his entirely life savings.
1. entire life savings 2. life savings entirely 3. savings for entire life 4. entire lifetime of savings 5, No correction required.

78. It would be worthwhile to educate teenagers about the consequences of drinking to drive.

1. drunk for driving 2. drunk and driving 3. drunk to drive 4. drinking and driving 5. No correction required.

79. Hearing rumours of a fraud, investors begun to pull out their money in panic.

1. beginning pulling out 2. began putting in 3. will begin by putting 4. began to pull out 5. No correction required.

80. There is a large number of employees whom took the option of voluntary retirement.

1. who is taken 2. which taken 3. who took 4. that will be taken 5, No correction required.




Directions  (81 - 90 ) : In the given passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each number, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. find out the appropriate word in each case.

Schools all over India......81.........'Children's Day' on 14th November every year. It was this day that our.......82....... first Prime Minister was .......83.........His .......84.......had come down from Kashmir to rich plains below. Kaul had been his.....85........name. this changed to Kaul Nehru , and in .......86.........years. Kaul was......87.........and he became simple Nehru. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the.....88......son of his prosperous parents. And so he grew up and spent his early years as a .......89.....child with no .....90.......of his age.

81.  (1) consider (2)regard  (3) celebrate  (4) enjoy  (5)respect
82.  (1) great (2)only   (3) formerly  (4) importantly  (5) arrogant
83.  (1)chose  (2) rejected(3) decided  (4) selected  (5) born
84.  (1) descendant  (2) ancestors (3) following(4)colleague (5) off-spring
85.  (1)false  (2) nick(3)family  (4) oldest (5) first
86.  (1)many  (2) after  (3) later  (4) starting(5) subsequently
87.  (1)forgot (2)dropped (3) overlook (4) special(5) fallen
88.  (1)only  (2)spoil  (3) old (4) troubling(5) famous
89.  (1) feared(2) protective(3) lovely (4)lonely (5)pamper
90.  (1) competitions(2) associating (3)play (4)partnership (5)companion





ANSWERS 

51. (5)  1.2 & 4 words resulted, led and contributed require a preposition to connect with the remaining part of the sentence.Out of 3 & 5, 5 is the correct option to be used here.
 52. (5) 1 & 2 For and despite do not give correct meaning in the sentence. 3 &4 clear and enable are correct words according to the sentence. 5 is correct option.
53. (3) Out of all the given words, cause is the correct word to be used with root. Lack is  also correct.
54. (4) 1 &3 By using reduced and excused correct meaning is not inferred. 2.adjusted also does not fit here.out of 4 & 5 , 4 is the correct option. 
55. (2) 1 & 3 words discover and research do not fit here.4. needful is also incorrect. 5. with focus a preposition is required. Understand and essential fit well here.
56.(1) Santosh is singular & sentence is  in present tense, so  it should be 'succeeds'and in                   past tense it should be 'succeeded'.As the action has already taken place so 'succeeded'             is correct.
57.(2) Here error is of verb with subject.
58. (4) Instead of ours it should be our.
59. (3) Instead of impacting it should be impact.
60.(1) With 'all' it should be 'are' instead of 'is'.
61.(5) Relates has the same meaning as pertains.
62(2)Compelled means forced.
63.(3) Rank has the same meaning as number grade or position.
64.(4) evident means 'is visible' or 'it seems' Clear is the correct word here.
65.(3)Affected means  'had effect on mind' or 'touched the heart'.
  1. (4) Oriental scholars……unearth ..obscure Indian texts and traditions……creating new awareness…..about their cultural heritage.
67.(4) naïve means inexperienced..opposite is wise.
  1. (2) Writers…..how the British..rescued India from…..
69 (4) …the ..Indian…aware of….rich historical heritage….abject…state                             
          of  existence.
  1. (5)  …..felt rather ….indulge in abstract metaphysical speculation…..
71.(2) Abject means unpleasant, not dignified …opposite -exalted meaning high, lofty or dignified.
  1. (2)….gains….from..short term…..British rule ….long term objective of securing independence……
73 (3)….Raja Ram Mohan Roy …opposed ……..move..open a Sanskrit college……
74(3)..a sense of racial identity grew…..perceived oppressiveness of alien rule.
75.(1) Tutelage means protection.
76(2) For comparison of this year to last year, comparative degree of high, higher is required.
77.(1) meaning… all savings made during his life…..
  1. (4) As both actions are simultaneous…both verbs in same forms are required.
  2. (4) Past tense of verb is required…began to pull out….
80.(3) ‘employees’ is in Subject case so who instead of whom is correct.
81.(3)  82 (1) 83(5) 84(2) 85(3) 86(3) 87(2) 88(1) 89(4) 90 (5)





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