Thursday, 1 December 2016

CLOZE TEST PARAGRAPH - FILL IN BLANKS -Exercises for Practice (Duly Solved)



Directions (1-14)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

According to the World Bank 2010 report, black money 1…...... ….......about 23.2 percent of India’s GDP in 2007. Given such a state, the country cannot 2……………………… it to continue for long. Black money is 3……………………  in various forms such as Gold, Real estate, Overseas tax havens and Cash. Demonetizing currency notes of particular denominations is a step to curb black money that is in the form of physical/ hard cash..
Although there is an apparent 4…………………. to the common man initially, given the short span of time to get these currency notes exchanged or deposited in banks and post offices, but he/she is expected to 5……………….. to the new currency system in a reasonable time.
Rural area farmers have slightly more 6……………… …… keeping in mind the Rabi crop harvest season, where the farmer must have 7………………… cash for their harvest. Also, in rural areas the exchange and deposit system can be 8……………………… to take a long time in case there is a bank in the village and inconvenience in terms of transportation, additional expenses and time is easily 9…………………. in case there is no bank in the village and the people have to go to the city for this purpose.
In terms of the 10…………….. on the economy, there has been speculation about deflation in the economy by one set of people due to expected 11…………….. in corruption and black money while the other expects inflation to take place due to speculated increase in investment of Gold, real estate and foreign currency.
However, it is essential to note here that although it is an excellent move towards 12………………… corruption, the plan can by no means be a 13………………..   step. The government has to take further steps to stop 14…………………. of black money. Only then will this decision of demonetising currency hold the significance the government has intended it to.
(Adaptation- Source Internet)

1.produced, created, formed ,generated ,shaped.
2.manage, handle, find,cope,afford.
3.concealed, covered, dubbed, stored, implicit.
4.Inconvenience, hindrance , hurdle,snag,trouble.
5.follow, adapt,hold, use,embrace.
6.trouble,quandary, inconvenience. hitch, dilemma.
7.procured, produced,gained, earned ,amassed.
9.probable, undergone, apparent, foreseeable,experienced.
10.impact , burden, change, gain,growth.
11.effect,result,crash, drop, fall.
12.holding, averting, curbing ,preventing, foiling.
13.effective, conclusive,final, exhibit,definite.
14.production, collection, creation, generation,display.

Directions (1-14)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case

In pursuance of the recent demonetization of high value banknotes, there has been a lot of discussion on whether the  current situation can be utilized to 1.....................………………  India towards a cashless future. It is also strongly desirable 2..................................   Indian economy’s dependence on cash. India has one of the highest cash to gross domestic product ratios in the world. Besides switching over of  economic activity in India has a cost.
The government on its part is also making all efforts at various levels to reduce the 3……………................. on cash. Opening bank accounts for the unbanked areas  and adoption of direct benefit transfer is a part of the overall idea to reduce usage of cash and increase transparency.
RBI has also issued licences to open new small finance banks and payments banks which are expected to give a 4........…………. to financial inclusion and bring innovative banking solutions. Things are also falling in place in terms of technology for India. The recently launched Unified Payments Interface by National Payments Corporation of India makes digital transactions as simple as sending a text message. The post demonetization exercise to exchange currency notes and the ongoing currency crunch will be a decisive factor in making India a truly cashless economy but the actual shift will only be 5.................………….. after the cash crunch eases. There are still a number of 6…...........…………… in making India a cashless economy.
First, a large part of the population is still outside the banking net and not in a position to 7…..........………. its dependence on cash. Even for people with access to banking, the ability to use their debit or credit card is limited because there are fewer points of sale which accept payments through cards.
Second, a large part of the workforce, which produces nearly half of the output in the country, works in the unorganized sector. It will not be easy for the informal sector to become cashless, and this part of the economy is likely to be 8. ...........………… the most because of the ongoing currency swap.
Third, there is a general preference for cash transactions in India. Merchants prefer not to keep records in order to avoid paying taxes and buyers find cash payments more 9………...........
However, it all will depend on a number of factors. First, the availability and quality of telecom network will play an important role. Presently, people face difficulties in making electronic payments even in metro cities because of poor network.
Second, as one of the biggest beneficiaries of this 10…...........………..  banks and related service providers will have to constantly invest in technology in order to 11…........………… security and ease of transactions. People will only shift when it’s easier, certain and safe to make cashless transactions.
Third, the government will also need to play its part. It will have to find ways to make convenient cashless transactions and 12……..........…….. cash payments. Implementation of the goods and services tax, for example, should encourage businesses to go cashless. Government should also take steps to 13…….........….. the tax administration, as more than taxes, small businesses 14.................………… tax inspectors.
The government will have to create conditions—not necessarily by creating cash shortages— to make this switch over successful in all respects. India may not become a cashless economy in the foreseeable future, but it needs to reduce its unusually high dependence on cash to bring in much needed transparency and efficiency in the system.
(Adaptation- Source Internet)

1  drag, haul, convert, drift, Push
2. framing, drawing, reducing, shifting, handling.
3. support, dependence ,addiction, reliance, faith., motion,Push, force, direction.
5. complete, visible,durable, pliable, workable.
6. possibilities, utilities, deficiency, dearth.hurdles,  
7.hold, deprive, divert, Reduce, deflect.
8.curtailed, affected,truncated, hindered, stalled.
9. judicious, astute, convenient,, incisive, helpful.
10. transition, evolution, alteration, induction, nudge.
11.reset, refurbish, revamp,improve, restore.
12.discourage,dither,shovel, disarray, daunt.
13. restore, revamp,upgrade, reuse, reestablish.
 14.fear, control, undertake, abide, accept.

Directions (1-12)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

India is a country 1………………   for its cultural heritage, traditions, civilization, religion and geographical features from the ancient time. On the other hand, it is also popular as a male chauvinistic nation. Women are given first priority in India however on the other hand they were badly treated in the family and society. They were limited only for the household chores or understand the 2……………......   of home and family members. The percentage of illiterate population in India is mostly covered by the women. They were kept totally 3..............…………. of their rights and own development. Women 4……………… half power of the country so in order to make this country a fully powerful country, women empowerment is very necessary. It is empowering women to understand their rights to be independent in every area for their proper growth and development. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more 5…………........ environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country.
In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development. Many programmes have been 6………….......... and run by the government such as International Women’s day, mother’s day etc in order to bring 7..........…………. in the society about the true rights and value of the women in the development of the nation. Women need to be progressed in the number of 8…………........... The real meaning of the women empowerment is to make them well educated and leave them 9……………...... so that they can be 10…………........ to take their own decisions in any field.
Though the ratio of female sex and female literacy both has increased yet India needs to take some advance steps to 11. ......………… the women position in the society through the proper health, higher education and economic participation. Women empowerment needs to take full speed in right direction instead of being in 12..............…………    stage.
(Adaptation-Source Internet)

  1. familiar, strewn, spread, recognized known.
  2. responsibility,burden, liability, loathe, drudge
  3. conscious, cognizant, mindful,unaware, alert.
  4. enshrine,preserve,constitute, dominate, govern.
  5. durable,Capable, resilient, competent, proficient.
  6. executed, accomplished, derived,implemented, originated.
  7.  awareness, knowledge, familiarity, fluency,  expertise.
  8. focus, issues, topics, centres, spheres.
  9. free,open, independent, liberal, sure.
  10. strong, capable, definite, certain, distinct.
  11. upgrade, ascend, rise,improve, increase.
  12. nascent,ancient,early, primitive, modern.

Directions (1-12)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The term “social security” has its 1………………  meanings  ranging  from country to country according to prevailing political ideologies. In a socialist country it implies complete 2……………..  to every citizen of the country during his or her life. In other countries it refers to the protection afforded to the needy citizens by means of schemes 3………………. by democratic processes in commensurate  with resources of the State.
In general terms, social security means the protection  a society provides to its people against natural happenings which are beyond their 4.………………… It implies that the State shall ensure a minimum standard of material welfare to all its citizens against all the main 5………………………. of life or state is to ensure a minimum level of material living to the needy or helpless ones of the society.
In an industrial economy, the workers are subjected to periodic unemployment due to upheavals in business, sickness, industrial accidents and old age. As the worker does not have 6……………….. required to face the risks caused by these, such a situation underlines the need for social security to be provided to such needy workers/people. Naturally, the Government has, then, the obligation to help the needy and helpless workers and provide them security to pass through in period of 7………………...
It is also an established fact that the need for social security is realized not only to afford the needy workers’ protection against the adversities of life, but also for the overall 8…………………  of the State. In this way, social security measures have two-told significance for every developing country. They constitute an important step toward the goal of a Welfare State, by improving living and working conditions and 9……………. the people protection against the uncertainties of the future. These measures are also important for every industrialisation  programme, for not only to enable workers to become more 10……………….. but they also reduce the wastage arising from industrial disputes. Lack of social security 11………………. production and prevents the formation of a stable and efficient labour force. Social security is, therefore, not a burden, but a wise investment in the long run.
Thus, the need for a 12………………. programme of  social security in India is so strong that it needs no more proof or evidence. It is must to ensure a minimum level of living for those who are helpless on various counts
(Adaptation-Source Internet)

  1.  different, various, varied,mixed, assorted.
  2. shelter,protection, cover, refuge, asylum.
  3. evolved, generated, caused, created, shaped.
  4.  power, jurisdiction, race, action.control.
  5.  deficiency, shortages,contingencies,paucity, incidents.
  6. resources, funds, property, wealth, assets.
  7. scarcity,adversity,danger, hardships, shortage.
  8. up gradation, progression, improvement, expansion,development.
  9. affording,showing, enabling, drawing, shielding.
  10. efficient, rich, safe, strong,secure.
  11. controls,impedes,governs, undertakes, favours.
  12. comprehensive,efficient, strong, durable, long lasting

Directions (1-9)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Digital India is a project 1……………. by the government of India on 1st of July, 2015  with a view to empower the people of the country digitally and to transform India into a complete digitally empowered as well as knowledgeable country of the world. It is an initiative planned to digitally empower Indian society by 2…………….. the government departments and leading companies (national or international level). The main purpose of digitizing this country is to make available all the government services at easy reach to the citizens of India.
The program  projected at Rs 1,13,000 crore  is interconnected by the various governmental departments such as IT, education, agriculture, etc  to 3…………………. the desired target. It is headed and planned by the ministry of communications and information technology
There are three key vision areas of this programme.
First it will make easy and fast 4…………......... of  high speed internet delivering all the government services to people. It will provide lifelong, unique, online and authenticable digital identity to the citizens. It will make easy access to any online services like 5…………......…. bank account, financial management, safe and secure cyber-space, education, distance learning, etc.
Secondly, high demand of good governance and online services will make available all the services in real time through digitization. Digitally transformed services will also 6……..…………….  people for doing online business by making financial transactions easy, electronic and cashless.
Thirdly digital empowerment of Indian people will really make possible of digital literacy through universally accessible digital resources. It will enable people to submit required documents or certificates online and not physically in the schools, colleges, offices or any organization.
In the digital India there would be easy digitization of data which will help in making things much 7………………… and fast in the future. It will reduce paper work, save man power and save time as well. This project will take a speed by tying the knot between government and private sectors. A large number of villages interconnected with high speed network will really undergo a huge 8…………….........   from backward regions to complete digitally 9……………....…. areas. All the cities, towns and villages in India will get more tech savvy. This project has been planned to be completed by 2019 with the investment of leading companies (national or international). It has been declared by a single private company to invest around 2.5 lac crore in the digital India project.
(Adapted : Source Internet)

  1.  organized, prepared, shortlisted, promoted.launched,
  2. integrating,joining, incorporating, amalgamating, mingling.
  3.  realize,achieve,receive, collect, accept.
  4. show,delivery,distribution,access, sharing.
  5. Handling,governing,managing, gathering, controlling.
  6. enable, promote,consider,support , uphold.
  7. more efficient,faster, cheaper, attractive,helpful.
  8. alteration, modification,change, variance, revolution.
  9. equipped,favored, preferred, privileged, saved.


Directions (1-14)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Britain will 1……………………the European Union's single market when it 2…………………… …… the bloc, Prime Minister Theresa May said in a decisive speech that 3………………………. speculation she would seek a compromise deal to stay inside the world's biggest trading bloc.
Since May was 4…………………………….into the premiership after Britain voted to leave the EU last June, she has refused to spell out precisely what arrangement she would seek.
That left the country speculating on whether she would opt for a “soft Brexit” that would 5…………………….. benefits of membership in return for keeping Britain still subject to some EU rules, or pursue a cleaner break. Businesses 6…………………… of uncertainty.

For months May has 7………………………….  criticism that she has been too silent about her plans, arguing that giving too much detail would weaken Britain's negotiating stance.
May said she would not 8…………………………….. models already used by other countries that have free trade agreements with the bloc, a clear rejection of arrangements seen as templates for a hypothetical “soft Brexit”. Norway, for example, is outside the EU but a member of the wider European  Economic Area, giving it 9…………………………..  to the single market but subjecting it to many EU rules.

Setting out a vision that could chart Britain's future for generations, May answered criticism that she has been 10……………………. about her plans with a direct pitch for a clean break, widely known in Britain as a “hard Brexit”.

May promised to seek the greatest possible access to European markets. But she also said Britain would aim to establish its own 11………………………..  trade deals with countries far beyond Europe, and to impose limits on immigration from the continent.

“I want to be clear: What I am proposing cannot mean membership of the single market,” May told an 12…………………………. of foreign diplomats and Britain's own Brexit negotiating team at a mansion house in London. “Instead we seek the greatest possible access to it through a new comprehensive,   bold and ambitious free trade agreement.

She outlined twelve negotiating priorities, including limiting immigration, exiting jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice, and ending full membership of the customs union that sets external 13……………………….  for goods imported into the bloc.
Full membership in the customs union 14…………………………………Britain making its own trade deals, May said, but she still wanted a deal to keep trade with Europe as “frictionless as possible”.

(Adapted- Source news item Reuters)

 1. step down, retire, quit cease, depart.
2.  discards, lays off, denounce, forsake, exits.
3. dropped, outplayed, hindered, quashed, drove away.
4.  catapulted cast, inducted, drawn, hailed.
5. gain, retain, hold, carry ,manage.
6.  favoured, showed, complained, seized, disdained.
7.weathered, enjoyed, condemned,suffered, avoided.
8. favour, govern, adopt, hold, project.
9.  reach, hold, control, passage, access
10. bold, ambiguous, coy, uncertain, clear.
11. open, wide,free, restricted, direct.
12. gallery, cluster, audience, listeners, masses.
13. tariffs, payments, charges, controls,restrictions.
14. halted, dropped, banned, plummeted, prevented.


Directions (1-10)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Art, like most human beings, is temperamental; it is no secret that artists, poets and musicians work when they get the requisite 1……………………………. It is impossible to separate art, or the arts, from life; they are a part and parcel of it. The idea can also be expressed by saying that when life declines and the standards of living 2.………………………….., art also declines. On the other hand, when life marks an upward swing and shows all-round improvement, such a swing inevitably gets reflected in the arts. The effect of art is much more varied and complex; no matter how we 3.………………………… art, we always discover that it involves something different from a simple transmission of feelings. Whether or not we agree that art is a concentration of life, we must realize that it 4………………………… from certain live feelings and works upon those feelings, a fact not to be ignored. This process is called catharsis – the 5………………………… of these feelings into opposite ones and their subsequent resolution. This view of course 6……………………………. perfectly with the principle of  antithesis in art. To understand this we must look at the problem of the biological 7…………………………… of art, and realize that art is not merely a means for infection but something immeasurably more important in itself. The ancient singing and playing  8………………………………… from a complex need for catharsis. A chorus sung during hard and exhausting work 9……………………………….. muscular effort by its rhythm, and apparently aimless play responds to the subconscious requirement of training and regulation of physical or intellectual effort. This is also the requirement of psychophysical catharsis formulated by Aristotle for the drama; it 10…………………….. itself in the unsurpassed mastery of women to shed tears at will. The phenomenon is the same; the difference lies only in expression and understanding. Rhythm in poetry is something artistic and has its primitive psychophysical origins. In fact, art releases and processes some extremely complex human organismic urges.
(Adapted :Source Internet)

1. (a) perception, (b) inspiration,(c) emotions, (d) sensations, (e) feeling.
2.(a) weaken, (b) depreciate, (c) deteriorate,(d)  recover,(e)  develop.
3.(a) accost, (b) tackle,(c)  handle,(d)  approach,(e) attempt.
4. (a) continues, (b)  grows,(c)  pursues,(d)  flows,(e) proceeds.
5.(a) transformation, (b) movement,(c)  progress,(d)  exhibit, (e) appearance. 
 6. (a) derives, (b) agrees,(c)  treats,(d)  depends, (e) goes.
7.(a)meaning,(b) consequence,(c) significance,(d) reference, (e)  worth.     
8.(a) grown, (b) developed, (c) progressed, (d) improved, (e) emanated.
9.(a) regulates,(b)  soothes,(c)  maintains, (d) draws, (e) displays.
10.(a) contains,(b)  manifests,(c)  abounds, (d)  holds,(e)  shows.

Poetry or music are  concerned with heart. So perception and sensation are not correct words. Out of the remaining three words, inspiration is the correct word.
2. c.
Here recover and develop have opposite meanings. For certain conditions depreciate and weaken do not suit well. Deteriorate is the correct word.
3. d.
Accost means to meet some person, tackle and handle mean to control something, attempt means to try. These all do not fit here well. Approach is the correct word.
4. e.
Continues, grows and pursues show continuity of some action. Flows also gives a similar meaning. Proceeds is the correct word.
5. a.
Here a word is required which means to change. Out of the given options transformation is the correct word.
 6. b.
Derives means to reach at some conclusion.Treats and depends have no sense here. Out of goes and agrees, agrees is the correct word.

7. c 
With word biological meaning, consequence and reference do not go. Out of worth and significance the latter is better option.

Words progressed, improved and grown do not fit well according to the meaning of the sentence. Out of developed     and emanated the latter is appropriate.

Words maintains, draws and displays do not go well with hard and exhaustive work. Soothes means to ease or calm It also does not give a sense. Regulates is the correct option.

Manifests means to appear something to be revealed clearly. Out of the given options manifests is the correct word.


Wednesday, 30 March 2016

MOCK TEST QUESTION PAPER (English Section) of IBPS,SBI,RBI,RRB OR INSURANCE Examination.--Duly solved-- Answers with Explanations

Directions  (Q. Nos. 101-105) :  Rearrange the given six sentences/group of sentences A,B,C,D,E and F in a proper sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the given questions.

A. By chemical processes, atmospheric pressure and temperature these creatures were transformed into oil. 

B. Oil was formed from numerous creatures sunk to the sea bed and those remained there covered by huge deposits of mud for years.  

C. Scientists are confident about the origin of coal however not so in case of oil but according to them it originated under the surface of the earth in the distant past.

D. The fact that most of the oil fields are found near the sea and the rocks in which oil is found are also of marine origin confirms the version of scientists about oil.  

E. It was necessary for those creatures to remain between rocks under the sea for countless years to become oil.

F. Oil and the remains of sea life and shells etc. are found in the area adjacent to the rocks formed by deposits under the sea on its bed called sedimentary rocks.

101. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (LAST) sentence after rearrangement.
                  (a) E   (b) D (c)  A (d) B  (e) F

102. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement.
                  (a)  A  (b)  B (c) F (d) D (e) C

103. Which of the following should be the FOURTH  sentence after rearrangement.
                  (a)  A  (b) B   (c) C  (d)F  (e) D

104. Which of the following should be the FIRST  sentence after rearrangement.
                  (a) A   (b) C  (c) B (d) F (e) D

105. Which of the following should be the FIFTH  sentence after rearrangement.       
           (a) E   (b)  D  (c) A (d) F (e) C
ANSWERS : (101 -105)
101.(b) 102(b) 103(a) 104(c) 105(d) 
EXPLANATION : In such questions, a statement about a fact or an incident etc. is given in one sentence  and other sentences are there to describe, explain or confirm that statement. Reverse of it is also possible some sentences are given about a fact to describe and explain it. in the last sentence statement of the fact or incident is given. So it is necessary first to identify the main sentence and link it with other sentences by finding out the linking words.
In the given sentences, there is a sentence giving a statement by scientists. Other sentences are there to explain and confirm it.If these sentences are read carefully their link comes out as under:  
A. Scientists are confident about the origin of coal however not so in case of oil but according to them it originated under the surface of the earth in the distant past.
B. Oil was formed from numerous creatures sunk to the sea bed and those remained there covered by huge deposits of mud for years. 
C. It was necessary for those creatures to remain between rocks under the sea for countless years to become oil.
D. By chemical processes, atmospheric pressure and temperature these creatures were transformed into oil.

E. Oil and the remains of sea life and shells etc. are found in the area adjacent to the rocks formed by deposits under the sea on its bed called sedimentary rocks.
F. The fact that most of the oil fields are found near the sea and the rocks in which oil is found are also of marine origin confirms the version of scientists about oil.  

Directions  (Q. Nos.106 - 110 ) : On these questions , read the sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Select the part with the error  as your answer. If there is no error, select 'No error'  as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.).

106. Despite various efforts /(1) made by the government to curb inflation/(2), prices of essential goods /(3) continued to soar high during the last quarter./(4) No error (5) 

107.The scenery of  green wheat  fields /(1) strewn with mustard plants/(2) having yellow flowers blossomed /(3) on them look  very charming./(4) No error (5)

108.A large number of road  accidents occur /(1)resulting into negligence and carelessness /(2) of drivers and these can be avoided/(3) if they are a little vigilant while driving./(4) No error. (5).

109.While walking on the road,/(1)  a car hit the old man from rear side/(2) and he fell  down on the ground/(3)  with an injury on his forehead/(4) No error.(5)

110.As  he wanted to return /(1) the briefcase back to its owner, /(2)he tried hard but /(3)could not  locate  him./(4) No error (5).
ANSWERS : (106 -110)
106.(4) : The word 'Soar' itself means to move high. ' High' is superfluous here.
 107(4):  The sentence is the scenery .........look very charming. Scenery is singular but its verb look ( is plural,) is incorrect.
 108(2) : The sentence gives impression that negligence.....are result of accidents whereas it is just the revers. Accidents are a result of negligence...Instead of 'resulting into' there should be 'due to'. 
109(2) :The sentence gives impression that a car was walking on the road which is incorrect. The part of the sentence in active voice........a car hit the old man... should be in passive voice. ' the old man was hit a car'.  
110(2) The word return means 'to give back'. So back is superfluous here.

Directions  (Q. Nos.111 - 120 ) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given. Certain words are given in bold in the passage to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

India's  cultural ties with Korea can be traced back to  nearly 2,000 years ago. The Republic of Korea (South Korea) has made rapid strides in economy since it emerged from the ravages of Korean War in 1953 and in just half a century, it has transformed itself from one of the most impoverished countries into a developed country. Today, South Korea is one of the four highly free markets and developed economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan that notably maintained exceptionally high growth rates (over 7 per cent a year) and unprecedented industrialisation between the 1960s and 1990s. This  is attributed to export-oriented policies and strong development policies.
India could do good to assimilate from its experience of rising from the ashes of a crippling war to become the 12th largest economy. In recent years of India's 'Look East' policy, Indo-Korea relations have become multidimensional, buoyed by significant convergence of interests. 
Today, social development of Korea is symbolised by the fact that the country has for the first time elected a woman President, Park Geun-hye. And in January this year, its Cabinet inducted another woman Kang Eun-Hee as the Minister of Gender Equality and Family (MOGEF). There are common social concerns regarding gender inequality that the two countries, India and SouthKorea  are grappling with. Despite economic gains, gender challenges abound in Korea. Much like in India, changing people's attitude towards gender roles is more difficult than making progressive laws. The toughest obstacles to overcome are cultural factors that are difficult to change with only government measures. Laws for equality are meaningless unless complemented by a change of thought and social acceptance.
The Korean women have not witnessed a proportional rise in their status over this period. Despite a rise in education and demands for equality, they lack teeth in matters of decision-making and political participation. The UN index on gender equality shows Korea in poor light, trailing behind even the UAE and Qatar. It has the worst gender wage gap among the industrialised countries, with female workers earning only 65 per cent of what their male counterparts make. The World Economic Forum gender index also puts countries like the Philippines, where women traditionally play greater social roles, much ahead of those with patriarchal societies, including Korea. Women lose out since child-care and work-home balance becomes a tall order in a cut-throat corporate environment. 
There is a huge gap and discrepancy in opportunities, status, attitudes between men and women. Compared to the top-ranking Nordic countries, South Korea has a fewer percentage of females in its parliament, fewer women in higher ranks of industry, and higher percentages of its society having sexist or gender-prejudice views.
 The common Asian culture bonds women of both the countries into a sisterhood, not discernible with their European counterparts, who generally tend to adopt an air of white superiority. 
The status of women in social, economic and political spheres had significantly improved over the past few decades. But  much more is needed to be done to bring them on a par with men in the spheres of occupation, education and political participation. This is attributed to  the lack of women in senior and high-paying jobs. The focus of the present government is on increasing the participation of women in politics, improving the work-family reconciliation and balance and enhancing women's economic power and participation in the decision-making process. In the present 19th National Assembly, the percentage of women members is about 16. However, all parties are recommending and making internal efforts towards having 30 per cent women in parliament.
But, there has been a remarkable change and improvement in the number of women employees in the government as well as large corporations, in higher positions. In this dramatically changed scenario, it is not easy to reconcile work and family life. A recent survey of the family life in Korea reveals that more and more men are helping in household chores, especially among the younger generation. The ground reality is that there are stereotypes surrounding the Korean women. 
The societal norm is that even if working, women alone are expected to cook, be obedient to their husband and rear children. The mothers of working women babysit grandchildren since hiring nannies and maids for house work is a costly proposition. Some even tend to voluntarily leave jobs due to family commitments since their men have been, for a long time, paid higher wages. It is further revealed that the female workers in the media industry comprised only 30 per cent of the workforce. However, their number was growing. Shopping and moving around in Seoul, shows many young women on shop floors and offices. It is said thousands of women are employed in factories making textiles, clothes, shoes and electronic components. An increase in the number of women in leadership roles can help change attitudes over time, when it would become socially acceptable for men to be equal to women. But it's a long way till their voice is heard enough for them to get teeth.

111. Which factor helped South Korea to become a developed economy?

a. An awareness about education and political participation among the people of Korea.
b. Steps taken by  the government to make the country a free trade zone.
c. A large number of women participating in decision making bodies of the country.
d.Young  men and women leading the government of the country.
e. Policies of strong development  and stress on exports of goods by the government.

112. What is the reason of lower percentage of women in Korean Parliament ?

a. There is  a tendency among them that they prefer household chores.
b. Korean women are less educated and have little knowledge about outside world.
c. The people of Korea are  backward  and have biased views against women.
d. The old laws of the country do not permit women to do so.
e. The system of monarchy in the country hinders this.

113. What is the recent change in thinking of Korean people about their attitude towards women?

a. Women are allowed to move freely in the country.
b. Women are imparted good education and living facilities.
c. Young men  extend help to their working  wives to reconcile  their office and family life.
d. Families with working women are engaging helping maids to rear children.
e. Women are being paid wages higher than men to meet with their extra expenses.
114. What according to the passage is true about women of Korea ?

a. they lead a  comfortable life now.
b. they work in industrial factories.
c. they prefer nuclear families.
d. they favour acquiring higher education.
e. they have a right to raise their voice against systems.

115. What steps is Korean government taking to improve women’s lot?

a. Better education facilities are being provided to them.
b. Their greater sharing in decision making bodies of the government.
c. Their greater interaction with women of other countries.
d. Making them eligible to contest for governing bodies.
e. Encouraging them by incentives to make progress.

 116. Which of the following statement is false ?

a. Korean women share their cultural bonds with Indian women.
b. Korean women share their cultural bonds with European women.
c. Korean women share their cultural bonds with Indian  women but not with European women.

117. Choose the word which is similar in meaning to the word ‘discernible’ as used in the passage.

a.obscure b.vague  c.doubtful d.obvious e. suspicious

118. Choose the word which is the most opposite in meaning to the  word ‘ assimilate ’  as used in the passage.

a. segregate b. collect c. understand d. reject e dislike.

119.What according to the passage a common feature between Indian and Korean women ?

a. They both are less educated.
b. Both have common ethnic bonds.
c. Both play greater social roles.
d. Laws prohibit inheritance equality.
e.  Woman dominant society in both countries.

120. What according to the passage features the Korean economy?

a. It is limping back to growth after war.
b. It grew rapidly to become a developed economy.
c. It is governed by public control systems.
d. Development complemented by social policies.
e. Social development through indigenous production.
 ANSWERS : (111 -120)
111.(e) : It is mentioned in the last line of first paragraph...This is attributed to export....
112.(c) : according to the passage... its society having sexist or gender-prejudice views.
113.(c).....more and more men are helping in household........especially ...young generation.
114. (b)....thousands of women are employed in factories ,,,textiles,shoes..clothes.
115. (b)......the focus of the present government is on increasing the participation of women in politics....
116.(b) Statements (a) & (c) are correct but (b) is not correct.
117.(d) It means visible or evident. So obvious is correct.
118. (d). It means to learn or understand. Its opposite out of given options (d) is correct.
119. (b)...the common Asian culture bonds women of both countries......
120. (b)...the Republic of Korea ...has made rapid strides in economy.
Directions (Q. Nos. 121-125) : In the given sentences there are two blank spaces. Below each sentence five pairs of words have been given. Find out which pair of words can be filled in the blanks in each sentence in the same sequence to make the sentence meaningfully complete.

121. Every year during the month of March rains……………. a great loss to the crops of wheat …………… the fields.

1.result; growing 2. lead;  sown 3. cause; standing 4.  effect;  planted 5. produce ;  spread

122. The company wants to …………. heavy investments this year so as to……………its technology.

1. Bring; alter  2. Make; upgrade 3. Procure; change 4. obtain; modify 5. Create; amend

123. The …………cause of people falling ill in this area is the  ……………water they are drinking.

1. root; spoilt 2. Basic ;heavy 3. General ; available 4. Main; contaminated 5. Only; running.

124………………gain popularity among the people of the area, the leader of the party wanted to……………..with them.

1. In order to ; interact 2. Because; mingle 3. For; join 4. To make ; mix 5. Since ;connect

125. The leading companies in the country are facing with a new………… how to ………..……..their technology and infrastructure to compete with rivals in the market.  

1. Option; escalate 2. Challenge ; upgrade; 3. Dilemma; change 4. Problem; amend 5.opportunity ; improve.

 ANSWERS : (121 -125)
121.(3) word like 'lead,effect and produce' do not fit well in the sentence. Out of the remaining two 'cause ' is the appropriate word.
 122. (2): For the word 'investment' words like 'procure,obtain and create' are not correct. Out of 'bring and make' make is the correct word. 
 123(4) For the word'water' words like available,running and spoilt' are incorrect.Out of 'heavy and contaminated', contaminated is correct word.  
124(1) The words ' For, because & since' do not fit well with the word 'gain'. 'In order to' is the correct word here.
125 (2) Out of the given options 'challenge ; upgrade'  is the correct option.

 Directions  (Q. Nos.126 - 130 ) : Choose a phrase out of those given below to  replace the phrase given in bold in the given sentences to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is  correct as it is and no correction is required, mark 'No correction required' as your answer. 

126. Despite various steps taken by developing countries like India, pollution in these countries is high to that in developed countries. 

a. being high to  b. is higher than c. is so high than d. is as high to e. No correction required.

127. The doctor advised the patient to take medicine in the morning and to repeat it again in the evening.

a. repeating it again b. repeating it  c. repeat d. to repeat it e. No correction required.

128. The manager suggested to the captain that we should play another match with the rival team.  

a. we play b. we played  c. we would play d. they should play e. No correction required.

129. None of his friends in the office knows where does  he reside these  days.

a. he resides b. he resided c. he does reside d. he reside e. No correction required.

130.Some unscrupulous profiteers horde essential goods with an ulterior motive to earn hefty profits.

a. Unscrupulous profiteers hordes b.  Unscrupulous profiteers does horde c.  Unscrupulous profiteers  hoard d. Unscrupulous profiteers make horde e. No correction required.
ANSWERS : (126 -130)
126. (b) : The sentence makes comparison between those countries and developed countries in respect of pollution. So comparison degree higher than... is required.
 127. (d) : the word 'again' is superfluous here. 'Repeat' means 'to act again'.
128. (d) :In the reporting speech of this sentence Subject and Object are third persons so instead of 'we should' 'they should ' is correct here.
 129. (a) The sentence is in assertive form where as words 'does he reside' is in interrogative form which is incorrect. It should be 'he resides'
 130. (c) 'horde' is incorrect it should be 'hoard'.

Directions (131-140)  : In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

In recent past 131……………........between states in the country over water issues show how serious the water problem is and threats it poses to peaceful co-existence. Water is a new weapon being used by states against each other. Water politics is played, regardless of the consequences. In future as the demand-supply gap widens, water wars would become more frequent, more 132…………….........

The per capita availability of drinking water in the country has 133......................................sharply due to a rapid growth of population and its growing needs. Fast urbanisation has 134…....……………….......the crisis. This has not prompted matching efforts to either conserve water or penalise waste. Water is not adequately priced and the well-off use it 135…………………....... New gated housing colonies are coming up boasting of swimming pools. Failing to recover costs, fund-starved local authorities find it difficult to invest more in improving access or plugging leakages.

The 136……………….........monsoon rains in the two consecutive years have worsened the situation in the drought-prone regions. Dangers emanating from a 137………………… water table such as lower farm yields, installation of more submersible pumps and a consequent impact on rural incomes and livelihoods have not been fully recognised. These have not 138………………........policy-makers from encouraging the cultivation of high water-consuming crops like paddy and sugarcane, and subsidising water and power. According to the recent Economic Survey, the system encourages the use of more inputs such as fertilisers, water and power, to the 139………………..........of soil quality, health and the environment. The way forward is to encourage community participation in preserving water resources, water 140………................. through small dams, regulation of water use and a shift to low-water consuming crops. We need to work towards a water revolution. 


131(a) thaw, (b)  concord, (c) array (d) disputes (e)dismay.
132.(a) wicked, (b) violent (c)  grim, (d) dismal,(e) harsh. 
133. (a)declined , (b) degraded, (c)  bowed, (d)  altered, (e) distorted .    
134. (a) depleted, (b)  recovered, (c) downgraded, (d) lowered, (eaggravated
135.(a)generously, (b) scarcely (c) lavishly (d) scantily, (e) exceedingly
136. (a) current, (b) deficient (c) following, (d)  recent, (e) normal
137.(a) depleting, (b) apparent, (c) failing, (d)  moving, (e)slowing. 
138. (a)caused, (b) helped, (c) deterred, (d)provided, (e) assisted).
139. (a) detriment, (b) benefit, (c) decrease, (d)  downfall, (e) effect.
140. (a) production, (b) regulation, (c) conservation (d)  passage, (e) diversion
ANSWERS : (131 -140)

In these questions, method of rejection out of given options is used. The given options are checked in respect of the sentence and the most appropriate one is used by rejecting the wrong or lesser valid options.
131.(d)..sentence suggests a word with a negative meaning here. So thaw,concord and array do not fit well here. Out of other  two (d) is correct.
 132.(b)  words like grim, wicked or dismal are not used with 'war'.words like 'fierce' or violent are correct here.
133.(a) words 'degraded,bowed or distorted' are not correct. Out of other two (a) is correct.
 134.(e)A negative adjectives with crisis, like recovered,lowered,downgraded or depleted are not correct.
 135.(c) Here a negative adjective is required. So generously,scarcely or scantily are incorrect. Out of the other two (c) is correct.
 136.(b) With the word'worsened' a negative adjective is required So deficient is correct.
137.(a) Here negative word is required So apparent and moving are incorrect. depleting is the suitable word here.failing and slowing also do not fit here well.
138.(c) according to the sentence word meaning'stopped' is required here. So deterred is the correct word. all other are incorrect.
 139.(a) according to the sentence a word meaning 'loss' is required here. So benefit and effect are incorrect.out of other words (a) is the most suitable here.
140.(c).The words ..small dams..suggest here to store here. So all other are not suitable words except conservation.

Directions  (141 - 145 ) : In the given sentences, there is an error in one of the     parts, The part that contains an error is your answer.In case there is no error, then choose 'No error' as your answer. (ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)

141.If the students/ had worked hard/, they could pass / in the examination/No error.

a.If the students
b. had worked hard
c.they could pass the examination
e.No error
142. The old man was living/ happily with his family / in this house/ for the  last five years./ No error. 
a.The old man was living
b. happily with his family this house
d.for the  last five years
e.No error
143. When I along with /my friends reached /the garden,/ it stopped raining.
a.When I along with  
b. my friends reached
c.the garden stopped raining
e.No error
144. The old  man was /so weak/ as he cannot walk/ without a stick.
a. The old  man was 
b. so weak
c. as he cannot walk
d. without a stick.
e.No error
145. Unless you do not / walk fast, /you are sure/ to miss the train.

a.Unless you do not
b.walk fast are sure
d. to miss the train
e.No error

ANSWERS : (141 -145)
141(c) In this sentence error is due to wrong use of tense. It relates to past time and action never took place nor is it  to take place in any time. Instead of 'could pass' it should be 'would have passed'.
142.(a) This sentence belongs to 'Past Perfect Continuous Tense'. It should be 'The old man had been living.......
 143.(d). In this sentence too error is due wrong tense. It should be had stopped raining. 
144.(c) As sentence is .....The old man was....  It should be  ..... that he could not. So should be followed by 'that' instead of 'as' because it shows a result. 
145.(a). 'Unless' itself has its meaning in negative so 'do not' is superfluous here. Unless you walk fast, you are........ 

Directions  (Q. Nos.111 - 120 ) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given. Certain words are given in bold in the passage to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

People's self-esteem, their need to gain approval or avoid humiliation are psychological drivers that help fuel conflicts, and must be factored into attempts to bring about peace, says an expert.

Like most individuals, leaders of countries or armed groups may go to great lengths to protect their self-esteem, and this can make them deaf to reason, said Paul Randolph, a mediation expert at Regent's University London and author of a new book on the issue.
He said fear of humiliation has played a significant part in propelling conflicts among nations. Several rounds of peace talks to end their disputes and wars fall flat.
Negotiators’ repeated efforts to tackle the issue too fall short.

"It's a very, very complex situation. But why leaders of nations do not step down is the same driver that prevents somebody from saying sorry... it is a shame for them, and shame is painful," Randolph told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Scientists have found that an attack on a person's self-esteem activates the same parts of the brain as physical pain, he said. "So when you're humiliated, your brain interprets it as if you're putting your finger in the fire... our brain doesn't like it and it won't allow us to do it," he said. That, combined with the desire to make a mark on the world - another expression of self-esteem - makes it hard for leaders to retreat.
But what is needed in such a situation is a "golden bridge", a concept from ancient China, which advises any wise conquering general to build a golden bridge on which his defeated enemy can retreat, Randolph added.

"All disputes are really very simple in the sense that it's about somebody wanting something and somebody else not being prepared to give it," said Randolph.
Each side usually has both rational and psychological elements to them. So psychology has a huge part to play in understanding and resolving disputes, and getting the parties to shift their positions from a degree of intransigence to being collaborative, he added.

Crucial to the process is for disputing parties to feel heard, which boosts their self-esteem.
"One of the extraordinary things about mediation is that if the parties feel heard, their anger subsides," Randolph said. That is when logic and reason can begin, and through negotiation the needs of both sides can be addressed. The aim is to end up with no winner or loser, but with both sides gaining, he said. — Reuters

1. According to the passage which of the following is the reason of disputes between parties?
a. Disputing parties do not use logic and reason to settle their issues.
b. They become adamant about their view point while resolving their issues. 
c. Uneven level of strength and power of parties causes disputes among them.
d. Infliction of humiliation among parties is the cause of their disputes.

2. What change takes place among disputing parties when they are heard?
a. They feel themselves honoured by their rivals.
b. They feel themselves being victorious over others.
c.  Their anger recedes and their self respect is heightened.
d. This accelerates the process of reconciliation of the dispute.

3. What according to the paragraph  out of the followings plays a significant role in pushing conflicts among nations?
a. Trifling issues among them have important part in causing conflicts among nations.
b. Territorial usurpation is an important factor for nations’ conflicts.
c. Desire for amassing huge wealth is the main reason of  conflicts of nations.
d. Fear of loss of self respect makes different nations conflict.

4. Which of the following words is nearly the same in meaning to the word ‘intransigence’ as used in the passage?
a. Concurrence  b. Understanding c. Steadfastness  d. Weakness

5. How according to the paragraph can disputes among nations be avoided?
a. By using a strong and effective group of mediating nations.
b. By making disputing nations feeling being heard and their sides being addressed.
c.  By bringing the disputing nations to the negotiating table for reconcialiation.
d. By negotiating and returning the won over territories by nations.

6.What out of the followings is nearer to similar in meaning of the phrase ‘golden bridge’ as used in the passage?
a. Huge wealth and riches  b. A strong fleet of  war ships  c. Treaty among warring nations. d. An opportunity to retreat and reconcile.

7.  How can self respect of the warring nations be enhanced as suggested in the passage?
a. By creating awareness about mutual and sharing actions  among warring nations.
b. By imposing sanctions against the erring nations.
c. By listening to their versions and thereby subsiding their resentment.
d. By resolving issues amongst the disputing nations by mutual consent.

8. Which of the following has nearer to the opposite in meaning to the word ‘collaborative’ as used in the passage?
a. Jointly b. unilaterally c. unitedly d. favourably

9. Which of the following  is not helpful in bringing peace among warring nations?
a. Honouring obsequiousness of nations.
b. inflicting humiliation on other nations.
c. Eschewing contempt against other nations.
d. Applying rational and psychological approach.

10. Which of the following is nearer to similar meaning of the phrase . ‘to make a mark on the world’.
a. to have high esteem in the world.
b. to cause fear among other countries.
c. to have peace treaties with all the countries.
d. to have no hostility with any country.

Directions  (101-105) :  Rearrange the given six sentences/group of sentences A,B,C,D,E and F in a proper sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the given questions.

A. Simultaneously, kids are elevated to a super smart, angelic, can-ask-nothing-wrong status and this further legitimises the demand-supply dynamics between parents and children and a failure to meet demands is seen as a failure of parental responsibility.

B. In fact, middle-class parents seem to be perpetually on the defensive, guilt-ridden or over eager, as if they are in some way obliged to supply whatever their children ask for irrespective of whether its age appropriate,  desirable or within their means.

C. Children seem to occupy the position of demigods in Indian families, not ordinary mortals.

D. Advertisers too have assiduously promoted a consumerist image of good parenting in which fathers and mothers are forever bringing smiles on the faces of their kids by providing them products and granting their wishes.

E. Rarely do well-off parents say “no” to their children, as if it is some taboo word which will crush their little ones’ spirit instantly.

F. They are the centre of attention, their lightest demands are met with alacrity, their tantrums are celebrated, and no real effort is made to inculcate a sense of responsibility or consideration in pursuit of gratification.

101. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (LAST) sentence after rearrangement.
           (a) E   (b) D  (c)  A (d) B  (e) F

102. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement.
           (a)  A  (b)  B (c) F (d) D (e) C

103. Which of the following should be the FOURTH  sentence after rearrangement.
           (a)  A  (b) B   (c) C  (d)F  (e) D

104. Which of the following should be the FIRST  sentence after rearrangement.
           (a) A   (b) C  (c) B (d) F (e) D

105. Which of the following should be the FIFTH  sentence after rearrangement.       
           (a) E   (b)  D  (c) A (d) F (e) C
 ANSWERS : (101 -105)

101.  c(c)   102.  c(c)   103.  c(b)     104.  c(b)     105.(b).


Directions  (Q. Nos.111 - 120 ) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given. Certain words are given in bold in the passage to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

China today said its economy continued to slow down in the first quarter this year, declining to 6.7% but in line with government targets amid claims by officials that several key indicators showed signs of stabilisation in the world’s second largest economy.
The country’s GDP grew 6.7% year-on-year to reach 15.9 trillion yuan ($2.4 trillion), data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed.
The growth further narrowed from the previous quarter’s 6.8%, which was already the lowest quarterly rate in seven years.
Chinese economy logged 6.9% last year, the lowest in over two-and-a-half decades.
Officials, however, say that Q1 growth of 6.7% was in line with market expectations and remained within the government’s targeted range between 6.5 and 7% for 2016.
New growth momentum is gathering and some major indicators have seen positive changes, NBS spokesperson Sheng Laiyun said, calling the first-quarter performance “a good start” to this year.
The retail sales of consumer goods increased 10.3% in the first quarter year-on-year which points to increase in consumer demand as China tried to reset its export-led economy to one based on services and consumption to halt the slowdown.
In March, retail sales were up 10.5% year-on-year, faster than the growth rate in the first two months this year.
The value-added industrial output, an important economic indicator, expanded 5.8% year-on-year in the first quarter, accelerating from the 5.4% increase for the January-February period as per NBS data.
Fixed-asset investment rose 10.7% year-on-year in the first quarter, a faster expansion than last year’s 10%. Investment in the property sector grew 6.2%, accelerating from 1% for the whole of 2015.
The services sector grew 7.6%, outpacing a 2.9% increase in the primary industry and 5.8% in the secondary industry. It accounted for 56.9% of the overall economy, up 2 percentage points from a year earlier, Sheng said.
A prolonged industrial glut, sagging foreign trade and cooling property investment dragged down China’s growth in 2015 to 6.9%, the slowest pace in 25 years.
Authorities have taken a slew of measures to mitigate the downshift, cutting interest rates, reducing taxes, slashing overcapacity and initiating reforms to improve efficiency. — PTI 
                                                                                               (Adapted The Tribune April 16,2016)

1. The growth of China’s economy in 2015 was the slowest of the
      last 25 years due to

a. Protracted excessive industrial output.
b. Decline in foreign trade business of the country.
c. Reduced investment in realty sector of the country.
d. All of the above.

2. What according to the passage was the position of  growth of China’s economy during last few quarters?

a. It showed upward trend of growth during last quarters.
b. The rate of growth slowed down during past quarters.
c. It remained stable during last quarters.
d. It showed a continuous  negative trend during last quarters.

3. The Government of China claims stabilization  of economy of       
     the country on the basis of  one of the following key factors.

a. Increase in sales of consumer goods, increase in investment in
    fixed assets and primary and secondary industries are the key
    factors claimed by the government.

b. Increased foreign trade,  increase in consumer goods
    production in the country and sufficient output of various
    industrial sectors in the country are the main reasons.

c. Decrease in reducing pace of growth of the economy and
     increased demand of consumer goods in the country point
     towards stabilization of the economy.

d. Increased demand for China’s consumer goods and services in
     foreign markets boosting production of the same in the country
     show stabilized postion of the economy.

4. Which of the following statements is not true according to the

a. Pace of China’s economy showed continuous slow trend of
     growth during first quarter of the year.

b. Growth of China’s economy slowed down due to accumulated
     Industrial outputs.

c. According to the government both primary and secondary  
     industries showed upward trend during the recent past.

d.  Decrease in demand for China’s consumer goods and services
     is the main reason of slow growth of the economy.

5. Which of the following is nearer to similar meaning of the word . ‘Sagging’ as         used in the passage.
       a. Growing  b. Fluctuating  c. declining d. thriving

6.  Which of the following is nearer to opposite meaning of the word . ‘to                        mitigate’.as used in the passage.
          a. alleviate b. flourish c. descend d. boost

7. What is the meaning of the phrase ‘New growth momentum is  gathering’  as                used in the passage.

a. Growth of economy is momentary.
b. The economy is growing gradually.
c. Signs of growth of economy are evident.
d. Pace of recent growth of economy is increasing.

8.  What are steps taken by the government to arrest the slow pace of growth of        the economy?

a. The government encouraged foreign investment in the country.
b. The government reduced rate of interest and taxes in the 
c. The government increased import of goods in the country.
d. The government has generated new avenues of employment in
     the country.

9. Which of the followings , according to the passage, is true about Service                 sector, primary and secondary industries of the  country?

a. Growth in the service sector of the country is the lowest all the
b. Primary and Secondary industries are outpacing the service
     sector of the country in growth.
c. Service sector is ahead of Primary and secondary industries in
d. The rate of growth in service sector of the country accounts for more than half of the                growth of the whole economy.

10. What out of the following can be attributed to the slowest speed of growth            of China’s economy during last few years.

a. Decrease  in foreign investment in industrial units of the country.

b. Slow growth in savings of people due to  lesser rate of interest and thereby decrease
     in investment  in the country.

c. Decrease in foreign business and excessive industrial output in the country retarded   
    economy’s growth.

d. Continuous decreasing trend among the service and primary industries sectors slowed            down the pace of growth of the  economy.


 ANSWERS : (111 -120)

1.d . 2. b 3. a 4. d 5. c 6. d 7. d 8. b 9. c 10. c


आज पर्यावरण  को प्रदूषित होने से  बचाने के लिए अविलम्ब पग उठाने अति आवश्यक हो गए है । हम इस सम्बंध  में  एक सरल परन्तु असरदार सत्यापित उपाय जानते  हैं परन्तु इसे अपनाते नहीं हैं ।
क्या आप जानते हैं कि :

1 . पीपल का वृक्ष दिन और रात्रि दोनों समय आक्सीजन छोड़ता है और कार्बन डाइआक्साइड  गैस  अपने अंदर सोखता है  । 

2 . पीपल , बरगद   एवं  नीम के वृक्ष  अन्य वृक्षों के मुकाबले अधिक आक्सीजन छोड़ते हैं । पीपल 100 % , बरगद 95% और नीम 85% आक्सीजन वातावरण में छोड़ते हैं ।

हमारी सरकार सड़कों के किनारों पर पीपल , बरगद और नीम के वृक्ष लगाती थी  और हम सब लोग अपने घर के खुले आँगन और आस पास में ये वृक्ष लगाते थे परन्तु यह आज सब कुछ  समाप्त  हो गया  है ।

अब  यह आवश्यक हो गया है कि और प्रतीक्षा किये बिना सरकार एवं व्यक्तिगत  स्तर  पर तुरंत अधिक से अधिक संख्या में पीपल बरगद एवं नीम के वृक्ष लगाए जाये ताकि वातावरण को और प्रदूषित  होने से बचाया जा सकें  ।

इस तथ्य को जानें और अन्य सब को इस बारे अवगत कराये और अपनाएं ।