Friday, 17 October 2014

Paragraph--Rearrangement of Jumbled Sentences to make a Meaningful Paragraph --Exercise Based on Questions of Previous years' Examinations.

Rearrangement of Jumbled Sentences to make a Meaningful Paragraph -

Important Points to note :

1. Generally there is a central point,idea, thought or a personality about which a paragraph is written Try to locate the sentence which contains such matter. Mostly such a sentence forms the first or the last sentence of the paragraph.

2. There are two methods to describe the central idea. First in the opening sentence a central point is mentioned. Thereafter the sentences following that give logical description or details of that and for that some examples are given. In second method some facts are given in the opening sentences of the paragraph and their result is given in the concluding lines. Try to find out the sentence containing the central idea and arrange the remaining sentences accordingly. 

3. Sentences containing proper nouns i.e. names of persons,places or buildings etc or abstract nouns like qualities i.e. goodness or beauty etc come in the opening line or in the few starting lines of the paragraph.

4. Sentences containing pronouns like he,his, him, she,her, they,their, them or first or last part of a name come in subsequent part of the paragraph.

5. Pronouns like it, this that, these or those show that these mention about the topic already detailed in the sentences preceding them. So these sentences generally do not form the first line of the paragraph.   

6. Sentences containing words like therefore, But, And, accordingly or resultantly etc.come in the central part of the paragraph. The first sentence of the paragraph may contain introductory details of something and the last line of the paragraph contains conclusions of some logical details.

7. Sometimes words like initially, eventually,finally ensuing,proceeding, following or mentioned below or above in the sentence also indicate the location of that particular sentence in the paragraph.

8. In some paragraphs there are sentences giving statements in favour of or against  an argument. Try to sort out and arrange sentences of both types separately. This helps in framing the paragraph.

9. Generally all the parts of the paragraph appear to be similar and linking with each other but the thin layer of distinction between those has to be found out by reading between the lines. By reading the whole paragraph one can find out a latent link or a string of thoughts between the different parts of the paragraph. 

Initially, it may not be so easy as stated, but a little practice makes it easy and possible.


 To explain this here are some examples.

Q. No. 1.

Arrange the following jumbled groups of sentences from B to E in a way so as to make a meaningful paragraph. A & F are the first and last sentences respectively. Mention the alphabets marked against each of these in order as answer.   

A. During our youth, we are unable to recognise that there will be a time when our limbs and eyesight will grow weak and different parts of our  body will be unable to perform as  smoothly as before. Then will arise an urgent need of a person who can look after us.

B. Notwithstanding all these, society too has an important role to play. It must start with respecting the aged and placing them before all other interests. In West help to the old is provided with all priority and keenness. It is this kind of mindset, that is the need of the hour. 

C. This is not to suggest that  our culture and history do not recognise this phase of life. There have been many practices of caring and helping old people in our system. But with the dismantling of the joint family system, the problem has assumed newer and complicated proportions.

D. Unfortunately, of late, we have been oblivious of our duties towards the society in general and older generations in particular. Although we have started recognising the needs of the young but when it comes to the old we have blissfully chosen to ignore them and have left them to fend for themselves.  

E.There are old age homes, residential units for lower income groups in particular districts where not only food and shelter are provided to the inmates but there is a part time medical officer too to attend to their needs.Then there are day care centres too besides certain Non Government Organisations (NGO's) working for them. 

F. Old  people are not so demanding except in cases where they are forced by circumstances arising out of their genuine health needs or family constraints. They deserve and ought to be honoured. These demands are very small in comparison to all that they have afforded to their dependents in their past. 

(Answer  DCEB)

Q. No. 2.

Arrange the following jumbled groups of sentences from B to E in a way so as to make a meaningful paragraph. A & F are the first and last sentences respectively. Mention the alphabets marked against each of these in order as answer.   

A. All human beings start enjoying pleasures of reading right from childhood. To begin with a child learns the  ways of life through reading and writing. He derives his pleasure through reciting a small poem about an animal, a few sentences about toys or learning a little prose about small things of his surroundings.

B. Besides knowledge boosting, there is another category of books which provides a pastime reading to the reader.These books contain luxurious fiction that has ability to create and sustain the interest of the reader. These creations of imagination are equally  also connected with real life. As such these create a niche of interest and pleasure in the mind of the reader.

C. Man by nature is fond of making adventures. As such  reading about adventures provides a man glamour and romanticism of life. Books  of travel and adventure are such another type of books that a man likes. These infuse a sense of fearlessness and inspiration among the readers. The books of  adventures of travelling  are among the best books of literature.  

D. Reading newspapers, periodicals or journals etc, falls under the category of light reading. These impart knowledge to their reader and keeps him abreast of the day to day events happening around him.These also contain articles which increase the wit and knowledge  of the reader.  

E.Reading provides a man a strange type of pleasure besides it is  instructive  as well.It not only gives him ecstasy but also sharpens his intellect. Reading books of different types. drives a man away from his worries and cares of his life.

F.Undoubtedly, books are a gold mine of knowledge, art, literature and science. They are not only useful and instructive but are also entertaining and recreative. Whatever type of books one reads,  the reading is always a source of pleasure and enjoyment.

(Answer : EDBC)