Wednesday, 6 August 2014

ACTIVE PASSIVE ---CHANGE THE SENTENCES FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE --EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (with solutions)

ACTIVE & PASSIVE--CHANGE THE VOICE

EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE


While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.


A sentence generally comprises of a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.


                                                                         

Tuesday, 5 August 2014

ACTIVE PASSIVE ---CHANGE THE SENTENCES FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE --EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (with solutions)

 

ACTIVE & PASSIVE--CHANGE THE VOICE


EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE


While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.


A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.

In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.




EXERCISE NO.  5  

(Assorted Sentences)


Change the voice of the following sentences.


1. People use milk for making curd and butter.

2. All the people know him as a fool.

3. People say that he endeavoured his best.

4. Someone has spread this  rumour.

5. People always admire the brave persons.

6. They say that there had been an explosion in the town hall.

7. They served tea and snacks to all the visiting guests.

8. One should not take one's decisions in haste.

9. These days people prefer wealth to health.

10. The guests finished the whole of the food at the party. 




EXERCISE NO.  5    (ANSWERS)

(Please note that all the sentences written above do not need the words 'by......(subject)' after change of their voice. These can be written without subject after change.)



1. Milk is used for making curd and butter.

2. He is known as a fool.

3.  It is said that he endeavoured his best.

4. This rumour has been spread.

5.  Brave persons are always admired.

6.  It is said that there had been an explosion in the town hall.

7. Tea and snacks were served to all the visiting guests.

8  Decisions should not be taken in haste.

9. These days wealth is preferred to health.

10. The  whole of the food was finished at the  party.





EXERCISE NO.  6  

(Assorted Sentences)


Change the voice of the following sentences.

1. The farmer had ploughed  the field.

2. Let us start our journey to Simla.

3. Last Sunday all of them made a plan to go to Agra.

4. The principal refused him admission.

5. They  will have finished their work by then.

6. Let me solve this sum.

7. You  should not have taken up the matter with him.

8. Who is taking care of the old couple ?

9. Who was  referred to by the speaker in his speech ?

10. The engineer could not locate fault in the computer.


EXERCISE NO.  6    (Answers)


1. The field had been ploughed by the farmer.

2. It is suggested that we should start our journey to Simla.

3. Last Sunday a plan was made to go to Agra by all of them.

4. He was refused admission by the principal.

5. Their work  will have been finished by then by them.

6. Let this sum be solved by me.

7. The matter should not have been taken up with them by you.

8. By whom is the old couple being taken care of ?

9. Whom did the speaker refer to in his speech ?

10. Fault could not be located in the computer by the engineer.





EXERCISE NO.  7  

(Assorted Sentences)


Change the voice of the following sentences.


1. The guests kept the host waiting for a long time.

2. The lady has not kept her promise.

3. Heavy floods swept away the standing crops.

4. The chairman objected to his proposal.

5. This forest is infested with lions.

6. Providence saved all the passengers sitting in the bus.

7. People will forget the incident after some time.

8. Who teaches you English?

9. Why did the police not follow the thief?

10. God always helps the poor.

EXERCISE NO.  7  (Answers)


1.  The host was kept waiting for a long time by the guests.

2. Her promise has not been kept by the lady.

3. The standing crops were swept away by heavy floods.

4. His proposal was objected to by the chairman.

5. This forest infests lions.

6. All the passengers sitting in the bus were saved.

7. The incident will be forgotten after sometime.

8. By whom are you taught English?

9. Why was the thief not followed by the police?

10. The poor is always helped by God.


ACTIVE PASSIVE ---CHANGE THE SENTENCES FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE --EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (with solutions)

EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE

 (Answers of exercises of previous post )  -

ACTIVE & PASSIVE--CHANGE THE VOICE


While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.


A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.

In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.


EXERCISE NO. 1  (ANSWERS)


Change the voice of the following sentences.

1. Kites were being flown in the sky by boys.

2. You will be waited for  until you return by us.

3. Crops are being harvested these days by farmers.

4. His luggage was brought by train by him.

5. A huge building was being built by masons.

6. All the dues should be paid in time. 

7. Their lessons had not been learnt today by the students.

8. The principal will have been seen tomorrow by now by them.

9. Children are looked after by  parents.

10. He should not have been insulted by abusing by him.



EXERCISE NO. 2 (ANSWERS)


Change the voice of the following sentences.


1.  By whom was the bill of the dinner party paid yesterday ?

2. Why was the chief guest not greeted by garlanding by you?

3. Is the gentleman wearing a turban known to you?

4. Why was the stranger being laughed at by the children?

5. How was such a difficult sum solved by you?

6, Who is wanted to be seen by you ?

7. What is contained in this box?

8. When will food be cooked by your mother?

9. Has your food been not taken by now by you?

10. Were her parents not taken care of by her?



EXERCISE NO. 3 (ANSWERS)


Change the voice of the following sentences.


1. Health should be preferred to wealth.

2. He was awarded a prize by the teacher.

3. Someone stole my new car yesterday.

4. Should his brother not be helped at this time  of need by us?

5. One always remembers one's true friends in adversity.

6. The flying bird was aimed at by the hunter.

7. He should not be left by his friends.

8. An abandoned child was found near the temple by the police.

9. Glowing tributes were paid  to the departed leader by all. 

10. A hurried visit was paid to our village by the minister.



EXERCISE NO.   4


Change the voice of the following Assorted sentences.



1. The national flag will be hoisted by the Prime Minister.

2. They are going to purchase a house next month.

3. We had already warned them against the danger.

 4. It is said that the proclaimed offender is at large.

5. All always trust on an honest man.

6. Has any person answered this question ?

7. People say that he is a thief.

8. One must   keep one's promises.

9. Has any body found my new purse?

10. Whom will the President appoint governor ?



EXERCISE NO.   4  (ANSWERS)


1. The Prime minister will hoist the national flag.

2. A new house is going to be purchased next month by them.

3. They had already been warned against the danger by us.

4. They say that the proclaimed offender is at large.

5. An honest man is always trusted on by all.

6. Has this question been answered by any person ?

7. It is said that he is a  thief.

8. One's promises must be kept.

9. Has my new purse been found by any body ?

10. Who will be appointed governor by the President ?


CHANGE THE VOICE --ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE - EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (WITH SOLUTIONS) CONTD. FROM PREVIOUS POST

EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE (With Solutions )  -

ACTIVE & PASSIVE--CHANGE THE VOICE


While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.


A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.

In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.


EXERCISE NO. 1


Change the voice of the following sentences.

1. Boys were flying kites in the sky.

2. We shall wait for you until you return.

3. Farmers are harvesting crops these days.

4. He brought his luggage by train.

5. Masons were building a huge building.

6. One should pay one's all the dues in time.

7. The students had not learnt their lesson today.

8. They will see the principal tomorrow.

9. Parents look after  children.

10. You should not have insulted him by abusing.



EXERCISE NO. 2


Change the voice of the following sentences.


1. Who paid the bill of the dinner party yesterday ?

2. Why did you not greet the chief guest by garlanding?

3. Do you know the gentleman wearing a turban?

4. Why are the children laughing at the stranger?

5. How did you solve such a difficult sum?

6, Whom do you want to see?

7. What does this box contain?

8. When will your mother cook food?

9. Have you not taken your food by now ?

10. Did she not take care of her parents?



EXERCISE NO. 3


Change the voice of the following sentences.


1. One should prefer health to wealth.

2. The teacher awarded him a prize.

3. My new car was stolen the previous day.

4. Should we not help his brother at the time of need?

5. True friends are always remembered in adversity.

6. The hunter aimed at the flying bird.

7. His friends should not leave him.

8. The police found an abandoned child near the temple.

9. All paid glowing tributes to the departed leader.

10. The minister paid a hurried visit to our village.






ANSWERS

EXERCISE NO. 1


1. Kites were being flown  in the sky by boys.

2. You will be  waited for until you return by us.

3. Crops are being harvested these days by farmers.

4. Luggage was brought by train by him.

5. A huge building was being built by masons.

6. All the dues should be paid  in time.

7. Their lessons had not been learnt today by  students. 

8. The principal will  be seen tomorrow by them.

9.Children are looked after by parents. 

10. He should not have been insulted by abusing by you.



Exercise no 2


1. By whom was the bill of the dinner party paid yesterday?

2. Why was  the chief guest not greeted by garlanding by you?

3. Is the gentleman wearing a turban known to you ?

4. Why is the stranger being laughed at by the children?

5. How was such a difficult sum solved by you ?

6, Who is wanted to be seen by you?

7. What is contained in this box?

8. When will food be cooked by your mother?

9. Has your food  not been  taken by now by  you ?

10. Were her parents not taken care of by her ?


Exercise no 3



1. Health should be preferred  to wealth.

2. He was awarded a prize by the teacher,

3. Someone stole my new car  yesterday.

4. Should his brother not be helped  at the time of need by us?

5.One always remembers  one's true friends in adversity.

6. The flying bird was aimed at by the hunter.

7. He should not be left by his friends.

8. An abandoned child was found near the temple by the police.

9. The departed leader was paid glowing tributes by all.

10.  A hurried visit was paid to our village by the minister.



Monday, 4 August 2014

CHANGE THE VOICE --ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE - SENTENCES WITH MODALS CONTD. FROM PREVIOUS POST

While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.



In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.





A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.







Change of Voice in case of --- SENTENCES WITH MODALS


There are certain words which are used to support the main verb in the sentence. These words are to help the verb and are called helping verb or modals e.g. Can, Could, May, Might, Should, Would, Ought to, Must etc.  While changing a sentence to passive voice the word 'be' is used with these words.

You can do your work now.

Your work can be done now by you.

You could not do your work.

Your work could not be done by you.

You may not help him.

He may not be helped by you.

She might not win the competition.

The competition might not be won by you.

They must do their work.

Their work must be done by them.

Can you lend me your pen?

Can I be lent your pen by you?

How should I start  my work?

How should my work be started by me?

Where should I search him?

Where should he be searched by me?

Should we obey his orders?

Should his orders be obeyed by us?

You may leave the  room now.

The room may be left now by you.

May I leave now?

Am I allowed to leave now?

We should not waste our time.

Our time should not be wasted. 

He might not contact you.

You might not be contacted by you.,

The thieves might have  taken away the car.

The car might have been taken away by the thieves.











I know him.
He is known to me.


His behaviour surprised me.
I was surprised at his behaviour.


His conduct displeased me.
I was displeased with his behaviour.


This box contains ten books.
Ten books are contained in this box.







SOME TYPICAL SENTENCES


One should do one's duty.                    Duty should be done.


One must respect one's parents.         Parents must be respected.


Someone stole my purse.                   My purse was stolen.


May he live long!                              It is prayed that he may live long.


May we see the patient?                 Are we allowed to see the patient?


He hopes to go to Simla.                It is hoped that he will go to Simla.


He obliged me.                               I was obliged to him.






The people lined the road.
The road was lined with the people.


The spectators thronged the streets.
The streets were thronged with the spectators.


People have gone to see the hanging of the murderer.
People have gone to the hanging of the murderer to be seen.


Women like men to flatter them.
Women like to be flattered by men.


Rose smells sweet.
Rose is sweet when smelt.


These pieces of sugarcane taste sweet.
These pieces of sugarcane are sweet when tasted.


Quinine tastes bitter.
Quinine is bitter when tasted.


What one cannot cure must endure.
What cannot be cured must be endured.


God helps those who help themselves.
Those who help themselves are helped by God.OR
Those who are helped by themselves are helped by God.


Those who live in glass houses should not throw stones at others.
Stones  should not be thrown at others by those who live in glass houses.


He who knows that he knows knows nothing.
Nothing is known to him by whom it is known that it is known to him.


He who does not know that he knows knows something.
Something is known to him to whom it is not known that it is known to him.





I kept him waiting.
He was kept waiting by me.


He made me work.
I was made to work by him.


I want you to help me.
I want to be helped by you.

It is time to take food.
It is time for food to be taken.


It is necessary to pay fee.
It is necessary for fee to be paid.


Let us do our work.
Let our work be done by us.




Exercise -- Change the Voice:

Send/email/post/write in comment box correct answer.


                                                                     








Sunday, 3 August 2014

CHANGE THE VOICE --ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE - IMPERATIVE AND INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES, SENTENCES WITH TWO OBJECTS CONTD. FROM PREVIOUS POST


                                                                      

                                                                         

While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). Subject and object are placed in the sentence according to importance to be accorded to them.  More important is used at place of priority in the sentence. For this necessary change is made in the sentence. 


These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.

In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.








A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.
















Change of Voice in case of ----- IMPERATIVE SENTENCES



An imperative sentence is changed from active to passive voice according to the message contained in the sentence.  For this purpose words used are as follows :



If it contains an order or a command   :   You are ordered to or You are commanded to

If it contains a request :         You are requested to

If  it contains an advice :    You are advised to

If it contains a negative order : You are forbidden to

If it contains'Let us'  : It is suggested that we should or It is  proposed that we should



                                                                      





For Example:

Leave the room at once.

You are ordered to leave the room at once.

Bring a glass of water for me. 

You are ordered to bring a glass of water for me.

Go to market immediately.

You are ordered to go to market immediately.

Please help me.

You are  requested to help me.

Please take pity on him.

You are requested take pity on him.

Please  keep this book on the table.

You are requested to keep this book on the table.

Do not walk barefooted.

You are forbidden to walk barefooted.

Do not stand on ceremony.

You are forbidden to stand on ceremony.

Please do not disturb me.

You are requested not to disturb me.

Please do not eat raw fruit.

You  are requested not to eat raw fruit. 

Always speak the  truth.

You are advised to always speak the truth.

Never tell a lie.

You are advised never to tell a lie.

Always respect your elders.

You are advised to always respect your elders. 
                                                           


                                                                     







Alternative Method

These sentences are changed from active to passive voice in the following way also. These sentences generally start with first form of verb. The word in first form of verb is changed as : 

 Let  +..........(object) +be + third form of verb.

For example :

Respect your betters.

Let your betters be respected.

Start your work now.

Let your work be started now.

Close the door.

Let the door be closed.

Help the poor. 

Let the poor be helped.

Do not insult the beggar.

Let the beggar not be insulted.

Obey your parents.

Let your parents be obeyed.

Mind your own business.

Let your own business be minded.

Do not take overripe fruit.

Let overripe fruit not be taken.

Let us start our work.

Let our work be started.
OR
It is suggested that we should start our work.                                       


Change of Voice in case of --- INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES




Interrogative sentences starting with words like 'Who' 'Which' or 'Where'   etc.



Who is changed to  ---- by whom   


For example : 

Who helped you?

By whom were you helped?

Who makes a noise ?

By whom is a noise made?

Who is teaching the students?

By whom are the students being taught?

Who will bell the cat ?

By whom will the cat be belled  ?

Who has painted this picture ?

By whom has this picture been painted?

Who deceived her in love?

By whom was she deceived in love?

Who suspects him to be a thief?

By whom is he suspected to be a thief ?

Who lent you this book?

By whom were you  lent  this book ?

Who escorted her to the door?

By whom was she escorted to the door?

Who does not like lovely roses?

By whom are lovely roses not liked ?

Whom did you laugh at ?

Who was laughed at by you?

Who elects the President of India ?

By whom is the President of India elected?

Who elected him captain?

By whom was he elected captain?

Whom will she marry?

Who will marry her ?

Whom did the team elect captain?

Who was elected captain by the team?

Where did you get this picture?

Where was this picture got by you?

How did you get this book?

How was this book got by you?

Which book did you purchase?

Which book was purchased by you?

Which toy does the child like?

Which toy is liked by the child?

Which team won the match?

By which team was the match won?

Which doctor did treat him ?

By which doctor was he treated?


Where did you find this pen?

Where was this pen found by you?

What mistake did he commit?

What mistake was committed by him?





What action did the teacher take against him?

What action was taken against him by the teacher?

What offer did he put forth?

What offer was put forth by him?

What does she teach you ?

What are you taught by her?

What has he done?

What has been done by him?

What do you want ?

What is wanted by you?

When did you paint this picture?

When was this picture painted by you?

How did he treat you?

How were you treated by him?

How did you solve this sum?

How was this sum solved by you?

Why did you abuse her ?

Why was she abused by you?





SENTENCES WITH TWO OBJECTS



Sometimes there are sentences having two subjects.

                                                   


In these sentences first object having proximity to verb is brought out and changed. The other object remains as it was and is  placed after verb.

For Example :


She teaches us English.

We are taught English by her.

They elected him captain.

He was elected captain by them.

The doctor gave him medicine.

He was given medicine by the doctor.

Who teaches you English ?

By whom are you taught English?

He told me an interesting story.

I was told an interesting story by him.

She gave him a book.

He was given a book  by her.

But it is not wrong if second object is used as follows because some writers prefer non living object to be used:

A book was given to him by her.
An interesting story was told to me by him.
Medicine was given to him by the doctor.



Sentences for practice 

Change the voice.

1. Who shouted at the stranger while he was walking in the street ?

    By whom was the stranger shouted at while he was  walking in the street?

2. Why did you make a row with his brother for nothing ?

     Why was a row made with his brother for nothing by you?

3.  Where did you make  fresh purchases of your household items today?

     Where were fresh purchases of your household items made that day by you?

4.  Why did  you not turn down his proposal when he offered it to you?

     Why was his proposal not turned down by you when it was offered to you by him?

5.  How did you overcome  so many hurdles so easily?

     How were so many hurdles overcome so easily by you?

6.  Why does the government not make peace with  protesters?
  
      Why is peace not made with protesters by the government ?

7.  How will  he manage the affairs of the company alone ?

      How will the affairs of the company be managed by him alone ?
  
      


AN EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE : Send/Email/Post your reply.
















CHANGE THE VOICE --ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE - FUTURE TENSE - CONTD. FROM PREVIOUS POST

While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.



In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.


A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.







Change of Voice in case of -----
Future Tense---

Future Indefinite Tense, Future Continuous Tense, Future  Perfect Tense & Future Perfect Continuous Tense.

1.Future Indefinite Tense:

Shall or will + First form of verb are changed to



Shall or will + be + Third form of verb.

2. Future Continuous Tense:


Shall or will + be + First form of verb + ing are changed to 


Shall or will + be + being + Third form of verb.






3. Future Perfect Tense :


Shall or will +have + Third form of verb are changed to

Shall or will + have + been + Third form of verb




4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense :

Shall or  will + Have + been + First form of verb + ing  will be changed to


Shall or will + Have + been + being + Third form of verb





Examples :

1. 

 I shall  paint a beautiful picture.

A beautiful picture will be painted by me.
I shall not paint a beautiful picture.
A beautiful picture will not be painted by me.

Shall I paint a beautiful picture ?

Will a beautiful picture be  painted by me?



We shall paint a beautiful picture.

A beautiful picture will be painted by us.
We shall not  paint a beautiful picture.
A beautiful picture will not be painted by us.

Shall we paint a beautiful picture ?

Will a beautiful picture be painted by us?



You will paint a beautiful picture.

A beautiful picture will be  painted by you.
You will not  paint a beautiful picture.
A beautiful picture will not be painted by you.

Will you paint a beautiful picture ?

Will a beautiful picture be  painted by you?



She will  paint a beautiful picture.

A beautiful picture will be  painted by her.


She will not paint a beautiful picture.
A beautiful picture will not be painted by her.


Will she paint a beautiful picture ?

Will a beautiful picture be painted by her?


They will  paint a beautiful picture.

A beautiful picture will be  painted by them.


They will not  paint a beautiful picture.

A beautiful picture will not be  painted by them.


Will they paint a beautiful picture ?

Will a beautiful picture be painted by them?



2.

 I  shall be reading a book.

A book will be being read by you.


I shall not be reading a book.

A book will not be being read by  me.


Shall I be reading a book? 

Will a book be being read by me.


You will be reading a book.

A book will be being read by you.


You will not be reading a book.
A book will not be being read by you.


Will you be reading a book?
Will a book be being read by you?


He will be reading a book. 

A book will not be being read by him.

He will not be reading a book.

A book will not be being read by him

Will he be reading a book?

Will a book be being read by him?

They will be reading a book.

Will a book be being read by them.

They will not be reading a book.

A book will not be being read by them.


Will they be reading a book ?
Will a book be being read by them?

3. 

I shall have finished my work.

My work will  have been finished by me.

I shall not have finished my work.

My work will not have been finished by me.

Shall I have finished my work?

Will my work have been finished by me?

You will have finished your work.

Your work will have been finished by you.

You will not have finished your work.

Your work will not have been finished by you.

Will you have finished your work ?

Will your work have been finished by you?

He will have finished his work.

His work will have been finished by him.


He will not have finished his work.

His work will not have been finished by him.


Will he have finished his work ?

Will his work have been finished by him?


They will have finished their work.

Their work will have been finished by them.


They will not have finished their work.

Their work will not have been finished by them.


Will they have finished their work ?

Will their work have been finished by them?



4.

 I shall have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will have been being drawn for two hours by me.


I shall  not have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will not have been being drawn for two hours by me.


Shall I have been drawing a picture for two hours?
Will a  picture l have been being drawn for two hours by me?


You will have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will have been being drawn for two hours by you.


You will not have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will not have been being drawn for two hours by you.


Will you  have been drawing a picture for two hours?
Will a picture  have been being drawn for two hours by you?

She will have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will have been being drawn for two hours by her.


She will not have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will not have been being drawn for two hours by her.


Will she have been drawing a picture for two hours?
Will a  picture  have been being drawn for two hours by her?



They will have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will have been being drawn for two hours by them.


They will not  have been drawing a picture for two hours.
A picture will not have been being drawn for two hours by them.


Will they  have been drawing a picture for two hours?
Will a picture  have been being drawn for two hours by them?


























Saturday, 2 August 2014

CHANGE THE VOICE -- ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE -- SENTENCES OF CONTINUOUS TENSES

What is Voice - Active Voice & Passive Voice ? Why is voice needed?

While communicating we use words in a sentence according to the importance ascribed to them. Or in other words  are placed in a sentence according to their importance in communication.
Usually a sentence has a subject, a verb and an object in it. A word is used as subject or object in a sentence according to the importance it carries with it.
Take the following examples to make it clear.
 1. I wrote a letter to him.
2. I wrote him a letter.
3. A letter was written to him by me.
In these sentences the three key words I, letter and him are placed at different places in the sentences  according to the importance of these words in communication. As such the two forms of voice i.e. Active and Passive voice are used accordingly  while communicating. More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as an object in a sentence. For this necessary changes are made in the sentence.
The  process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.

 In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.


A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. But some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.
Change of Voice -  
In case of Sentences of Continuous Tenses i.e. Present Continuous Tense, Past Continuous Tense and Future Continuous Tense :-
While changing a sentence from active to passive form, we bring object in place of subject and move subject to the place of object. A word 'by' is used before subject (at object place) of course with some exceptions. The remaining part of the sentence (other than Subject, verb and object) is placed after the third form of verb used in the sentence.
 Continuous Tenses---Present  Continuous Tense , Past  Continuous Tense & Future Continuous Tense

In case of Present Continuous Tense
the words 'Is, am, are + First form of verb+ ing are changed to

' Is, am , are +being+ Third form of verb .


For example :

She is  plucking flowers in the garden .
Flowers are being plucked in the garden by her.
He is not plucking flowers in the garden.
Flowers are not being plucked in the garden by him.
Are they plucking flowers in the garden ?
Are flowers  being plucked in the garden  by them  ?
Why are you not attending the marriage party?
Why is  the marriage party not being attended by yo
In case of Past Continuous Tense
the words 'Was, Were + First form of verb+ ing are changed to

' Was,Were +being+ Third form of verb .


For example :

She was distributing sweets to children.
Sweets were being distributed to children by her.
Boys were playing a match in the morning.
A match was being played in the morning by boys.
She was not cooking food in the kitchen.
Food was not being cooked in the kitchen by her.
Was the mother telling a story to children?
Was a story being told to children by the mother?

Note Generally sentences of Future continuous tense, Present, Past and Future Perfect continuous tenses are not changed into Passive voice but for the sake of grammar or for examination purpose, these are attempted here under.
In case of Future Continuous Tense
the words ' Shall, Will + be  + First form of verb+ ing are changed to

' Shall or Will + be  +being+ Third form of verb .


For example :

Children will be learning their lessons.
Their lessons will be being learnt by children.
People will not be following his teachings.
His teachings will not be being followed by people.
Will you be doing your duty sincerely?
Will your duty be being done sincerely by you?
Will the students not paying their fee regularly?
Will their fee not be being paid regularly by the students?

Sentences for practice
  1. Will you be hosting a party to the visitors?
  2. All the  members will  be attending the meeting.
  3. Will the chairman be delivering his speech?
  4. How will you be tackling the problem?
  5. Why will they be laughing at the beggar?



Answers :

        1. Will a party be being hosted to the  visitors by you?
        2. The meeting will be being attended by all the members.
        3. Will his speech be being delivered by the chairman?
        4. How will the problem be being tackled by you?
        5. Why will the beggar be  being laughed at by them?
In case of Present Perfect Continuous Tense
the words 'Has+been+First form of verb+ing are changed to
'Has+been+being+ Third form of verb .

For example :

I have been plucking flowers since morning.
Flowers have been being plucked since  morning  by me.
I have not been plucking flowers since morning.
Flowers have not been being plucked since morning by me.
Have I been plucking flowers since morning ?
Have flowers been being plucked since morning by me  ?

 In case of Past Perfect Continuous Tense
the words 'Had+been+First form of verb+ing are changed to
'Had+been+being+ Third form of verb .


For example :

 Boys had been playing a match since morning.
A match had been being played since morning  by the boys.

I had been reading the newspaper for two hours.
The newspaper had been being read for two hours by me

Had you not  been paying the rent for the last two years ?
Had the rent not been being paid for the last two years by you?

She had not been singing songs for half an hour.
Songs had not been being sung for half an hour by her.

In case of Future Perfect Continuous Tense
the words ' Shall or Will + Have+been+First form of verb+ing are changed to
' Shall or Will Have+been+being+ Third form of verb .


For example :

 They will have been occupying this house for two years.
This house will have been being occupied for two years by them.
The police will have been searching their house for two hours.
Their house  will have been being searched for two hours by the police.
Will the players have been playing the match for an hour?
Will the match have been being played for an hour by the players?
The foster mother will have been bring up the child for two months.
The child will have been being brought up for two months by the foster mother.
NOTE : While changing from active to passive voice in some cases  instead of the word 'by' some other words are used. A list of such words is appended for reference.


Sentences for Practice :
1. Why is the child abusing the beggar?
2. What are the students doing at this time?
3.Why was she not painting a picture ?
4. She had been knocking at the door for  half an hour.
5. Had the peon been ringing the bell for fifteen minutes?
6. What was he teaching the students in the class ?
7. Her son had been wasting his time for the last two weeks.
8. The peasants had  been ploughing their fields since morning.
9. The manager will have been handling the affairs for the last so many months.
10. She will have been taking her examinations for two weeks.


Answers :
1. Why is the beggar being  abused by  the child?
2. What is being done at this time by the students?
3.Why was a picture not being  painted by her ?
4. The door had been being knocked at for  half an hour by her.
5. Had the bell  been being rung for fifteen minutes by the peon?
6. What were the students being taught in the class by him?
7. His time had been being wasted for the last two weeks by her son.
8. Their fields had been being ploughed since morning by the peasants.
9. The affairs will  have been being handled for the last so many months by the manager.
10. Her  examinations will have been being taken for two weeks by her.












CHANGE THE VOICE --ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE - PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES -( CONTD. FROM PREVIOUS POST )



While writing we use different forms of sentences( i.e active and passive forms). More important words are used as Subject and those of secondary place are used as objective in the sentence. For this we make necessary changes in a sentence. 



These two forms of sentences are called Active and Passive forms of sentences and this process of making a change from active to passive form of a sentence is called 'change of the voice'.



In examination there are questions in the form of change of sentences from one form of voice to another i.e. from active to passive form or vice versa  & there are questions to rectify errors due to wrong change of form of sentences.



A sentence generally has in it a  Subject , Verb and object. Some sentences do not have an object but for change of voice an object in a sentence is necessary.








Change of Voice in case of -----

Perfect Continuous Tenses---


Present Perfect Continuous Tense   &
Past Perfect Continuous Tense


In case of Present Perfect Continuous Tense


the words 'Has+been+First form of verb+ing are changed to

'Has+been+being+ Third form of verb .


For example :

I have been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have been being plucked since  morning  by me.

I have not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have not been being plucked since morning by me.

Have I been plucking flowers since morning ?

Have flowers been being plucked since morning by me  ?



We have been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have been being plucked since  morning  by us.

We have not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have not been being plucked since morning by us.

Have we been plucking flowers since morning ?

Have flowers been being plucked since morning by us  ?


You have been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have been being plucked since  morning  by you.

You have not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have not been being plucked since morning by you.

Have you been plucking flowers since morning ?

Have flowers been being plucked since morning by you  ?



He has been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have been being plucked since  morning  by him.

He has not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have not been being plucked since morning by him.

Has he been plucking flowers since morning ?

Have flowers been being plucked since morning by him  ?



They have been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have been being plucked since  morning  by them.

They have not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers have not been being plucked since morning by them.

Have they been plucking flowers since morning ?

Have flowers been being plucked since morning by them  ?




In case of Past Perfect Continuous Tense


the words 'Had+been+First form of verb+ing are changed to

'Had+been+being+ Third form of verb .


For example :


I had been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had been being plucked since  morning  by me.


I had not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had not been being plucked since morning by me.


Had I been plucking flowers since morning ?

Had flowers been being plucked since morning by me  ?



We had been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had been being plucked since  morning  by us.


We had not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had not been being plucked since morning by us.


Had we been plucking flowers since morning ?

Had flowers been being plucked since morning by us  ?



You had been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had been being plucked since  morning  by you.


You had not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had not been being plucked since morning by you.


Had you been plucking flowers since morning ?

Had flowers been being plucked since morning by you  ?



He had been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had been being plucked since  morning  by him.


He had not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had not been being plucked since morning by him.


Had he been plucking flowers since morning ?

Had flowers been being plucked since morning by him  ?



They had been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had been being plucked since  morning  by them.


They had not been plucking flowers since morning.

Flowers had not been being plucked since morning by them.


Had they been plucking flowers since morning ?

Had flowers been being plucked since morning by them  ?






Change of Voice in case of -----
Perfect Tenses---


Present Perfect  Tense   &
Past Perfect Tense


In case of Present Perfect  Tense


the words 'Has or Have+Third form of verb are changed to

'Has or Have +been+ Third form of verb .


For example :


I have taken my food.

My food has been taken by me.


I have not taken my food.

My food has not been taken by me.



 Have I taken my food ?

Has my food  been taken by me?



We have taken our food.

Our food has been taken by us.


We have not taken our food.

Our food has not been taken by us.



Have we taken our food ?

Has our food  been taken by us?




You have taken your food.

Your food has been taken by you.


You have not taken your food.

Your food has not been taken by you.



Have you taken your food ?

Has your food  been taken by you?



He has taken his food.

His food has been taken by him.


He has not taken his food.

His food has not been taken by him.



Has he taken his food ?

Has his food  been taken by him?



She has taken her food.

Her food has been taken by her.


She has not taken her food.

Her food has not been taken by her.



Has she taken her food ?

Has her food  been taken by her?


They have taken their food.

Their food has been taken by them.


They have not taken their food.

Their food has not been taken by them.



Have they taken their food ?

Has their food  been taken by them?



In case of Present Perfect  Tense


the words 'Had +Third form of verb are changed to

'Had +been+ Third form of verb .


For example :



I had finished my work.

My work had been finished by me.


I had not finished my work.

My work had not been finished by me.


Had I finished my work ?

Had my work been finished by me ?


We had finished our work.

Our work had been finished by us.


We had not finished our work.

Our work had not been finished by us.


Had we finished our work ?

Had our work been finished by us ?




You had finished your work.

Your work had been finished by you.


You had not finished your work.

Your work had not been finished by you.


Had you finished your work ?

Had your work been finished by you ?



He had finished his work.

His work had been finished by him.


He had not finished his work.

His work had not been finished by him.


Had he finished his work ?

Had his work been finished by him ?



She had finished her work.

Her work had been finished by her.


She had not finished her work.

Her work had not been finished by her.


Had she finished her work ?

Had her work been finished by her ?



They had finished their work.

Their work had been finished by them.


They had not finished their work.

Their work had not been finished by them.


Had they finished their work ?

Had their work been finished by them ?