Sunday, 26 January 2014

NARRATION -----Change of Different types of sentences from Indirect speech into Direct speech



NARRATION -----Change  of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech   



There are two different ways of expressing things. A statement given by the speaker himself is direct form of speech whereas the same statement conveyed by another person to someone is indirect way of speech.

There are two forms of speech :-

Howard said to his brother, “I am going to the market.”
Howard told his brother that he was going to the market.

When the actual form and words of the speaker are used, it is direct speech but when one gives the substance of speech of the speaker it is indirect speech.


Direct speech consists of two parts:-

1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech
These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“  ”). 
The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) 
and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).  
The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. 


In Indirect Speech

- inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc. 
-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.
- The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign    is used.
- The tense of reporting speech is not changed.
-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.
- The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.







EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE

EXERCISE NO. ONE

(Change from Indirect to Direct form)



1.The gentleman asked the child in a loud voice who he was and why he had  been roaming in the garden at that time. 


The child respectfully replied in a very low voice that he had come there to see the garden. He loved flowers and wanted to see the blooming flowers. 
The gentleman asked the child if he did not know that he did not allow any body to enter the garden.
 He ordered him to leave the garden at once and forbade him to come there again.
The child requested the gentleman to allow him to stay there for some time because a few flowers had started blooming in a corner in the garden.
The gentleman exclaimed with surprise and asked if it was true that flowers had started blooming in his garden in the season of winter also. He told the child to let him see himself.






The gentleman said to  the child in a loud voice,"Who are you ? Why have you  been roaming in the garden at this time?" 
The gentleman said to the child," Do you not know that I do not allow any body to enter the garden? He said to  him,"Leave the garden at once.Do not come here again."
The child said to the gentleman, "Please allow me to stay here for some time because a few flowers have started blooming in a corner in the garden."
The child said in a very low voice," Sir, I have come here to see the garden. I love flowers.  I want to see the blooming flowers." 
The gentleman said, "What! Is it true that flowers have started blooming in my garden in the season of winter also? Let me see myself,child."




2. The beggar exclaimed saying that the rich man was very noble and told him that he had not taken any food that day and he was feeling very hungry. 
He requested him to have pity on him and give some food to him. He prayed to God to grant him a lot of wealth.
The rich man asked him why he begged alms and why he did not do any work. He told him that if he was interested he could arrange a good job for him.
The beggar exclaimed with joy and told him that he would be very thankful to the Almighty if it was so.   


The beggar said to the  rich man,"How noble you are !   I have not taken any food today. I am  feeling very hungry. Please have pity on me. Give me  some food. May God  grant you a lot of wealth !"
The rich man said to him,"Why do you beg alms? Why do you not do any work? If you are interested I can arrange a good job for you."
The beggar said,"Hurrah! I shall be very thankful to the Almighty if it is so."   





3. The Lady Luck asked the young man why he was looking so sad that day and if he had lost anything and if he needed any help. She told him that if he liked she could help him.
He further asked her but who she was and if she knew him and why she was taking so much interest in him.

She told him that although they had not met each other earlier yet she knew him very well and she had come there to help him. 
She advised him not be afraid and told him that once they were friends she would never leave him. 
She told him further to let her assure him that he could depend upon her. 
She suggested to him that they should be friends and live happily.
The young man exclaimed with sorrow that he had lost his friends and told her that he had been helping his friends for a long time but they had deserted him when he had asked for their help.
The young man thanked her for her kind help and prayed that their friendship might last long.



The Lady Luck said to the  the young man,"  Why are you  looking so sad today? Have you  lost anything ? Do you  need any help? 

She said to him," If you like I can  help you.".
He said to her," But who are you ? Do you know me?  Why are you taking so much interest in me?"

She said to him," Although we have not met each other earlier yet I know you very well.I  have come here to help you." 
She said to  him," Do not be afraid. Once we are friends I shall never leave you."

She said to  him,"Let me assure you that you can depend upon me."

She said to him," Let us  be friends and live happily."

The young man said," Alas! I  have lost my friends. I have been helping my friends for a long time but they deserted me when I asked for their help."

The young man said to her," Thank you for your kind help.May our friendship last long!"


4. The robber ordered the hermit to stop and forbade to move further otherwise he would kill him.
The hermit told the robber that he had already stopped and asked him when he would stop his deeds.
The  robber ordered the hermit to be quick and hand over whatever he had in his possession.
The hermit told him that for that he would have to go to his hermitage because he did not keep his belongings with him in person.
He suggested to him that they should go to his hermitage from where he might collect whatever he liked.


The robber said to the hermit,"Stop! Do not move further otherwise I shall kill you."
The hermit said to the robber,"I have already stopped. When will you stop doing your deeds? 
The robber said to the hermit," Be quick. Hand over whatever you have in your possession."
The hermit said to him,"For that you will have to go to my hermitage because I do not keep my belongings with me in person. Let us go to my hermitage from where you may collect whatever you like."











5. The king wandering in the garb of a traveller asked the old man sitting by the roadside who he was and what he was doing there and why he did not go to his home as it was already dark then.

The old man told the king that he had no home and he wandered here and there in search of food. He told him that he spent the night wherever he happened to be at that time.

The king exclaimed with surprise and asked him if he did not have his family and a house of his own.He told him that he was the king of that country. He told him to tell him if he could do anything for him.  

The old man stood up and requested the king with his folded hands to call his soldiers and instruct them to kill him immediately because he wanted to get rid of his enemy.

The king asked the old man who his enemy was and why he was so afraid of him.  
The old man respectfully told him that it was poverty and he was fed up and he wanted to get rid of it.

  



The king wandering in the garb of a traveller said to the old man sitting by the roadside,"Who are you?What are you doing here? Why don't you go to your home as it is already dark now?"

The old man said to the king,"I have no home. I wander here and there in search of food. I spend the night wherever I happen to be at that time."

The king said to the old man."What! Don't you have your family and a house of your own? I am the king of this country. Tell me if I can do any thing for you."

The old man stood up and  said to the King with  his folded hands,"Please call your soldiers  and instruct them to kill me immediately because I want to get rid of my enemy."

The king said to the old man,"Who is your enemy? Why are you so afraid of him?"
The old  man said," Sir, it is poverty. I am fed  up and I want to get rid of it."    

































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Friday, 24 January 2014

Narration-Change of Speech from Direct to Indirect form (Assorted Sentences) -----Exercise for Practice - with solution


NARRATION -----Change  of Different types of sentences from 

Direct speech into Indirect speech   



There are two different ways of expressing things. A   statement given by the speaker himself is direct form of speech whereas the same statement conveyed by another person to someone is indirect way of speech.




There are two forms of speech :-


Direct form of speech -----

Howard said to his brother, “I am going to the market.”


Indirect form of speech-----

Howard told his brother that he was going to the market.


When the actual form and words of the speaker are used, it is direct speech but when one gives the substance of speech of the speaker it is indirect speech.



Direct speech consists of two parts:-


1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech


These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“  ”). The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).  

The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. 


In Indirect Speech


- inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc. 


-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.


- The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.


- The tense of reporting speech is not changed.


-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.


- The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.                                                                      




Tips For Revision:                                                                         







                                                                     




EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE

EXERCISE NO. Seven

(Assorted Sentences)


Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.





1. She said to me," Good morning!  How are you?  Why have your visits become few and far between? What are you doing to day? It will be a matter  of  a  great pleasure for me if you join us on tea in the evening today. Will you oblige me?



I said to her," I am fine. I could not see you because I was out of station for some business purpose. Yes, I am free today and shall be very glad to have a cup of tea with you in the evening." 





She bade me good morning and asked how I was and why my visits had become few and far between  and what I was doing that day. She told me that it would be a matter of great pleasure for her if I joined them on tea  in the evening that day. She asked me if I would oblige her.



I told her that I was fine and I could not see her because I had been out of station for some business purpose. I replied to her in affirmative and told her that I was free and would be very glad to have a cup of tea with her in the evening.




2. An old man said to his elder daughter, “What should I pray to God for you and your family?”


She said to him,“Please pray to God that there are enough rains this year so that we may get good crops in our fields.”


He then went to his younger daughter and said to her, “What prayer should I say to God for you and your family?”

She said, “  Father, please pray to God that there are sunny days ahead so that we may get a good business of our earthen pots.”


The old man said to himself,“ Now I am in a great  fix. What prayer should I say to God ?”    



An old man asked his elder daughter what he should pray to God for her and her family.


She requested him to pray to God that there were enough rains that year so that they might get good crops in their fields.


He then went to his younger daughter and asked her what prayer he should  say to God for her and her family.


She requested her father to pray to God that there were sunny days ahead so that they might get a good business of their earthen pots.


The old man told himself that  he was in a great  fix  then and asked  himself what prayer he should  say to God.         



                                                             




                                                                  

3. A donkey in a stable said," Hurrah ! My good days are in the offing."



A fellow animal said to him," What is the matter? Why are you so happy today?"




The donkey said to him," My master is very kind to me."



The other animal said to him," How is that? How did you come to know this?"


The donkey said to him,"My master called his daughter an idiot today. He told her that he would marry her to a donkey."



 A donkey in a stable  exclaimed with joy and told that his good days were in the offing.


A fellow animal  asked him what the matter was and  why he was so happy that day.


The donkey told him that his master was very kind to him."


The other animal asked him how that  was and how he had come to know that.


The donkey told him that his  master had called his daughter an idiot that day and had told her that he would marry her to a donkey.



4. A brazen pitcher floating in a river said to an earthen pitcher floating nearby, “Why are you so frightened? You need not worry about anything. I am accompanying you and shall stand by you under all circumstances. Let us undertake our journey enjoying ourselves together. ”


The earthen pitcher said to it, “Friend, please keep yourself at a distance from me. I am not worried at all but your presence near me itself is frightening me. Do not come near me lest we should strike against each other and in that case I shall be no more.”





 A brazen pitcher floating in a river asked an earthen pitcher floating nearby why it was so frightened and told it that it needed not worry about anything. It told it further that it was accompanying it and shall stand by it under all circumstances. It proposed to it that they should undertake their journey enjoying theirselves together. 


The earthen pitcher called  the brazen pitcher a friend and requested it to keep itself at a distance from it. It was not worried at all but its presence near it itself was frightening it. It forbade it to come near it  lest they should strike against each other and in that case it would be no more.














5. The lion said to the hare,” Why are you so late? I  am feeling very hungry. I have been waiting for you for a long time. Could you not come early?”


The hare said,”Sir, it is not my fault. I started in time but another lion in the forest prevented me from coming here.”


The lion said.”What! is there any other lion in the forest also?”


The hare said,”Yes, sir, By Heavens! there is another lion in the forest.”


The lion said  to the hare,”Let us go and see the other lion first.” 



The lion asked the hare why he was so late and told him that he was feeling very hungry and he had been waiting for him for a long time.He further asked him if he could not come early.


The hare respectfully said that it was not his fault and he had started in time but another lion in the forest had prevented him from coming there.


The lion exclaimed with surprise and asked him if there was any other lion in the forest also.


The hare respectfully replied in affirmative.He swore by Heavens and told him that there was another lion in the forest.”


The lion suggested to the hare that they should go and see the other lion first. 











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Wednesday, 15 January 2014

NARRATION -----Change from Direct to Indirect form of speech (Assorted Sentences)-----Exercises for Practice



NARRATION -----Change  of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech   -----Assertive Sentences                             


There are two different ways of expressing things. First a  statement given by the speaker himself and the second the same statement conveyed by another person to someone. The former is direct form of speech whereas the latter is indirect form of speech.While making  changes from the former to the latter and vice versa there are certain rules to be observed.







Direct speech consists of two parts:-


1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech


These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“  ”). The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).  

The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. 


 

In Indirect Speech


- inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc. 


-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.


- The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.


- The tense of reporting speech is not changed.


-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.


- The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.





--First Person in the reported speech changes according to Subject & Second person according to object  in the reporting speech. For third person there is no change.




EXERCISES   FOR PRACTICE

EXERCISE NO. ONE


(Assertive Sentences)


Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.


1. Boys said, “It has been raining since morning. We cannot play today.”
    Boys said that it had been raining since morning and they could not play that day .”



2. She said to him, “I am leaving now and shall return after two hours.”
     She told him that she was leaving then and would return after two hours.


3. The girl said to me,” My father went to the market and brought toys for me.”
     The girl told me that her father had gone to the market and had brought toys for her.


4. Her husband said to her,  “I shall not go to the office today as I am not feeling well.
     Her husband told her that he would not go to the office that  day as he was not feeling well.


5. My father said to me, “I fear that you have caught cold again.”
    My father told me that  he feared that  I had caught cold again.


6. His brother said to me, “I am not going to attend the meeting today.”
    His brother told me that he was not going to attend the meeting that day.


7. She said to him, ”Love begets love.”
     She told him that love begets love.


8. The inspector said to the people, “We have caught the thief and he will be brought        to book soon.”
     The inspector told the people that they had caught the thief and he would be brought to
      book soon.


9. The teacher said,  “Boys, I shall give you a test in English today.”
     The teacher told the boys that he would give them a test in English that day.


10. My friend said to me, “I am going to my house now. I shall call on you tomorrow.”
      My friend told me that he was going to his house then and he would call on me the next day  




EXERCISE NO.- TWO

(Interrogative Sentences)


Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech


1.His wife said to him, “Do you know that my servant maid stole our money ?” 
   His wife asked him if he knew that her servant maid had stolen their money.


2. Her friend said to her, “Can you spare your book for me for a week?”
     Her friend asked her if she could spare her book for her for a week.


3. She said to him, “Can I do anything for you? Will you mind my extending help to
     you?”
    She asked him if she could do anything for him and if he would mind her extending help        to him.


4. His mother said to him, “Will you come home in the evening in time?”
    His mother asked him if he would come home in the evening in time.


5.His friend said to him, “Did I not warn you against this before hand?”
    His friend asked him if he had not warned him against that before hand.


6. John said to his sister, “Is it not a surprise to see your friend here today?”
     John asked his  sister if it was not a surprise to see her friend there that day.


7. The doctor said to  his patient, “Are you taking medicine prescribed to you 
    regularly?”
   The doctor asked his patient if he was taking medicine prescribed to him regularly.


8. She said to me,” Do you know how to swim?”
     She asked me if I knew how to swim.


9.The captain said to the players, “Will you put your heart and soul in playing the 
    game so that we may win the match?”
   The captain asked the players if they would put their heart and soul in playing the game so
   that they might win the match.


10. The stranger said to the lady,” Have you ever been to Delhi?”
     The stranger asked the lady if she had ever been to Delhi.





EXERCISE NO.- THREE(Interrogative Sentences)




Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech



1. The old man said to the child, “Why did you break this window pane?”
      The old man asked the child why he had broken that window pane.


2. The teacher said , “Boys, what are you doing here? Why do you not go to your 
     class rooms?”
    The teacher  asked the boys what they were doing there and why they did not go to their 
     class rooms.


3. Her brother said to her, “What present should I bring for you when I return from 
    Bombay?”
    Her brother asked her what present he should bring for her when he returned from Bombay.


4. The rich man said to the beggar, “Why do you not do any work? Do you not feel 
     ashamed in begging alms from others?”
    The rich man asked the beggar why he did not do any work and if he did not feel ashamed in 
     begging alms from others.



5. Boys said to the teacher, “When do you intend to start the class  today?”
    Boys asked  the teacher when he intended to start the class that day.


6. The traveler asked the cab man, “How long will you take to reach the destination? 
     Can't you drive the cab a little faster?”
    The traveler asked the cabman how long he would take to reach the destination and if he
     could not drive the cab a little faster.


7. The customer said to the  shopkeeper, “What is the price of this article? Can you 
     give me two of these articles?”
    The customer asked the shopkeeper what the price of that article was and if he could give
     him two of those articles.


8. The old lady  said, “Can you tell me where does this road lead to? Will you guide 
     my way to the railway station, young man?”
    The old lady asked the young man if he could tell her where that road led to and if he              would guide her way to the railway station.


9. The priest said, “Where does this young lady come from? Can you tell me this,  
     gentleman?
    The priest asked the gentleman where that young lady came from and if he could tell him      that.


10. Shylock  said “ How can you call me a cheat ? Will you not pay me my dues    
       according to the deed,Portia ?”
      Shylock asked Portia how she could call him a cheat and if she would not pay him his           dues according to the deed.







EXERCISE NO.- FOUR( Exclamatory Sentences)    



Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech


1. The woman said, “What a beautiful child this is!
     The woman exclaimed that that child was very beautiful.


2. His aunt said, “What a pleasant surprise to see you here!”
     His aunt exclaimed that it was a pleasant surprise to see him there.


3. Hamlet said, “How unlucky I am that I cannot find out any solution!”
    Hamlet exclaimed that he was very unlucky that he could not find out any solution.


4. The captain said, “Bravo ! well done,boys!”
     The captain applauded the boys saying that they had done well.


5. The leader said, “Alas! We have lost the game.”
     The leader exclaimed with sorrow that they had lost the game.


6. Boys said,” Hurrah! We have won the match!”
    Boys exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.


7. She said,” What a beautiful weather it is!”
     She exclaimed that it was a very beautiful weather.


8. Father said,”What a lazy fellow she is!”
    Father exclaimed that she was a very lazy fellow.  


9. The cobbler said,” How stupid I am!”
     The cobbler exclaimed that he was very stupid.


10. The girl said, ”What a stupid fellow I am!”
       The girl exclaimed that she was  a stupid fellow.


11. The captain said, "Good morning,Friends!" 
        The captain bade his friends good morning.


12.  The leader said,"Farewell, my countrymen!"  
        The leader bade his countrymen farewell.


13. The boy said,"If I were a king!"
      The boy wished that he had been  a king.


14. The old lady said,"May you live long, my son!"
       The old lady prayed that her son might live long.



15.  They said," May you live a long and prosperous life!"

         They prayed that you might live a long and prosperous life.








EXERCISE NO.- FIVE

(Imperative Sentences)


Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech


1. The land lord said to his servant,"Go away and leave the room at once."
     The land lord ordered his servant to go away and leave the room at once. 


2. She said to her maid servant,"Bring me a glass of water."
     She ordered her maid servant to bring her a glass of water.


3. The priest said to the boys,"Do not while away your time."
     The priest advised the boys not to while away their time. 


4.  Mother said to her son."Work hard lest you should fail."
      Mother advised her son to work hard lest he should fail.   


5. The doctor said to the patient,"Do not smoke."
     The doctor advised the patient not to smoke.


6. The clerk said to the man,"Do not disturb me.Mind your own business."
     The clerk forbade the man to disturb him and advised him to mind his own       
      business.  


7.   The officer said to the peon."Let the visitor come  in." 
       The officer told the peon to let the visitor come in.        OR
       The officer told the peon that the visitor might be allowed to come  in.


8.   The father said to his son,"Let us go out for a walk."
       The father suggested to his son that they should go out for a walk.
 

9.   The girl said to her friend," Please show me your purse. "
       The girl requested her friend to show her her purse.


10. The man said to me," Let us wait for our turn."

     The man proposed to me that we should wait for our turn. 






EXERCISE NO.- SIX

(Assorted Sentences)



Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech



1. "Why didn't you obey my orders?" said the officer to the peon."Leave my service at once and do not come here again."  



The Officer asked the peon why he had not obeyed his orders. He ordered him to leave his service at once and forbade him to come there again.



2. She said to her friend," How pleasant weather it is! I like going out for a walk very much.Let us go out for a long drive. Please take your sister too along with and we all shall enjoy ourselves there very much." 



She exclaimed that it was  a very pleasant weather and told her friend that she liked going out for a walk very much. She proposed to her friend that they should go out for a long drive.She further requested her friend to take her sister too along with and told that they all would enjoy themselves there very much.





3.The host said to the guest," Please come in and have a seat. What brings you here? What can I do for you? Will you like to have a cup of coffee? "  


The host requested the guest to come in and have a seat. He asked him what brought him there and what he could do for him. He further asked him if he would like to have a cup of coffee. 





4.The girl said to her father," Why are you in such a pensive mood today? Please let me know its reason. It will be my pleasure if I can do anything for you. Have you not gone to your office today?


The father said to her daughter," No,I am fine. I have not gone to my office  because I want to see you. Are you free today?" 




The girl asked her father why he was in such a pensive mood that day. She requested him to let her know its reason and told him that it would be her pleasure if she could do anything for him. She asked him if he had not gone to his office that day. 


The father replied in negative and told her that he was fine and he had not gone to his office because he  wanted to see her. He asked her if she was free that day.







5.The officer said to the employee,"Why are you late today? Do you not know that I do not allow  any body to come in the office late? What is the reason of your late arrival? I allow you to attend the office today as an exceptional case. Do not repeat this instance in future."   The employee said,"I am late today because my son fell ill suddenly and I had to take him to the doctor. I am sorry for this and I  assure you that I shall not repeat it in future." 





The officer asked the employee why he was late that day and if he did not know that he did not allow any body to come in the office late. He asked him what the reason of his late arrival was. He informed him that he allowed him to attend the office that day as  an exceptional case and advised him not to repeat that instance in future. The employee replied that he was late that day because his son had fallen ill suddenly and he  had to take him to the doctor and he was sorry for that and he  assured him that he would not repeat that in future.




EXERCISE NO.- SEVEN

(Assorted Sentences)




Change the Narration of the following sentences.



1. The old man said to a child  in the street," Why are you roaming here?Who accompanies you?  Have you come here to make some purchases? You look perplexed. What is the matter ? Can I do anything for you?"

The child said to the old man, " Sir, I came here to see my brother but I lost my way. Can you help me? Will you guide me in locating way to my house? 

The old man said to the child," I shall be glad to help you.  Where is your house located ? Will you like me to escort you to your house? Do not be afraid. Trust on me. Come along with me as I know where your house is. I shall lead you to your house safely. 

On reaching his house the child said, " Hurrah ! Finally I am at my house." He said  to the old man." Thank you for your kind help! May God bless you with good health and long life!"

The old man said," Good bye !Child." and went away. 


The old man asked a child in the street why he was roaming there and who accompanied him. He asked him further if he had come  there to make some purchases. He told him that he looked perplexed and asked him what the matter was and if he could do any thing for him.

The child replied to the old man respectfully that he had come there to see his brother but he had lost his way. He asked him if he could help him and if he would guide him in locating way to his house.

The old man told the child that he would be glad to help him. He asked him where his house was  located and if he would like him to escort him to his house. He advised him not to be afraid and to trust on him.He told him to come along with him as he knew where his house was and he would lead him to his house safely.

On reaching his house the child cried with joy and told that finally he was  at his house. He thanked the old man for his kind help and prayed that  God might bless him  with good health and long life.The old man bade the child good bye and went away.






2.

All the students stood up when their teacher entered the classroom and said," Good morning , sir !" The teacher said," Sit down. Have you done your home work today?  Is there any student in the class who has not done  homework?"

All the students spoke in one voice, " Thank you, sir! "

The teacher said to the students, " Do you know that your examinations will be starting next week ? You will have to work hard if you want to get through with good marks. Cheer up!Do not waste your time and start doing your revision work immediately. May God reward your hard work with a great success!

All the students stood up when their teacher entered the classroom and respectfully bade him good morning.  The teacher ordered them to to sit down.  He asked them if they had done their home work that day and if  there was any student in the class who had not done  homework.

All the students respectfully thanked him in one voice.

The teacher asked the students if they knew that their examinations would be starting next week and told the that they  would have to work hard if they wanted to get through with good marks. He cheered them up and further advised them not to  waste their time and start doing their revision work immediately. He prayed that God might reward their hard work with a great success.


3. 

The preacher said to his followers, " Have faith in God and do the right. May God shower his blessings on you ! Do you know that I can  manage the pampered and spoilt children well ? "

One of his followers stood up and said to him," There are two such boys in the village and their parents are fed up with them. Will you like to try them? "

He said to him, " Yes, ask their parents to send both of them to me separately in the morning."

Next morning the eldest boy came to the preacher. He said to the boy, " Sit down before me and reply my questions." 

The preacher said to the boy ." Do you know where the God is ? Do you know the way we can find Him? "

The boy shouted loudly and said to him , " Come after me, please, if you want to know, " and ran away from there.

On reaching his house he went straight to his brother and both of them shut the door. The eldest boy said to the other," Do you know that the old man has lost his  God and he suspects me of it ? "

The younger said to him, " Don't worry . Let us find out and if we get Him we'll never let him know about it."  








The preacher advised his followers to have faith in God and do the right. He prayed that God might shower his blessings on them. He asked them if they knew that he could  manage the pampered and spoilt children well. 

One of his followers stood up and told him that there were two such boys in the village and their parents were fed up with them. He asked him if he would you like to try them.

He replied in affirmative and told him to ask their parents to send both of them to him separately in the morning.

Next morning the eldest boy came to the preacher. He ordered the boy to sit down before him and reply his questions.

The preacher asked the boy if he knew where the God was and if he knew the way they could find Him.

The boy shouted loudly and requested him to come after him if he wanted to know and ran away from there.

On reaching his house he went straight to his brother and both of them shut the door. The eldest boy asked the other if he knew that the old man had lost his  God and he suspected him of that.

The younger told him not to worry . He proposed to him that they should  find out and if they got Him they would never let him know about that.  



                                                                    





4. 

The interviewer said to the candidate, " I offer you two options for giving your reply. You can choose either three easy questions or one very difficult question. Will you like to avail the offer ? If yes, which option do you want to use ? "


The candidate thought for a while and said," Sir, I shall use the second option and would like to reply one difficult question."

The interviewer said to the candidate, "Do you know that if you opt for a particular choice you will not be allowed to change it ? Please note that if your reply is incorrect,  you may lose the opportunity. Should I go ahead and put forth the question to you ? "

The candidate said to him, "  Yes, you can ask me one difficult question."

The interviewer said, " Which of the two day or night was first to come ?"

Promptly said the candidate, " It was day, Sir. "

The interviewer said to the candidate," How do you know that ? "

The candidate said to him," Sir, you said that there would be one question only. So  I am not supposed to answer your second question. " 






The interviewer offered the candidate two options for giving his reply and told him that he  could choose either three easy questions or one very difficult question. He asked him if he would like to avail the offer and If yes  which option he wanted to use.


The candidate thought for a while and respectfully told that he would use the second option and would like to reply one difficult question.


The interviewer asked the candidate if he  knew that if he opted for a particular choice he would not be allowed to change it. He requested him to note that if his reply was incorrect, he might lose the opportunity. He  asked him if he should  go ahead and put forth the question to him.

The candidate replied in affirmative and told him that he could ask him one difficult question.


The interviewer asked him which of the two day or night had been first to come.

The candidate  told promptly and respectfully that  it had been day.

The interviewer asked the candidate how he knew that.

The candidate respectfully told him that he had  said that there would be one question only. So  he was not supposed to answer his second question.  




5. 


The hermit  said to his disciple, " What is the purpose of life of a person in this world?  Is it that a person is born in a family in a city and in a particular country and he is to spend his or her life as per orders of those people living there?"

The disciple said, " My Lord! I am ignorant. I have no knowledge about these facts of life. Kindly guide me and help me to emancipate from problems of the world."

 The hermit said to the disciple," For this you will have to meditate hard and lead a pious life. Only then you can achieve the right path of your emancipation."

The disciple nodded his head in affirmative and said," For this I seek your blessings and guidance.Please favour me with the same and oblige."




The hermit  asked his disciple what the purpose of life of a person in this world was and if it was that a person was born in a family in a city and in a particular country and he was to spend his or her life as per orders of those people living there.


The disciple  addressed the hermit as his lord and told that he  was ignorant and he had no knowledge about those facts of life.He further requested him to  guide him and help him to emancipate from problems of the world.


 The hermit told  the disciple that  for that he would have to meditate hard and lead a pious life and only then he  could achieve the right path of his emancipation.


The disciple nodded his head in affirmative and told that for that he  sought his blessings and guidance. He further requested him to  favour him with the same and oblige.



                                                                            






Just to Review :

If the reporting speech is in past tense changes will be made in the reported speech as follows :








 


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