Saturday, 11 January 2014

NARRATION -----Change of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech - EXAMPLES - Exercises with Solutions

NARRATION 

Change  of Direct speech into Indirect Speech 

Sentences in the Form of Dialogues



  
Two different ways are used for expressing things. If  the speaker himself speaks it is  Direct form of Speech whereas if another person conveys the same statement to someone else it is Indirect form of Speech.

Two forms of speech are :-

John said to his brother, “I am going to the market.”
John told his brother that he was going to the market.

The actual form and words used by the speaker  is Direct Form of Speech  but the substance of speech of the speaker said by someone else  is Indirect Form of Speech.


Direct speech consists of two parts:-

1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech


These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“ ”). 


The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom).



That enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).

 The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter.



In Indirect Speech


inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc.

 the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.

The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.

The tense of reporting speech is not changed.


The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.


The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.


Mostly Direct Form of speech is in the form of sentences but sometimes it is also in the form of a dialogue as follows :

Teacher : Why are you standing here, Boys?

Students in one voice : We are waiting for the bus, Sir.


These dialogues are also changed into Indirect form of Speech in the same way as sentences are changed.

 It is presumed (according to the sense of the sentence) that it is said in the Past Tense. 








Here follow some examples :


ONE

Man looking towards the policeman - What violence have I done? What fault am I guilty of?

The policeman - Why should I speak? You yourself have given enough proof of your violent temper. 

Man- Why are you accusing me like this? I have not committed any crime.

The policeman - Every culprit says like this. You will have to go to the police station to give the statement of your innocence.  

Man - Please pardon me and do not take me to the police station. Believe upon me. I have done nothing wrong.




SOLUTION


Man looking towards the policeman asked him what violence he had  done and what fault he was guilty of.



The policeman asked why he should speak and told him that he himself had given enough proof of his violent temper. 



Man asked the policeman why he was accusing him like that and told him that he had not committed any crime.



The policeman told him that every culprit said like that and told him further that he would have to go to the police station to give the statement of his innocence.  



Man requested the policeman to  pardon him and  not to take him to the police station. He further requested him to believe upon him and told him that he had done nothing wrong.





TWO


Milkmaid knocking at the door : Please open the door. I am getting late today.

Woman from within the house : Why are you crying? I am opening the door.

Milkmaid : I have brought milk for you. Please make haste a little.Take milk and let me go.

Woman opening the door : Why are you in a hurry today? You cry like this never before. What has happened to you today?

Milkmaid : Madam, I am in a little hurry today. I want to finish my work as early as possible so that I may reach home.

Woman: It appears you are worried a little today.

Milkmaid : Yes, I expect some guests at my house today. I want to reach my home before they arrive. Please help and let me go now.

She gave milk to the woman and went away saying," Good Bye, Madam!"  



SOLUTION



Milkmaid knocking at the door  requested the woman to open the door and told that she was  getting late that day.



Woman from within the house asked her why she was crying and told her that she was opening the door.



Milkmaid told her that she had brought milk for her and further requested her to make haste a little. She told her to take milk and let her go.



Woman opening the door asked her why she was  in a hurry that day. She told her that she cried like that never before. She asked her what had happened to her that day.



Milkmaid respectfully told her that she was in a little hurry that day and she wanted to finish her work as early as possible so that she might reach home.



Woman told her that it appeared she was worried a little that day.



Milkmaid replied in affirmative and told her that she expected some guests at her house that day and she wanted to reach her home before they arrived. She requested her to help and let her go then.



She gave milk to the woman and went away bidding her good bye respectfully.









THREE



Husband: I am leaving for my office. I shall return late in the evening.

Wife : Have you taken your breakfast. I have already prepared it for you.

Husband : Yes, I have taken my breakfast. Please do not wait for me at the dinner. I shall be late at night. Take your dinner at time.

Wife : No, I shall wait for you however late you are. We both will have dinner together. I do not mind if it is late.

Husband : O.K. I shall try if I can be back early.





SOLUTION



Husband told his wife that he was leaving for his office and  would return late in the evening.

Wife asked him if he had taken his breakfast. She told him that she had already prepared that for him.

Husband replied in affirmative and told her that he had taken his breakfast. He requested her not to wait for him at the dinner. He told her that he would  be late at night. He advised her to take her dinner at time.

Wife replied in negative and told him that she would wait for him however late he was. She told him further that they both would have dinner together and she did not mind if it was late.

Husband told her that it was O.K. and he would try if he could be back early.









EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE



Read the following conversation and on the basis of it complete the passage given below.




ONE

Father : Why are you so tense?

Son : I have an examination tomorrow.

Father : Are you not prepared for it?

Son: I am fully prepared but I am a little nervous.

Father: God helps those who helps themselves.



Father asked his son (a).............    

The son replied that (b)..............

His father enquired (c) .............

The son told him that (d)...........

Father advised his son that (e)..............








TWO



Captain : Where were you, yesterday?

Player: I was at my home.

Captain: Why did you not come for practice yesterday?

Player: I had some important guests at my house.





 Captain asked the player(a) ...................

 The player told the captain that (b).................

The captain asked the player (c)...........

 The player told the captain that (d)….............









THREE


Doctor : Did you take medicine in the morning?

Patient : Yes, I took medicine  today in the morning.

Doctor : How are you feeling now?

Patient : I am feeling a little better now. Should I continue taking medicine, sir? For how many days more shall I have to this medicine?

Doctor : O K Very good. Take this medicine for two days more.



Doctor asked the patient.................................

Patient  replied in affirmative and......................

Doctor asked him.....................

Patient informed the doctor.................

Doctor told him that...........................








FOUR


Read the following conversation. Complete it in reported speech by choosing the options given below it.

Horatio : Will you join the soldiers who  guard the walls at night?

Hamlet : Yes, I will. We will meet tonight where the ghost appeared yesterday.

Horatio : Yesterday it was very cold at night when the ghost appeared.

Hamlet : Did you hear the voices of laughing and singing in the castle then? 






(a) Horatio asked Hamlet if ....................

1. he will join the soldiers who guard the walls at night.
2. he will join the soldiers who guarded the walls at night. 
3. he would join the soldiers who guard the walls at night.
4. he would join the soldiers who guarded the walls at night.



(b) Hamlet replied in affirmative that he would. He told Horatio that.....................

1. we would meet tonight where the ghost appeared yesterday.
2. they would meet that night where the ghost appeared  the previous day.
3. they would meet that night where the ghost had appeared the previous day.
4.we would meet that night where the ghost had appeared the previous day.


(c) Horatio told Hamlet that the previous day................

1. it was very cold at night when the ghost appeared.
2.it had been very cold at night when the ghost appeared.
3.it was very cold at night when the ghost had appeared.
4.it had been very cold at night when the ghost had appeared.


(d) Hamlet asked Horatio if ..............

1. you heard the voices of laughing and singing in the castle then. 
2. he heard the voices of laughing and singing in the castle then. 
3 he had heard the voices of laughing and singing in the castle then.
4. you had heard the voices of laughing and singing in the castle then. 






FIVE



 Read the following conversation. Complete its reported speech by choosing the options given below it.

An expecting lady : How do you feel on becoming father of a child? What do you expect, a baby boy or a baby girl?

Her Husband: What a pleasure for me that I'll be father of a child! If it is a baby boy I shall teach him all the subjects myself.

Lady : What will you do if it is a baby girl? Will you not teach her?

Husband : No I shall not. She will not need to be taught anything. She will learn everything herself. She'll be very intelligent. When she grows up she will teach me how to live and how to dress up myself. 

Lady : Do you think that girls are more intelligent than boys?




An expecting lady asked her husband ..........

a) how  you felt on becoming father of a child and  what  you expected, a baby boy or a baby girl.

b) how  he felt on becoming father of a child and  what  he expected, a baby boy or a baby girl. 

c)how  you felt on becoming father of a child and  what  he expected, a baby boy or a baby girl.


Her Husband exclaimed ..............

a)  with happiness that it was a great pleasure for him that he would be father of a child. He told her that  if it was a baby boy he would teach him all the subjects himself.

b)  with happiness that it is a great pleasure for me that he would be father of a child. He told her that  if it is a baby boy he would teach him all the subjects himself.

c)  with happiness that it was a great pleasure for me that I would be father of a child. He told her that  if it is a baby boy he will teach him all the subjects himself.



The lady asked him..........

a) what he would do it was a baby girl and he would not teach her.

b) what he would do if it was a baby girl and if he would not teach her.

c) what you would do if it was a baby girl and he would not teach her.




Her husband replied in negative and told her that he would not. He further told her that.............

a) she would not need to be taught anything and she would learn everything herself and she would  be very intelligent. He also told her that when she grew up she would teach him how to live and how to dress up himself. 


b) she will not need to be taught anything and she will learn everything herself and she will  be very intelligent. He also told her that when she grew up she will teach him how to live and how to dress up himself. 

c) she would not need to be taught anything and she will learn everything herself and she will  be very intelligent. He also told her that when she grows up she will teach him how to live and how to dress up himself. 



The lady asked him if ...........

a) you thought that girls are more intelligent than boys.

b) you thought that girls were more intelligent than boys.

c) he thought that girls were more intelligent than boys.





Friday, 10 January 2014

NARRATION -----Change of Different types of sentences from Indirect speech into Direct speech



NARRATION -----Change  of Different types of sentences from 

Direct speech into Indirect speech And Vice Versa.

   




There are two different ways of expressing things. A statement given by the speaker himself is direct form of speech whereas the same statement conveyed by another person to someone is indirect way of speech.

There are two forms of speech :-

Howard said to his brother, “I am going to the market.”
Howard told his brother that he was going to the market.

When the actual form and words of the speaker are used, it is direct speech but when one gives the substance of speech of the speaker it is indirect speech.


Direct speech consists of two parts:-

1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech


These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“ ”). 


The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).


 The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter.



In Indirect Speech


inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc.

 the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.

The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.

The tense of reporting speech is not changed.


The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.


The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.






EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE




(Change from Indirect to Direct form)




ONE



The gentleman asked the child in a loud voice who he was and why he was roaming in his garden at that time. 

The child respectfully replied in a very low voice that he had come there to see the garden. He loved flowers and wanted to see the blooming flowers.


 The gentleman asked the child if he was not aware of that he did not allow any body to enter the garden. He ordered him to leave the garden at once and forbade him to come there again.

The child requested the gentleman to allow him to stay there for some time because a few flowers had started blooming in a corner in the garden.

The gentleman exclaimed with surprise and asked if it was true that flowers had started blooming in his garden in the season of winter also. He told the child to let him see himself.


SOLUTION

The gentleman said to the child in a loud voice,"Who are you ? Why are you roaming in his garden at this time?"


The child said in a very low voice," Sir, I have come here to see the garden. I love flowers. I want to see the blooming flowers."

 The gentleman said to the child," Are you not aware of that I do not allow any body to enter the garden? He said to him,"Leave the garden at once.Do not come here again."

The child said to the gentleman, "Please allow me to stay here for some time because a few flowers have started blooming in a corner in the garden."

 The gentleman said, "What! Is it true that flowers have started blooming in my garden in the season of winter also? Let me see myself,child."





TWO



 The beggar exclaimed saying that the rich man was very noble and told him that he had not taken any food that day and he was feeling very hungry. He requested him to have pity on him and give some food to him. He prayed to God to grant him a lot of wealth.

The rich man asked him why he begged alms and why he did not do any work. He told him that if he was interested he could arrange a good job for him.

The beggar exclaimed with joy and told him that he would be very thankful to the Almighty if it was so. 



SOLUTION

The beggar said to the rich man,"How noble you are ! I have not taken any food today. I am feeling very hungry. Please have pity on me. Give me some food. May God grant you a lot of wealth !"


The rich man said to him,"Why do you beg alms? Why do you not do any work? If you are interested I can arrange a good job for you."

The beggar said,"Hurrah! I shall be very thankful to the Almighty if it is so."




THREE


The Lady Luck asked the young man why he was looking so sad that day and if he had lost anything and if he needed any help. She told him that if he liked she could help him.


He asked her but who she was and if she knew him and why she was taking so much interest in him.

She told him that although they had not met each other earlier yet she knew him very well and she had come there to help him. 


She advised him not be afraid and told him that once they were friends she would never leave him. 

She told him further to let her assure him that he could depend upon her. She suggested to him that they should be friends and live happily.

The young man exclaimed with sorrow that he had lost his friends and told her that he had been helping his friends for a long time but they had deserted him when he had asked for their help.

The young man thanked her for her kind help and prayed that their friendship might last long.



SOLUTION

The Lady Luck said to the the young man," Why are you looking so sad today? Have you lost anything ? Do you need any help? 


She said to him," If you like I can help you.".


He said to her," But who are you ? Do you know me? Why are you taking so much interest in me?"

She said to him," Although we have not met each other earlier yet I know you very well.I have come here to help you."


 She said to him," Do not be afraid. Once we are friends I shall never leave you."

She said to him,"Let me assure you that you can depend upon me.". She said to him," Let us be friends and live happily."


The young man said," Alas! I have lost my friends. I have been helping my friends for a long time but they deserted me when I asked for their help."


The young man said to her," Thank you for your kind help.May our friendship last long!"





FOUR


 The robber ordered the hermit to stop and forbade to move further otherwise he would kill him.

The hermit told the robber that he had already stopped and asked him when he would stop his deeds.

The robber ordered the hermit to be quick and hand over whatever he had in his possession.

The hermit told him that for that he would have to go to his hermitage because he did not keep his belongings with him in person.

He suggested to him that they should go to his hermitage from where he might collect whatever he liked.





SOLUTION



The robber said to the hermit,"Stop! Do not move further otherwise I shall kill you."


The hermit said to the robber,"I have already stopped. When will you stop doing your deeds?" 

The robber said to the hermit," Be quick. Hand over whatever you have in your possession."

The hermit said to him,"For that you will have to go to my hermitage because I do not keep my belongings with me in person. Let us go to my hermitage from where you may collect whatever you like."





FIVE

 The king wandering in the garb of a traveller asked the old man sitting by the roadside who he was and what he was doing there and why he did not go to his home as it was already dark then.


The old man told him that he had no home and he wandered here and there in search of food. He told him that he spent the night wherever he happened to be at that time.



The king exclaimed with surprise and asked him if he did not have his family and a house of his own.

He told him that he was the king of that country. He told him to tell him if he could do anything for him. 


The old man stood up and requested the king with his folded hands to call his soldiers and instruct them to kill him immediately because he wanted to get rid of his enemy.

The king asked the old man who his enemy was and why he was so afraid of him. 

 The old man respectfully told him that it was poverty and he was fed up and he wanted to get rid of it.



SOLUTION

The King wandering in the garb of a traveller said to the old man sitting by the roadside,"Who are you?What are you doing here? Why don't you go to your home as it is already dark now?"

The old man said to him,"I have no home. I wander here and there in search of food. I spend the night wherever I happen to be at that time."

The king said to the old man."What! Don't you have your family and a house of your own? I am the king of this country. Tell me if I can do any thing for you."

The old man stood up and said to the King with his folded hands,"Please call your soldiers and instruct them to kill me immediately because I want to get rid of my enemy."

The king said to the old man,"Who is your enemy? Why are you so afraid of him?"The old man said," Sir, it is poverty. I am fed up and I want to get rid of it." 








































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Wednesday, 8 January 2014

Narration-Change of Speech from Direct to Indirect form (Assorted Sentences) -----Exercise for Practice - with solution


NARRATION -----Change  of Different types of sentences from 

Direct speech into Indirect speech   



There are two different ways of expressing things. A   statement given by the speaker himself is direct form of speech whereas the same statement conveyed by another person to someone is indirect way of speech.




There are two forms of speech :-


Direct form of speech -----

Howard said to his brother, “I am going to the market.”


Indirect form of speech-----

Howard told his brother that he was going to the market.


When the actual form and words of the speaker are used, it is direct speech but when one gives the substance of speech of the speaker it is indirect speech.



Direct speech consists of two parts:-


1. Reporting speech 2. Reported speech


These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“  ”). The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).  

The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. 


In Indirect Speech


- inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc. 


-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.


- The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.


- The tense of reporting speech is not changed.


-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.


- The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.                                                                      




Tips For Revision:                                                                         







                                                                     




EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE

EXERCISE NO. Seven

(Assorted Sentences)


Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.





1. She said to me," Good morning!  How are you?  Why have your visits become few and far between? What are you doing to day? It will be a matter  of  a  great pleasure for me if you join us on tea in the evening today. Will you oblige me?



I said to her," I am fine. I could not see you because I was out of station for some business purpose. Yes, I am free today and shall be very glad to have a cup of tea with you in the evening." 





She bade me good morning and asked how I was and why my visits had become few and far between  and what I was doing that day. She told me that it would be a matter of great pleasure for her if I joined them on tea  in the evening that day. She asked me if I would oblige her.



I told her that I was fine and I could not see her because I had been out of station for some business purpose. I replied to her in affirmative and told her that I was free and would be very glad to have a cup of tea with her in the evening.




2. An old man said to his elder daughter, “What should I pray to God for you and your family?”


She said to him,“Please pray to God that there are enough rains this year so that we may get good crops in our fields.”


He then went to his younger daughter and said to her, “What prayer should I say to God for you and your family?”

She said, “  Father, please pray to God that there are sunny days ahead so that we may get a good business of our earthen pots.”


The old man said to himself,“ Now I am in a great  fix. What prayer should I say to God ?”    



An old man asked his elder daughter what he should pray to God for her and her family.


She requested him to pray to God that there were enough rains that year so that they might get good crops in their fields.


He then went to his younger daughter and asked her what prayer he should  say to God for her and her family.


She requested her father to pray to God that there were sunny days ahead so that they might get a good business of their earthen pots.


The old man told himself that  he was in a great  fix  then and asked  himself what prayer he should  say to God.         



                                                             




                                                                  

3. A donkey in a stable said," Hurrah ! My good days are in the offing."



A fellow animal said to him," What is the matter? Why are you so happy today?"




The donkey said to him," My master is very kind to me."



The other animal said to him," How is that? How did you come to know this?"


The donkey said to him,"My master called his daughter an idiot today. He told her that he would marry her to a donkey."



 A donkey in a stable  exclaimed with joy and told that his good days were in the offing.


A fellow animal  asked him what the matter was and  why he was so happy that day.


The donkey told him that his master was very kind to him."


The other animal asked him how that  was and how he had come to know that.


The donkey told him that his  master had called his daughter an idiot that day and had told her that he would marry her to a donkey.



4. A brazen pitcher floating in a river said to an earthen pitcher floating nearby, “Why are you so frightened? You need not worry about anything. I am accompanying you and shall stand by you under all circumstances. Let us undertake our journey enjoying ourselves together. ”


The earthen pitcher said to it, “Friend, please keep yourself at a distance from me. I am not worried at all but your presence near me itself is frightening me. Do not come near me lest we should strike against each other and in that case I shall be no more.”





 A brazen pitcher floating in a river asked an earthen pitcher floating nearby why it was so frightened and told it that it needed not worry about anything. It told it further that it was accompanying it and shall stand by it under all circumstances. It proposed to it that they should undertake their journey enjoying themselves together. 


The earthen pitcher called  the brazen pitcher a friend and requested it to keep itself at a distance from it. It was not worried at all but its presence near it itself was frightening it. It forbade it to come near it  lest they should strike against each other and in that case it would be no more.














5. The lion said to the hare,” Why are you so late? I  am feeling very hungry. I have been waiting for you for a long time. Could you not come early?”


The hare said,”Sir, it is not my fault. I started in time but another lion in the forest prevented me from coming here.”


The lion said.”What! is there any other lion in the forest also?”


The hare said,”Yes, sir, By Heavens! there is another lion in the forest.”


The lion said  to the hare,”Let us go and see the other lion first.” 



The lion asked the hare why he was so late and told him that he was feeling very hungry and he had been waiting for him for a long time.He further asked him if he could not come early.


The hare respectfully said that it was not his fault and he had started in time but another lion in the forest had prevented him from coming there.


The lion exclaimed with surprise and asked him if there was any other lion in the forest also.


The hare respectfully replied in affirmative.He swore by Heavens and told him that there was another lion in the forest.”


The lion suggested to the hare that they should go and see the other lion first. 











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