Tuesday, 3 December 2013

USE OF ONE SENTENCE IN ALL FORMS OF TENSES ---- EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE

USE OF ONE SENTENCE IN DIFFERENT FORMS OF TENSES



PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'ता  है , ते हैं  और  ती है ' आता  है जैसे कि

First Person & Second Person Singular & Plural & Third Person Plural  --First form of verb is used.
Third Person  Singular -- First form of verb + s or es is used. 



      वह  फूल तोडती  है।                 She plucks flowers.      वह फूल नहीं तोड़ती है।            She does not pluck flowers.      क्या वह फूल तोड़ती है।            Does she pluck flowers ?      क्या वह फूल नहीं तोड़ती है।      Does she not pluck flowers ?



PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   है , रहे  हैं  और  रही  है ' आता  है जैसे कि

First Person Singular ---  Am + First form of verb + ing.
Third Person Singular -----Is+ First form of verb + ing.
First Person & Third Person Plural   & Second Person Singular & Plural--

Are + First form of verb + ing.

       

          वह फूल तोड़ रही  है।                          She is plucking flowers.        वह  फूल नहीं तोड़ रही  है।            She is not plucking flowers.        क्या वह फूल तोड़ रही है ?            Is she plucking flowers?        क्या वह फूल नहीं तोड़ रही  है?      Is she not plucking flowers?



PRESENT PERFECT TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' ( ामात्रा )    है ,   (ेमात्रा  ) हैं  और  (ीमात्रा) है ' आता  है  या   चुका  है   चुकी  है और  चुके  हैं   आता है  जैसे कि

First Person & Second Person Singular and Plural, Third Person Plural ----

Have + Third form of verb is used.

Third Person Singular ---- Has + Third form of verb is used



                          वह  फूल तोड़ चुकी है।                     She has plucked flowers.                     वह फूल नहीं    तोड़ चुकी है।             She has not plucked flowers.                      क्या वह फूल तोड़ चुकी है ?              Has she plucked flowers?        

                 क्या वह फूल  नहीं  तोड़ चुकी है ?      Has she not plucked flowers?



PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   है , रहे  हैं  और  रही  है ' आता  है  और  साथ में समय  दिया  होता है  जैसे कि  दो  घन्टों से या  सुबह से  इत्यादि।
First Person & Second Person Singular & Plural & Third Person Plural    --
Have +been + First form of verb + ing + (For time) Since or For is used.

Third Person Singular -----Has+been+ First form of verb + ing (For time) Since or For  is used.


        वह दो घन्टों   से  फूल तोड़ रही  है।         

                                               She has been plucking flowers for two hours.        वह  दो घंटो से फूल  नहीं तोड़ रही  है।        

                                        She has not been plucking flowers for two hours.        क्या  ह  दो घंटो से फूल तोड़ रही  है ? 

                                             Has she been plucking flowers for two hours?

        क्या  ह  दो घंटो से फूल नहीं  तोड़ रही  है ? 

                                      Has she not been plucking flowers for  two hours?





PAST INDEFINITE TENSE




इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' ( ामात्रा ) ,   (ेमात्रा  )  और  (ीमात्रा)  ' आता  है  जैसे कि


Second form of verb is used.




            उसने     फूल तोड़े।                      She plucked flowers.      

      उसने     फूल   नहीं   तोड़े।                      She did not pluck flowers.   

         क्या      उसने  फूल तोड़े  ?                     Did she pluck flowers ?   

         क्या     उसने  फूल नहीं  तोड़े ?                Did she not pluck flowers ?





PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE




इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   था  , रहे  थे   और  रही  थी ' आता  है जैसे कि

First Person Singular & Third Person Singular --Was+ First form of verb + ing.
First Person & Third Person Plural   & Second Person Singular & Plural--

Were + First form of verb + ing.


                    वह      फूल तोड़  रही थी।               She was plucking flowers.                    वह  फूल नहीं तोड़  रही थी।             She was not plucking flowers.                    क्या  वह  फूल तोड़  रही थी?           Was she plucking flowers?                    क्या वह  फूल नहीं तोड़  रही थी?      Was she not plucking flowers?



PAST PERFECT TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' ( ामात्रा )   था  ,   (ेमात्रा  ) थे  और  (ीमात्रा) थी  ' आता  है  या   चुका  था    चुकी  थी  और  चुके  थे '   आता है  जैसे कि
  
Had + Third form of verb is used.


     वह फूल तोड़ चुकी थी।                        She had plucked flowers. 

    वह फूल नहीं तोड़ चुकी थी।                  She had not plucked flowers.

     क्या  वह फूल तोड़ चुकी थी ?               Had she plucked flowers?   

  क्या वह फूल नही तोड़ चुकी थी ?          Had she not plucked flowers?



PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा  था  , रहे  थे   और  रही  थी  ' आता  है  और  साथ में समय  दिया  होता है  जैसे कि  दो  घन्टों से या  सुबह से  इत्यादि।


Had + been + First form of verb + ing (For time) since or For is used. 


वह  दो घंटों से   फूल तोड़ रही थी।  

                                               She had been plucking flowers for two hours.वह दो घंटो से फूल नहीं तोड़ रही थी।        

                                         She had not been plucking flowers for two hours.

क्या वह दो घंटो से फूल तोड़ रही थी।?      

                                             Had she been plucking flowers for two hours?

क्या वह दो घंटों से फूल नहीं तोड़ रही थी ?      

                                       Had she not been plucking flowers for  two hours?



FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  गा , गी  या  गे  ' आता  है। 
First Person Singular & Plural --Shall + First form of verb is used.

Second & Third Person Singular & Plural ---Will + First form of verb is used.



वह फूल तोड़ेगी।                       She will pluck flowers.

वह फूल नहीं तोड़ेगी।                She will not pluck flowers.

क्या वह फूल तोड़ेगी ?              Will she pluck flowers ?

क्या वह फूल नहीं तोड़ेगी ?        Will she not pluck flowers ?





FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   होगा  , रहे  होगें   और  रही  होगी ' आता  है
First Person Singular & Plural  --- Shall + be+ First form of verb + ing is used.
Second Person  & Third Person Singular & Plural --Will +be + First form of verb + ing is used.



वह फूल तोड़ रही होगी।                         She will be plucking flowers.

वह फूल नहीं तोड़ रही होगी।                   She will not be plucking flowers.

क्या वह फूल तोड़ रही होगी ?                 Will she be plucking flowers?

क्या वह फूल  नहीं तोड़ रही होगी ?          Will she not be plucking flowers?



FUTURE PERFECT TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' ( ामात्रा )   होगा   ,   (ेमात्रा  ) होगें   और  (ीमात्रा) होगी   ' आता  है  या   चुका  होगा     चुकी  होगी   और  चुके  होगे  '   आता है  जैसे कि


First Person Singular & Plural  --- Shall +Have+ Third form of verb  is used.
Second Person  & Third Person Singular & Plural --Will +Have +Third form of verb is used.


वह फूल तोड़ चुकी होगी।                         She will have plucked flowers.

वह फूल नहीं तोड़ चुकी होगी।                  She will not have plucked flowers.

क्या वह फूल तोड़ चुकी होगी ?                Will she have plucked flowers?

क्या वह फूल नहीं  चुकी होगी ?               Will she not have plucked flowers?



FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   होगा   , रहे  होगे    और  रही  होगें  ' आता  है और  साथ में समय  दिया  होता है  जैसे कि  दो  घन्टों से या  सुबह से  इत्यादि। जैसे कि

First Person Singular & Plural  --- Shall + Have +been+ First form of verb + ing+ (For time)  Since or For  is used.

Second Person  & Third Person Singular & Plural --Will + Have + been + First form of verb + ing +(For Time ) Since or For is used.


वह दो घंटों से फूल तोड़ रही होगी।     

                                    She will have  been plucking flowers for two hours.वह दो घंटो से फूल नहीं तोड़ रही होगी।                           

                                She will have not been plucking flowers for two hours.क्या वह दो घंटों से फूल तोड़ रही होगी ?    

                                     Will she have been plucking flowers for two hours?क्या वह दो घंटो से फूल नहीं तोड़ रही होगी ?

                              Will she have not been plucking flowers for  two hours?




















Read the following sentences with Sr. nos. (a) to (d) and fill in the blanks in the sentences with Sr. nos. (e) to (h) accordingly as per Tenses mentioned thereagainst.



EXERCISE  NO. 1.

Boys play a football match.   

PRESENT INDEFINITE  TENSE

A.


(a). Boys play a football match.(b). Boys do not play a football match.(c). Do boys play a football match?(d). Do boys not play a football match?


PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


(e). Boys……………………..a football match.(f).  Boys……………………..a football match.(g). ………boys……………………..a football match?(h). ……….boys……………………..a football match?



B.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



(a). Boys  have been playing a football match for two hours.(b). Boys have not been playing a football match for two hours.(c). Have boys been playing a football match for two hours ?(d). Have boys not been playing a football match for two hours?



PRESENT PERFECT  TENSE



(e). Boys…………………. a football match.(f).  Boys………………….. a football match.(g). ……….boys………….a football match?(h). …………boys not…….. a football match?



C.


PRESENT INDEFINITE  TENSE


(a). Girls sing a song.
(b). Girls do not sing song.
(c). Do girls sing a song?
(d). Do girls not sing a song?

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

(e). Girls………………a song.(f).  Girls……………..a song.(g).  ……girls…………a song?(h). …….girls not …………a song?



 D.

FUTURE INDEINITE TENSE


(a).We will travel to Bombay by air.(b). We will not travel to Bombay by air.(c). Will we travel to Bombay by air?(d). Will we not travel to Bombay by air ?




PAST PERFECT TENSE



(e). We……………………….by air.(f).  We……………………….by air.(g). …….we…………………by air?
(h). ……..we not …………by air?




E.

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE


(a). Your teacher will have taught a  new lesson.(b). Your teacher will not have taught a new lesson.(c). Will your teacher have taught you a new lesson?

(d). Will your teacher not have taught a new lesson?



PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


(e). Your teacher…………………………….a new lesson………..

(f). Your teacher……not……………………….a new lesson………..

(g). ……. your teacher…………………………….a new lesson………..?

(h). ……..your teacher not……………………a new lesson……..?



F.

PAST PERFECT TENSE


(a). Your teacher had taught you a new lesson.(b). Your teacher had not taught you a new lesson.(C). Had your teacher taught you a new lesson?(d). Had your teacher not taught you a new lesson?



PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


(e). Your teacher…………………..a new lesson.(f). Your teacher……not……………..a new lesson.(g). ……..your teacher…………………..a new lesson?(h). ……..your teacher not …………………..a new lesson?













Answers: A. (e). are playing  (f).are not playing (g).Are...playing (h).Are...not playing  B (e) have played (f) have not played (g)  Have...played (h) Have...played   C (e) have sung  (f) have not sung(g) have....sung(h)have...sung    D.(e) had travelled      (f) had not travelled (g)Had....travelled (h)Had....travelled. E. (e)has been teaching…..for two hours (f) has not been teaching…..for two hours g) Has……been teaching…..for two hours (h) Has…….not  been teaching…..for two hours   F. (e)is teaching(f)is teaching (g)Is….teaching(h)Is ……teaching













In examination there are different types of exercises relating to usage of tenses. A few examples are hereunder for practice.


Change the tense of the following  sentences as directed :

 

Exercise No. CT-1 


1. He has been living in this house for the last two months.

                                              (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)

2. Do birds fly in the sky?

                                                (Past Continuous Tense)

3. I go out for a walk in the morning.

                                               (Future Continuous Tense)

4. Boys make a noise in the class.

                                                 (Past Perfect Tense)

5. Did you  not agree with his brother ?

                                                 (Future Indefinite Tense)

6. I shall travel to Agra by train.

                                                (Past Continuous Tense)

7.Cattle are grazing in the fields.

                                                  (Future Perfect Continuous Tense)

8. It will  not have any effect on the coming events.

                                                 (Present Indefinite Tense)

9. I did not go to my office.

                                                  (Future Indefinite Tense)

10. Boys are laughing at the beggar.

                                                  (Past Indefinite Tense)






Change the tense of the following  sentences as directed :

Exercise No. CT-2


1. Does he not go to his office by car?

                                                      (Future Indefinite Tense)

2. Will you lend me your book for one day?

                                                      (Past Perfect Tense)

3. This calculator did not cost me much.

                                                  (Present Perfect Tense)

4. Do you like his childish habits?              

                                                                         (Past Indefinite Tense)



5. Has he not taken away his luggage along with him?

                                                                       (Future Continuous Tense}

6. The child is crying bitterly.    

                                                                       (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)

7. He stood first in the examination. 

                                                                       (Future Indefinite Tense)

8. He is suffering from fever. 

                                                    (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)

9. He has not gone out for a  walk in the morning.

                                                                 (Past Indefinite Tense)

10. He will leave for Bombay in the evening.


                                                                   (Past Indefinite Tense)



 ANSWERS: CT I - 1. He had been living in this house for the last two months.2. Were birds flying in the sky? 3. I shall be going out for a walk in the morning.4. Boys had made a noise in the class.  5. Will you not agree with his brother?6. I was travelling to Agra by train. 7. Cattle will be grazing in the field for two hours.8.It does not have any effect on the coming events. 9. I shall not go to my office.10.Boys laughed at the beggar.CT-2. 1. Will he not go to his office by car? 2. Had you lent me your book for one day?3. This calculator has not cost me much. 4. Did you like his childish habits?5. Will he not be taking his  luggage along with him? 6. The child had been crying bitterly for two hours.7. He will stand first in the examination. 8.He had been suffering from fever for two days. 9.He did not go out for a walk in the morning. 10.He left for Bombay in the evening.





Change the tense of the following  sentences as directed :

Exercise No. CT3


1. He had already taken his meals. 

                                                                   (Future Perfect Tense)

2. The fishermen were fishing in the sea.

                                                                   (Past Perfect Tense)

3. The company shall have dispatched the parcel by Monday. 

                                                                 
                                                                   (Present Indefinite Tense)

4. The girls will have been singing songs  for half an hour.

                                                               
                                                                  (Present Perfect Tense)

5.The countrymen had been fighting for freedom for years.


                                                                 (Past Perfect Tense)

6. We did not take tea in the morning. 


                                                             (Future Indefinite Tense)

7. His brothers have set up a new sugar factory.


                                                            (Past Continuous Tense)

8. The authorities are not taking any action to avert any untoward situation. 


                                                            ( Future Perfect Tense)

9. He did not pay any attention to his  brother’s advice. 


                                                            (Future Continuous Tense)

10. Birds were making their nests in the tree. 


                                                            ( Present Perfect Tense)




Change the tense of the following  sentences as directed :


Exercise No. CT4

1. Who will be held responsible for all these ugly incidents?

                                                                                     (Past Perfect Tense)

2. Why are you not going to Jaipur along with your husband?

                                                                                     (Past Indefinite Tense)

3. Who is knocking at the door?

                                                                          (Future Indefinite Tense)

4. Our examinations will start on Monday.

                                                                           (Present Continuous Tense)

5. Has your brother not been playing cricket for two weeks?

                                                                         (Past Continuous Tense)

6. He did not extend any help to his brother.

                                                                         (Future Continuous Tense)

7.He appeared in this examination and succeeded.

                                                                       (Future Indefinite Tense)

8. He did not write any letter to his father.

                                                                        (Present Indefinite Tense)

9. Have they reached their destination?

                                                                    (Future  Perfect Tense)      

10. He will not behave with us properly.


                                                    (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)




Change the tense of the following  sentences as directed :


Exercise No. CT5


1. All the travelers were sleeping in the shade of a tree


                                                                                  (Future Indefinite Tense)

2. I have been living in this city for two years.


                                                                (Future Perfect Continuous Tense)

3. Have you completed your work?     


                                                                 (Past Indefinite Tense)

4. Whom are you calling so loudly?   


                                                               (Past Perfect Tense)

5. How many boys were sitting in the class?


                                                                      (Present Indefinite Tense)

6.  For how long did you wait for him there?


                                                                    (Future Continuous Tense)

7. Where does the stranger come from?


                                                                  (Present Perfect Tense)

8. The child had not been taking anything for two days?


                                                            (Future Perfect Tense)

9. Peacocks are dancing in the forest.


                                                            (Future Perfect Continuous Tense)


10. The jury did not announce the decision. 


                                                             (Present Continuous Tense)









Answers: CT3 : 1. He will have already taken his meals. 2.The fishermen had fished in the sea.3. The company despatches the parcel by Monday.4.The girls have  sung songs.5. The countrymen had fought for freedom.6.We will not take tea in the morning.7.His brothers were setting up a new factory.8.The authorities will not have taken any action to avert any untoward situation.9.He will not be paying any attention to his brother's advice.10. Birds have made their nests in the tree.


CT4 :1.Who had been held responsible for all these ugly incidents? 2.Why did not you go to Jaipur along with your husband?3.Who will knock at the door?4. Our examinations are starting on Monday.5. Was your brother not  playing cricket?6. He will not be extending  any help to his brother.7.He will appear in this examination and succeed.8. He does not write any letter to his father.9. Will  they have reached their destination?10. He had not been behaving with us properly for two months.

 


CT5: 1. All the travellers will sleep in the shade of a  tree. 2. I shall have been living in this city for two years.3. Did you complete your work?4. Whom have you called so loudly? 5. How many boys  sit in the class?6.  For how long will you be waiting for him there?7. Where has the stranger come from?8. The child will not have taken anything for two days?9. Peacocks have been dancing in the forest for two hours.10. The jury is not announcing the decision. 




पढ़ने उपरान्त इस ब्लॉग के बारे अपने विचार एवं इस को बेहतर बनाने हेतु अपने सुझाव अवश्य लिखें ।  हम इस के लिए आपके आभारी होगें । 

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