Friday, 3 October 2014

Paragraph--Rearrangement of Sentences to make it meaningful--Exercise Based on Questions of Examination.


Rearrangement of Jumbled Sentences to make a Meaningful Paragraph -

Important Points to note :



1. Generally there is a central point,idea, thought or a personality about which a paragraph is written Try to locate the sentence which contains such matter. Mostly such a sentence forms the first or the last sentence of the paragraph.

2. There are two methods to describe the central idea. First in the opening sentence a central point is mentioned. Thereafter the sentences following that give logical description or details of that and for that some examples are given. In second method some facts are given in the opening sentences of the paragraph and their result is given in the concluding lines. Try to find out the sentence containing the central idea and arrange the remaining sentences accordingly. 

3. Sentences containing proper nouns i.e. names of persons,places or buildings etc or abstract nouns like qualities i.e. goodness or beauty etc come in the opening line or in the few starting lines of the paragraph.

4. Sentences containing pronouns like he,his, him, she,her, they,their, them or first or last part of a name come in subsequent part of the paragraph.

5. Pronouns like it, this that, these or those show that these mention about the topic already detailed in the sentences preceding them. So these sentences generally do not form the first line of the paragraph.   

6. Sentences containing words like therefore, But, And or resultantly etc.come in the central part of the paragraph. The first sentence of the paragraph may contain introductory details of something and the last line of the paragraph contains conclusions of some logical details.

7. Sometimes words like initially, eventually,finally ensuing,proceeding, following or mentioned below or above in the sentence also indicate the location of that particular sentence in the paragraph.

8. In some paragraphs there are sentences giving statements in favour of or against  an argument. Try to sort out and arrange sentences of both types separately. This helps in framing the paragraph.

To explain all this here are some examples.



Q. No. 1.


The first and the last sentences or parts of the sentences  X & Y respectively given below are in correct order, arrange the sentences A,B,C & D  in the correct order. Choose the correct set as given in options below.




X. Cholesterol is a waxy fat-like substance.


A. It is used by the body to build cell walls and essential harmones.
B. Cholesterol is carried through the blood by particles called lipoproteins.
C. The  body absorbs it from the animal fats one eats.
D. It is produced by  liver.


Y. Lipoproteins are of two types Low density and High density Lipoproteins.



 Answer: DCAB





The first and the last sentences or parts of the sentences  X & Y respectively given below are in correct order, arrange the sentences ABCD in the correct order. Choose the correct set as given in options below.


Q. No. 2.



X. Various studies have found that there is a huge skill gap i.e. the skill set required by the employers and the skill set which job aspirants possess.

A. Employers always seek employees with proper skill set to enhance productivity and reduce cost.

B. Basically skill is a learned capacity to perform a task with least possible resources, time and efforts that enhances the productivity of the employee.

C. Employers seek both hard and soft skills in prospective employees.

D.  Skill is the key in performance of any task.


Y. Hard skills explain technical and logical aspects of a task and soft skills help an employee to accomplish a task effectively with a  positive spirit and creativity.



Answer: DBAC





The first and the last sentences or parts of the sentences  X & Y respectively given below are in correct order, arrange the sentences ABCD in the correct order. Choose the correct set as given in options below.


Q. No. 3.



X. Community colleges are the colleges which provide skill based education as per the need of local community.


A. Thus these colleges will be strategically located nearby some industry and small community or village so that it supplied the requisite manpower to the industry and employment to the community and village.

B.These colleges will be blessings for those students who are forced to leave their studies to earn livelihood and after some time they have time to study further.

C. Community colleges will run short term courses which do not require any previous qualifications.

D.These colleges will provide courses designed guided and monitored by local community and industry preferably through local community language.


Y. Community colleges will build a true partnership of all i.e. local community, industry and academia.




Answers :DACB




The first and the last sentences or parts of the sentences  X & Y respectively given below are in correct order, arrange the sentences ABCD in the correct order. Choose the correct set as given in options below



Q. No. 4.

X. It is a general tendency among human beings that as our familiarity with a person increases, our aversion towards him too starts going higher.


A. when the relationship grows deeper, it brings the   shortcomings and deficiencies of a person to the fore front.
B. As the relationship starts, the good qualities of a person come into notice and these attract the other towards him and his other qualities of lesser grade remain in the rear.
 C. The real qualities of a person are observed only when relationship with him becomes closer and go to the level of intimacy.

D. No person on this earth can claim himself or herself to be free from defects and shortcomings.


Y. A person by nature brings forth his better instincts and traits to show to others and tends to hide his weak points and shortcomings.



Answer: BCAD.






The first and the last sentences or parts of the sentences  X & Y respectively given below are in correct order, arrange the sentences ABCD in the correct order. Choose the correct set as given in options below





Q.5






X. Traffic congestion is the obvious fallout of urbanization and economic development.






A. In fact in most of the parking slots it is not the dearth of space but its improper utilization that creates parking mess in a majority of the planned cities even.
 B. The problem stems from the failure of urban planning and the absence of a long term vision.
C. No doubt the vehicle density in various cities of India where a majority of households own personal vehicles is adding to the parking woes.

D. That well planned cities too would come to face a shortage of parking space is a sad commentary on the civic authorities and underlines its failure to take a suitable action.






Y. Besides this,  is the need of an efficient public transport system that will not only tackle parking woes, but also help combat air pollution.








Ans: CBDA.



The first and the last sentences or parts of the sentences  X & Y respectively given below are in correct order, arrange the sentences ABCD in the correct order. Choose the correct set as given in options below


Q 6.

X. Obesity is the fastest growing medical problem all across the world and has a huge negative impact in society. It is characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body.



A. Prevention is the first and foremost treatment of every condition. Therefore in order to fight obesity excess weight in childhood should not be ignored.
B.The excessive calories taken in by way of unhealthy ways of eating and overeating must be burnt to avoid overweight and this can be achieved by exercise, playing sports and changing dieting habits.

C. There are severe health complications related to obesity. It is  the single- most cause of several  associated diseases like diabetes, High Blood pressure, heart attack, brain stroke, blindness, kidney failure and  nerve damage etc.

D. It is considered a social stigma as obese people most often become a laughing stock and are incapable to perform any task due to their excess weight.


Y. It is of the utmost need to create awareness about obesity among people of all ages and areas as they are not aware of the serious complications related to obesity.



Ans: DCBA.




Q 7.


X. Changes resulting from human specific activities are the primary cause of global warming which is leading to alterations in the weather patterns and climatic conditions world over.



A. The reason behind global warming and consequent climate change is well established now that atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased to an enormous level.


B. As a result, total radiation energy received by the earth system is higher and carbon dioxide is playing the pivotal role in this regard.

C. Earth’s atmosphere permits large part of solar radiation to pass through which carries energy to the earth’s surface.


D. There the energy gets converted into infra-red radiation and moves upward resulting in keeping the atmosphere of earth warm and this warming is called greenhouse effect.



Y. An immediate action at global level is urgently needed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide of which the main source are fossil fuels.


 Ans:CDAB 





Q 8



X. In a democratic country like India disenchantment of voters is really a matter of  great concern and is indeed a  point of deeper analysis.



A. Since the different parties' purpose is to win, the reality comes before the public long after it is all over.




B. The result is that voters flip from one party to another expecting better performance than the last time.They also punish those who did not measure up to their standard. 



C. They,  keeping in view the immediate needs of the public, make too many promises which are mostly hard to implement.

D. Over the years, elections have become only a futile exercise of tall promises and very little implementation. 




Y. Whatever the case, there is one message for all secular parties that the voters are yearning for a secular and democratic governance which we all  hard earned from our independence struggle.





Ans : DACB







Q 9.

X. It is a known fact that food and medicines are priceless gifts that trees and forests generously give us but the services these provide, often referred to as ecosystem services, are far more significant.


 A. Besides controlling noise pollution by absorbing and blocking noise from the urban environment, they provide manifold services including providing shade during summer and shelter to many insects, animals and human beings but above all these, providing oxygen-rich air which is indispensable for all from the smallest insect to the largest animals.

 

B. Trees provide us life saving medicines, for instance, quinine from the cinchona tree and salicyclic acid, the active compound of the most popular painkiller aspirin, from the white willow. 



C. These improve the quality of air we breathe by absorbing dust and other air pollutants such as ozone, carbonmonoxide and sulphur dioxide from the atmosphere.


D. They absorb toxic chemicals from the soil and fight soil erosion by keeping the soil intact with their roots as webs of tree roots bind the soil and a canopy of leaves breaks downpour of rain into gentle showers thereby percolating it through the soil into underground aquifers and feeds streams and rivers.

 



Y. Like human beings, trees too grow, make their food, exchange gases from the atmosphere and require water and like us, they too need  care to live and flourish,

  




Answer;BCAD



Try view this too:

http://englishgrammarlesson.blogspot.in/2015/11/paragraph-rearrangement-of-jumbled.html


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