Thursday, 29 August 2013

Some Quick Tips For – Use of Words --- Misused words & Corrections.--- Set Three-- with Examples & Explanations



Set Three


Look

The word ‘Look’ means ‘to see’. There are certain other words which too mean ‘to see’ but in different  sense. All the words appear similar in their meaning but are not the same. Following sentences will explain their meanings.

Students were looking at the blackboard.
I requested him to see that picture.
She is watching television.
Boys have gone to witness cricket match.
Mother glanced at her child.
The judge stared at the accused.
The child was gazing at the toys.
The farmer peeped into the well.
The participants set their eyes at the trophy.
I asked him to go through those papers.
The shopkeeper glared at the purse of the customer.
He ogled at all the articles lying on the ground.
The merchant eyed at the money offered to him.
Soon the deer was not in sight of the hunter.

All the words in italics have similar meaning ‘to see’ but their meanings in different sentences are different. These words are required to be used in  sentences carefully.


Hard and Hardly


Hard means not soft or short of.

This table is made  of hard wood.
He is a bit hard of hearing.


Hardly means not. He hardly works.

Hardly also means scarcely or with difficulty.
He could hardly walk a  few meters.


Hung & Hanged

In general use the word ‘Hung’ is used.
She hung a picture on the wall.

Hanged means ‘executed’

The culprit was hanged to death.


Imply & Infer

‘Imply’ and ‘Infer’ are two different words and have their different meanings.
‘Imply’ is used as a verb and its noun is ‘implication’.
‘Infer’ is also used as a verb and its noun is ‘inference’.

Imply means to say something which is by implication of an action or thing.
Imply means that there is already something and by its implication or on the basis of this, it is being said like this, which implies.

Infer means to draw a conclusion or to guess something which has not been explained or understood. Infer tries to explain what has not been explained earlier. One draws a conclusion from something which has not been said earlier.

From his actions it is implied that he is consented to our proposal.
I infer that he  has cheated you in this bargain.



Its & It’s
Its is possessive pronoun like his or her. It means ‘of it’.
I purchased a table today. Its price is Rs one thousand only.

Aporstophe(‘) is used where some word is omitted in writing.

The word ‘It’s’ in its complete form is ‘It is’. Here ‘I’ of ‘is’ is omitted and is written like ‘It’s’.  

Where is my book? It’s on the table.

Again

It is a  very common mistake that the word ‘again’ is used with words having prefix of ‘re’.

The doctor reexamined the patient again.
The boys reentered the hall again  raising slogans.

The word ‘re’ itself means again so there is no need to add the word again with it. It should be:

The doctor reexamined the patient.  OR  The doctor examined the patient again.

The boys reentered the hall raising slogans. OR The boys entered the hall again raising slogans.

Back

The word ‘back’ is used wrongly with the verb ‘return’. The word ‘return’ itself means come back or go back. ‘Return’ already includes back.  So there is no need to add the word ‘back’ with it.

Incorrect

He  returned back from his office very tired.
He did not return back my money to me.
Correct

He returned from his office very tired. OR He came back from his office very tired.
He did not return my money to me. OR He did not pay back my money to me.

Above

The word ‘above’ means something referred in the previous paragraph, lines or statement written prior to this. i.e.

As stated above……………
As written in the above paragraph…………
From the above it is clear………..
Going by the above…………….

In these sentences, the word ‘above’  has been used

1. As an adverb  2. As an adjective (3) As a noun.

The word ‘above’ is mostly preferred to be used as an adverb and its use as a noun and adjective is avoided. In its place words like ‘preceding’, ‘previous’ or ‘foregoing’ are used. For example ;
As written in the preceding lines or paragraph…….

Altogether & All together 

Altogether is a combined word and it means completely or wholly. i.e.
This book is altogether different from my book.
His personality is altogether changed now.

All together are two words and mean that  ‘all the persons or things
 together’

Our relatives were all together with us at the marriage party.

Can & May

Can means one is able to and May means one is allowed to.

I can do this work. Means that I am able to do(or capable of doing) this work.

I cannot go there. = I am not in a position or not able to go there.


I may not see you there. = I am not allowed to see you there.

Formally & Formerly

Formally is derived from formal and it means in a formal way.

Formerly is derivative of former and it means Previously or earlier.

We invited him formally to dinner.
The project was inaugurated formally by the minister.

Formerly he was a teacher in this college.


Former & Latter

Former means one named first or earlier & 
Latter means one named afterwards.

John and Smith are two brothers. The former is more intelligent than the latter.

Respectfully & Respectively
Respectfully means with respect.  Respectively means relating to each one in order.
He respectfully stated the matter to the principal.
Green, yellow and red cards were given to John, Smith and Peter respectively.