Wednesday, 3 July 2013

TENSE FORMATION SOME CONDITIONAL SENTENCES


SOME CONDITIONAL SENTENCES :


For revision sake here are some examples of conditional sentences.

Future Tense is used to express an action taking place in future time but in some sentences there are two actions one dependent on the other action.

In both the cases, action is to take place at some future time. But  formation of these sentences is not necessarily to be done as per Future Tense.


1.It may be Present tense in both the sentences


For Example :
  • If you go to the market, bring a bag for me.


Explanation:Action of both the verbs 'go' & 'bring' is to take place in future but in sentences present tense is used.



For Example : 
  • If you work hard, you may succeed.

Explanation :
Both the actions "work" and "succeed" are to take place in future time but in formation of sentence, we use present tense here.


If you meet him , convey my regards to him.

Action in respect of both the verbs 'meet' and 'convey' is to take place in future.




Present tense in one sentence taking place first and future tense in the second sentence is used.

For Example :
  • If it rains tomorrow, I shall not go to school.
Explanation:
Here action of both the verbs 'rain' and'go' is to take place in future time but future  tense in the main sentence and present tense in the other part is used.

For Example :
  • As you sow so shall you reap.



In both the cases sow and reap action is to take place but tense of future  tense in the main sentence and present in the other is used.

It will be wrong to write - If it will rain tomorrow I shall not go to office.


Here are some exercises relating to conditional sentences for practice.





EXERCISE NO 1


Fill in the appropriate form of the given verb in the blank.

1. If you ............(request) him, he ...........(help) you.

2. If he ...........(not work) hard, he ..........(fail) in the examination.

3. We .........(go) out for a picnic tomorrow if it ........(not rain).

4. Birds ..........(start) chirping when the sun ...........(rise) in the morning.

5. I .........(get) bored .............if I ..........(sit)  idle.









EXERCISE NO  2


Fill in the appropriate form of the given verb in the blank.


1. I shall come even if it ..........(rain) tomorrow.

2. If you ........(come) to my house, I ..........(accompany) you.

3. If he ............(agree), I shall ...........(pay) him money.

4. You ..........(suffer) if you .........(not accept) his advice.

5. We ........(wear) woollen clothes, when it .......(be) cold.




EXERCISE No 3 


Fill in the appropriate form of the given verb in the blank.


1. If you ............( not help)  him, he ...........(ruin).

2. If you .........(go) out in cold you ...........(fall) ill.

3. If the patient .....(take)  medicine regularly he ....... (recover) soon.

4. If he ...........(take) care of himself  he ............(not fall) ill.

5.If it .........(rain) I  ........... (not go) to office tomorrow.









SOME EXERCISES RELATING TO USAGE OF DIFFERENT TENSES FOR PRACTICE.




EXERCISE NO 4


Use the given verb in the directed Tense form .


1. How much work ........you..........(1. finish) before we ........( 2. return) ?

(1. Future Perfect Tense  2. Present Indefinite Tense) 
2. Whose book .........you .........(borrow) ?  (Past Indefinite Tense)


3. Why ........the children not .........(learn) their lessons ? (Present Continuous Tense)

4. Her mother ............(not cook) food for her at that time. (Future continuous Tense)

5. The shopkeeper .............(cheat) all the customers badly. (Present Perfect Tense)





EXERCISE NO  5


Use the given verb in the directed Tense form .

1. We ........(go) to see a fair in the village.  (Past Indefinite Tense)

2. Whom ....... you .......(pay) the money? ( Future Indefinite Tense) 

3.The boys .............(not play) a match tomorrow. ( Future Continuous Tense)

4. I ..........(not know) where his brother ........(live). (Present Indefinite Tense)

5. Since when ............you ...........(live) in this city ? (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)




EXERCISE NO 6




Use the given verb in the directed Tense form.

1. How many players ............(play) in the ground? (Present Continuous Tense)

2. When ........you ........(expect) her to reach here?  (Present Indefinite Tense)

3. How many lesson .............you ..........(learn)  so far ? (Present Perfect Tense)

4. For how long ........they .........(wait) for us ? (Present Perfect Continuous Tense)

5. I ..........(1. not know) where .........he ..............(2. live).
(1. Present Indefinite Tense 2. Past Perfect Tense)





















EXERCISE NO 7

Use the given verb in the directed Tense form.

Sometime back I ........ (go) (Past Indefinite Tense)  to a village to see one of my old friends. I ..............(board) (Past Indefinite Tense)  a bus from bus stand and ...........(start) (Past Indefinite Tense)  for the village. I .............( travel) (Past Indefinite Tense) for about two hours and ..........(reach) (Past Indefinite Tense)  my destination. My friend ...........(wait) (Past Continuous Tense) for me at the bust stand. He......... (take)(Past Indefinite Tense) me to his house in his car. We both.............(study) (Past Perfect Tense) together in the school. I ..........(meet) (Past Indefinite Tense) all the members of his family. They ............(feel) (Past continuous Tense)  very happy to see me with them. I ..........( stay) (Past Indefinite Tense) there for about one week. During this period I once..........(go) (Past Perfect Tense) a little unwell. He ............(take) (Past Indefinite Tense) me to the village dispensary for medicine. A lady doctor ..........(sit)(Past Continuous Tense)  there. A large number of patients ..........(sit) (Past Continuous Tense) in two rows in front of her room. Men and women ........(sit) (Past continuous Tense) in separate rows. I ....(have) (past Indefinite Tense) an amusing experience there. A young woman with her face veiled ........(sit) (Past Continuous Tense) in front of the doctor. She.......(ask) (Past Indefinite Tense) her name. She replied. Then she ....(ask) (Past indefinite Tense) her if she was  married. She ......(reply)(Past Indefinite Tense) in affirmative. Then he .....(ask) (Past Indefinite Tense) her the name of her husband. She ......(blush) (Past Indefinite tense) only but ......(not speak) (Past Indefinite Tense). She .......(move) her finger forming a circle in air. The doctor .........(not make out) anything out of it. A lady sitting behind her......... (tell) (Past Indefinite tense)  the doctor that she..........(say) (Past Continuous Tense)  'moon' and it ...........(mean) (Past Indefinite Tense) that his name was Chander Parkash

Exercise No. 8 

Fill in the blanks in following sentences with verbs in appropriate tense form.

Once two friends went to see picture in a theatre. The both stood in a queue for half an hour to purchase tickets for themselves. At last they reached the window. They were stunned to read a notice written above the ticket window. Both of them talked something with each other. They decided not to see the picture. They moved away from there without seeing the movie.On reaching home all enquired from them the reason of their returning without seeing the movie. All were surprised but delighted to know the reason. They said , "Persons under eighteen are not allowed to see, but we were only two."





 


















(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO 1


Fill in the appropriate form of the given verb in the blank.

1. If you request him, he will help you.

2. If he does not work hard, he will fail in the examination.

3. We shall go out for a picnic tomorrow if it does not rain.

4. Birds start chirping when the sun rises in the morning.

5. I get bored if I sit  idle.




EXERCISE NO  2


Fill in the appropriate form of the given verb in the blank.


1. I shall come even if it rains tomorrow.

2. If you come to my house, I  shall accompany you.

3. If he agrees, I shall pay him money.

4. You will suffer if you  do not accept his advice.

5. We wear woollen clothes, when it is cold.




EXERCISE No 3 


Fill in the appropriate form of the given verb in the blank.


1. If you do not help  him, he will ruin.

2. . If you go out in cold you  will fall ill.

3. If the patient takes  medicine regularly he will recover soon.

4. If he takes care of himself  he will not fall ill.


5.If it rains I  shall not go to office tomorrow.








EXERCISE NO 4


Use the given verb in the directed Tense form .


1. How much work will you have finished before we return?

2. Whose book had you you borrowed ?  (Past Indefinite Tense)


3. Why are .the children not not learning their lessons ? (Present Continuous Tense)

4. Her mother will not be cooking food for her at that time. (Future continuous Tense)

5. The shopkeeper has cheated all the customers badly. Presentsent Perfect Tense) 





EXERCISE NO  5
 
Use the given verb in the directed Tense form .

1. We went  to see a fair in the village.  (Past Indefinite Tense)

2. Whom will you pay the money? ( Future Indefinite Tense) 

3.The boys will not be playing  a match tomorrow. ( Future Continuous Tense)

4. I do not know where his brother lives. (Present Indefinite Tense)

5. Since when had you been living in this city ? (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)




EXERCISE NO 6




Use the given verb in the directed Tense form.

1. How many players  are playing  in the ground? (Present Continuous Tense)

2. When  do you expect  her to reach here?  (Present Indefinite Tense)

3. How many lessons have you learnt  so far ? (Present Perfect Tense)

4. For how long have .they been waiting for us ? (Present Perfect Continuous Tense)

5. I do not know) where had .he lived.
(1. Present Indefinite Tense 2. Past Perfect Tense)








EXERCISE NO 7

Use the given verb in the directed Tense form.

Sometime back I  went (go) (Past Indefinite Tense)  to a village to see one of my old friends. I boarded..(board) (Past Indefinite Tense)  a bus from bus stand and started.(start) (Past Indefinite Tense)  for the village. I travelled ( travel) (Past Indefinite Tense) for about two hours and reached (reach) (Past Indefinite Tense)  my destination. My friend waited.(wait) (Past Continuous Tense) for me at the bust stand. He took(take)(Past Indefinite Tense) me to his house in his car. We both. had studied(study) (Past Perfect Tense) together in the school. I met .(meet) (Past Indefinite Tense)  all the members of his family. They were  feeling (feel) (Past continuous Tense)  very happy to see me with them. I stayed.( stay) (Past Indefinite Tense) there for about one week. During this period I once went (go) (Past Perfect Tense) a little unwell. He took .(take) (Past Indefinite Tense) me to the village dispensary for medicine. A lady doctor was sitting .(sit)(Past Continuous Tense)  there. A large number of patients were sitting (sit) (Past Continuous Tense) in two rows in front of her room. Men and women were sitting.(sit) (Past continuous Tense) in separate rows. I had (have) (past Indefinite Tense) an amusing experience there. A young woman with her face veiled was sitting (sit) (Past Continuous Tense) in front of the doctor. The doctor asked(ask) (Past Indefinite Tense) her name. She replied. Then she asked (ask) (Past indefinite Tense) her if she was  married. She replied (reply)(Past Indefinite Tense) in affirmative. Then he asked (ask) (Past Indefinite Tense) her the name of her husband. She blushed.(blush) (Past Indefinite tense) only but  did not speak (not speak) (Past Indefinite Tense). She  moved (move) her finger forming a circle in air. The doctor did not make out (not make out) (Past Indefinite tense )anything out of it. A lady sitting behind her told (tell) (Past Indefinite tense)  the doctor that she was saying (say) (Past Continuous Tense)  'moon' and it meant (mean) (Past Indefinite Tense) that his name was Chander Parkash.