Friday, 26 July 2013

English Grammar Tenses - Present Tense, Past Tense, Future Tense


PRESENT TENSE


PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES 

  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural First form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, First form of Verb + ‘s’ or ‘es’   is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural ‘do not’ +  First form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, ‘does not’ + First form of Verb 

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Do or Does is used before subject & First form of verb is used. Interrogative sign is used at the end of the sentence.




PRESENT PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural ‘Have’ + third form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, ‘Has’ + third form of Verb  is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural ‘Have not’ +  Third form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, ‘Has not’ + Third form of Verb  


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Has or Have is used before subject & Third form of verb is used. Interrogative sign is used at the end of the sentence.




PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person singular ‘Am’ + First form of verb + ing is  used.  
  • In case of 1st person plural, 2nd  person singular and plural & 3rd person plural  ‘Are’ + First form of verb+ ing is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular ‘is’ + First form of Verb +ing is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Is, Am or Are’ + Not + First form of verb + ing is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Is, Am or Are’ is used before subject. 
  • First form of verb + ing is used. Sign of interrogation is used.





PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person, 2nd person  singular & plural & 3rd  person plural ‘Have been’ + First form of verb + ing is  used.  
  • In case of  3rd person singular ‘Has been’ + First form of verb+ ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘for and since’ are used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Has or Have + Not + been’ + First form of verb + ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘for and since’ are used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Has or Have’ is used before subject. First form of verb + ing is used. Sign of interrogation is used. 
  • To express time ‘for and since’ are used.




PAST TENSE



PAST INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • Second form of verb  is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Did +not + First form of verb is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Did is used before Subject + First form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st & 3rd person singular was + first form of verb +ing is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural,2nd person + 3rd person plural, were +first form of verb + ing is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Was or Were + not + First form of verb + ing is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Was or Were is used before Subject +First form of verb  + ing is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




PAST PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had + Third form of verb  is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had + not + Third form of verb is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had is used before Subject +Third form of verb  is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had Been + first form of verb +ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘for or since’ is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had + not +Been + First form of verb + ing is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had is used before Subject +Been+ First form of verb + ing  is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.









FUTURE TENSE


  • Future Indefinite Tense 
  • Future  Continuous Tense 
  • Future Perfect Tense 
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense





FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • In case of 1st person singular Shall + First form of verb  is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural,second person & third person Will + First form of verb is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will +not + First form of verb is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will is used before Subject +First form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




FUTURE PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • In case of 1st person singular Shall + Have +third form of verb  is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural,second person & third person Will +Have + third form of verb is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will +Have+not + third form of verb is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will is used before Subject +Have+third form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • In case of 1st person singular Shall + Have been + First form of verb +ing is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural, second person & third person Will +Have been + first form of verb + ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘For or Since is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will +Have been +not + first form of verb +ing is used. 
  • Since or For is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will is used before Subject +Have + third form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.









:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::EXAMPLES ::::::::::::::::::::::::;




PRESENT  TENSE


PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys play a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys do  not play a football match..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Do boys play a football match?



PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys are playing a  football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys are not playing a football match..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Are boys playing a football match?



PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have played a football match..


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have not played a football match..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Have boys played a football match?



PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have been playing a football match for two hours


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have  not been playing a match for  two hours..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Have boys been playing a football match for two hours?






PAST TENSE

PAST INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys played a football football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys did not play a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Did boys play a football match?



PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys were playing a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys were not playing a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Were boys playing a football match?



PAST PERFECT TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had played a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had not played a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Had boys played a football match?



PAST PERFECT  CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had been playing  a  football match since morning


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had not been playing a football match since morning..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Had boys been playing a football match since morning?




FUTURE TENSE

FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will play a football match.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will not play a football  match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Will boys play a football match?



FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will be playing a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will not be playing a football match..

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Will boys be playing a football match?



FUTURE PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will have played a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will not have played a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Will boys have played a match?




FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • Boys will have been playing a football match since 2 p.m.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Boys will not have been playing a football match since 2 p.m.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Will  boys have been playing a football match since 2 p.m.?