Friday, 28 June 2013

FUTURE TENSE ---- FUTURE PERFECT TENSE --- EXPLANATION WITH EXERCISES




FUTURE  PERFECT TENSE

Future Perfect Tense shows that the action will take place in the time to come. It is used in simple sentences as well as in complex sentences. In complex sentences there are two actions relating to each other, one occurring before the other. The sentence relating to the action taking place earlier is in Present Indefinite tense and the sentence of the later action is in Future Perfect Tense.

In Future perfect tense 'Shall or Will followed by have and third form of verb are used.

 For example I shall have finished my work.

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


In this tense with ‘shall or will’, have & third form of verb is used.


 For Example: 

  • I shall  have taken my meals.
  • The teacher will have marked attendance by then.
  • Boys will have won the match.
  • You will have finished your work by tomorrow evening.



NEGATIVE SENTENCES


In this sentence with ‘shall or will’, not   have & third form of verb is used.


For Example: 
  • I shall not have taken the examination.
  • Boys will not have won the match.
  • You will not have reached the school by 7 A.M.
  • The thief will not have escaped before the police reached there.



INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


In this sentence ‘shall or will’,is used before subject. have & third form of verb is used.

Sign of interrogation is used at the end of the sentence.


For Example: 
  • Shall we have rented our house to them?
  • Will you have met the teacher?
  • Will the boys have finished their work ?


Similarly in interrogative negative sentences ‘shall or will’ is used before subject and not & have is  used before third  form of verb  in the sentence.




For example :
  • Will you not have joined your friends?
  • Shall we not have crossed the river ?
  • Will they not have started  their journey?


In case of Interrogative sentences starting with words 'wh' , the sentence starts with the word 'wh' followed by will or shall , subject and have and third form of verb . The sentence ends with a sign of interrogation mark. Examples will clarify the point.

Examples :

Who will have reached there first of all?
When will they have left for the airport?
Whose entry will they have selected for prize?
Why will they have not gone out for a walk?
Which boy will have obtained the maximum marks?
Where will you have got this book?
How many lessons will she have learnt before we reach there?
Why will you have not accomplished the job before I return?




EXERCISE NO 1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense.

1. He .........(reach) his office by 8'O clock.

2. Children ............(return) from school before the sun.....( set).

3. She..........(reach) home when we.......( reach)  there.

4. We ........( completed ) our work before noon.

5. I ............. (reach) home before it ........(start) to rain.

EXERCISE NO 2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense.

1. I ............( not finish) my work before it ..........(strike) nine.

2. His examination.........( not finish) by that time.

3. The meeting.........( not end) by evening.

4. The children......... ( not get up) before the sun....... (rise).

5. You........... (not go) out for a walk before he........( get) up.

EXERCISE NO 3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense

1. ........ the father..........(reach) home before it...... (rain)?

2. ..........we ...... (set on) journey before your mother...... (come)?

3. ......... you ........( not finish) your work before it is noon?

4. .......... the shopkeeper ..........( sell) all the oranges when we ......(reach) there?

5. ......... I ........( not learn) my lessons before my examinations.....( start) ?

EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense

1. Who ...........(learn) his lesson before the teacher..... (come)?

2. Why ...... you .......(leave) before we........(arrive)?

3. How many lessons ....... you .......( learn) by the week.......( end)?

4. Where ........ you .......(reach) before the sun.......( set)?

5. How much work ........ you ........(finish) by it is 9'O clock?

EXERCISE NO 5

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense

"Where ......... you ........( reach) tomorrow by this time? " said she to me. "I ............( reach) airport tomorrow by this time." replied I gently. She said further" I  too ............(leave) for my home by the time you .......( reach) there. My mother ...........(get up) very early in the morning. She .............( prepare) very delicious dishes for me. My brother too.............. (reach) home by that time. We both........(enjoy) ourselves very much by the time you reach home. My father too ..........(take) leave tomorrow to spend time with us. "










(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO 1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense.

1. He will have reached his office by 8'O clock.

2. Children will have returned from school before the sun sets.

3. She will have reached home when we reach there.

4. We shall have completed our work before noon.

5. I shall have reached home before it starts to rain.



EXERCISE NO 2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense.

1. I shall have not finished my work before it strikes nine.

2. His examination will not have finished by that time.

3. The meeting will not have ended by evening.

4. The children will not have got up before the sun rises.

5. You will have gone out for a walk before he gets up.


EXERCISE NO 3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense

1. Will the father have reached home before it rains?

2. Shall we have set on journey before your mother comes?

3. Will you have not finished your work before it is noon?

4. Will the shopkeeper have sold all the oranges when we reach there?

5. Shall I have not learnt my lessons before my examinations start?



EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense

1. Who will have learnt his lesson before the teacher comes?

2. Why will you have left before we arrive?

3. How many lessons will you have learnt by the week ends?

4. Where will you have reached before the sun sets?

5. How much work will you have finished by it is 9'Oclock?


EXERCISE NO 5

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Perfect Tense

"Where will you have reached tomorrow by this time? " said she to me. "I shall have reached airport tomorrow by this time." replied I gently. She said further" I  too will have left for my home by the time you reach there. My mother will have got up very early in the morning. She will have prepared very delicious dishes for me. My brother too will have reached home by that time. We both will have enjoyed ourselves very much by the time you reach home. My father too will have taken leave tomorrow to spend time with us. "




















USE OF ONE SENTENCE IN DIFFERENT FORMS OF TENSES



                           Girls pluck flowers in the garden.


PRESENT TENSE


Indefinite Tense


Girls pluck flowers in the garden. 

Girls do not pluck flowers in the garden.

Do girls pluck flowers in the garden?


Continuous Tense


Girls are plucking flowers in the garden. 

Girls are not plucking flowers in the garden.

Are girls plucking  flowers in the garden?


Perfect Tense


Girls have plucked flowers in the garden. 

Girls have not plucked flowers in the garden.

Have  girls plucked flowers in the garden?


Perfect Continuous Tense


Girls have been plucking flowers in the garden since morning.

Girls have not been plucking flowers in the garden since morning.

Have girls been plucking  flowers in the garden  since morning?


PAST TENSE


Indefinite Tense


Girls plucked flowers in the garden. 

Girls did not pluck flowers in the garden.

Did girls pluck flowers in the garden?


Continuous Tense

Girls were plucking flowers in the garden. 

Girls were not plucking flowers in the garden.

Were girls plucking  flowers in the garden?


Perfect Tense


Girls had plucked flowers in the garden. 

Girls hade not plucked flowers in the garden.

Had  girls plucked flowers in the garden?


Perfect Continuous Tense


Girls had been plucking flowers in the garden since morning.

Girls had not been plucking flowers in the garden since morning.

Had girls been plucking  flowers in the garden  since morning?


FUTURE TENSE


Indefinite Tense


Girls will pluck flowers in the garden. 

Girls will not pluck flowers in the garden.

Will girls pluck flowers in the garden?


Continuous Tense


Girls will be plucking flowers in the garden. 

Girls will not be  plucking flowers in the garden.

Will girls be plucking  flowers in the garden?


Perfect Tense


Girls will have plucked flowers in the garden. 

Girls will have not plucked flowers in the garden.

Will  girls have plucked flowers in the garden?


Perfect Continuous Tense


Girls will have been plucking flowers in the garden since morning.

Girls will  have not been plucking flowers in the garden since morning.

Will girls have been plucking  flowers in the garden  since morning?