Sunday, 30 June 2013

English Grammar Tenses - Present Tense, Past Tense, Future Tense --Summary & Practice Exercises

EXERCISE No 1


Write following sentence in all types of Present Tense with Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative ( Simple, Negative and 'Wh') forms.

She paints a beautiful picture.



Present Indefinite Tense 

She paints a beautiful picture.
She does not paint a beautiful picture.
Does she paint a beautiful picture?
Does she not paint a beautiful picture?
Who paints a beautiful picture?


Present Continuous Tense  



She is painting a beautiful picture.

She is not painting a beautiful picture.  


Is she painting a beautiful picture?


Is she not painting a beautiful picture?


Who is painting a beautiful picture?





     
   Present Perfect Tense 


 She has painted a beautiful picture. 

She has not painted a beautiful picture.  

Has she painted a beautiful picture?  

Has she not painted a beautiful picture?  

Who has  painted a beautiful picture?  




Present Perfect Continuous Tense 




She has been painting a beautiful picture for two hours.

She has not been painting a beautiful picture for two hours.

Has she  been painting a beautiful picture for two hours?

Has she not been painting a beautiful picture for two hours?

Who has  been painting a beautiful picture for two hours?







EXERCISE NO. 2


Write the following sentence in  all types of Past  Tense with Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative , (Simple, Negative and 'Wh' forms)


She paints a beautiful picture.


Past Indefinite  Tense 


She painted a beautiful picture.

She did not paint a beautiful picture.

Did she paint a beautiful picture?

Did she not paint a beautiful picture?

Who painted a beautiful picture?



Past Continuous  Tense 




She was painting a beautiful picture.

She was not painting a beautiful picture.

Was she  painting a beautiful picture?

Was she not painting a beautiful picture?

Who was painting a beautiful picture?







Past Perfect Tense 



   
She had painted a beautiful picture.

She had not painted a beautiful picture.

Had she  painted a beautiful picture ? 


Had she  not painted a beautiful picture ? 

Who had   painted a beautiful picture ?



Past Perfect Continuous  Tense 




She had been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours.

She had not been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours. 

Had she  been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours?

Had she    not been painting a beautiful picture for two hours ?

Who had been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours?



EXERCISE NO. 3.


Write the following sentence in  all types of  Future  Tense with Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative , (Simple, Negative and 'Wh' forms)




She paints a beautiful picture.







Future Indefinite  Tense 


She will paint a beautiful picture.

She will not paint a beautiful picture.

Will she paint a beautiful picture?

Will she not paint a beautiful picture?

Who will paint a beautiful picture?



Future Continuous  Tense 



She will be painting a beautiful picture.

She will not be painting a beautiful picture.

Will she be painting a beautiful picture?

Will she not be painting a beautiful picture?

Who will be painting a beautiful picture?






Future Perfect Tense

   
She will have painted a beautiful picture.

She will have not painted a beautiful picture.

Will she have painted a beautiful picture ? 


Will she have not painted a beautiful picture ? 

Who will have   painted a beautiful picture ?



Future Perfect Continuous  Tense 


She will have been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours.

She will have not been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours. 

Will she  have been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours?

Will she   have not been painting a beautiful picture for two hours ?

Who will have been   painting a beautiful picture for two hours?






Exercise No. 4.

Change the following sentences into Present Indefinite Tense. 

1. They  did not fulfill their promises. 

2. The farmers were sleeping under the tree.

3. She finished her work in time.

4. The teacher will teach us a lesson.

5. Who has solved this sum?



   
Exercise No. 5.


Change the following sentences into Present Perfect Tense.  

1. Whose book did you borrow?

2. Was the child crying?

3. She had finished her work.

4. He had been waiting for me.

5. She will not sing a song.





Exercise No. 6.

Change the following sentences into Past Continuous Tense. 

1. Her mother told her a story.

2. He goes to his office in the morning.

3. It is raining heavily.

4. She had sung a beautiful song.

5. His father will run a factory.





Exercise No. 7.


Change the following sentences into Future Continuous Tense. 

1. Have you solved  the sum?

2. The students did not do their homework.

3. He had not appeared in the examination.

4. Where did his brother go?

5. He has not finished his work.





Exercise No. 8.



Change the following sentences into Future Perfect Tense. 

1.  He has borrowed money from his brother.

2. Which book is she reading?

3. The shopkeeper did not sell all the books.

4. The children are making a noise.

5. The players have played a match. 




 Exercise No. 9


Change the following sentences into Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1.Who has drawn this beautiful picture?

2, Where were you living?

3. The teacher is teaching the students.

4. His mother is waiting for him.

5. His father was not working in this office. 

 


Exercise No. 10. 

Change the following sentences as directed.

1. His brother had already reached home.
( Future Perfect Tense)

2. She finished her work.
( Present Perfect Tense)

3. The servant is cooking food for the guests.
( Past Perfect Continuous Tense)

4. They have gone to see the college.
(Future Continuous Tense)


5. Their parents will be returning soon.
( Present Continuous Tense)




Exercise No. 11

Identify Tense of  the following sentences.


1. Where had you been for such a long time?

2. He will have been running this for the last one year.

3. He has not made up his mind to take the examination yet.

4.What were the members quarrelling over?

5. Finally the house will  accept his proposal. 



Exercise No.12 

Change the following sentence into Past Tense.


 I see an old woman in torn and shabby clothes standing on the side of a road. She is shivering with cold. She wants to cross the road. But she is not able to cross the road. Nobody takes notice of her standing there. She looks around for some help. But nobody comes to help her. She observes that a school is  situated nearby in the vicinity. All of sudden she hears that the bell of the school is ringing. Students start coming out of the school. One small boy comes to her and asks what she wants. She tells him that she wants to cross the road. The boy catches hold of her hand and takes her across the road. He shows her the  way ahead. The old woman gives that boy a thousand blessings. He happily moves towards his home. 


Exercise No. 13

Change the following sentences into Past Indefinite Tense.


I shall get up early in the morning. I shall go to my friend's house. I shall take him along with me. We both will start for a morning walk. We shall go to the river bank for a  walk. A cool breeze will  blow. Birds will chirp in trees.  On our way we  will come across a number of persons going for a walk. Some people will enjoy gossiping while sitting on grass. We shall take some exercise there. After an hour or so we shall start for our home. We shall have a very good time there. This will keep us very active throughout  the day.
   




 Exercise No 14 


Change the following sentences into Past Perfect Tense.




Researchers and Philosophers try to capture and define 'Happiness'. They quantify it and compile a list of the happiest countries in the world. They use a tedious process and take various factors into account to prepare it. Contrary to the common belief they do not include the mighty and rich countries in this list. Surprisingly countries like Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, Canada, Iceland and New Zealand being the happiest countries mark the list as toppers. This year they find Finland as the topper of the list. These seemingly small countries beat the capitalist giants like US and UK in the World Happiness Index. Harsh climate in these countries does not dampen their spirit.  Thus having high income, access to luxuries, fasting for gods and reading religious scriptures does not make a man happy. Perhaps due to this reason, India has figured at 133rd among 156 countries on the list.



Exercise No 15 

Change the following sentences into Past  Tense.



She is all alone in the house. She is sitting in a chair near window of her room. She is looking outside and is knitting her socks. With a  small incident in the street she gets transported to   
her past. She sees that she has hosted a huge party to her friends. She is enjoying herself with her friends. She makes minute observations about habits and activities of all bachelor friends present in the party. She analyses her first friend noticing that he is  a very tall and handsome fellow. He takes  keen interest in games. He takes exercise regularly. Her second friend teaches in a university. He possesses a great knowledge about science and technology. Her third friend is running a factory in the city. He earns a lot of money every year. He always takes initiatives to earn more and more money. Her fourth friend works for upliftment of fellow beings. He always feels concerned about woes of people living around him. He has kind heart. He is running successfully a group which does good to the needy people. All of a sudden there is a loud noice. This breaks her link with her past. She returns to her present. She finds herself busy in her knitting. But still she tries to compare nature and attributes of her all friends. She finds herself unable to consider who tops all of them in his qualities.





ANSWERS :


Exercise No. 4.

Change the following sentences into Present Indefinite Tense. 

1. They  do not fulfill their promises. 

2. The farmers sleep under the tree.

3. She finishes her work in time.

4. The teacher teaches us a lesson.


5. Who  solves this sum?



   
Exercise No. 5.

Change the following sentences into Present Perfect Tense.  

1. Whose book have you borrowed?

2. Has the child cried?

3. She has finished her work.

4. He has  waited for me.

5. She has not sung a song.





Exercise No. 6.

Change the following sentences into Past Continuous Tense. 

1. Her mother was telling her a story.

2. He was going to his office in the morning.

3. It was raining heavily.

4. She was singing a beautiful song.

5. His father was running a factory.





Exercise No. 7.


Change the following sentences into Future Continuous Tense. 

1. Will you be solving the sum?

2. The students will not be doing their homework.

3. He will not be appearing in the examination.

4. Where will his brother be  going?

5. He will not be finishing his work.





Exercise No. 8.


Change the following sentences into Future Perfect Tense. 



1.  He will have borrowed money from his brother.

2. Which book will she  have read?

3. The shopkeeper will not have sold all the books.

4. The children will have made a noise.

5. The players will have played a match. 





 Exercise No. 9


Change the following sentence into Past Perfect Continuous Tense.


1.Who had been drawing this beautiful picture since morning,?

2. Where had you been living for two years?

3. The teacher had been teaching the stllludents for two hours.

4. His mother had been  waiting for him for two hours.

5. His father had not been working in this office for one year.



Exercise No.10

Change the following sentences as directed.

1.His brother will have already reached 
home. 
(Future Perfect Tense)

2. She has finished her work.
(Present Perfect Tense)

3. The servant had been cooking food for the guests for two hours.

(Past Perfect Continuous Tense)

4. They will be going to see his college.

(Future Continuous Tense)

5.Their parents are 
returning soon.

(Present Continues  Tense)







Exercise No. 11

Identify Tense of  the following sentences.


1. Where had you been for such a long time?

(Past Perfect Tense)


2. He will have been running this for the last one year.

(Future Perfect Continuous Tense)


3. He has not made up his mind to take the examination yet.

(Present Perfect Tense)


4.What were the members quarrelling over?

(Past Continuous Tense)


5. Finally the house will  accept his proposal. 


(Future Indefinite Tense)









Exercise No.12



Change the following sentences into Past Tense.





I saw an old woman in torn and shabby clothes standing on the side of a road. She was shiveri tong with cold. She wanted to cross the road. But she was not able to cross the road. Nobody took notice of her standing there. She looked around for some help. But nobody came to help her. She observed that a school was situated nearby in the vicinity. All of  sudden she heard that the bell  of the school was ringing. Students started coming out of the school. One small boy came to her and asked what she wanted. She told him that she wanted to cross the road. The boy caught hold of her hand and took her across the road. He showed her the  way ahead. The old woman gave that boy a thousand blessings. He happily moved towards his home.












































Exercise No. 13.

Change the following Sentences into Past Indefinite Tense.


I got up early in the morning. I went to my friend's house. I took him along with me. We both started for a morning walk. We went to the river bank for a  walk. A cool breeze  blew. Birds chirped in trees.  On our way we  came across a number of persons going for a walk. Some people enjoyed gossiping while sitting on grass. We took some exercise there. After an hour or so we  started for our home. We had a very good time there. This kept us very active throughout  the day.







Exercise No 14

Exercise Change the following Sentences into Present Perfect Tense.



Researchers and Philosophers have tried to capture and define 'Happiness'. They have quantified it and  have compiled a list of the happiest countries in the world. They have used a tedious process and have taken various factors into account to prepare it. Contrary to the common belief they have not included the mighty and rich countries in this list. Surprisingly countries like Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, Canada, Iceland and New Zealand being the happiest countries have marked the list as toppers. This year they have found Finland as the topper of the list. These seemingly small countries have beaten the capitalist giants like US and UK in the World Happiness Index. Harsh climate in these countries has not dampened their spirit.  Thus having high income, access to luxuries, fasting for gods and reading religious scriptures has not made a man happy. Perhaps due to this reason, India has figured at 133rd among 156 countries on the list.





Exercise No 15 

Change the following sentences into Past  Tense.



She was all alone in the house. She was sitting in a chair near window of her room. She was looking outside and was knitting her socks.

With a  small incident in thestreet she got transported to 
her past. She saw that she had hosted a huge party to her friends. She was  enjoying herself with her friends. She made minute observations about habits and activities of all bachelor friends present in the party. She analysed her first friend noticing that he was a very tall and handsome fellow. He took keen interest in games. He took exercise regularly. Her second friend taught in a university. He possessed a great knowledge about science and technology. Her third friend was running a factory in the city. He earned a lot of money every year. He always took initiatives to earn more and more money. Her fourth friend worked for upliftment of fellow beings. He always felt concerned about woes of people living around him. He had a kind heart. He was running successfully a group which did good to the needy people. All of a sudden there was a loud noice. This broke her link with her past. She returned to her present. She found herself busy in her knitting. But still she tried to compare nature and attributes of her all friends. She found herself unable to consider who topped all of them in his qualities.











TENSES -- TYPES OF TENSES    (Brief Summary)

1. Present Tense 
2. Past Tense
3. Future Tense

1. Indefinite Tense
2. Continuous Tense
3. Perfect Tense
4.Perfect Continuous Tense


PRESENT TENSE


PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES 

  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural First form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, First form of Verb + ‘s’ or ‘es’   is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural ‘do not’ +  First form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, ‘does not’ + First form of Verb 

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Do or Does is used before subject & First form of verb is used. Interrogative sign is used at the end of the sentence.




PRESENT PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural ‘Have’ + third form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, ‘Has’ + third form of Verb  is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person,2nd person singular & plural,  & 3rd person plural ‘Have not’ +  Third form of verb is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular, ‘Has not’ + Third form of Verb  


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Has or Have is used before subject & Third form of verb is used. Interrogative sign is used at the end of the sentence.




PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person singular ‘Am’ + First form of verb + ing is  used.  
  • In case of 1st person plural, 2nd  person singular and plural & 3rd person plural  ‘Are’ + First form of verb+ ing is used.
  • In case of 3rd person singular ‘is’ + First form of Verb +ing is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Is, Am or Are’ + Not + First form of verb + ing is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Is, Am or Are’ is used before subject. 
  • First form of verb + ing is used. Sign of interrogation is used.





PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st person, 2nd person  singular & plural & 3rd  person plural ‘Have been’ + First form of verb + ing is  used.  
  • In case of  3rd person singular ‘Has been’ + First form of verb+ ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘for and since’ are used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Has or Have + Not + been’ + First form of verb + ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘for and since’ are used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • ‘Has or Have’ is used before subject. First form of verb + ing is used. Sign of interrogation is used. 
  • To express time ‘for and since’ are used.




PAST TENSE



PAST INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • Second form of verb  is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Did +not + First form of verb is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Did is used before Subject + First form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • In case of 1st & 3rd person singular was + first form of verb +ing is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural,2nd person + 3rd person plural, were +first form of verb + ing is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Was or Were + not + First form of verb + ing is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Was or Were is used before Subject +First form of verb  + ing is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




PAST PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  •  Had + Third form of verb  is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had + not + Third form of verb is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had is used before Subject +Third form of verb  is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had Been + first form of verb +ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘for or since’ is used.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had + not +Been + First form of verb + ing is used.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
  • Had is used before Subject +Been+ First form of verb + ing  is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.









FUTURE TENSE


  • Future Indefinite Tense 
  • Future  Continuous Tense 
  • Future Perfect Tense 
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense





FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • In case of 1st person singular Shall + First form of verb  is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural,second person & third person Will + First form of verb is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will +not + First form of verb is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will is used before Subject +First form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




FUTURE PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • In case of 1st person singular Shall + Have +third form of verb  is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural,second person & third person Will +Have + third form of verb is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will +Have+not + third form of verb is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will is used before Subject +Have+third form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.




FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • In case of 1st person singular Shall + Have been + First form of verb +ing is used. 
  • In case of 1st person plural, second person & third person Will +Have been + first form of verb + ing is used. 
  • To express time ‘For or Since is used.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will +Have been +not + first form of verb +ing is used. 
  • Since or For is used.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Shall or Will is used before Subject +Have + third form of verb is used. 
  • Sign of interrogation is used.









EXAMPLES:




PRESENT  TENSE


PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys play a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys do  not play a football match..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Do boys play a football match?



PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys are playing a  football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys are not playing a football match..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Are boys playing a football match?



PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have played a football match..


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have not played a football match..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Have boys played a football match?



PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have been playing a football match for two hours


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys have  not been playing a match for  two hours..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Have boys been playing a football match for two hours?






PAST TENSE

PAST INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys played a football football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys did not play a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Did boys play a football match?



PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys were playing a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys were not playing a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Were boys playing a football match?



PAST PERFECT TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had played a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had not played a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Had boys played a football match?



PAST PERFECT  CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had been playing  a  football match since morning


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys had not been playing a football match since morning..


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Had boys been playing a football match since morning?




FUTURE TENSE

FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will play a football match.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will not play a football  match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Will boys play a football match?



FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will be playing a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will not be playing a football match..

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Will boys be playing a football match?



FUTURE PERFECT TENSE



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will have played a football match.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Boys will not have played a football match.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES


  • Will boys have played a match?




FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

  • Boys will have been playing a football match since 2 p.m.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Boys will not have been playing a football match since 2 p.m.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

  • Will  boys have been playing a football match since 2 p.m.?









USE OF ONE SENTENCE IN ALL THE FORMS OF TENSES 


 

वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जाता  है  । 

HE GOES TO HIS OFFICE.


PRESENT TENSE



INDEFINITE  TENSE


इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'ता  है , ते हैं  और  ती है ' आता  है जैसे कि 


First Person & Second Person Singular & Plural & Third Person Plural  --First form of verb is used.
Third Person  Singular -- First form of verb + s or es is used. 



वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जाता  है  ।                             मैं अपना पाठ  याद  करता हूँ।      

He goes to his office.                                           


वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नही जाता  है  ।

He does not go to his office.


क्या   वह अपने  कार्यालय  जाता  है ?

Does he go to his office?



क्या   वह अपने  कार्यालय नही  जाता  है ?

Does he not go to his office?



CONTINUOUS TENSE 



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   है , रहे  हैं  और  रही  है ' आता  है जैसे कि 



First Person Singular ---  Am + First form of verb + ing.
Third Person Singular -----Is+ First form of verb + ing.
First Person & Third Person Plural   & Second Person Singular & Plural--
Are + First form of verb + ing.




वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  है  ।

He is going to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय नही  जा  रहा  है  ।

He is not going to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  है  ?

Is he going to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  है  ?

Is he not going to his office?




PERFECT TENSE





इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' आ ( ामात्रा )    है , ऐ  (ेमात्रा  ) हैं  और  ई (ीमात्रा) है ' आता  है  या   चुका  है   चुकी  है और  चुके  हैं   आता है  जैसे कि

First Person & Second Person Singular and Plural, Third Person Plural ---- 

Have + Third form of verb is used.
Third Person Singular ---- Has + Third form of verb is used



वह  अपने  कार्यालय  गया  है  ।    या       

वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा चुका   है  ।

He has gone to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं गया   है  ।

He has not gone to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  गया   है  ?

Has he gone to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं गया   है  ?

Has he not gone to his office?





PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 


इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   है , रहे  हैं  और  रही  है ' आता  है  और  साथ में समय  दिया  होता है  जैसे कि  दो  घन्टों से या  सुबह से  इत्यादि। 



First Person & Second Person Singular & Plural & Third Person Plural    --

Have +been + First form of verb + ing + (For time) Since or For is used.

Third Person Singular -----Has+been+ First form of verb + ing (For time) Since or For  is used.




वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  है  ।

He  has been going to his office for two months.


वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय नहीं   जा  रहा  है  ।

He has not been going to his office for two months.


क्या वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  है  ?

Has he  been going to his office for two months ?


क्या वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  है  ?

Has he not been going to his office for two months?




PAST TENSE




INDEFINITE  TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' आ ( ामात्रा ) , ऐ  (ेमात्रा  )  और  ई (ीमात्रा)  ' आता  है  जैसे कि 



Second form of verb is used.



वह  अपने  कार्यालय  गया ।    

He went to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं   गया । 

He did not go to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  गया ?

Did he go to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं   गया ? 

Did he not go to his office?



CONTINUOUS TENSE 



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   था  , रहे  थे   और  रही  थी ' आता  है जैसे कि 



First Person Singular  & Third Person Singular -----Was+ First form of verb + ing.
First Person & Third Person Plural   & Second Person Singular & Plural--
Were + First form of verb + ing.




वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  था  ।

He was going to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  था  ।

He was not going to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  था  ?

Was he going to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  था  ?


Was he not going to his office?



PERFECT TENSE




इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' आ ( ामात्रा )   था  , ऐ  (ेमात्रा  ) थे  और  ई (ीमात्रा) थी  ' आता  है  या   चुका  था    चुकी  थी  और  चुके  थे '   आता है  जैसे कि 



Had + Third form of verb is used.



वह  अपने  कार्यालय  गया  था   ।    या       

वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा चुका  था   ।

He had  gone to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं   गया  था   ।

He had  not gone to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं   गया  था   ?

Had  he  gone to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं   गया  था   ?

Had  he not gone to his office?





PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 




इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा  था  , रहे  थे   और  रही  थी  ' आता  है  और  साथ में समय  दिया  होता है  जैसे कि  दो  घन्टों से या  सुबह से  इत्यादि। 



Had + been + First form of verb + ing (For time) since or For is used. 



वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा   था   ।

He had been going to his office for two months.


वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं  जा  रहा   था   ।

He had not been going to his office for two months.


क्या वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा   था   ?

Had he  been going to his office for two months ?


क्या वह  दो  महीनों से अपने  कार्यालय नहीं  जा  रहा   था   ?

Had he not been going to his office for two months?




FUTURE TENSE




INDEFINITE  TENSE




इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  गा , गी  या  गे  ' आता  है।  

   

First Person Singular & Plural --Shall + First form of verb is used.
Second & Third Person Singular & Plural ---Will + First form of verb is used.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जाएगा  ।

He will go to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं  जाएगा  ।

He will not go to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जाएगा  ?

Will he go to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय नहीं  जाएगा  ?

Will he not go to his office?




CONTINUOUS TENSE 




इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   होगा  , रहे  होगें   और  रही  होगी ' आता  है । 


First Person Singular & Plural  --- Shall + be+ First form of verb + ing is used.
Second Person  & Third Person Singular & Plural --Will +be + First form of verb + ing is used.



वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  होगा   ।

He will be going to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  होगा   ।

He will not be going to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  होगा   ?

Will he be going to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  होगा   ?

Will he not be going to his office?



PERFECT TENSE



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  ' आ ( ामात्रा )   होगा   , ऐ  (ेमात्रा  ) होगें   और  ई (ीमात्रा) होगी   ' आता  है  या   चुका  होगा     चुकी  होगी   और  चुके  होगे  '   आता है  जैसे कि 


First Person Singular & Plural  --- Shall +Have+ Third form of verb  is used.
Second Person  & Third Person Singular & Plural --Will +Have +Third form of verb is used.



वह  अपने  कार्यालय  गया  होगा    ।    या      

 वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा चुका  होगा    ।

He will have gone to his office.


वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा चुका  होगा    ।

He will not have gone to his office.


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  जा चुका  होगा  ?

Will  he have gone to his office?


क्या वह  अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा चुका  होगा ?

Will he  have not gone to his office?



PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 



इस  काल मेँ  वाक्य के अन्त  में  'रहा   होगा   , रहे  होगे    और  रही  होगें  ' आता  है और  साथ में समय  दिया  होता है  जैसे कि  दो  घन्टों से या  सुबह से  इत्यादि। जैसे कि 



First Person Singular & Plural  --- Shall + Have +been+ First form of verb + ing+ (For time)  Since or For  is used.
Second Person  & Third Person Singular & Plural --Will + Have + been + First form of verb + ing +(For Time ) Since or For is used.




वह  दो  महीनों   से अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  होगा   ।

He will have been going to his office for two months.


वह  दो  महीनों   से अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  होगा   ।

He will have not been been going to his office for two months.


क्या वह  दो  महीनों   से अपने  कार्यालय  जा  रहा  होगा   ?

Will  he  have been going to his office for two months ?


क्या वह  दो  महीनों   से अपने  कार्यालय  नहीं जा  रहा  होगा   ?

Will he have not been going to his office for two months?

































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