Thursday, 23 May 2013

PAST PERFECT TENSE



PAST PERFECT  TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

In this Tense work has already been completed in  previous time. It is  over now.


For this, with' had' third  form of  verb is  used for all the persons.


For example :
  • Girls had sung a song.
  • We had finished  our  work.
  • I had taken my food.
  • You had taken your examination.



NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In these sentences 'not' is used after had and third form of verb is used for all the persons.


For example :
  • She had not prepared food.
  • I had not met him before.
  • You had not left the room.
  • They had not  made any mistake.



INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In these sentences 'had' is used  before  subject and third form of verb is used for all the persons.

A sign of interrogation is used at the end of the sentence.

For example :
  • Had you gone to the market ?
  • Had the boys played a match on that day ?
  • Had we taken our food ?
  • Had he gone out for a walk?

Similarly in interrogative negative sentences Had is used before subject and not is  used before third  form of verb.

For example :
  • Had she not helped you?
  • Had you not taken your examination seriously?
  • Had the house not elected him as president?







CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

1. In some sentences out of two actions one is dependent on the other.


    If you had worked hard, you would have succeeded.


EXPLANATION :

In this sentence, action in respect  of verb 'work' was to be done in past and its effect was to be seen in present time i.e. work hard related to past whereas action of verb 'succeed' related to present time.


In this, in the main part of   sentence, third  form of  verb with had is used  In the second part with would have,third  form of verb is used.


If you had walked faster, you would have caught the train.

The first part of the sentence can also be written in this way :


Had you worked hard , you would have succeeded. 

Had you walked faster you would have caught the train.

  

Here " Had you worked hard " = " If you had worked hard".



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