Monday, 27 May 2013

FUTURE TENSE USAGE --- FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE --EXPLANATION WITH EXAMPLES AND EXERCISES

CHAPTER THREE


FUTURE TENSE 

In this tense work is done in time to come.

(Some grammarians do not consider it as a tense) 

FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE

In this tense work is done in future time.  Continuity or completion of activity is not mentioned nor considered. The action is to  be in the time to come. So words relating to future time like tomorrow, next day, ensuing month or coming Monday etc are used in this tense.  


For Example :
  • I shall go to Delhi.
  • John will start his factory.
  • Boys will not play a match.



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

In Positive sentences helping verbs 'shall or will' with the main verb is used. First person. 

In affirmative sentence, In case of First person singular and  plural ‘Shall’ with first form of verb is used. 

For Second & third Person singular and plural ‘will’ with first form of verb is used.


For Example :
  • His brother will appear in the examination next year.
  • I shall pay all my debts within two months.
  • Girls will sing a song,
  • You will go to your office in the morning.



NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In negative sentences with ‘shall or will’ not (never) is used before first form of verb. 


For example :
  • I shall not waste my time.
  • She will not cook food.
  • You will not join us.



INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In Interrogative sentences shall or will is used before Subject. First form of verb is used. Words like 'never or 'ever' is also used.

Interrogative sign is used at the end  of the sentence.


For Example: 
  • Shall we travel by bus?
  • Will you fetch me a glass of water?
  • Will they go out for a morning walk?


In case of Interrogative sentences starting with words 'wh' , the sentence starts with the word 'wh' followed by will or shall , subject and first form of verb . The sentence ends with a sign of interrogation mark. Examples will clarify the point.

Examples :

Who will bell the cat?
Which boy will lead the team?
Where will you go during vacation?
When will the guests arrive?
How will you  solve this problem?
Why will she not come here?
Whom will the team elect captain?
What will you pay for this?



In certain conditional cases two actions connected with each other are to take place in future. In such cases the sentence relating to earlier action is in Present Indefinite Tense whereas the sentence of the action taking place later is in Future Indefinite Tense. For example :

If it rains I shall not go to office tomorrow.

If you permit I shall take your brother along with me.


  





EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.


 1. Our guests........ ......... (arrive) here tomorrow.


2. The chairman ....... ......... ( preside) over the meeting.


3. The teacher ......... ........  (punish) those students.


4. I .......... .......  (attend) the office tomorrow.


5. They ........ ....... (visit) you next month.




 EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. It ........  not ...........(rain) today.

2. Girls ......... not ........ (sing) songs.

3. You ......... not ......... (pay) the bill.

4. I ........ never ........ (tell) a lie.

5. They ........ not ....... (accompany) you.



EXERCISE NO 3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense

1. ......... you .......... (teach) us English?

2. .......... we ........... ( go ) out for a picnic on Sunday?

3. ......... she ........(deliver) a lecture tomorrow?

4. ......... the boys .......... (play) a match the next Sunday?

5. ......... you .......... (lend) me your book?

EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. How .........   you ......... ( travel) tomorrow?

2. When .........  you ........... (set) on your journey?

3. Where .......... you ......... (stay) at night?

4. Who .........  .......... (take) decision in the case?

5. Whom ......... you .......... (send) to bring fruit?





EXERCISE NO 5

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.


1. If the sun.......... (shine), our clothes....... (go) dry.

2. If you......... ( work ) hard, you ......... certainly...... (get through).

3. I .........( go) only  when you...... (return).

4. If you.........( stay) a little more, we .........(dine) together.

5. I ........( visit)  you if I........ (return) in time in the evening.



 EXERCISE NO 6

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.

1. Who ....... (help) you if you .......(not help) others ?

2. Where  you.......( stay ) when you .......(visit) that city? 

3. Whose book  you.........( borrow)  if you .......( need ) one?

4. Why  I .........( borrow)  from you when I ........(have) my book ?

5. How you........( come )out if you ......(fall) into this well?





EXERCISE NO 7

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

A true friend ......... always ........... (stand) by you during the time of your difficulties. While other people .......... ........ (vilify) or (ridicule) you in your absence, he .........  ........   (avoid) to criticize you. He ........ not ........ ( blame) you for nothing but instead he .........   .......... (stand) up in your defence. He .......... ........ (support) your all actions through thick and thin.  He .......... ........ (come) to your rescue during days of your calamities. He .......... ......... (try) to share your comforts and woes equally. He ....... ....... (try) to soothe when you feel ruffled. 










(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.


 1. Our guests will arrive here tomorrow.


2. The chairman will preside over the meeting.


3. The teacher will punish those students.


4. I shall attend the office tomorrow.


5. They will visit you next month.




 EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. It will not rain today.

2. Girls will not sing songs.

3. You will not pay the bill.

4. I shall never tell a lie.

5. They will not accompany you.



EXERCISE NO 3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense

1. Will you teach us English?

2. Shall we go out for a picnic on Sunday?

3. Will she deliver a lecture tomorrow?

4. Will the boys play a match the next Sunday?

5. Will you lend me your book?


EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. How will you travel tomorrow?

2. When will you set on your journey?

3. Where will you stay at night?

4. Who will take decision in the case?

5. Whom will you send to bring fruit?


EXERCISE NO 5

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.

1. If the sun shines, our clothes will go dry.

2. If you work hard, you will certainly get through.

3. I shall go only  when you return.

4. If you stay a little more, we shall dine together.

5. I shall visit you if I return in time in the evening.



EXERCISE NO 6

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.

1. Who will help you if you do not help others ?

2. Where will you stay when you visit that city? 

3. Whose book will you borrow if you need one?

4. Why shall I borrow from you when I have my book ?

5. How will you come out if you fall into this well?


EXERCISE NO 7

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

A true friend will  always stand by you during the time of your difficulties. While other people will vilify or ridicule you in your absence, he will avoid to criticize you. He will not  blame you for nothing but instead he will stand up in your defence. He will support your all actions through thick and thin.  He will come to your rescue during days of your calamities. He will try to share your comforts and woes equally. He will try to soothe when you feel ruffled.