Monday, 27 May 2013

FUTURE TENSE -- FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE ---EXPLANATION WITH EXAMPLES AND EXERCISES

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE


This tense denotes that action will continue in future time and will not be complete. Time for continuation or completion of action is not given. It is also called Future Imperfect  Tense or Future Progressive Tense.

In this tense 'Shall' or 'Will' and 'be' with first form of verb with 'ing' are used. 
For example : 

Children will be playing in the garden.
I shall be waiting for you.

examination

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES


In this tense with ‘shall or will’,' be' is used. First form of verb and ‘ing’ is used.


For Example: 
  • We shall be taking our examination.
  • You will be leaving for your home tomorrow.
  • Boys will be purchasing their new books.



NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In this tense ‘shall  or will’  followed by ‘not’ and 'be' & first form of verb with ‘ing’ is used.


For Example :
  • I shall  not be taking my meals.
  • We shall not be going to their house.
  • You will not be combing your hair.
  • Boys will not be making any mischief.



INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In this sentence ‘shall or will’ is used before subject with be and first form of verb with ‘ing’. Interrogative sign will be used at the end of the  sentence.


For Example :
  • Will you be going to  your office ?
  • Shall I be participating in the feat?
  • Will she be purchasing her clothes?



Similarly in interrogative negative sentences ‘shall or will’ is used before subject and 'not' & 'be' is  used before first  form of verb with 'ing'  in the sentence.




For Example :
  • Shall I not be solving these sums?
  • Will the boys not be attending this meeting?
  • Will Mohan not be taking his meals?
  • Will you not be writing an article for the newspaper?


In case of Interrogative sentences starting with words 'wh' , the sentence starts with the word 'wh' followed by 'had' , subject , been and first form of verb with 'ing'. The sentence ends with a sign of interrogation mark. For example :

Why will he be going out at this time?
Which boy will be leading  the team?
Where will you be putting up during your stay?
Who will be looking after the child?
How will they be managing their affairs?
In which year will he be leaving the college?
What will they be doing at this time?


EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. They .........(leave) for their homes tomorrow.

2. Boys........(take) their test.

3. She........  (comb) her hair. 

4. The peasants........ (harvest) their crops.

5. We shall.......(go) out for a walk in the morning.

EXERCISE NO  2.

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. You..........  (not cook) food for us.

2. She........( not pluck) flowers in the garden.

3. The child.......... (not cry).

4. I shall.......... (not learn) my lesson.

5. The girl......... (not tell) a lie.

EXERCISE NO  3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. .......the gardener..........( plant) plants in the garden?

2. ........you.........(purchase) vegetables in the market?

3.  ........I ........(teach) him English?

4.  .......they .........( walk) in the garden in the morning?

5. ........ the girls ........(sing) songs?

EXERCISE NO  4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. Who........ ( preside) over the meeting tomorrow? 

2. What she .......( do) at this time?

3. How you  ........(solve) this problem?

4. Where  you ....... (reside) during your stay?

5. When they .......(shift) to their new house?

  EXERCISE NO  5

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.

I ........... (attend) the college for the last time today. I ...........(complete) my college studies today. I ......... (leave) the college and my college friends for ever. I .......... (go) to some other city to find some job there. One of my friends too......... (accompany) me. We ......... (move) together for the city tomorrow morning. We ............( leave) by train. We .......... (reach) there by 10 a.m. We ........ (put up) in a hotel there for a few days. Soon we....... (reside) in a rented accommodation when we get some job in the city.


EXERCISE NO  6

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.

I.......... (go) out for a walk in the morning tomorrow. My friend........  (accompany) me for a walk. A cool breeze .......... (blow) in the morning. Many people......... (take) exercise in the garden. Children ......... (play) in the garden.   Birds............ ( chirp) in trees. A group of elderly persons ...........( sit) on the grass in the garden and ...........(talk) with each other. We both ......... (enjoy) ourselves in the morning. We ......... (return) after spending an hour or so in the garden. We .........(feel) very fresh after returning from the walk.











(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. They will be leaving for their homes tomorrow.

2. Boys will be taking their test.

3. She will be combing her hair. 

4. The peasants will be harvesting their crops.

5. We shall be going out for a walk in the morning.


EXERCISE NO  2.

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. You will not be cooking food for us.

2. She will not be plucking flowers in the garden.

3. The child will not be crying.

4. I shall not be learning my lesson.

5. The girl will not be telling a lie.


EXERCISE NO  3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. Will the gardener be planting plants in the garden?

2. Will you be purchasing vegetables in the market?

3. Shall I be teaching him English?

4. Will they be walking in the garden in the morning?

5. Will the girls be singing songs?


EXERCISE NO  4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.


1. Who will be presiding over the meeting tomorrow? 

2. What will she be doing at this time?

3. How will you be solving this problem?

4. Where will you be residing during your stay?

5. When will they be shifting to their new house?


EXERCISE NO  5

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.

I shall be attending the college for the last time today. I shall be completing my college studies today. I shall be leaving the college and my college friends for ever. I shall be going to some other city to find some job there. One of my friends too will be accompanying me. We shall be moving together for the city tomorrow morning. We shall be leaving by train. We shall be reaching there by 10 a.m. We shall be putting up in a hotel there for a few days. Soon we shall be residing in a rented accommodation when we get some job in the city. 


EXERCISE NO  6

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Continuous Tense.

I shall be going out for a walk in the morning tomorrow. My friend will be accompanying me for a walk. A cool breeze will be blowing in the morning. Many people will be taking exercise in the garden. Children will be playing in the garden. Birds will be chirping in trees. A group of elderly persons will be sitting on the grass in the garden and will be talking with each other. We both will be enjoying ourselves in the morning. We shall be returning after spending an hour or so in the garden. We shall be feeling very fresh after returning from the walk.






FUTURE TENSE USAGE --- FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE --EXPLANATION WITH EXAMPLES AND EXERCISES

CHAPTER THREE


FUTURE TENSE 

In this tense work is done in time to come.

(Some grammarians do not consider it as a tense) 

FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE

In this tense work is done in future time.  Continuity or completion of activity is not mentioned nor considered. The action is to  be in the time to come. So words relating to future time like tomorrow, next day, ensuing month or coming Monday etc are used in this tense.  


For Example :
  • I shall go to Delhi.
  • John will start his factory.
  • Boys will not play a match.



AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

In Positive sentences helping verbs 'shall or will' with the main verb is used. First person. 

In affirmative sentence, In case of First person singular and  plural ‘Shall’ with first form of verb is used. 

For Second & third Person singular and plural ‘will’ with first form of verb is used.


For Example :
  • His brother will appear in the examination next year.
  • I shall pay all my debts within two months.
  • Girls will sing a song,
  • You will go to your office in the morning.



NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In negative sentences with ‘shall or will’ not (never) is used before first form of verb. 


For example :
  • I shall not waste my time.
  • She will not cook food.
  • You will not join us.



INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In Interrogative sentences shall or will is used before Subject. First form of verb is used. Words like 'never or 'ever' is also used.

Interrogative sign is used at the end  of the sentence.


For Example: 
  • Shall we travel by bus?
  • Will you fetch me a glass of water?
  • Will they go out for a morning walk?


In case of Interrogative sentences starting with words 'wh' , the sentence starts with the word 'wh' followed by will or shall , subject and first form of verb . The sentence ends with a sign of interrogation mark. Examples will clarify the point.

Examples :

Who will bell the cat?
Which boy will lead the team?
Where will you go during vacation?
When will the guests arrive?
How will you  solve this problem?
Why will she not come here?
Whom will the team elect captain?
What will you pay for this?



In certain conditional cases two actions connected with each other are to take place in future. In such cases the sentence relating to earlier action is in Present Indefinite Tense whereas the sentence of the action taking place later is in Future Indefinite Tense. For example :

If it rains I shall not go to office tomorrow.

If you permit I shall take your brother along with me.


  





EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.


 1. Our guests........ ......... (arrive) here tomorrow.


2. The chairman ....... ......... ( preside) over the meeting.


3. The teacher ......... ........  (punish) those students.


4. I .......... .......  (attend) the office tomorrow.


5. They ........ ....... (visit) you next month.




 EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. It ........  not ...........(rain) today.

2. Girls ......... not ........ (sing) songs.

3. You ......... not ......... (pay) the bill.

4. I ........ never ........ (tell) a lie.

5. They ........ not ....... (accompany) you.



EXERCISE NO 3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense

1. ......... you .......... (teach) us English?

2. .......... we ........... ( go ) out for a picnic on Sunday?

3. ......... she ........(deliver) a lecture tomorrow?

4. ......... the boys .......... (play) a match the next Sunday?

5. ......... you .......... (lend) me your book?

EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. How .........   you ......... ( travel) tomorrow?

2. When .........  you ........... (set) on your journey?

3. Where .......... you ......... (stay) at night?

4. Who .........  .......... (take) decision in the case?

5. Whom ......... you .......... (send) to bring fruit?





EXERCISE NO 5

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.


1. If the sun.......... (shine), our clothes....... (go) dry.

2. If you......... ( work ) hard, you ......... certainly...... (get through).

3. I .........( go) only  when you...... (return).

4. If you.........( stay) a little more, we .........(dine) together.

5. I ........( visit)  you if I........ (return) in time in the evening.



 EXERCISE NO 6

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.

1. Who ....... (help) you if you .......(not help) others ?

2. Where  you.......( stay ) when you .......(visit) that city? 

3. Whose book  you.........( borrow)  if you .......( need ) one?

4. Why  I .........( borrow)  from you when I ........(have) my book ?

5. How you........( come )out if you ......(fall) into this well?





EXERCISE NO 7

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

A true friend ......... always ........... (stand) by you during the time of your difficulties. While other people .......... ........ (vilify) or (ridicule) you in your absence, he .........  ........   (avoid) to criticize you. He ........ not ........ ( blame) you for nothing but instead he .........   .......... (stand) up in your defence. He .......... ........ (support) your all actions through thick and thin.  He .......... ........ (come) to your rescue during days of your calamities. He .......... ......... (try) to share your comforts and woes equally. He ....... ....... (try) to soothe when you feel ruffled. 










(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.


 1. Our guests will arrive here tomorrow.


2. The chairman will preside over the meeting.


3. The teacher will punish those students.


4. I shall attend the office tomorrow.


5. They will visit you next month.




 EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. It will not rain today.

2. Girls will not sing songs.

3. You will not pay the bill.

4. I shall never tell a lie.

5. They will not accompany you.



EXERCISE NO 3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense

1. Will you teach us English?

2. Shall we go out for a picnic on Sunday?

3. Will she deliver a lecture tomorrow?

4. Will the boys play a match the next Sunday?

5. Will you lend me your book?


EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

1. How will you travel tomorrow?

2. When will you set on your journey?

3. Where will you stay at night?

4. Who will take decision in the case?

5. Whom will you send to bring fruit?


EXERCISE NO 5

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.

1. If the sun shines, our clothes will go dry.

2. If you work hard, you will certainly get through.

3. I shall go only  when you return.

4. If you stay a little more, we shall dine together.

5. I shall visit you if I return in time in the evening.



EXERCISE NO 6

Fill in the blanks in following conditional sentences using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense as deem fit.

1. Who will help you if you do not help others ?

2. Where will you stay when you visit that city? 

3. Whose book will you borrow if you need one?

4. Why shall I borrow from you when I have my book ?

5. How will you come out if you fall into this well?


EXERCISE NO 7

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Future Indefinite Tense.

A true friend will  always stand by you during the time of your difficulties. While other people will vilify or ridicule you in your absence, he will avoid to criticize you. He will not  blame you for nothing but instead he will stand up in your defence. He will support your all actions through thick and thin.  He will come to your rescue during days of your calamities. He will try to share your comforts and woes equally. He will try to soothe when you feel ruffled.





















Thursday, 23 May 2013

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


PAST  PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


It is used to show that a work had been continuing from the past and it had not been finished. In such sentences duration of time of work is also given. 

‘Had’ with 'been' and first form of  verb and -ing is used in these sentences.To express time words ‘for  or since’ are used. 

For example 

The child had been sleeping for two hours

We had been working for two days.

You had been living here since 1995.





AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

In affirmative sentences, with all  types of persons ‘had’ is used.

 And with it ‘been’ and first   form  of verb and ‘ing’ is used.   

To express time ‘since’  or ‘for’ is used.


For Example :


Girls had been plucking flowers for one hour.
You had been reading this book since morning.
She had been preparing tea for half an  hour.
We had been living in this house for two years.


NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In negative sentences ‘had been’ is used with first form of verb and ‘ing’ 

and ‘not’ is used between ‘had’ & ‘been’.


For Example :


She had not been singing since morning.
You had not been taking your meals for two days.
They had not been waiting for you for two hours.
The child had not been crying for half an hour.


INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In Interrogative sentences Had is used before Subject.  

Been and first form of verb with ing are used. 

To express time for and since are used.

A sign of interrogation is used at the end of the sentence.


For Example:

Had he been helping  you for two years?

Had you been painting a picture since morning?
Had children been dancing for two hours ?
Had we been learning our lessons  for the last two hours?

Similarly in interrogative negative sentences Had is used before subject and not is  used before first  form of verb with ing  in the sentence.

For Example :


Had I not been solving this sum for two hours ?
Had the girls not been dancing for the last two hours?
Had Mary not been preparing for her examination since January  ?
Had you not been waiting for him since morning?

In case of Interrogative sentences starting with words 'wh' , the sentence starts with the word 'wh' followed by 'had' , subject , been and first form of verb with 'ing'. The sentence ends with a sign of interrogation mark. For example :

1.Where had you been living for the last two years?

2. Who had been teaching you English for the last two months?

3. Since when had you been living in this house ?

4. Why had they not been playing since morning?

5. How had she been managing her affairs for all these years?

6. Whom had they been searching for since morning?

7. Whose book  had you been reading for two hours?

8. Which picture had you been painting for two weeks?

9. What had they been doing there for two days?

10. Where had the children been playing since morning?



EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. What ....... you ....... ........(worry) about all these days?

2. ..........how long ......... you .......  ........ (wait) for him?

3. Where ........ they ....... living .....  the last two years?

4. Who ......  ......... (teach) you this subject ........ January?

5. Whose story ........ she....... ..........(tell) the children ..... two hours?


             

EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. We .....   ....... (wait) for you .....two hours.

2. The boys ....... ........ (play) football ........ morning.

3. The child ........  ...... weeping bitterly ...... half an hour.

4. It ....... ....... (rain) heavily ........ 7 a.m.

5. She ...... ......(watch) television ....... two hours.


EXERCISE NO  3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. We ........ not ...... ........(live) in this city .... two years.

2. She ...... not ....... ......... (play) on flute ........ morning.

3. They ...... not ...... .......(visit) us ....... the last two months.

4. I ....... not ...... ......(go) to my office ...... the last three days.

5. You ..... not ...... ......(take) your medicine for two days.



EXERCISE NO  4


Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. ....... you not ....... .......(accompany) her to the club ....two months?

2. ........ the dogs not ....... ........(bark) ....... the whole night?

3. ........the hunter ....... .......(hunt) in the forest ...... morning?

4. ........he ....... .........(learn) his lesson ...... two hours?

5. .......you ...... ....... (wait) for them ...... the last two hours?


EXERCISE NO  5

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

She ........ .......  ...... (live) in this house....... the last two years. She ........ .....   (live) with her husband ........ more than a decade or so. Her husband ....... .......  (run) a factory ....... the last five years. She too .... ....... (work) in an office ...... the last four years. They ....... ....... (lead) a happy married life ........ more than a  decade.  But she ...... .......... (live) in distress ......  the last couple of years. Her son ........ not ........... (live) with her ......... the last a couple of years. He ....... ....... (live) with his wife in another city ......... two years. She ......  ..... (feel) depressed since then. She .......  ....... (feel)  lonely.......... her son left. She ........  ......... (wait) for her son to come ......  a few months in the beginning but now she has consoled herself.

 
















(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. What had you been worrying about all these days?

2. For how long had you been  waiting for him?


3. Where had they been living
for  the last two years?

4. Who had been teaching you this subject since  January?


5. Whose story had  she  been  telling the children for two hours?



             

EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. We had been waiting for you for two hours.

2. The boys had been playing football since morning.

3. The child had been weeping bitterly for half an hour.

4. It had been  raining  heavily since 7 a.m.

5. She had been watching television for two hours.


EXERCISE NO  3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. We had not been living in this city for two years.

2. She had not been playing on flute since morning.

3. They had not been visiting us for the last two months.

4. I had not been going to my office for the last three days.

5. You had not been taking your medicine for two days.


EXERCISE NO  4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1. Had you not been accompanying her to the club for two months?

2. Had the dogs not been barking for the whole night?

3. Had the hunter been hunting in the forest since morning?

4. Had he been learning his lesson for two hours?

5. Had you been waiting for them for the last two hours?








EXERCISE NO  5

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

She had been living in this house for the last two years. She had been living here with her husband for more than a decade or so. Her husband had been  running a factory for the last five years. She too had been working in an office for the last four years. They had been leading a happy married life for more than two  decades.  But she had been living in distress for the last a couple of years. Her son had not been living with her for the last a couple of years. He had been living with his wife in another city for two years. She had been feeling depressed for some time back. She had been feeling lonely since her son left. She had been waiting for her son to come for  a few months in the beginning but now she has consoled herself.



                                  


















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PAST PERFECT TENSE



PAST PERFECT  TENSE

Past Perfect Tense is used to express an action that has already happened and is over now. It is used in sentences with words like 'Already, by the time, by the end of or at the time of etc.' For example : I had already finished my work. By the end of March we had left the city.

Past Perfect Tense is used in Complex Tenses. When two activities take place one after the other and are related to each other, for the activity occurred earlier, Past Perfect Tense is used and for the activity occurred later, Past Indefinite Tense is used. For example : The patient had died before the doctor came. It had stopped raining when I reached home.  

.AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

In this Tense work has already been completed in  previous time. It is  over now.


For the action taken place earlier, Past Perfect Tense is used i.e. with' had' third  form of  verb is  used for all the persons.


For example :
  • Girls had sung a song before we reached there.
  • We had finished  our  work when you arrived.
  • I had already taken my food. 
  • You had taken your examination by the end of the month.



NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In these sentences 'not' is used between 'had' and third form of verb. Third form of verb is used for all persons.


For example :
  • She had not prepared food by then.
  • I had not met him before.
  • You had not left the room when they arrived.
  • They had not  made any mistake.



INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In these sentences 'had' is used  before  subject and third form of verb is used for all the persons. 

If the sentence contains the word 'before' the principal clause is in interrogative form and it starts with 'Had' followed by subject and third form of verb. The second sentence is in Past Indefinite Tense. For example :  Had you finished your work before I reached there? I

If the sentence contains the word 'After', 'Did' is used in it. The sentence starts with'Did' followed by Subject and first form of verb. 

For example : Did you receive a call after you had submitted your application for job?

A sign of interrogation is used at the end of the sentence.

For example :
  • Had you gone to the market when they reached there?
  • Had the boys played a match on that day ?
  • Had we taken our food before you arrived?
  • Had he gone out for a walk?

Similarly in interrogative negative sentences Had is used before subject and not is  used before third  form of verb.



For example :
  • Had she not helped you?
  • Had you not taken your examination seriously?
  • Had the house not elected him president?

In interrogative sentences starting with 'Wh', the sentence starts with the word 'Wh' followed by 'had' and subject and third form of verb. 



For example :  

1.Why had she not taken her food yesterday?

2. Why had you not paid your dues in time?

3. Why had you not closed the door before you slept?

4.  When did the other give milk to the child after he had wept?

5. What did she gain after she had quarrelled with him?

6. Where had the thief gone before the police came?

7. Whom had he cheated before he escaped from the scene?

8. What had he purchased from the market before he returned?

9. Why had you not taken milk before you slept?

10. Where had the thief gone after the police came?

 

EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. It   ........ (stop) raining before the sun........ (rise).

2. The crowd   ....... (disperse) before the police ....... (come)

3. The train ............ (leave) before we ...... (reach) the station.

4. The servant .........(cook) food before the master ......(arrive).

5. She .......... (finish)  her work before we .........(reach) there.

EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. She ..................( not learn) her lesson before the examinations......(start).

2. The child..... (not take) food before he......... (sleep).

3. She.......... (not leave) for her home before we ......(reach) there.

4. They ............(not receive) your letter till today.

5. We ...........(not see) such a scene before.



EXERCISE NO  3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. ......... they ........... (take) their meals before you .......(reach) there?

2. ........... the boys ........(finish) their game before the sun ........(set) ?
3. ........... you ..........(reach) your home before it ......(start) raining?
4. ........... the farmers ........(return) home before the night .......(fall)?
5. ..........the mother.......... (give) the child milk before he......(weep)?

EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. Why .......... you .......(not leave) the home before they ..........(arrive)?
2. Why .........they not ........(get) ready ........ before the guests .....(come)?
3. What ........ the child ........(take) before he ..........(sleep)?
4. Where ........she ........(go) when her mother ..........come?
5. Where .......... you .........(go) when the teacher .......(take) attendance?


CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

1. In some sentences out of two actions one is dependent on the other.


    If you had worked hard, you would have succeeded.


EXPLANATION :

In this sentence, action in respect  of verb 'work' was to be done in past and its effect was to be seen in present time i.e. work hard related to past whereas action of verb 'succeed' related to present time.


In this, in the main part of   sentence, third  form of  verb with had is used  In the second part with would have,third  form of verb is used.


If you had walked faster, you would have caught the train.

The first part of the sentence can also be written in this way :


Had you worked hard , you would have succeeded. 

Had you walked faster you would have caught the train.

  

Here " Had you worked hard " = " If you had worked hard".




(ANSWERS)

EXERCISE NO  1

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. It   had stopped raining before the sun rose.

2. The crowd  had dispersed before the police came.

3. The train had left before we reached the station.

4. The servant had cooked food before the master arrived.

5. She  had finished  her work before we reached there.


EXERCISE NO  2

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. She had not learnt her lesson before the examinations started.

2. The child had not taken food before he slept.

3. She had not left for her home before we reached there.

4. They had not received your letter till today.

5. We had not seen such a scene before.



EXERCISE NO  3

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. Had they taken their meals before you reached there?

2. Had the boys finished their game before the sun set ?

3. Had you reached your home before it started raining?

4. Had the farmers returned home before the night fell?

5. Had the mother given the child milk before he wept?

EXERCISE NO 4

Fill in the blanks using appropriate form of given verb in Past Perfect Tense.

1. Why had  you not left the home before they arrived?
2. Why  had they not got ready  before the guests came?
3. What had the child taken before he slept?
4. Where had she gone when her mother came?
5. Where had you gone when the teacher took attendance?









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