Thursday, 31 August 2017

VOCABULARY -- Word Meaning Exercises ---based on Previous Examination Questions

Exercises relating to Vocabulary - Word Meanings 

(Based on latest changed style used in Competition Exams.)

Choose the correct Meaning of the phrase/clause/word in bold and underlined.


Exercise No.

One 

1.The potential frequent interference Mr.Trump's daughter may make in the administration is     vexatious.

1.expected  2. irritating  3. supportive 4. obligatory

2. She sitting at another table in the cafe  was from time to time exchanging furtive glances     with him. 

1.deliberately   2.lovely    3.openly   4.secretively

3. A delirium of mad violence swept all over the city after the decision was announced. 

1.storm    2.monotonous   3.frenzy   4. clamorous 

4. "I have been flooded with hundreds of calls......Getting accolades was not my intention."        said the headmaster.

1.decorum 2. honour 3.delight  4.importance 


5. It was a splendid morning and the air was redolent with perfume of rose petals scattered       all around on the floor.

1.fragrant  2.affected  3.overflowing  4.enchanted

6. " As they danced together, a spark of romance kindled between them." wrote he. 

1. attracted 2. aroused  3. appeared  4.endeared

7. He is embroiled in a case that alleges he received bribe in exchange for political favours.

1.  attacked  2.dragged   3. deliberated  4. invplved

8. Spring water flowed down swiftly and clatter of the falling water muffled his cries.

1. softened  2. smashed   3. drowned 4. rattled 

9. In the play he was depicted as a very unctuous,truly horrific villain whom the audience         despised.

1. braggart 2. insidious 3. quarrelsome 4.flattering 

10. "How could he, with his perspicacious, and refined mind, ever commit such a                        mistake?" said he. 

1.sagacious  2.dubious  3.skeptical 4. sophisticated


ANSWERS : (1.(2) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(2) 5.(1) 6.(2) 7.(4) 8.(1) 9.(4) 10.(1)







Exercise No.

Two


1. Under the right to freedom of thought we have right to have our own private thoughts              even if they are heretical.

1. confidential 2. detrimental 3. dissenting 4.secretive

2. A series of macabre incidents involving violent injury and death ensued announcement of     the court decision.

1. troublesome 2. abrupt 3. unrestrained  4. gruesome

3. Both the brothers quarreled continually, started vituperating and finally fighting each             other.

1. scolding   2. criticizing 3. cursing 4.thrashing 

4. Eventually the government acceding to public demand  rescinded the new regulation.

1.repealed   2.reenacted 3. reinstated 4. reviewed 

5. It is her selfless and candor nature that has made her popular among her friends.

1.shrewd  2. frank 3.caring  4.obliging

6. Pebbles of different colours spattered along brims of the road presented a charming              view.

1. amassed   2.collected 3.splashed  4.heaped

7. Many munificent patrons and donors contribute in money and kind to our institution.

1. surreptitious 2. scrupulous 3. numerous 4. generous 

8. They believe that events like tornadoes and earthquakes are cosmic retribution  for              human pride.

1. vengeance .2. negligence  3. repression  4. optimisation

9. She is no more novice in cooking, she has emerged as  an expert cook now.

1. developer  2.learned 3.shirker 4.beginner

10. We all remain resolute  in our endeavour  to improve working of the company. 

1. determined 2.continue  3. persist  4. maintain 


ANSWERS : (1.(3) 2.(4) 3.(2) 4.(1) 5.(2) 6.(3) 7.(4) 8.(1) 9.(4) 10.(1)


Exercise No.

Three

1. "Their alacrity in adjusting instilled them with confidence, and also pragmatism." said he. 

1. leisure 2. sluggishness 3.eagerness 4.awareness


2. "Beneath all her smirk  and insinuation, her derision was quite evident." said he.

1.  simper 2. flatter 3. brag 4.sinister

3. A detailed and frank disquisition on the subject brought many unknown facts into light.

1. clarification 2.description  3.identification  4.discussion 

4. It is pertinent to state that leaders, not laggards, contribute to progress pf the institution.  

 1. swindler 2.influential 3.dawdler 4.director 

5. He is chary  of fiddling with something that engenders his goodwill.

1.pretentious 2. dreaded 3.apprehensive  4 cautious 

6. "Liberal critics revile the emperor as a ruthless ruler who tortured and imprisoned his opponents."

1.merciless 2.ferocious 3.motionless 4.shameless

7. Illiteracy and underemployment among people is a big impediment to growth of villages.

1.escalation  2.curtailment 3. reduction 4.hindrance

8. He paced briskly back and forth in anguish as he spoke into his cellphone.

1. jealousy 2. stress 3. distress 4. exuberance   

9. He being a fugitive in his country sought asylum in the United States.

1.scoundrel  2.absconder 3. murderer 4.criminal

10. She and Trump visited the aggrieved families to commiserate about their troubles.

1.inquire 2. assess 3. assist  4. sympathize 


ANSWERS : (1.(3) 2.(1) 3.(2) 4.(3) 5.(4) 6.(1) 7.(4) 8.(3) 9.(2) 10.(4)




Saturday, 22 July 2017

VOCABULARY -- Word Meaning Exercises ---based on Previous Examination Questions

Exercises relating to Vocabulary - Word Meanings 

(Based on latest changed style used in Competition Exams.)

Choose the correct Meaning of the phrase/clause in bold and underlined.

Exercise No.

One 

1. The boss served him with  a mild but firm warning for his misbehaviour in the meeting.

1. thrashed   2. denounced  3. piqued  4. admonished  


2. A dispute arose and it created angry and bitter feelings between them.

1. adhesion 2. congruity  3. acrimony  4. contradiction


3. A fault developed in the computer and the information stored in it got wiped out.

1. sabotaged  2. obliterated 3. elevated  4. reiterated 


4. It is such an issue people would like to argue even fight about it for hours together,

1. conventional  2. commendable 3. contentious 4. convincing 


5. The demonstrators went out of control with anger and destroyed property. 

1. berserk 2. redundant 3. laudatory 4. fervent 


6. It was very difficult for me  to understand his unrealistic and impracticable plans. 

1. prominent  2. flagrant  3. Quixotic 4. drastic 


7. From a humble beginning he soon grew into a prominent business magnate.

1. professional 2, tycoon 3. notorious  4. versatile 


8. The leadership remained upset and bothered throughout those days.

1. fazed   2. dreaded  3. convicted  4. committed 


9. His exuberance withered and he grew ill-tempered and gloomy in his old age.

1. demented  2. quagmire 3. agile  4. sullen 


10. He gave an indirect reference to impose new taxes in his speech.

1. indication 2. allusion  3. argument 4. direction 


(ANSWERS : 1.(4) 2. (3) 3. (2) 4.(3) 5. (1) 6.(3) 7. (2) 8.(1) 9. (4) 10. (2)




Choose the correct Meaning of the phrase/clause in bold and underlined.

Exercise No.

Two

1. The authorities have decided to refill the market with sufficient quantity of sugar to meet with its increased consumption during ensuing festival season.

1. accumulate 2. accredit  3. recoup 4. replenish


2. The government is making strenuous efforts to enliven and invigorate the sagging economy.

1.expedite 2.satiate  3.perpetrate 4. stimulate 


3.His father repeatedly imparted him with instructions instilling a sense of responsibility in him. 

1. Integrated 2. Contemplated 3. inculcated 4. inebriated


4. Immediately a dinner party without any prior preparation was arranged in his honour by us.

1. ab initio 2. impromptu  3. impetuously 4. inevitably 


5. Malicious statements by various leaders have maligned and corrupted the whole political atmosphere. 

1. vitiated  2. depleted  3. corrugated 4. collided


6. In the absence of sufficient evidences against him the court has decided to declare him not guilty of criminal charges.

1.expatriate 2. exonerate 3. discharge 4.deprive 


7. Before making any agreement with the company he examined carefully  all the aspects of it .

1. circumspect 2.circumvent  3. introspect  4. retrospect  


8. People could hardly make out anything of the puzzling and unclear statement he issued in the press.

1. sarcastic  2.scathing   3. enigmatic   4.critical

9. His explanations why he was late to dinner last night could not bring down his parents' anger. 

1.digress  2.deviate  3.divulge  4. mitigate

10.The project though in its beginning stage is slowly but steadily making progress.

1. diminutive 2. nascent 3.regressive  4. morbid





(ANSWERS : 1.(4) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(2) 5.(1) 6.(2) 7 (1) 8(3) 9.(4) 10.(2) )



Choose the correct Meaning of the phrase/clause/word in bold and underlined.

Exercise No.

Three

1. In United Kingdom, as more and more immigrants grow richer and have higher-income, they drift from the labour party of the country.

1. influential  2. reticient  3. proficient  4. affluent

2. As I  found her telling lies many a time, my trust in her has grown lesser. 

1. degraded  2. submerged  3. eroded  4. inclined  

3. The viewers get a very distorted and inaccurate information about goods and commodities through advertisements displayed on television.

1. subdued  2, skewed 3. exaggerated  4. superfluous 

4. The President inducted a team of inquisitive and innovative personnel into his advisory council.

1. inspiring 2, inquiring 3. toiling 4. striving 

5. Politicians who squabble over rover water issues pay scant attention to the quality of water people drink.

1. bicker 2. flicker 3.fritter 4. squander

6. Education about security risks online is abysmally sparse especially in small towns and villages.

1. specifically  2. terribly 3. critically 4. expressly 

7. Britain's exit from the European Union risks Europe further dividing into different groups.

1.extricating 2. chiseling 3.splintering  4.bifurcating 

8. They raised a temporary wooden structure which was very weak, unstable and liable to break.

1. sturdy 2,resilient 3,buoyant 4,fragile

9. Shifting of ill-acquired money to offshore accounts in a secretive way landed him in hot waters.
1.ostensibly 2.surreptitiously 3.irrevocably  4.suspiciously 


10. Now a days people spend extravagantly on overseas holidays and weekend celebrations.

1. exuberate 2. exhilarate 3. splash 4.splurge

(ANSWERS : (1.(4) 2. (3) 3. (2) 4.(4) 5. (1) 6.(2) 7.(3) 8.(4) 9. (2) 10,(4) )





Choose the correct Meaning of the phrase/clause/word in bold and underlined.

Exercise No.

Four


1. The doctor advised him to move to an open and salubrious countryside area if he wants early recovery from his illness.

1.distant 2.healthy 3.unusual 4.airy

2. Once he fritters away his wealth, his fair-weather friends  will dissipate without a trace. 

1. converse 2.converge 3. disperse 4.dissent

3. Mr. Trump was not perturbed and discomforted by the protests against him outside meeting venue.

1.hazed 2.dazed  3.gazed 4.fazed

4. He got himself examined by two doctors but reports of both the doctors did not agree   with each other. 

1.consistent 2.conflicting 3.conclusive  4. confronting 

5. His life is full of difficult and tough times but he always remains happy and cheerful.

1. vicissitudes 2. servitude 3.multitudes 4. turpitude

6. Of late activities of China towards India are of unfriendly, inimical and hostile nature.

1. concurrent 2. belligerent 3. divergent 4. subservient.

7.The lack of coordination among their team mates contributed to their abysmal defeat in         the match.

1. obvious 2, terrible 3.expected 4. avoidable

8. These remarks reflect their incredible disapprobation  of his dissipated activities.

1.renunciation  2. appreciation  3. ignorance 4.condemnation

9. Parents are often oblivious of faults and follies of their wards.

1.insensible  2. unmindful 3.follow 4. afraid

10.  He is the only member of the committee who dared to show temerity  to stand up against the chairman.

1.verbosity  2.exposure 3. openness 4.audacity




ANSWERS : (1.(2) 2.(3) 3.(4) 4.(2) 5.(1) 6.(2) 7.(2) 8.(4) 9.(2) 10.(4)

Tuesday, 27 June 2017

VOCABULARY -- Word Meaning Exercises ---based on Previous Examination Questions

Exercises relating to Vocabulary - Word Meanings 

(Based on latest changed style used in Competition Exams.)

Mark the correct Meaning of the word in bold and underlined.

Exercise No.
One 



1. What I surmise is that there was a deliberate attempt to malign his reputation.

1. foresee 2. guess 3. believe 4. gather 

2. The meeting ended without any result due to inexorable attitude of both the parties.

1. adamant  2. indifferent  3. impressive  4. plausible 

3. A dissonant atmosphere prevailed throughout the meeting of the board.

1.disastrous  2.entertaining 3.monotonous 4. inharmonious 

4. The authorities need an evidence to prove her complicity in the scam.

1. innocence 2.occupation 3. participation 4. governance

5. She is in the habit of be-fooling others by  dissimulation of her feelings.

1.imitating  2.overdoing  exaggerating  4.faking  

6. She was an avid writer who wrote many books on science fiction.

1. seasoned 2. enthusiastic 3. prominent 4. established 

7. Indignant over callous attitude of his parents he decided to leave the house.

1. disappointed 2. concerned  3. exhausted  4. offended 

8. Ecosystem of the area has been jeopardized due heavy industrialization.

1. endangered 2.engraved  3.entranced   4.enhanced

9. His explanation about his behaviour helped to mitigate host's anger.

1. enhance 2. hamper 3. express 4. lessen

10. Slowly but surely Nature retrieves, impressions grow fainter, but are not effaced.

1. make out  2. dole out 3. wipe out 4. run out  


(ANSWERS : 1. (2)  2.(1)  3.(4)  4.(3)  5.(4)  6.(2) 7.(4) 8.(1) 9.(4) 10. (3) )


(EXPLANATION)

1. Surmise means to make a guess from a limited information. Foresee means to make a prophecy or to know before hand. Believe means to have belief. Gather means to collect information. Out of the given options 2.Guess is correct.

2. Inexorable means which is not willing to change i.e. of obdurate nature. Indifferent means having no concern. Impressive means that cause impression. Plausible means to be believed upon. Adamant means stubborn. So 1, adamant is correct.

3. Dissonant means which is not agreeable, lacking harmony or dissenting. Disastrous means anything causing disaster or damage. Entertainment means causing amusement.Monotonous means boring. Inharmonious means lacking harmony. 4. Inharmonious is correct.

4. Complicity means involvement in a wrong or illegal act. Innocence means having done no sin wrong act. occupation means involving some job or work. Participation means doing activities sharing with others.Governance means to exercise control or authority. 3. Participation is correct as it relates to a scam.

5.Dissimulation means faking true feelings. Imitate means to copy. Overdo means to do something in excess. Concealing means to.hide.4. Faking is the correct answer. 

6. Avid means full of enthusiasm. Seasoned means deft or experienced. Prominent means famous. Established means well known or proven over passage of time. 2. enthusiastic is correct answer.

7. Indignant means to be angry over something unfair. Disappoint means to lose hope. Concerned means to be worried. exhausted means tired or overdone. 4. Offend means to make angry is correct answer.

8.  Jeopardized means  to put in danger. Engraved means carved or etched. Entrance means  way to enter or to fascinate or cast a spell.Enhance means to increase. 1.Endanger is the correct answer.

9.Mitigate means to reduce or make less. Enhance means to increase. hamper means to hinder or cause obstacle.Express means to communicate. 4. Lessen is the correct answer.

10. Effaced means to remove by rubbing etc.Make out means to find or understand. Dole out means to give in small quantity. Run out means to use one's energy etc. 3. wipe out is to remove by wiping is correct answer.


Two 

1. Benefits of these schemes are enjoyed by elite people only and others remain bereft of those

1.privileged  2. dependent  3. deprived  4. favourite

2. His explanations could not quell the criticism slapped on him by his opponents.
1.diminish  2.appease 3.face  4. resist

3. During his election campaign Trump bragged about cheaper health care for people.

1.declared  2.announced  3. decided    4. boasted

4. Her past still haunts her and often perturbs her.

1.influence   2. coerce 3.stalk   4. dread

5. Cartoons and caricatures galore in the social media showing their break up.

1. figure 2.decorate   3. abound 4. flash

6. Scurrilous and unfounded allegations were leveled against him to defame him.

1. offensive 2. serious 3, grave 4, speculative 

7. She, vulnerable and anguished, acted in a heroic manner in the days of misery.

1. disgusted 2. distressed 3. dissipated 4, depressed 

8. As the news of bomb explosion spread, all the people started running helter and skelter.

1. dreadfully  2. swiftly 3. haphazardly 4. brashly

9. Trump's recent statements drew expressions of consternation and extreme disbelief.

1. enmity 2. aversion 3. suspicion 4. dismay

10. The markets responded with trepidation after a series of scandals in the country.

1. confusion 2. mistrust 3. dread 4. suspicion  



(ANSWERS 1.(1) 2.(2) 3.(4) 4.(3) 5.(3) 6.(1) 7.(2) 8.(3) 9.(4) 10.(3))

1. Elite means person having a privileged position. Dependent means one  supported by another. Deprived means lacking something. Favourite means one liked by another.1. Privileged is the correct answer.
2. Quell means to stop or suppress something. Diminish means to reduce. Face means to encounter. Assist means to aid. 2. Suppress is the correct answer.
3. Bragged means boasted. Other options Declared, announced and decided are incorrect. Boasted is the correct answer.
4. Haunt means to cause uneasiness by reminding past. Influence means to affect. Coerce means to force. Stalk means to follow. Dread means to be afraid is the correct answer.

5. Galore means to be present in a large number. Figure means to occur. Decorate means to beautify. Flash means to emit sudden light. Abound means in large number is the correct option
6. Scurrilous means  outrageous or insulting.  Options seriousand grave are not in order here. Speculative means abstract is also not correct. Option offensive is the correct answer.
7. Anguished means  painful or distressed.  Disgusted means shocked or offended. Dissipated means degenerate. Depressed means dejected or disheartened.Distressed is the correct answer.
8. Helter and skelter means here and there or not in an orderly manner. Dreadfully means being afraid of. Swiftly means fast or with speed. Brashly means rudely and forcefully. Haphazardly means not in a proper way is the correct answer.
9. Consternation means state of dismay or shock. Enmity means hostility or hate. Aversion means hatred. Suspicion means doubt or mistrust. Dismay means  sadness or disappointment is the correct answer.
10. Trepidation means anxiety or nervousness. Conf Bragged means boasted. Other options Declared, announced and decided are incorrect. Boasted is the correct answer.usion means misunderstanding. Mistrust means distrust. Suspicion means doubt.3.Anxiety is the correct answer. 






Three

1. The motive of business for him  is more lucrative than magnanimous.

1. benevolent 2. beneficial 3. productive 4. vindictive 

2. The company runs business successfully with altruistic motive without compromising with principles.  

1.profitable    2.philanthropic    3.generous  4.lucrative 

3. The playwright has used very pompous and magniloquent prose style in his works.

1. aesthetic  2. articulate 3. celebrated  4. pretentious

4. In modern age technology is used to augment human abilities and merge with machines.

1. enhance 2. compare 3. curtail 4. combine

5. Her characteristic spunk is punctuated by big smile on her radiant face.

1. courage 2. behaviour 3. appearance  4.attitude 

6. Scientists are in search of a genetic mutation that will leave a person nearly impervious to heart disease. 

1.vulnerable 2. susceptible 3. resistant 4. stimulated

7. Strong headed leaders tend arrogate to themselves an aura of inevitability and infallibility.

1. expose  2.restore 3.display  4.assume  

8. The miscreants vandalised private and public property.

1.embezzled 2.grappled  3.destroyed  4. divested 

9. She stood, motionless and in timorous attitude, before him and he simply gazed at him.

1.emotional 2.silent  3. frightened 4.agitated

10. Donald Trump has a history of vacillating political allegiances. 

1.substantial  2. stringent 3. poignant 4.wavering  

(ANSWERS) 1.(1) 2.(2) 3.(4) 4.(1) 5.(1) 6.(3) 7.(4) 8.(3) 9.(3) 10.(4)

EXPLANATION


1.Magnanimous  means noble or generous. Beneficial means profitable or advantageous. Productive means produced or capable of producing something. Vindictive means vengeful or to have revenge.1.Benevolent means showing kindness or goodwill is correct answer.   

2.Altruistic means to do something good for others. Profitable means advantageous in form of money or kind. Intrinsic means basic and essential. Lucrative means earning money or wealth. Philanthropic means to do good for others is correct answer.

3.Pompous means excessive or exaggerated sense of self importance. Aesthetic means pleasing in appearance or appreciating beauty or art. Articulate means to express or speak eloquently. Celebrate means to show happiness or to say in praise. Pretentious means self importance in ostentatious manner is correct answer.

4.Augment means to add or to increase. Compare means to check similarities and dissimilarities. Curtail means to cut down. Combine means to join together. Enhance means to increase is the correct answer.

5.Spunk means plucky or spirited nature. Courage is the correct and closest in meaning.

6.Impervious means not responsive to be unaffected. Vulnerable means subject to be affected. Susceptible also means prone to. Stimulated means to encourage of make something interesting. Resistant means not to be affected is correct answer.

7.Arrogate means to usurp or claim right of which one is not entitled. Expose to bring to light. Restore means to bring back to position. Display means to bring forth. Assume means to adopt something not belonging to one is the correct answer.

8.Vandalised means to destroy property etc. Embezzled means to misuse money etc. entrusted to one. Grappled means to have hand to hand fight with someone. Divested means to take away something from someone. Destroy means to ruin or demolish is the correct answer.

9.Timorous means showing fear or hesitate due to fear. Frightened is the correct answer. Emotional means relating to sentiments. Silent means without sound or voice. Agitated means feel disturbed due to anxiety or anger.   

10.Vacillating means which is not fixed. Wavering is the correct answer. Substantial means sufficient. Stringent means strict. Poignanat means causing sadness or regret.




Four

Select meaning of the word out of given options.


1. Quintessence 

1. Glorification  2, Personification  3. Edification 4. Ratification


2. Pique 

1. Surprise  2. Ecstasy   3. Satisfaction  4. Annoyance


3. Turbid

1. Serene 2. Turbulent 3. Muddy 4. Splash 


4. Swerved 

1. Turned  2. Overturned  3. Disappeared 4. Fell Down


5. Altruistic 

1. lucrative  2. Philanthropic  3. Profitable  4. Generous

(ANSWERS 1.(2) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(1) 5.(2) )

Select  Synonym of the word out of given options.


1. Avid 

1.Enthusiastic  2. Seasoned  3. Established 4. Distinguished


2. Simulated

1. Arduous  2. Strenuous  3. Replicated 4. Vigorous


3. Vehemently 

1. Effectively  2. Vivaciously  3. Intensely 4. Publically 


4. Decimated 

1. Usurped 2. Snatched 3. Defunct 4. Reduced


5. Quirk 

1. Strength  2. Show  3. Twist  4. Irony 

(ANSWERS 1.(1) 2.(3) 3.(3) 4.(4) 5.(3) )