Saturday, 27 April 2019

PHRASAL VERBS -- Exercises based on questions from different Examination question papers -- For practice


Phrasal Verbs  are usually two worded phrases consisting of   Verb & adverb  or  Verb & preposition.
Mostly phrasal verbs consist of two words but a few consist of three words which always stay together.


Examples:
We should act on the advice of our parents.
They hit upon a plan to get out of the trouble.
We went across the river in a boat.



Consider the following sentences:


1. He brought a watch for me. 

2. His uncle brought up the child.




In the first sentence bring is a transitive verb and it means 'to fetch'. But in the second sentence, another word 'up' is added to it which changes its meaning altogether. Such a word is called a phrasal verb.



Examples : Abide by, bring up, come off, fall out, give up, make up, put on & put off etc.



Phrasal Verbs are of two types : Transitive & Intransitive.



Transitive Phrasal Verb is a verb having an object e.g.

We were alarmed at his weakness.
The hunter aimed at the bird.
John gave up smoking.
The child hit upon a plan.
The principal presided over the meeting.
He quarrelled with me over a trifle.
Children take after their parents.


The words in italics in the above sentences are Transitive Phrasal Verbs because these all are followed by an object. 




Intransitive Phrasal Verb is a verb which is not followed by an object e.g.


Friends fall off in adversity.
He broke down during his speech.
Both the brothers fell out over a trifle.
The autumn season has set in.
I get up at 5 O'clock in the morning.
Fire broke out in the factory.


The words in italics in the above sentences are Intransitive Phrasal Verbs & these all are not followed by any object. 



EXERCISE  NO 1.




Out of the given options, choose one which best expresses the meaning of the bold & in  italics idiom/phrase in the sentence.  



1. John joined the class late in the middle of the session but soon he was able to catch up with other students.

1. To excel others
2. To differ from others
3. To be jealous of others
4. To come to level of others.



2. His father toiled hard to establish his new business but his all plans fell through for want of funds.

1. To be successful
2. To progress slowly
3. To fail.
4. To acclaim high appreciation.



3. The young boy worked hard and was sure to succeed but he drew blank before the interview committee.

1. went through successfully
2. showed no interest in appearing
3. was confused and puzzled.
4. was very serious in appearance.



4. The sudden windfall of riches upon his father has completely turned off his head.

1. To become too haughty.
2. to fall sick.
3. to undergo a big change.
4. to be very thoughtful.



5. He was critical of the boss but for this he had to face the music and lose his promotion last year.

1. To lose interest
2. To bear the consequences.
3. To enjoy others' hostility
4. To show interest in music



6. The boss took John to task last week as he never attends to his duty seriously.

1. allotted more work.
2. To reprimand.
3. To assign important job
4.  To win favour of others



7. Apprehending the arrival of police on the scene, the culprit took to his heels.

1. To walk leisurely
2. To run away. 
3. To conceal one self
4. To prepare for a fight



8. The recent  comments published in the newspapers about the budding artist run him down.



1.     To disparage someone.
2.     To publicise against someone
3.     To make someone week
4.     To feel week and tired




9. Her father tried hard to bring her round but she paid no heed to him.

1. To make one agree/to attend to.
2. To punish someone/to undergo a  change
3. To praise someone/to accept the offer
4. To take out for a walk/to accompany someone





10.  He left no stone un-turned in making his effort to achieve the  target but all this ended in smoke.  

1. To make a futile attempt/to gain cheap popularity
2. To make all out efforts/to go waste.
3. To win favour/to lose interest
4. To go stray/to lose the job





EXERCISE  NO 2.



In the following sentences four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase used in the sentence.Out of the given options, choose one which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase.


1. As the manager was not in the good books of the boss, he was pushed to the wall.


1. To win undue favour
2. To have no say in the affairs.
3. To be insignificant
4. To attract wrath


2. His brother promised to stand by him through thick and thin but  he backed out at the eleventh hour.

1. To support earnestly
2. To feel helpless
3. To show no interest
4. To vacillate from a promise.


3. The indifferent and negligent attitude of the elder son towards  family affairs will bring about doom for the family one day.


1. To play an important role
2. To be cause of the.
3. To be helpful
4. To make it difficult


4. He was adamant on his decision in the matter but with  the intervention of the boss in the matter he gave in.

1. yielded.

2. To go stronger
3. To bring forth
4. To make feasible


5. As the consensus alluded the matter the boss called an urgent meeting of the staff members to put the heads together.  


1. To show strength
2. To make someone agree
3. To discuss.
4. To seek help of others

6. The doctor has advised him take along morning walk
to work off the excess fat present in his body.

1. To show off
2. To get a treatment
3. To get rid of.
4. To escape criticism

7. The chairman was a little nervous and anxiously tumbled to lead off the proceedings of the meeting.


1. To enjoy oneself
2. To keep a secret
3. To start.
4. To control administration


8. The young man did not want to juggle with the lady by telling a lie about his wealth.  

1. To exaggerate
2. To show off
3. To deceive.
4. To force someone



9.  The young entrepreneur wanted to surpass his competitor in his business but his rival turned tables on him.



1. To accuse someone
2. To quarrel with
3. To reverse someone's action.
4. To hinder someone's action


10. The clever boy passed off the base coin to the dealer in darkness.


1. To push off wrongly.
2. To win a favour
3. To earn livelihood
4. To pay bribe









EXERCISE  NO 3.




Out of the given options, choose one which best expresses the meaning of the  idiom/phrase.  




1. To meet one's waterloo.

1. To be a martyr in war
2. To fight till one's end
3. To meet one's final defeat.
4. To die an ignoble death


2. To take with a grain of salt.

1. To talk in a sensible way
2. To make a correct judgement
3. To listen to someone with a considerable doubt.
4. To make both ends meet with difficulty


3. To eat a humble pie.

1. To eat food of low quality
2. To make a strong request
3. To have to apologise.
4. To be ashamed of


4. To sow wild oats

1. To harvest a good crop 
2. To enjoy irresponsible pleasure in youth.
3. To suffer losses in crops
4. To face great difficulties


5. To  give the devil his due.

1. To encounter with an evil spirit
2. To give credit to a notorious person even.
3. To have relation with wicked person
4. To show mercy on an undeserving person


6. To end in a fiasco.

1. To have an abrupt end
2. To end as an utter failure.
3. To meet with a nice end
4. To have no effect



7. To mince matters

1. To confuse issues.
2. To flatter someone
3. To criticise someone
4. To make a clever statement


8. To throw down the glove.

1. To win laurels
2. To be victorious
3. To accept defeat.
4. To challenge the rival



9. To put cart before the horse.

1. To do things in wrong order.
2. To do a mean job.
3. To irritate someone
4. To be angry with someone


10.  To lay hands on 

1. To extend a helping hand
2. To take possession of.
3. To steal something
4. To gather some information



EXERCISE  NO 4.




Out of the given options, choose one which best expresses the meaning of the  idiom/phrase.  



1.To zero in on

1. To suffer big losses
2. To become a pauper
3. To focus attention on.
4. To show indifference


2. To touch upon

1. To make mention.
2. To show much interest
3. To have sympathy for 
4. To make a favour


3. To straighten out

1.To report to authority
2. To make clear and resolve.
3. To iron clothes
4. To speak in plain terms


4. To reach out  to

1. To arrive somewhere late
2. To extricate someone
3. To ask for help.
4. To stretch one's arm


5. To go off with

1. To steal something.
2. To rush to
3. To make haste
4. To follow someone


6. To fiddle about

1. To tell tales
2. To make statement
3. To waste time doing silly things.
4. To show love for someone



7. To face off

1.To show off
2. To pretend to be
3. To confront.
4. To be afraid of



8. To drop over

1. To visit for a short time.
2. To fall down
3. To suffer losses
4. To stoop


9. To boss about

1. To use excessive authority.
2. To show path 
3. To guide someone
4. To give wrong expression


10. To answer for

1. To be held responsible.
2. To make response
3.  To judge something
4. To make hasty decision






EXERCISE  NO 5.



In the following sentences four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase used in the sentence.Out of the given options, choose one which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase.


1. The manager is in the habit of crying up his own wares.


1. To shout loudly
2. To praise.
3. To give away
4. To complain about


2. The enquiry officer tried to get at facts of the case.  

1. To establish
2. To arrive at/obtain.
3. To conceal/cover up
4   To deface


3. The poor beggar had nothing with him to fall back upon in his old days.

1. To have recourse to.
2. To make arrangement for
3. To seek help from others
4.  To support someone


4. All the young children looked up to him as their leader.

1. To consider/respect.
2. To expect to be
3. To pose as a
4.  To make a show of


5. The young leader always stood up for better standard of living for the poor.


1. To go against
2. To defend.
3. To oppose
4.  To praise



(Answers: Hint: The correct answer choice ends with a full stop

Wednesday, 17 April 2019

PHRASAL VERBS -- Meaning & Explanation with Examples , Particles- Different Types Important Particles & their meanings.

Phrasal Verbs  are usually two worded phrases consisting of   Verb & adverb  or  Verb & preposition.
Mostly phrasal verbs consist of two words but a few consist of three words which always stay together.


Examples:
We should act on the advice of our parents.
They hit upon a plan to get out of the trouble.
We went across the river in a boat.



Consider the following sentences:


1. He brought a watch for me. 

2. His uncle brought up the child.




In the first sentence bring is a transitive verb and it means 'to fetch'. But in the second sentence, another word 'up' is added to it which changes its meaning altogether. Such a word is called a phrasal verb.



Examples : Abide by, bring up, come off, fall out, give up, make up, put on & put off etc.



Phrasal Verbs are of two types : Transitive & Intransitive.



Transitive Phrasal Verb is a verb having an object e.g.

We were alarmed at his weakness.
The hunter aimed at the bird.
John gave up smoking.
The child hit upon a plan.
The principal presided over the meeting.
He quarrelled with me over a trifle.
Children take after their parents.


The words in italics in the above sentences are Transitive Phrasal Verbs because these all are followed by an object. 

If  there is an object in the sentence, it is positioned in different ways in the sentence.First the object is a noun and it is used after verb and particle e.g. She brought up the children. Secondly it is between verb and the particle e.g. She brought the children up.  Thirdly it is a pronoun and it is between verb and particle. She brought her up.


Intransitive Phrasal Verb is a verb which is not followed by an object e.g.


Friends fall off in adversity.
He broke down during his speech.
Both the brothers fell out over a trifle.
The autumn season has set in.
I get up at 5 O'clock in the morning.
Fire broke out in the factory.


The words in italics in the above sentences are Intransitive Phrasal Verbs & these all are not followed by any object. 


Here is a list of adverbs or particles frequently used in phrasal verbs. To know the meaning of phrasal verb it is necessary to know about basic meaning of the particle. A particle may have more than one meanings and thus make meanings of phrasal verbs accordingly.

about, after, above, against, across, along, around, at, away, among, ahead, behind, before, between, by, down, for, from, into, in, of, off, on, out, out of, over, to, through, towards, under, upon, with, without etc.

Please note that the use of a particle with a verb forming a phrasal verb may or may not change the meaning of the whole word. For example these two sentences -He finished his work or He finished off his work , have the same meaning. She spread the cloth on the ground. She spread out the cloth on the ground.

Basically the particle is used with its original meaning. For example the word 'down' means to move to a lower stage. When it is used as a particle it has the same meaning as in case of - Bring down, Keep down etc. This will bring down temperature of the day. The government tried to keep down the rate of inflation. Here are a few of particles discussed with examples.

AT

The particle 'at' is very frequently used in writing and speaking English to express something or someone in space or time.

--At is used with many verbs to express direction of an activity towards someone or something in space or time. For example : look at, laugh at, stare at, jeer at, aim at, frown at.

--At is used to express when someone hits, holds or strikes someone. For example : Strike at , hurl at,  get at.


ABOUT

The particle 'about' is used mainly  to express relation between  verb and its object. For example : To think about, to state about,

--About is used with many verbs to express someone's movement in different directions. For example 'throw about'. It is used to show that one is moving in different directions making some violent actions, it is the verb that elucidates the related action. For example Rush about, run about, move about, throw about. 

--About is used with many verbs to express someone's movement without any purpose or use. For example : hanker about, hang about , wander about.At is used with many verbs to express direction 


---About is used with many verbs to express that something is happening or someone is making it happen. For example : Bring about, set about, come about.

---About is used with many verbs to express something or someone surrounding or enclosing. For example : throw about, hedge about. It gives the meaning of 'around' here.  Throw about her arms, hedge about wires etc.



AROUND

The particle 'around' is used mainly  to express movement of something r someone in a circle or curve. For example : Turn around, go around, stroll around. Round is also used with verbs instead of around to give similar meaning.


---Around is used with many verbs to express a movement of someone or something in a round direction. For example Walk around, move around, dance around, rush around, gather around.

---Around is used with many verbs to express a movement in someone's periphery without any job or purpose. For example : Hanker around, loiter around, mess around. 'About' is also used in place of around.

---Around is used with many verbs meaning thereby enclosing or encircling. For example : Throw around, gather around, centre around, revolve around. Round  is also used here.---

---Around is used with many verbs to express avoiding something or someone. For example : Skirt around, work around, get around. 


AWAY

The particle 'away' is used to express movement of something or someone from one place to another place. "Off' used in place of 'away' has also the similar meaning. For example : Take away, do away, walk away. The particle 'away' is generally followed by preposition 'with' or 'from'.  For example :  Do away with, walk away from, run away from.

---Away is used to express avoiding some activity, place, person or situation. For example - Keep children away from fire. Look away, walk away from.

--- Away is used to show separation from some person, a group of persons,some happening or some place.  For example : break away, strip away, peel away.

---Away is used to express removal from a particular place. It is used with a verb to show that a particular thing or situation is no more required, it should be removed from scene. For example: Throw away, do away with, frighten away.

---Away is used to show disappearance of someone or something from the scene. For example : Fade away, pass away, wear away, die away. Her voice died away in din.

---Away is used to express putting things in a safe place for the purpose of hiding or storing. For example : Pack away, bury away, store away, stash away, lock away,shut away, clear away, put away. 

---Away is used to express that an activity or process continues for a long time. For example 'work away' means to work hard for a long time. Bang away, pump away, hack away, plug away.


BACK


The particle 'Back' is used to express movement of something or someone to a place that they were in before. For example : Go back , Move back, Come back.

--- Back is used with a verb to express return of something or someone to a position where it was earlier. For example : Come back, Go back, Push back, Turn back, Look back, Push back.

---Back  is used with a verb to express position of someone or something from a central point or from where some action is taking place . For example :  Hold back, Stand back, Stay back, Pull back, Sit back, Call back.

---Back  with a verb gives the meaning of relating to past time or think about something happened in the past. look back, date back, take back, flash back, throw back, think back.

---Back  with a verb gives the meaning of restoring something or someone to a place or person where or with whom it was earlier. give back, pay back, send back, win back, get back.

--- Back is used with a verb to express repeating or returning to an action. For example : hit back, reply back, report back, strike back, fight back, call back, shoot back. 


BEFORE

--Before is used to express position of someone or something in front of or prior in terms of time or space. For example : go before, reach before, appear before, lie before, come before.


BY

By is used with a verb to form a phrasal verb giving different meanings. For example : Get by, come by, pass by.

-- By is used as an adverb or a preposition to form a phrasal verb to show movement past or close to someone or someone. For example : Go by, stand by, sit by, get by, push by, pass by.

-- By in a phrasal verb sometimes gives the meaning of visiting someone or a place casually or for a short time. For example stop by, sit by, call by, drop by, go by, come by, run by.

---By in a phrasal verb gives the impression of consistency or loyalty in an activity meaning thereby that one is always consistent or loyal in his actions. For example abide by, swear by, stick by, live by, stand by.

---By is used in a phrasal verb to express readiness or preparedness of something o a person. It means that a person or a thing is kept in readiness or preparedness for something that is going to happen. For example : Lay by, stand by, put by.



DOWN 

----Down is used with a verb forming a phrasal verb giving the impression of movement from a higher place to lower one.  For example : Go down, pull down, run down, get down, come down, sink down, take down, set down, pass down.

----Down is used with a verb to form a phrasal verb showing movement of a person or a thing from standing position to sitting or lying position or of putting something on the surface or ground. For example : Kneel down, bow down, bend down, plump down, lie down, sit down, set down stick down, reach down.

----Down shows movement on horizontal level rather than vertical one in place or time. For example : bear down or pass down, hand down.

----Down with a verb forming a phrasal verb gives the meaning of lowering or decreasing in degree, size or intensity. For example : Tone down, slow down, cut down, scale down, play down, cool down.

---Down in a phrasal verb gives the meaning of  fastening, fixing or attaching to someone or something. For example : Nail down, tie down, pin down, stamp down, screw down.

---Down in a phrasal verb gives the impression of attacking, collapsing or destroying. For example : Pull down, shoot down, grind down, cast down, fall down, chop down, hew down.

---Down in a phrasal verb gives the impression of completion or failing of an activity. For example : Shut down, break down. settle down, let down, step down, turn down, lay down.

---Down in a phrasal verb gives the meaning of drinking. For example : gulp down, swallow down, drink down, gobble down, wolf down, wash down.

-- Down in a phrasal verb gives the meaning of  writing or bringing on record. For example : Put down, note down, mark down, scribble down, lay down, jot down, copy down. 



SOME EXERCISES OF USE OF PHRASAL VERBS FOR PRACTICE  :

Exercise No. 1.

The following Phrasal Verbs have more than one meanings. Complete the following sets of sentences with one of these Phrasal Verbs.

Go through, Pick up, Set out, Give up, Take off, 

1. The children ................. their clothes and jumped into the river.
    The aeroplane ................. at the scheduled time. 

2. The young man has decided to ............... smoking.
     The rebels are not likely to ............... in near future.

3. The child is weak in his studies but he will .............with others soon.
     I shall try to ............you ......... in the morning while going to my office.

4. What  ................  your mind when you saw her ?
     I ................ all my pockets but did not find my purse.

5. They decided to ............... on their journey in the morning.
     She  began to .............. her all gifts ........... on the table.

(ANSWERS : 1.Took off 2. Give up  3. Make up  4. Went through  5. Set out.)



Exercise No. 2.


From the given phrasal verbs choose the following blanks with appropriate ones.

Go round, Come up, Set off, Show round, Go up , Let in, ask for, Get to, Lay on. 

Set off, go up , get to,  let in, show round, go round , lay on , ask for, Come up


Last Sunday, I with my friends had a holiday trip to a temple on a nearby  hill.  We all  

1............   .......... in a car early in the morning.  We were soon  2. .............  .......... some hair 

raising steep roads.  We all  3. ..........  .......... the temple after about  two hours. We had to wait 

for half an hour outside the temple before we were 4. ..........   ............ We hired a local guide 

who 5. ............ us ...........While 6............ ......... with the guide, there were a number of questions 

which 7. ......... ............  about the history of the temple. After we saw the temple we  started our 

downward journey and we reached a nearby valley. Lunch was  8. ........ .......... for all those who 

had 9. ............  .......... it because we had already taken packed lunch with us. We all had a 

memorable trip to a spectacular picnic spot.


(ANSWERS : 1.Set off,  2. going up, 3. got to,  4. let in, 5. showed round, 6.going round ,7. Came up,8.  laid on , 9.  asked for. )














































 He hurled a stone at me.  He struck at the door with a rod.















Monday, 11 March 2019

PHRASAL VERBS ------Meaning & Their Usage with explanation & examples




A combination of words that makes a complete sense or meaning is called a sentence.


A sentence is used to
---Name a person or thing
---say something about that person or thing

The word or words denoting the person or thing about which something is said are called the subject of the sentence.

The word or words which say something about the person or thing denoted by the subject in the sentence are called the Predicate.

The subject and predicate are absolutely necessary to make a complete sense in a sentence.The subject of a sentence usually comes first, but occasionally it comes after the predicate. Just in this sentence to put emphasis in the sentence.Down went the building like a pack of cards. In Imperative sentences the subject is implied and is left out as - Stand up.Here the subject 'you' is left out.

A group of words that makes a sense but not a complete sense, is called a Phrase. 

Examples :

People have come to see the fair from far and near.
The sun rises in the east.
She is a lady of virtues.

In the above sentences words in italics form a  phrase.

 A clause is a group of words forming a part of a larger sentence and having a subject and a predicate of its own and  makes a complete sense.

A Clause though is a part of a sentence yet it is independent in itself having its own subject and predicate where as a phrase also forms a part of the sentence but it is not independent in its meaning. No doubt both of these make their own sense. 



Example of a Clause:


I went to school when I was five years old.




Phrasal Verbs  are usually two worded phrases consisting of   Verb & adverb  or  Verb & preposition. Mostly phrasal verbs consist of two words but a few consist of three words which always stay together.


Examples:
We should act on the advice of our parents.
They hit upon a plan to get out of the trouble.
We went across the river in a boat.



Consider the following sentences:


1. He brought a watch for me. 

2. His uncle brought up the child.




In the first sentence bring is a transitive verb and it means 'to fetch'. But in the second sentence, another word 'up' is added to it which changes its meaning altogether. Such a word is called a phrasal verb.



Examples : Abide by, bring up, come off, fall out, give up, make up, put on & put off etc.



Phrasal Verbs are of two types : Transitive & Intransitive.



Transitive Phrasal Verb is a verb having an object e.g.

We were alarmed at his weakness.
The hunter aimed at the bird.
John gave up smoking.
The child hit upon a plan.
The principal presided over the meeting.
He quarrelled with me over a trifle.
Children take after their parents.


The words in italics in the above sentences are Transitive Phrasal Verbs because these all are followed by an object. 




Intransitive Phrasal Verb is a verb which is not followed by an object e.g.


Friends fall off in adversity.
He broke down during his speech.
Both the brothers fell out over a trifle.
The autumn season has set in.
I get up at 5 O'clock in the morning.
Fire broke out in the factory.


The words in italics in the above sentences are Intransitive Phrasal Verbs & these all are not followed by any object. 



Following are some of the examples of transitive and intransitive phrasal verbs :



This all will only add to his woes.
The patient was admitted into the hospital.
Her father did not agree with her in this matter.
All the passengers alighted from the train.
His father allotted to him this piece of land.
I was not amused at his jokes.
The stranger apologised to the host for his bad behaviour.
Please attend to what the boss says.
A gold medal was awarded to him.



The couple was blessed with a son.
The merchant backed out of his promise.
All the friends backed up him.
Some robbers broke into his house at night. 
All our efforts to bring him round to our views failed.
The old woman burst into tears.
Trees bring forth new leaves in spring.

Let me call up your name.
I called on him yesterday.
I called  at his but he was not at home.
We should call in a doctor.
The boy called out at the top of his voice.
The workers called off their strike yesterday.
Road accidents carry off a large number of people every year.
You should carry out  the orders of your boss.
His manager  will carry on the work in the absence of the boss.
On my way to office I came across an old friend of mine.
He comes of a  noble family. 
His marriage comes off on Monday.
How did you come by this book?
At last her father came round to her views.
We should cut down our expenses.
His comments cut her to the quick.
The speaker had to cut short his speech.

The horse dashed off down the road.
The waves dashed on the rocks.
It is your turn to deal out the cards.
I shall deal with him as I like.
We deal at M/s Mathew &  co.
They deal in sugar.
The examinations are drawing near.
The manager is drawing up the report.
All the friends drew back from him.


Please excuse me from attending the office today.
She expected an urgent message from her father.
The boss exempted her from payment of her dues.
Her sister excels her in dancing.


My all advice fell flat on him.
All our plans fell through for want of money.
On my way home, I fell in with a group of singers.
The robbers fell on the travellers.

Both the friends are getting on well with each other.
With a  great courage he got over all the difficulties.
He got into trouble through his own folly.
How are you getting along with your business these days?
All of a sudden the bridge gave way.
Let him go on his job.
I have gone through the book.
May he grow in wisdom as he grows in years!

This rule does not hold good in this case.
I hit upon a plan to get out of the trouble.
She will not hide the truth from her parents.
His opinion does not hold ground in this case.
All the staff members were held up to see off the chief guest.


I went there to inquire after his health.
We should not interfere with them in their affairs.
The police is inquiring into the incident.

The jury decided to jump on the proposal.

The new entrant is unable to keep up with others.
In winter we wear woollen clothes to keep off cold.
Both the brothers are keeping on well with each other.
We should not keep back anything from him.

He is lost to all sense of shame.
Look up this word in the dictionary,please.
The old man was looking for his lost purse.
We should not look down upon the poor.
Children are looking forward to summer vacation.
Children always look up to their parents.

You will have to make good his loss.
The child made up a false story to conceal the truth.
The old man made up his mind to start a new business.
The train was late but it made up  time.
The thief made good his escape in the darkness.
Both the brothers made up their difference.
The thief made off with all of their belongings.
Can you make out the meaning of this sentence?

The child owes to his parents for his progress in life.
He is occupied with his new business these days.
His speech offends against decency in manners.
Her parents are not opposed to her decision.


The swindler passed for a gentleman.
It is difficult for me to put up with such a  mean person.
He put me off with a lame excuse. 
She put out the light before going to bed.
The child was placed under the care of his mother.
All the members placed their confidence in the chairman.
The officer found negligent was placed under suspension.
Nothing can prevent him from going there.
Do not put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
We pushed on at a quick pace.
We must pull the business through somehow. 
We should put up something for the rainy day.
The father felt puffed up at the success of his son.


A bad workman quarrels with his tools.
The stag quenched its thirst at a pond.
He quarrelled  with his neighbor over a trifle.
He quoted references from scriptures in his speech.


The company is running short of money.
The car ran over the old man.
Their family has run into a large debt these days.
The goods train ran into a stationary engine.
After the day's hard labour my father feels run down.
Sands of life are running out.
She is rejoicing at his success.
They rallied round their leader for fighting.
The swindler robbed her of her money


My father set up a new factory last year.
The old lady set out on a long journey.
The winter season has since set in.
The new teacher set all the miscreants right.
You should set about your work at once.
He set on the boys to fight.
The manager set a meeting up with the chairman.
The police stand by to avert any unpleasant situation.
My all friends stood by me in adversity.
He was not strong enough to stand against me.
All the fellow colleagues sided with me in this matter.
He is sure to succeed in his new business.


Children take after their parents.
The child took a rope for a snake.
I was taken aback on hearing his remarks.
His son has taken to the bad habit of drinking.
He took off his shirt and waived it in air.
The aeroplane took off within seconds.
The students took down what the teacher stated.
The principal took up the matter with the parents of students.
The thief took to his heels on seeing a policeman.
The child did not turn off the tap.
Please turn on the tap.
The manager has not turned up so far.
He turned down my request to him for help.
Will you please turn down TV as I am a little unwell?
Please turn up the music. I like this song very much.
Hard work has told upon his health.



Why are you whiling away your time?
This piece of cloth will wear well.
The day is wearing away.
Things wear out in course of time.
Finally the manager won over the boss to his side.
The accountant worked out the total cost of  the project.
His plans did not work out well this time.
People warm up themselves in winter by sitting in front of a fireplace.


The young lady yearns for her love.
He never yielded to odd circumstances.
The dogs yelled at the beggar.



(your comments/suggestions about the post solicited)
(Exercise for practice in the following post)

Monday, 7 May 2018

Sample Question Paper of State Bank India (SBI) Examination -Clerical Cadre (English Section ) Duly Solved & Answers with Explanations




Sample Question Paper of State Bank India (SBI)  Examination -Clerical Cadre (English Section )  SET -ONE

Directions  (Q. Nos. 51 - 55 ) : In the given questions, there are phrases in italics followed by options, (a) to (d). One of these options should replace the phrase to make the sentence meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the most suitable option. If the given phrase is correct mark (e) as answer. 


51. Whatever may be the reason of his failure, his integrity cannot be called into question.

a) his integrity cannot be called in question.
b)  his integrity cannot be put in question.
c) his integrity cannot be made  into question.

d) his integrity cannot be brought in question.

(e) No error

52. But for the support of members of my family, I should not have achieved success in my work. 


a) I shall not have achieved success in my work.
b) I would not have achieved success in my work.
c) I would not achieve success in my work.
d) I shall not have achieved success in my work. 
(e) No error

53. If one endeavours persistently in the right direction , one is sure to  triumph over the odds of life successfully.

(a) triumph against the odds of life successfully.
(b) triumph upon the odds of life successfully.
(c) triumph by the odds of life successfully.
(d) make triumph with odds of life successfully.
(e) No error


54. Had you accompanied us on picnic , you too could have enjoyed yourself .

(a) you too should have enjoyed yourself.
(b) you too might have enjoyed yourself.
(c) you too would have enjoyed yourself.
(d) you too will have enjoyed yourself.


55. What to speak of food, drinking water was not available there.

(a) What to speak about food,
(b) What to speak for food,
(c) Not to speak about food,
(d) Not to speak of food,
(e) No error.




Directions  (Q. Nos. 56 - 60 ) : Read the given sentences carefully to find out if there is any grammatical error in any of these. If there is any, it will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the alphabet following that part as your answer. If no error is found mark (e) as your answer.


56. Little she knew that (a) the person whom  (b)she trusts upon will deceive her (c) and deprive her of her wealth(d) No error (e)

57. Supposing if I do not  (a) succeed in the examination  (b) I have already decided (c) that I shall start working with my father in his factory.(d) No error (e)

58. Have you ever seen  a girl  (a) as young as she is  (b)and  who sings so beautiful (c) and enchants the audience like this?(d) No error (e)

59. I do not know (a) when does she intends  (b) to leave for her office but it is certain  (c) that  she is to reach there before evening.(d) No error (e)

60. Who do you think (a) the committee will (b) select a candidate (c) for awarding a prize ?(d) No error (e)



Directions  (Q. Nos. 61 - 65 ) :  In the following sentences, there are four words written in bold and marked (a)  (b) (c) (d)  which may be misspelt or inappropriate in context to the sentence. Find out the misspelt or inappropriate word and mark its  alphabet as answer. If all are correct  and  appropriate mark (e) as answer.

61. Military systems have been doing this "jamming" (a)  - flooding an area with a signal at the GPS frequently (b) in a bid to frustrate   (c) navigation system (d)   of the enemy. All are correct. (e)

62. It is presumed that (a) with hike in the price of oil the produce of (b)   vehicles in the country is sure to decline (c) and there will be a dire need (d)  to develop a strong  public transport network.  All are correct)(e)

63. The president of the committee enquired from (a)  members that if more funds(b) are  pumped  into(c)  the  project it will be beneficial(d)  for it.  All are correct (e).


64. If the authorities delay (a) in according their sanction or they deny the same (b)  in either case ( c) there will be an adverse affect   (d) on smooth working  of the project. All are correct (e)

65. The president asked (a) the members who they (b) considered a suitable candidate (c) for the post of  secretery of (d) the club. All are correct (e) 
 






Directions  (Q. Nos. 66 - 75 ) :  In the following paragraph there are blanks which are numbered. At the end of the paragraph five words are given as options. One of these words is appropriate to fill each of these blanks. Find the appropriate word to fill in the blank and mark it as answer.

Human life 1. ..................................... of small events each of which has its own 2..............................  however small or trivial it may be. Success of a man depends 3. ........................  how he or she 4.....................these events. The factor of 5.  .....................  importance in this regard is  the attention one 6.  ......................... to these. The comfort of a household is the result of small things well 7. ..................... . Good governance can only be accomplished by well regulated provision of doing of little things. These carefully treasured up result in 8. ..........................  of knowledge and experience in life. These if neglected lead to 9. ............................  in life and one accumulates nothing and learns nothing in life. These bring with them conviction and thereby diligence in the working of a person. Success in the life of a person is proportionate to his efforts, his commitment to the cause that 10...................... from attention to these little things.


1. contains, comprises, includes, brings, lies.
2. effect, joy, role, play, significance.
3.  over, with, upon, under, by.
4. deals with, controls, rules, makes, puts. 
5. large, great, prime, huge, various.
6.  shows, attributes, lays, gives, makes.
7.  planned, undertaken, displayed,arranged, provided
8.  accumulation, joining, bringing, taking, formation. 
9.  downfall, anguish, failures,wrath, gloom.
10. flows, emerges, pays, moves, sticks.




Directions  (Q. Nos. 76 - 80 ) : Rearrange the following sentences in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph. Also answer the questions following these sentences.



A. Feedback, hence, is very crucial especially from important people and needless to say that from  'those in immediate contact with one, if one is in employment.'

B. This is actually an act of ignorance as they don't realise that this strategy will eventually hurt more and sometimes beyond repair.

C. But the problem is that a majority of people never solicit feedback as the word "feedback" carries a notorious tag of being negative only.

D. However there exists a different category of people who believe in giving only sugar-coated feedback as fear hurting others through a negative one. 

E. A champion thrives on challenging his or her weaknesses and converting those into strengths.

F. The foundation of a great performance is continuous learning, overcoming weaknesses and enhancing strengths.



76. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (Last) sentence after the rearrangement ?


(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)



77. Which of the following should be the FIFTH  sentence after the rearrangement ?


(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)



78. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after the rearrangement ?


(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)

79. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)

80. Which of the following should be the FOURTH  sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)







(ANSWERS)
51. To call into question means to have doubt. The given sentence is correct.
52. 'But for' means without. Without one action the other would not have happened. But for .... I  would not have achieved success. (b) is correct.
53. 'triumph over' is correct. The given sentence is correct.
54. In such sentence no action has taken place in the past nor will it take place in future. It is only supposed that if such an action had taken place the other action would have taken place. So ......'you too would have also enjoyed yourself' is correct. (b) is correct.
55. Not to speak of ....is correct. (d) is correct.


56. To put emphasis adverb is used in the beginning of the sentence.For that verb is also used with it and it separated in the interrogative formation like goes = does+go or went = did +go etc. Little did she know that .......(a) is incorrect.
57.  Supposing and if have the same meaning. Supposing is redundant here. Remove superfluous 'supposing'. (a) is incorrect.
58. beautiful is adjective but with verb ' sings' adverb beautifully is to be used. (c) is incorrect.
59. This is a simple sentence and not an interrogative sentence. 'Does she intends' gives impression of an interrogative sentence. It should be' ..... when she intends to' (b) is incorrect.
60. This is an interrogative sentence. It is explained by taking reply of this sentence. It will be....... The committee will select him a candidate... Here him is in object case. Similarly in interrogative sentence 'whom' is in object case and 'who' is in subject case. So it should be 'whom' and not 'who'. (a) is incorrect.


61. In this sentence all the options are correct. (e) is the answer.
62. Instead of verb 'produce' noun 'production' is required here. (b) is incorrect.
63.  After 'enquired' or 'asked'  'if' is used and not 'that'. That is superfluous here. (b) is incorrect.
64. Instead of 'affect' 'effect' is the correct word here. (d) is incorrect.
65. Here instead 'who' , 'whom' is the correct word. (b) is incorrect.




(66-75)
1. In this sentence lies and brings do not fit. With includes and contains the preposition 'of' is not used.Comprises of is the correct word here.

2.  The words joy and play are incorrect here. Play also does not fit here.Out of role and significance , significance is the appropriate word because sense of the sentence is of an effect and not a role.
3.  With the word 'depend' preposition 'upon' is used. Other prepositions are not correct.
4.  Makes , puts and rules are not suitable words here. Control also does not give any meaning. However deals with means how a person manages or faces the circumstances.
5. Various is not the correct word. out of large great and huge,  great gives a little sense here. But out of great and prime, prime is a better word to be used here.
6. The words shows, lays and makes are not correct words here. Out of attributes and gives, attributes is the appropriate word.
7. Provided and undertaken do not make any sense in this sentence. Displayed also does not fit with household. The things of household planned or arranged, arranged things give comfort. Arranged is the correct word.
8. Joining, taking and bringing of knowledge does not give any meaning. However formation of knowledge also does not give any meaning. Accumulation meaning to treasure or store is the correct word.
9. anguish, wrath and gloom do not give any meaning in the sentence. Anguish also does not fit here. Out of downfall and failure, failure is the correct word here.
10. Pays, moves and sticks do not fit here. Out of flows from attention and emerges from attention, emerges is the correct word.




(76-80)
The sentence F describes the basic subject matter that how performance of a person is governed by various acts. E tells about how a person behaves while doing these acts. Further for all this there is a tool which helps in shaping that behaviour and it is feedback. This is described in A. But this has its shortcoming and it is described in C. This is further elaborated in D. Finally the sentence B gives the conclusion of all of this. Thus the sequence becomes F E A C D B








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Sample Question Paper of State Bank India (SBI)  Examination -Clerical Cadre (English Section )  SET -TWO

Directions  (Q. Nos. 51 - 55 ) : In the given questions, there are phrases in italics followed by options, (a) to (d). One of these options should replace the phrase to make the sentence meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the most suitable option. If the given phrase is correct mark (e) as answer. 


51. When the man looked daggers, his wife was so nervous and scared that she could not utter even a single word. 

(a) help utter a single word. (b) go utter a single word even (c) make speak a single word. (d) move speak a single word even. (e) No change required.

52.  The french government decided to build secretly a flying machine, the first of its kind,  supposingly the most useful when invented. 

(a) supposedly the most useful ever invented. (b) showingly the most useful ever found. (c) believing the most useful when ever discovered. (d ) found to be useful if invented.(e) No change required.

53. The past of man has been under the whole a pretty and beastly business, a busniess of fighting, bullying, grabbing and hurting. 

(a) of the whole a pretty beastlike business (b) a business of beastly activities (c) the whole full of beastly activities  (d) on the whole a pretty beastly business
(e) No change required.


54. Although his manners were excellent, his behaviour  much civilised, yet while the room  he left bore numerous traces of his presence on its walls.

(a) the room when he left it bore numerous traces (b) on leaving had many traces (c) after his  leaving showed many traces (d) the room as he left bearing numerous traces (e) No change required.

55.  Our agriculture sector demands the introduction of some new methods on 
large scale and to a degree on the  lines of locally  requirements.

(a) in lines with the local requirements (b) under the local requirements (c) according to area wise shortcomings (d) matching with as required to locals
(e) No change required.






Directions  (Q. Nos. 56 - 60 ) : Read the given sentences carefully to find out if there is any grammatical error in any of these. If there is any, it will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the alphabet following that part as your answer. If no error is found mark (e) as your answer.




56. He was making supplies (a) to this factory for the last  more than ten years (b)and that too without any break (c)but all of a sudden he stopped supplying.(d) No error (e)

57. If the institute will come (a)  to his help at this time of his need,(b)  he too will try to help it in future (c) according to his  capacity and capability. (d) No error (e)

58. We failed to understand (a) the reason why the landlord took(b) such a great risk of having faith on him (c) for such a large amount.(d) No error (e)

59. The lady counted  (a) all the books herself (b) to make sure that none (c) of them were missing.(d) No error (e)

60. Unless the committee does not (a) pass a  resolution against  the member, (b)the secretary cannot (c)  take any action against him.(d) No error (e)




Directions  (Q. Nos. 61 - 65 ) :  In the following sentences, there are four words written in bold and marked (a)  (b) (c) (d)  which may be misspelt or inappropriate in context to the sentence. Find out the misspelt or inappropriate word and mark its  alphabet as answer. If all are correct  and  appropriate mark (e) as answer.

61. The (a) place where he is (b) putting up these days is (c) further from the office than that of (d) mine. All are correct. (e)

62. If you (a) would have employed fifty (b)persons more  (c)in the factory,  (d) the produce would have been much better.  All are correct)(e)

63. The students (a)  toiled hard for the whole year, they (b)fared too well (c)  in their examinations but they obtained (d) not so good numbers. All are correct (e)

64. It is very dificult (a) to make him understand that (b)it was him who was (c)at blame and not anyone else.(d) All are correct (e)

65. (a)If everyone performs (b)one's duty diligently and (c)takes care of the (d)institution's interest it is certain to progress and prosper. (e)



Directions  (Q. Nos. 66 - 75 ) :  In the following paragraph there are blanks which are numbered. At the end of the paragraph five words are given as options. One of these words is appropriate to fill each of these blanks. Find the appropriate word to fill in the blank and mark it as answer.


Farmers have always been aware of 1. ................... aspects of the environment like changes in soil, water,  weather and vegetation. However they 2. ................. the tools to measure, map and manage variations in the field accurately to grow more food using fewer resources, thereby reducing production costs. It is key component in the use of IT and various items like robotics, sensors, control systems, autonomous vehicles, automated hardware, variable rate technology,  and so on.

The 3.................... of high speed internet, mobile 4. ............... and reliable, low-cost satellites (for imagery and positioning) are a few key technologies characterizing the 5. .................. in precision agriculture. Small farming will enable the farmers to reduce waste and 6. .................... productivity. This will range from the quantity of fertiliser  utilised  to the number of journeys the farm vehicles have made. There's a look at the technology which has been 7................... ripples in the market. Agriculture  is one of the major industries to incorporate drones. Drones are being used in agriculture in agriculture to improve productivity. Ground and aerial-based drones are being used in agriculture for crop health assessment, irrigation, monitoring, spraying, planting, soil and field analysis.Besides ease of use and time saving other benefits 8.....................crop health imaging, integrated geographic information system mapping and potential to increase yields. With strategy and planning based on real time data collection and processing, the drone technology will give a high-tech 9.................. to agriculture industry. The remote sensing data is processed through machine learning, and then the pattern is 10................. Not only farmers but seed and fertiliser companies too will be benefitted. 

1stable, some, close, real, varying 

2. found, joined, lacked,secured, devised

3. growing, adoption,utilizing, blending, inclusion.
4. products, appliances, tools, wares,devices. 
5. trend, move, show, side, vogue. 
6.enhance, upgrade, surge, demur, support.
7. showing, trending, creating, favouring, throwing.
8.exist, draw, include, find,meet. 
9. uplift, makeover,change, growth, twist
10.studied, sorted, recorded, analysed, ployed


Directions  (Q. Nos. 76 - 80 ) : Rearrange the following sentences in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph. Also answer the questions following these sentences.

A. The government needs to devise a mechanism to counsel their parents which is necessary for the proper implementation of  its schemes and act.     
B. Even after 70 years of independence, education is still a dream for children who could be seen scavenging refuse or carrying bags of garbage.
C. Though the government has given right to education to all, it has failed to  clear loopholes in the systems.
D. The government runs several schemes for imparting education to such children but they are deprived of their benefits
E. That's why education is still a dream for such poor and deprived children and their families can't afford to send them to schools
F. No body bothers to make them aware of these schemes,that's why their goals are never achieved.  



76. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (Last) sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)

77. Which of the following should be the FIFTH  sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)

78. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)

79. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)

80. Which of the following should be the FOURTH  sentence after the rearrangement ?

(a)  (b) (c) (d) (e)






(ANSWERS)

(51)1.  Help is used like – He could not help but shriek. It means she could not stop shrieking. Here it gives the opposite meaning. 
2. Go utter also not  well here. We use go for a continuous process like She went on uttering words.
3. Make has a meaning that someone else is prompting the subject to work. He made him act like this.
4. Move also gives sense of continuity. She moved on to say her version.
So all options are not according to the sentence. However the option already used in the sentence has a meaning and is correct.

(52)1. Supposedly means that it is supposed that this is the most useful out of all those invented so far.
2. ‘Showingly’  does not make any sense, the word is showing.
3. It is believed to be useful but whenever does not give any relevance here.
4. Found to be useful if invented does not have any relevance with the remaining sentence.
5. Supposingly is not a word but supposing is the correct word so it is not correct. (a) is correct.

(53)Here pretty does not mean fair or beautiful but it is to increase the degree of activity beastly. Just as we say – ‘pretty large’ means very large. It is ‘pretty beastly’. On the whole means taking the totality of the activity. So here the option (d) is the correct option.

54. Here while or when are to be linked with ‘he’ and  not room. It is to say that when he left the room it bore many traces of his presence there. According to this meaning option is the most appropriate meaning that – when he left the room it bore many traces of his presence. (a) is correct.

55.  Here the word ‘locally’ is an adverb whereas an adjective ‘local’ is required with the noun ‘requirements’. Instead of ‘on the lines’ ‘in line with’ is more appropriate that means according to the local requirements. So option (a) is correct.

56. This sentence shows that it is of the past tense and ‘making’ tells that it is continuous tense. Further ‘for a long time’ shows that it is of perfect continuous tense. In Past perfect continuous tense, ‘Had been + first form of verb +ing and for ‘ are used. So the sentence should be- He had been making………for more than……(a) is incorrect.



57. This is a conditional sentence.If two activities are to take place in future time, tense for first activity will be present indefinite tense and for the second it will be future indefinite tense. The sentence will be ‘ If the institute comes to his help…………So (a) is incorrect.
58. In this sentence two words ‘why’ and ‘reason’ are used for one purpose. So ‘the reason’ is redundant or superfluous remove it. (b) is incorrect.

59. The pronouns ‘anyone’ or ‘none’ etc. are treated as singular and are followed by singular verb. So ‘were’ here is incorrect. It should be ‘was’. (d) is incorrect.

60. Unless itself has a negative meaning so it does not require ‘not’ with it. It should be ‘Unless…….passes’ instead of ‘does not pass’. (a) is incorrect.

61. Adjective Far means away. It has three degrees Far, Farther and Farthest. The word required in this sentence is ‘farther’ and not ‘further’ .(d) is incorrect.

62. Here error is due improper use of tense. In such sentences there has been no activity in the past nor will it be in future time. But it is supposed if it had happened. In such cases for first action past perfect tense is used. ‘If you had employed……..’ Instead of ‘produce’ ‘production’ is correct. (b) & (d) are incorrect.


63. In examination one gets ‘marks’ and not numbers. (d) is incorrect.

64 Spellings of ‘difficult’ are incorrect. It was ‘he’ and not ‘him’. ‘to blame’ is correct. So (a), (c)  & (d) are incorrect.
65. ‘Everyone’  is followed by pronoun ‘his’ and not ‘one’s’. (b) is incorrect.

(66-75)
1. Environment is changing. So stable, some or real are incorrect. Close also does not give any sense here. Varied is correct. 
2. They do not have means so lacked is correct option.
3. Blending and growing are incorrect as these do not fit here. Out of utilizing, inclusion and adoption, adoption gives appropriate meaning.
4. Products, tools, wares do not fit here. Out of appliances and devices, the devices is the correct word.
5. Out of all options trend is the correct word.
6. Productivity is to be increased so enhance is the correct word.
7. favouring and throwing are incorrect. Showing also does not fit here. Out of trending and creating is better option.
8. Out of all options include is the correct option.
9. Here meaning is to make a thing better. For this ‘makeover’ is the correct word out of all words.
10. Studied, recorded ployed are incorrect words. Out of sorted and analysed, analysed is the correct word.


(76-80)

In such questions one has to find linking words. These linking words show relation of one sentence with other sentences. This means that such a sentence cannot be first sentence. In these sentences words are– Such children, these schemes, such poor and their parents. It means the sentences containing these words cannot be first sentence. First sentence should be an independent or non dependent sentence. B and C are such sentences. But B contains more information to start with some topic.Children in sentence B are referred to in D as ‘such children’. Schemes referred in D are again talked about in F as ‘these schemes’. C mentions about right to education and its loop holes and in E it tells about its result. finally in A there is a solution of the problem suggested. So the sequence is B,D,F,C,E,A.  Questions can be answered accordingly.