Tuesday, 21 September 2021

Sentence Arrangement -4. Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation

Sentence Arrangement is to arrange the given sentences in a meaningful sequence. For this, link of one sentence with other is to be identified through some key words. Although there is no foolproof method for this yet some tips are helpful in finding out their links. 

To quote a few:

 Pronouns in a sentence indicate link of that sentence with other sentence having a noun  which it  qualifies.

Words like Initially, finally, resultantly, consequently etc. also indicate position of a sentence in the sequence.

Articles like 'a' and 'the' used with a noun also give indication of link of this sentence with other sentence containing the same noun. 'A' is used when a noun is used for the first time and 'the' is used to refer to that noun again.

Sometimes adjectives like 'this', 'that, 'these' or 'those' used with a noun also indicate link of this sentence with some other sentence containing the same noun. 

 The options given in answer are also of great help in finding out the correct answer. These options can be checked one by one and incorrect options can be ruled out and the correct one can be sorted out.

 Here follow some examples which elaborate the point.


Arrange the following sentences in a meaningful sequence.


ONE


A. A small farm house in his native village was the place where finally Peter was able to realise his dream by opening an academy to impart training of martial art to young boys and girls of the village.

B. During his school days, Peter, an ambitious and energetic boy,  was not so intelligent but just an average student in his class.

C. Soon Peter left his school for good and set out on a path where he could show his talent and could establish himself as he had planned in his mind. 

D. Despite his best efforts, he could not create his interest in his studies but he wanted to do something what others do not do and for this he was ready to go to any extent.

OPTIONS

1. BDCA  2. CDAB 3. BCDA  4.ACBD


(Explanation:
In the given answer combinations, no combination starts with D. 
Two options start with B and one each  with C and A.
In A the word finally indicates that some action prior to this was going on.So answer should not start with A. Combination 4 is ruled out.
In C the words 'soon Peter left' suggests that prior to this some activities of Peter in school were there. 
B  describes about Peter's school days. D describes about efforts of Peter in school and C tells that Peter left the school. 
This shows  that C will follow B and D.
But in answer 2. C precedes D and B. So this cannot be answer.

Out of the remaining two 1 and 3, in 3 C is prior to D so this too cannot be the answer. 

1. BDCA is answer. This can be checked to verify its correctness.

B describes about Peter during his school days. D describes his activities during those days. C tells that he left the school and A describes about his activities after his  leaving the school.)




TWO

A. Young boys and girls from different states of the country join the academy every year. This is the institute where I got training after my schooling.

B. Candidates  are taken to the playground then to learn feats of the game while playing. The instructors remain with the players throughout the time they play.

C. Training starts from classrooms where  trained instructors deliver lectures and train the candidates. 

D. The Hockey academy of the city that imparts training to young boys and girls is proud of having  produced many talented players for the country.


OPTIONS
1. ADBC  2. CBDA 3. DACB 4. BCDA


(Explanation

Find out answer by checking the given combinations.

The combinations given as answer start with different alphabets ABC D.

Option A tells about the institute were the narrator got training. Option D tells about the academy which gives training to candidates. So A should follow D. The article 'the' with 'institute' and 'academy' confirms this fact. In options 2,3 and 4 only, A follows D. Thus option 1  cannot be the answer.

 Option C tells about training of candidates in class room and option B tells about their further training in the playground. The word 'then' confirms this. So B  should follow C. This is in option 3 only. 

Option 3 appears to be  the probable answer. This combination can be checked to verify its correctness. D tells about an institute, A tells about narrator's joining that institute, C tells about training of candidates in classroom and finally B tells about their training in the playground. Option 3 DACB is the answer.) 



THREE

Hereunder  sentences X and Y are given , arrange the sentences ABCD between them in a meaningful sequence.


X. Vision limits perception of a person and to know the realities of life one has to rise above oneself. 

A. The frog  from the above finds  it  so large as it had never imagined of it even.

B. Soon a crow flying in the sky pounces upon it and takes it away clinching in its paws.

C. A frog sitting on the bank of a pond thinks  this world to be as large as a  pond.

D. The frog let off from  claws of the crow finds itself in a well and realises that the world is within those walls only.


Y. A great man is he who  rises above himself and starts  thinking  beyond himself and  all that surrounds him.


OPTIONS
1. CBAD 2. ADBC 3. CADB 4. DACB




Saturday, 18 September 2021

Sentence Arrangement -3. Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation

 Sentence Arrangement is to identify the meaning and sense contained in the given sentences and arrange them in a meaningful sequence.


From the examination point of view, the question of Sentence arrangement can be attempted in an  easy and quick way. It can be done by examining the given options of the question. The given options can be checked one by one and the correct one can be sorted out. This saves much time.


Here are some examples to elaborate.

Arrange the following sentences in a meaningful way.


ONE


A. Girls in this way form an integral part of the family as well as of the society.

B.Girls used to attend to different household chores only till recent past
but with the passage of time their activities have spread to different fields which were not theirs earlier.

C. They not only take part in these activities but they excel their counterparts in them.

D.Imparting good education to girls for  this reason has become the most essential thing these days as it not only develops their own personality but also of the family.


OPTIONS

1. DBCA 2.ACBD 3.ABDC 4. BCAD

(Explanation:
Two sentences A and B start with a noun 'Girls', C with a pronoun 'they' and D with a noun, gerund, 'imparting'.  No option starts with C. Two options start with A and one each with B and D. The words 'in this way' in A and 'for this reason' in D show that these have their reference in some previous sentence. First sentence should be B. So answer is the only option starting with B, 4. BCAD. This combination can be checked for its correctness.)



TWO


A. Of late some of its partners  had been insisting on bringing  some changes in its working pattern.

B. Its all  partners  had invested  huge amounts in it and no one wanted it to be dissolved.

C. In fact even those partners who favoured changes also did not want it to be dissolved.

D. The three decade old partnership of the firm was not going to be dissolved so easily.

OPTIONS

1.  BADC 2. DABC 3. DBAC 4. CDAB.

(Explanation:
There is no option starting with A. Two options start with D and one each with B and C. B starts with the word 'its' which shows that it has reference to some sentence prior to it. The words 'even those' in option C show its link with some earlier reference to 'partners'. These sentences cannot be first sentence so answer should  start with D. Now after D (according to 2 and 3 ) whether it is A or B. B explains further what is said in D.The word 'dissolved' shows its link with B. Answer is DBAC. )


THREE

A. Its path is paved with patches of both smooth and rough ground.

B. To achieve it, one should have not only strong willingness to tread on all types of path but also steadfastness of achieving it.

C. Success in life is not like climbing up a ladder but it is like  going up a cliff.

D. On its achievement one gets the real joy and forgets all encountered with on one's way.

 
OPTIONS

1.  CABD  2. BCAD  3. DBAC  4. CDAB.

(Explanation: 
No option starts with A. Two options start with C and one each with B and D. The words 'it' (pronoun) and 'its' (possessive pronoun) in B and D respectively show their link with some earlier reference. These cannot be the answer. So answer should start with C. C starts with a noun 'success'. A sentence starting with a noun can be first sentence. Now according to 1 and 4, after C whether it is A or D. D after C does not give complete meaning. It shows some incomplete meaning. Answer is CABD. Complete answer can be checked now.)


FOUR


A. People understanding this principle never fail and they always move ahead of others doing their task with greater precision and more efficiently.  

B. Those who realise its value and accomplish all their activities and tasks in time always succeed in their life.

C. Time management plays an important role in the life of a man therefore for a man it is of  great importance to  stick to his time schedule while doing his task.

D. In this way, if a man manages his time effectively he not only completes his job in time but also saves himself from avoidable difficulties.



OPTIONS
1.DABC 2. CBAD 3.CABD 4.ACDB






FIVE

A. Honesty too is such a habit that takes its roots in the character of a person in his early life and remains with him for his whole life.

B. So it becomes imperative on the part of parents to inculcate moral values among their children in their early age so that they are able to comprehend their value when are faced with any situation. 

C. if a person has traits of dishonesty in his character these cannot be changed so easily because habits are  easy to make but  difficult to break.

D. Habits are formed in a person at a very young age say in childhood, they form a firm foundation and continue with him throughout his life.

OPTIONS

1.DACB  2. DABC 3. ABDC  4.CABD




X. Nobody knows when the luck may favour a person.


A. The cabman meanwhile was back on his seat before the lady could reply to her husband, he started the cab and went away.

B. The cab-driver stopped the cab by the roadside near a meadow and went down to drink water.

C. The richman told his wife about the youngman and expressed his desire to her to accept him as their heir as they had no child of their own.

D. The rich man sitting with his wife in the cab peeped out of the cab and saw a handsome youngman sleeping under a nearby tree.

Y. The youngman missed the chance of being blessed by the Luck dame.

OPTIONS
1. ABDC 2. BDCA  3. DACB 4. BCAD

Monday, 30 August 2021

Sentence Arrangement -2. Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation


SENTENCE ARRANGEMENT

There are different types of questions relating to arrangement of jumbled sentences into a meaningful sequence in competition examinations.  Mostly these are with given options and the correct sequence is to be selected out of those options. In some cases there are first and last sentences given and the remaining four sentences are to be arranged in between these two sentences. There are sometimes questions relating to first, third, fourth or last correct option of the sequence etc. However for any mode, the method of arranging these remains the same by understanding meaning and sense of the sentences and arranging these by finding out links between them. It remains pertinent to say that there is no foolproof specific rule for this.

Here follow some examples for explanation and practice.


Exercise  One

Of the following sentences, sentnces A and B form the first and the last sentence of the sequence respectively. Arrange the remaining four  sentences into a meaningful sequence between these two.


A. Of the various kinds of scholars who go to universities, there are mainly those who devote themselves to leisure of learning and acquiring knowledge, imparting their knowledge to their fellow beings through their discourses and writings.

P. In this way, a University, by all means, is sanguine to be called a place of learning for all those who acquire as well as those who impart knowledge, it thus in a way unites and allows all of them to mingle with each other to get acquainted.

Q. Among all of these, however, there remains an underneath pedagogic instinct whatever the reason of their pursuit be whether avocation or a quest for a goal.   

R. Most of them engage themselves to gain knowledge for adding to their academic achievements through degrees and medals, their pursuit is orchestrated to achieve their objective. 


S. Scholars resort to universities also for being trained to impart their knowledge to others, so while being taught they have to undergo various procedures of displaying their knowledge and showing its authenticity.


B. Universities, in a way,  bring together all those who are scholars, those  who intend to teach and those who want to be taught, meet with    their all requirements besides providing a common niche for them.


OPTIONS
1. QSRP  2. SRPQ  3. SQPR 4. RQSP

ANSWER

In such questions one should go by the given options.

In this question Sr. no, A and B are given and the remaining PQRS are to be arranged in between these two. A describes activities of scholars in universities. B describes role of universities relating to scholars.  

 Two options start with S and one each with R and Q. No option starts with P. So no need to see to it.
S states that scholars resort to.....also for...The word also tells that there was discussion about scholars in previous sentences. This shows possibility of link with A. Two options 2 and 3 start with S. 

In option 2 R follows S. In R there is repetition of statement of S. In 3, Q follows S in which there is a general statement about teaching instinct. These do not fit here as answer. 

Q states that ...among all of these... Pronoun these indicates some prior reference This links it with S as it describes the categories of scholars who go to universities for different purposes.

The words 'a majority of them' in R shows its link with A. Q describes further about scholars already referred to. S gives more details of activities of scholars. 
Q elaborates further the point stated about scholars in R. So Q should follow R. This is in option 4.

P refers to universities where these scholars go for their pursuits. B elaborates the same point further. This shows link between P and B. So answer is 4 RQSP.





Exercise Two


A. Problems of people living in urban areas are different from those of people living in rural areas though the need of basic necessities remains the same for both the categories.

P. This has resulted into growth of population of these cities beyond planners' imagination and problems of these cities too are rising beyond control of the authorities concerned. 

Q. These problems arise mainly due to these cities being over populated and developed without any planning and making future provisions.

R. People living in these big cities face problems like scarcity of water or power supply, over-crowded roads and visiting places, traffic congestions on roads and limited parking places for vehicles etc.

S. People in large number from nearby areas are moving to these cities for  their livelihood and better basic amenities and this is causing haphazard growth of dwelling areas in and around these cities.

B. The need of the hour is broad macro-planning for various cities keeping in view the local requirements and envisaging  future growth of population of the area.


OPTIONS  1.QRSP 2.RSQP  3.RQSP   4. SRPQ 


ANSWER

In such questions there is need to find links between different sr nos.
Sr. no. P describes problems of people living in urban areas. B suggests solution of this problem.
R gives details of these problems whereas Q enlists reasons of these problems. So R should follow A and Q should follow R. S further tells about reasons and P gives the result of these problems. B tells about solution of these problems.
In this way a possible sequence is RQSP.
This is option 3. Answer is 3 RQSP.


Exercise Three


A. Human body needs all the constituents of food for its balanced development otherwise deficiency of any of these may cause serious illness.

P. This in turn has resulted in adding to health problems of people rather than solving them because this all has resulted in diminishing immunity of human beings against various diseases.

Q. Nowadays, as a snobbery,  people of all ages have started curtailing different food items without knowing  their requirement for the body.

R  Of late, people have started having controlled quantity of sugar and fats thinking that these cause various diseases of heart and diabetes or obesity etc.

S. In comparison to this, about a couple of decades ago, people were not so much concerned about control over their food rather they were in the habit of taking very rich and abundant food and they were  quite healthy having very few health problems.

B. So before taking any such decision about curtailment of diet one must consult one's physician and must take the required food sufficient to replenish the needs of the body.

OPTIONS

1. QSRP   2. SRQP 3.RQPS  4.PSRQ



ANSWER

In such questions one should go by the given options.

In this question, two sentences A and B are given. The remaining four sentences, PQRS are to be arranged in a befitting sequence.

A tells about requirement of food constituents for human body. B contains an advice to consider before curtailing food items quantity.

The given four options start with each of the four serial numbers PQRS.

P. Words 'this in turn' show that this is result of some prior action. This does not fit with A as there is no such reference in it. So option 4 is ruled out.

Q tells about curtailment of food items by people. This shows some link with A. Option 1 can be the possibility.

R further describes items of food like sugar etc. which people take in lesser quantity these days. This does not fit with A as there is no mention of food items in A. So option 3 is ruled out. 

S tells about food habits of people in the past time. This compares food habits of people of past time with those of present days. This does not fit with A so option 2 is ruled out.

P tells about certain activities on human health and B gives advice to be careful about taking different food items. There seems link between these two. P is in last serial in two options 1 and 2. But S cannot follow A. So option 2 is not correct. Correct answer is 1 QSRP.

Exercise Four


A. Khadi Industry,  which was once a lucrative mode of employment for villagers, has lost its sheen and it is no more a source of income for them.

P. Power loom industry of today in fact gives a tough competition to village Khadi industry.

Q. Therefore there is a great demand of these clothes in the market and to meet with it big power looms have come into existence.

R. But people in different parts of the world still like and wear khadi clothes.

S. The Khadi industry is no longer a small village industry but it vies with other industries like Textile industry etc.

B. Clothes and other items made of Khadi produced by power looms are liked and used all over the world and these are considered cheaper and better in quality.


OPTIONS

1.SRQP    2.SRPQ  3.RQSP  4. PSRQ



Exercise Five

X.  If a company is to survive in the world of cut-throat competition of today it is of utmost importance for it to update all methods and techniques of its working. 
  
A. The meeting which was attended by all the staff members  lasted for two hours and the participants were acquainted with the various methods being adopted in the field of marketing today.

B. All the participants considered this meeting very useful for them as they came to know the importance of replacing old methods with the new ones for getting better results in the field of marketing. 

C. Immediately after their return from the seminar, they decided to hold a meeting of the staff in the office and a meeting was called.

D. The directors of the company had an opportunity to attend a seminar on the topic 'New Challenges in the field of Marketing' last week.

Y. Such exchange of ideas and policies among themselves is of great help for a company in framing its new policies and enforcing new techniques of working.


OPTIONS

1.BCAD   2. ABDC  3.CBAD 4. DCAB




Friday, 27 August 2021

Sentence Arrangement--1 - Competition Examination Questions Based Exercises-- Solution & Explanation


ARRANGEMENT OF JUMBLED SENTENCES INTO A MEANINGFUL SEQUENCE



In competition examinations there are questions relating to arrangement of jumbled sentences into a meaningful sequence. For attempting these questions though there is no hard and fast rule yet understanding meaning and sense conveyed by the given sentences helps in finding  solution. There are some key words which show linkage between these sentences and those are required to be identified. 

A few of these are enumerated  hereunder :

To form the first sentence generally a Noun as its subject is required in the sentence.

A sentence having a pronoun as its subject generally does not form the first sentence of the sequence.

Articles like "a, an or the" also give a hint about position of the sentence in the sequence. The articles "a" or "an" show that this sentence can be first sentence but a sentence containing article "the" shows that reference of the noun following "the" has already been made in a sentence prior to this sentence. 

There are words like it, its, this, these, that, those, hereunder, below, preceding,  or  following etc. which also  indicate  position of the sentence in a sequence. 

For example:
Its effect on them was so intense  that they immediately changed their decision. 

Here words like "its" "them" and "they" refer to  something already discussed in preceding sentences. So this cannot be first sentence.


Words like but or yet also help in locating position of the sentence. After use of these words the mood of the statement undergoes a change. If there is a positive mood of the statement after these words it will change to negative or vice versa.

 For example: 
He wanted to appear in the examination this year but he could not.

Though he appeared in the examination this year yet he did not pass. 

Words like also, however, nevertheless  also  indicate  context of the sentence with others.

In certain examination questions there are options given to select the correct answer out of those. These options help in finding out the correct answer. One can easily go by these options.  The option which does not form the first serial number of the options can easily be ignored. The options which do not fit into probabilities can also be ignored and only the remaining options can be considered. This method reduces  labour and saves time in finding out the correct solution.

For Example:

There are four serial numbers, PQRS and options are

SRQP  QPRS  SPQR  RPQS

Options show that answer cannot start with Sr no P. So it can be ignored. Now two options start with S think about them.If it does not fit in norms ignore it too. Now focus on the remaining two options Q and R only. This will save labour and time.


Examples elucidate the point further.

Here follow Exercises for Practice.


Exercise One

Arrange the following sentences into a meaningful sequence.

P. It pertains to a rift in the relationship between children and parents, the young and the old due to conflict of their ideologies. 

Q. Generation gap refers to the distancing of people of successive generations with respect to communication, behaviour, thinking etc. 

R.As a result several old age homes have mushroomed in our country which take into their fold senior citizens bereft of love of their children and family.

S. In fact when a young person and an old person cannot understand each other's view point, it is said to be a case of generation gap and it is widening at an alarming rate and destroying the social fabric all over the world.

OPTIONS

1. SQRP   2. RSQP  3. QPSR  4. SPQR

Answers with explanations.

One can safely go by the given options. 
No option starts with P so it cannot be first sentence.
There are two options starting with S. This can be answer. 

Sr no R starts with words "as a result" which shows that there are some facts prior to this sentence on the basis of which this conclusion has been made. So this cannot be the first sentence. 

Option S starts with words "In fact" which shows that this sentence gives explanation of some point already stated prior to it. So this does not appear to be the first sentence.

Option Q is a general statement about a fact "generation gap" this appears to be first sentence. Out of the given options only at sr no. 3 starts with Q. This sequence can be checked.

If we start from the last Sr. no. S , it describes effect of gap on social set up. Further Sr. no. R tells about more such conditions prevailing in the society. This indicates that R can follow S. So option with sequence SR should be first checked. 

Option Q can be followed by P as it further elaborates the point stated in Q.  S further gives detail of it.  Finally R shows the concluding result of all these. 

So Option 3  QPSR is the answer.


Exercise Two

P. Seeing him a beam of light flashed in the eyes of the old man, though  he failed to recognise him yet he appeared to be known to him.

Q. He being exhausted was feeling it difficult to continue his journey further but even then  he did not want to surrender.

R. All of a sudden he caught sight of a young man at a distance who appeared to be heading towards him.

S.  An old farmer was walking slowly on the road with the support of his stick but he had a strong zeal in his mind to achieve his target.

OPTIONS
1. RQPS 2. SQRP 3. SPQR  4. PQSR

Answer with explanation.
P. In this sentence  article 'the' before 'old man'  indicates that there has already been reference to 'old man' in previous sentences. So this cannot be first sentence. So option 4 is ruled out.

Q. In this sentence the pronoun 'he' indicates that this cannot be first sentence. Besides there is no option starting with Q.

R. The words 'he appeared to be exhausted'  refer to someone already mentioned in previous sentences. So this too cannot be first sentence. Option 1 too cannot be answer.

S. This sentence starts with a Noun 'an old farmer' so this can be first sentence. There are two options starting with S. These two need to be checked.

It is to be seen  whether after S it is P (option 3) or Q (option2). 
Option P tells about someone whom the old man saw but there is no such reference in S. So P cannot follow S. 

Answer is 2. SQRP. This sequence can be checked and verified.
S tells about an old farmer walking and Q tells that he is exhausted. This makes link between the two. R gives reference to a young man whom the old man saw  and P describes about his recognition by old man. 




Exercise Three

Arrange the following sentences into a meaningful sequence.

P. In ancient times when scientific instruments were not there man made these predictions by  watching  movements of winds or birds etc.     

Q. It has been his continuous endeavour to know weather changes before hand as these are of utmost importance for him.

R. Predicting weather has always been a cumbersome business for man since long.

S. Various methods have been used in the past to make accurate weather predictions but without much success as weather often plays truant. 

OPTIONS
1. SRQP  2RQSP 3.QPRS 4. RPQS





CONTD.










Thursday, 19 August 2021

Error Spotting ( Indefinite Pronoun Usage-2 )- SENTENCES OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS PATTERN

  ERROR  SPOTTING

Usage of Indefinite Pronoun in sentences.

In a sentence an Indefinite Pronoun is used as Subject or Object when subject or object of the sentence is not specific or certain. These are expressed in general terms. 

For example : 
Anybody, Anyone, Anything, Nobody, None, Nothing, Somebody, Someone, Something, Everybody, Everyone, Everything etc. 

Some of these Indefinite Pronouns are always used as singular, some as plural and some as both singular and plural.

Indefinite Pronouns used as Singular --
One, Everyone, Nobody, Somebody, Anybody, Each, Every etc.

Indefinite Pronouns used as Plural ---
Many, Several, Few, Both, Others etc.

Indefinite Pronouns used as Singular and Plural ---
Most, All, None, Any, Some etc.

NOTE : A verb is used in a sentence according to its Subject. So to find in an error in a sentence it is very important to identify  Subject in it. 




Sentences with Indefinite Pronouns used both as Singular and Plural.


Most of the work is complete.
Most of the boys are absent.

All was lost in disaster.
All  were present there.

None  is responsible for this.
None of them were present.

All did not leave some are still there.
All work is not complete,some is near completion and other is yet to be started.


EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE

Find out error if any in the following sentences.


1. Most of the machinery parts imported from Russia is reported to have developed some technical fault and as such are required to be  replaced.

(Hint : There is hint of error in this sentence itself. 
" Most of the machinery parts"
"is reported to have"......"are required to be". As subject is plural verb too should be plural ,It should be "are reported" like "are required to".)



 2. One of the players selected for tournaments are likely to be detained and may not be sent for  training because of his pre-engagement.

(Hint : In this  sentence for the singular  subject "One of the " singular verb "is" in place of "are" is required.)


3. Many of the decisions taken by the committee in the meeting yesterday was unanimous except one controversial one which was passed through voting.

(Hint : In this  sentence for the plural subject "Many of the decisions" a plural verb "were" instead of " was" is required.)


4. It is important to remember that the vast majority of the people living in this area are farmers with a limited amount of land and scarce sources of income.

(Hint : In this sentence for "the vast majority " singular verb  "is" instead of "are" is required.)

5. This bill is not likely to be passed in the house as a majority are not in favour of its passing.

(Hint : In the latter part of the sentence"a majority " is subject and is singular. So a singular verb is required. It should be "a majority is".)



CONTD.









Monday, 16 August 2021

Error Spotting ( Indefinite Pronoun Usage-1 )- SENTENCES OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS PATTERN

 ERROR  SPOTTING

Usage of Indefinite Pronoun in sentences.


An Indefinite Pronoun is used in a sentence in place of a Noun as Subject or object. When a doer or a receiver or in other words a Subject or an Object is not certain, an Indefinite Pronoun is used. An indefinite Pronoun refers to persons or things in a general way. 
For example :

Anybody can do this work.
Everybody is ready to go there.
Someone has picked his pocket.
All were happy in the party.
Always do good to others.
 
In these sentences, the words Anybody, Everybody, Someone, All, and others are examples of Indefinite Pronoun. These are Pronouns but do not represent any definite person or thing.


Some points to be noted in case of Indefinite Pronouns :

 - One is used as singular and it is followed by one's and not his or her.

One should do one's duty.

- Each, Either and Neither when used as Pronoun are followed by singular verb. 

Each of them was happy there.
Neither of the two is fit for this job.

- either and neither are used for two things or persons.

- Any one refers to more than two persons or things.

Any one of the four friends is expected to take  part.
Neither of the two brothers is at fault.
You can have either of the two shirts.

- None is used both as singular and plural 

None but fools have faith in these things.
Have you any news for me? There was none for you.
Did you bring any fruit? There was none in the market.

- Each other is used for two persons or things but One another is used for more than two persons or things.

Both the sisters love each other.
They are quarrelling with one another.

Here are some sentences for Practice:

1. Someone is knocking at the door.
2. Either of the two brothers is at fault.
3. None of them has any information.
4. Some were very helpful.
5. Each of them is ready to accompany us.


In competition examinations there are questions with incorrect usage of Indefinite Pronouns in sentences. The error in sentences is required to be located and rectified.


Generally in examination questions these  mistakes relate to --

1. Indefinite Pronoun itself
2. Verb used with an Indefinite Pronoun.
3. Question tag in the sentence.


For example:
1. One should obey his parents.
2. Everyone student present there deposited his fee.
3. Everybody will attend the party, won't he? 
4. Everything was in order, weren't they?

(All these three sentences are incorrect.)


(Explanation:)

1. One is followed by one's.
One should obey one's parents.

2. Everyone is a Pronoun, Student a Noun.
 A Pronoun cannot describe a Noun. It should be either -
Every student present there deposited his fee. 
Every is adjective and student is a noun.
OR
Everyone present there deposited his fee.
Everyone is a Pronoun and Subject here.

3. For living things plural question tag is used.
 Everyone will attend the party, won't they? 

4. Everything was in order, wasn't it?



SENTENCES FOR PRACTICE


RECTIFY THE ERROR IF THERE IS ANY IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.

1.  When the inspector entered the room, he found everybody  in his place and doing their job silently and peacefully.

2.Everybody who wants to live in this society with one's head high will certainly try that such things do not happen and nobody dares to level any charge against him.

3.The authorities are pressing all of you hard to accept their terms and conditions but  each one of you will have to take his own decision whether to accept those or not.

4. A majority of the plants grown on either sides of the road were  laden with flowers of different colours.

5. Neither of the two sisters nor her mother was willing to part with money but they had to take this decision for the sake of one of their family friend.


ANSWERS

1. There is a hint about answer in the sentence itself. 
"......everybody in his place ......."
So it should be....
"........doing his job......"

2. Everybody takes "his" with it so it should be "with his head high".

3. In this sentence subject is "You" , so its possessive should be "your" in stead of "his".

4. ".....on either side of the ....."

5. "........one of their family friends".














CONTD.