Tuesday, 14 January 2020

ENGLISH GRAMMAR -- PARTS OF SPEECH -EXERCISES OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF SPEECH WITH SOLUTION AND EXPLANATION.

PARTS OF SPEECH--       


DIFFERENT PARTS OF SPEECH-- EXERCISES  
FOR PRACTICE

Meaning, Types , Definitions,  
Explanation with Examples.  

Different Parts of speech in a sentence are Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, interjection etc. having their own place and role in the sentence.


NOUN

Noun is a word expressing about a person, place, thing or a state or condition. It is the name of a person, place or a thing.

Name of a thing -- Table, Book.
Name of a Place -- Temple, Paris.
Name of a Person -- John, Lucy.
Name of a Quality -- Honesty, Strength.
Name of a Deed -- Choice, Work.
Name of Condition -- Stupor, Rest.

The word 'thing' stated above includes all the objects which one can see, hear. taste, touch or smell and also something that one can perceive, think or imagine but cannot feel by senses.



EXERCISE

ONE

Use the noun form of the given words in parentheses to fill in the blanks in the following sentences.

1. It is a matter of ......... (wise) if you take care of your health.
2. He did not understand the ........... (grave) 0f the matter.
3. The .......... (scarce) of foodgrains has upsurged their prices.
4. She has been living in this house since her ........ (child).
5. They lost their valuables in the ......... (thief).
6. His father's ......... (advise) fell flat on him.
7. This beautiful building is famous for its ....... (grand).
8. This was an act of ...........(coward) on her part.
9. It is her ........ (assume) only and not a fact.
10.The project started after ........ its (approve).  



TWO

Change the following words into their Noun form.

Apprehend , Contain, Assume, Excel, Defer, Grieve,
Hasten, Humble, Essential, Popular.



THREE


Change the following Adjectives into their Noun form.

Brief, Long, Rival, High, Scarce, Pious, Moist, Vain, Equal,
Short.



FOUR



Change the following Verbs into their Noun form.

Enclose, Resolve, Fly, Strive, Try, Handle, Omit, Horrify, Descend,
Brood. 










SOLUTION

ONE

Use the noun form of the given words in parentheses to fill in the blanks in the following sentences.

1. It is a matter of wisdom (wise) if you take care of your health.
2. He did not understand the gravity (grave) 0f the matter.
3. The scarcity (scarce) of foodgrains has upsurged their prices.
4. She has been living in this house since her childhood (child).
5. They lost their valuables in the theft (thief).
6. His father's advice (advise) fell flat on him.
7. This beautiful building is famous for its grandeur (grand).
8. This was an act of cowardice (coward) on her part.
9. It is her assumption (assume) only and not a fact.
10.The project started after its  approval (approve).  



TWO

Change the following words into their Noun form.

Apprehend , Contain, Assume, Excel, Defer, Grieve,
Hasten, Humble, Essential, Popular.


Apprehend - Apprehension
 Contain - Content 
Assume - Assumption
Excel - Excellence 
Defer - Deference
Grieve - Grief
Hasten - Haste
Humble - Humility
Essential - Essence
Popular - Popularity



THREE


Change the following Adjectives into their Noun form.

Brief, Long, Rival, High, Scarce, Pious, Moist, Vain, Equal,

Short.

Brief - Brevity
 Long - Longevity
 Rival - Rivalry 
 High - Height 
Scarce- Scarcity 
 Pious - Piety
 Moist- Moisture 
 Vain - Vanity
 Equal - Equality
Short - Shortage.



FOUR



Change the following Verbs into their Noun form.

Enclose, Resolve, Fly, Strive, Try, Handle, Omit, Horrify, Descend,

Brood. 

Enclose - Enclosure
Resolve - Resolution
Fly - Flight
Strive - Strife
Try - Trial
Handle - Hand
Omit - Omission
Horrify - Horror
Descend - Descent
Brood - Breed












PRONOUN

Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. 
For example --
John is poor, he cannot help you.

In this sentence John is a noun and 'he' is 
a pronoun used in place of the noun 'John'.

First Person -- 
Subject -Singular - I, Plural -- We.
Possessive - My , Our
Object -- Me, Us.

Second Person -- 
Subject -Singular & Plural --You.
Possessive - Your
Object -- You.

Third Person --

Subject -Singular - He,She Plural --They.

Possessive - His, Her, Their.

Object -- Him, Her, Them.









EXERCISE 

ONE


Fill in the blanks in the following sentence by forming suitable pronouns of the words given in parentheses.


1. This is my book which is ....... (you) ?

2. I ......... (my) cleaned my room.
3. The town ......... (it) is not very large.
4. Both the sisters love ........ (each)
5. By his deeds he will harm ....... (him)
6. They are managing ........(they) affairs.......(they).
7. ........(who) books were stolen yesterday? 
8. They scored as many goals as (us).
9. I saw ........(she) brother coming there.
10. Nobody came to ....... (he) rescue.


TWO


Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with an appropriate interrogative pronoun out of the given options.


(Who, Whom, Which, Whoever, Whomever, Whichever, Whose, What)


1. .......... is better honour or riches?

2. .......... , do you consider, is right?
3. ......... do you consider as your leader?
4. ......... do you want to  see ?
5. ......... am I speaking to, please?
6. .......... did you accompany to the market?
7. ...........do you believe did this?
8. ......... do you like her or her sister?
9. ...... is competent will be selected.
10. Select ....... you consider competent.



THREE



Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with an appropriate relative  pronoun.

1. Did you receive the parcel ....... I sent to you?

2. I need such a person .......... you are.
3. There is no one ........ has not lost a friend.
4. No man can lose ....... he never had.
5. You should emulate such a man ..... he.
6. She is a woman ....... you can confide.
7. He is a man ......... you can trust.
8. Where is the book ....... I gave you?
9. Those men ..... do not work must fail.
10. One must get ......... he deserves.


FOUR
Join the following pair of sentences by means of Relative Pronoun.

1. I saw an old man. He cannot walk even.
2. I saw a child. He is very lovely.

3. He is a cheat. No one trusts him.
4. I saw a girl. She is very beautiful.
5. This woman is virtuous. All respect her.



FIVE 
Rewrite the following sentences after correcting the mistakes.


1.Who did you see in the garden?
2. The book whom I like the most is sold.
3. Either of the two boys are intelligent.
4. His brother is the person which is to blame.
5. Such women who are virtuous are respected.
6. As many thieves who were arrested were put behind the bars.
7. He who we worship, the God, gives us gifts.
8. I which am your captain will lead you. 
9. He and me are invited to the party.
10. Everyone is frightened when they see a lion. 




SOLUTION


EXERCISE 


ONE


Fill in the blanks in the following sentence by forming suitable pronouns of the words given in parentheses.


1. This is my book which is yours (you) ?

2. I myself (my) cleaned my room.
3. The town itself (it) is not very large.
4. Both the sisters love each other (each)
5. By his deeds he will harm himself (him).
6. They are managing their (they) affairs themselves (they).
7. Whose (who) books were stolen  yesterday? 
8. They scored as many goals as we (us).
9. I saw her (she) brother coming there.
10. Nobody came to his (he) rescue.


TWO


Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with an appropriate interrogative pronoun out of the given options.


(Who, Whom, Which, Whoever, Whomever, Whichever, Whose,What)


1. What is better honour or riches?

2. Who , do you consider, is right?
3. Whom do you consider as your leader?
4. Whom do you want to  see ?
5. Whom am I speaking to, please?
6. Whom did you accompany to the market?
7. Who do you believe did this?
8. Whom do you like her or her sister?
9. Whoever is competent will be selected.
10. Select whomever  you consider competent.



THREE



Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with an appropriate relative  pronoun.

1. Did you receive the parcel that I sent to you?

2. I need such a person as you are.
3. There is no one who has not lost a friend.
4. No man can lose what he never had.
5. You should emulate such a man as he.
6. She is a woman whom you can confide.
7. He is a man whom you can trust.
8. Where is the book that I gave you?
9. Those men who do not work must fail.
10. One must get what he deserves.



FOUR 
Join the following pair of sentences by means of Relative Pronoun.

1. I saw an old man who cannot walk even.
2. I saw a child that is very lovely.

3. He is a cheat so no one trusts him.
4. I saw a girl who is very beautiful.
5. This woman is virtuous so all respect her.



FIVE 
Rewrite the following sentences after correcting the mistakes.


1.Whom did you see in the garden?
2. The book which I like the most is sold.
3. Either of the two boys is intelligent.
4. His brother is the person who is to blame.
5. Such women as are virtuous are respected.
6. As many thieves as were arrested were put behind the bars.
7. He whom we worship, the God, gives us gifts.
8. I who am your captain will lead you. 
9. He and I are invited to the party.
10. Everyone is frightened when he sees a lion. 









ADJECTIVE



A word used to add to the meaning of a noun or a pronoun is called an Adjective. For example --



John is a wise boy.

Lucy is a timid girl.

He is a poor man.

They are honest.



In the sentence written above, the words wise,timid,poor and honest are examples of adjectives. They all add to the meaning of the words boy, girl, man and they.




EXERCISE 

ONE


Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable degree of adjectives given as options.

1. A .......... (much) charming scenery I have never seen.
2. A wise enemy is ......... (good) than a foolish friend.
3. Who is the ........... (pretty) girl in the class?
4. He will get  who bids the .........(high) for it.
5. She is one of the ......... (clever) girls in the class.
6. Your house is .......... (far) from school than mine.
7. Honour is ....... (dear) to me than life.
8. His condition is......... (good) after he took medicine.
9. He is indeed a  .......(youth) man but he is .......(cowardice).
10. A lame ass is better than a ....... (die) lion.



TWO

Change the following Verbs into their Adjective forms.
Clarify, Abound, Humiliate, Enable, Condense, Fill, Refresh,
Justify, Enlarge, Specify. 



THREE

Change the following Nouns into their Adjective form.
Strength, Density, Scarcity, Youth, Activity, Wastage,
Height, Fertility, Moisture, Reality.



FOUR


Supply the proper  Adjective form of the following words in blanks in the following sentences.

Glory
This reminds him of his ............ past.

Child 
He has been living in this house since his ..........

Sincere
He is the .......... boy in the class.

Little
The shopkeeper charged the ........ price of the article.

Much
A ......... charming scenery I have never seen.

Pride
It was a ........ moment for the whole family.

Old
Who is the ........... of your two sons?

Dear
Honour is .......... to me of all the other things.

Pretty
No other girl in the class is as ....... as she.

Cold
As we moved upward weather was ...........













SOLUTION

ONE


Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable degree of adjectives given as options.

1. A more (much) charming scenery I have never seen.
2. A wise enemy is better (good) than a foolish friend.
3. Who is the prettiest (pretty) girl in the class?
4. He will get  who bids the highest (high) for it.
5. She is one of the cleverest (clever) girls in the class.
6. Your house is farther (far) from school than mine.
7. Honour is dearer (dear) to me than life.
8. His condition is better (good) after he took medicine.
9. He is indeed a  young (youth) man but he is coward (cowardice).
10. A lame ass is better than a dead (die) lion.



TWO

Change the following Verbs into their Adjective forms.
Clarify (clear) , Abound (abundant), Humiliate (humble), Enable (able), Condense (dense), Fill (full), Refresh (fresh),
Justify (Just), Enlarge (large), Specify (specific). 



THREE

Change the following Nouns into their Adjective form.
Strength (strong), Density (dense), Scarcity (scarce), Youth (young), Activity (active), Wastage (waste),Height (high), Fertility (fertile), Moisture (moist), Reality (Real).



FOUR


Supply the proper  Adjective form of the following words in blanks in the following sentences.

Glory
This reminds him of his glorious past.

Child 
He has been living in this house since his childhood.

Sincere
He is the sincerest boy in the class.

Little
The shopkeeper charged the least price of the article.

Much
A more charming scenery I have never seen.

Pride
It was a proud moment for the whole family.

Old
Who is the  elder of your two sons?

Dear
Honour is dearer to me of all the other things.

Pretty
No other girl in the class is as pretty as she.

Cold
As we moved upward weather was colder
















VERB



A word used to express some action or activty in relation to a person, place or a thing is called a verb. It is a word that tells about an action by the subject. For example --



Boys play a match.

Girls sing a song.

She washes clothes.

They drink tea.



In the sentences written above the words play, sing, washes and drink express some action. These are examples of verb.





EXERCISE

ONE

Make sentences using the following verbs in their Transitive as well as Intransitive forms.

Open, Fly, Break, Stop, Begin, Run, Sing, Run, Fight, Laugh.



TWO

Change the following Nouns into their Verb forms.
Gift, Seat, Hand, Knee, Sale, Seed, Price, Loan, Belief, Air


THREE

Change the following Adjectives into their Verb forms.
Large, Sure, False, Able, Real, Dear, Clear, Just, Hard, Equal.



FOUR


Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable form of verbs given as options.

SPEAK
English is ........ Xxbegged pardon.

SLAY
Many people were ......... during riots in the city.

LET
Animals were ........ loose on the roads in the village.

RESOLVE
He ........... to take terrible revenge on him.


FIVE

Supply a suitable verb in agreement with the subject in each of the following sentences.

1. Everyone of the team ............ (was/were)  very happy.
2. Keats was one of the greatest poets that .......(has/Have)ever 
    lived.
3. No news ........ (is/are) good news.
4. A variety of flowers ......... (catch/catches) the eye.
5. Five rupees .......(is/are) no price for it.
6. Iron as well as coal ......... (is/are) found in this area.
7. Neither profit nor pleasure ........(is/are) mine.
8. Early to bed and early to rise ....... (make/makes) a man
    healthy,wealthy and wise.
9. The committee .......(was/were) divided in their opinion.
10. A good saint and great scholar ......... (has/have) arrived.


SIX

Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verbs given against each of the following sentences.

1. Did you ........ a pen with you ? (has)
2. Either he or his friends .........done it. (has/have)
3. She ............ have finished her job by now.(may)
4. He tried his best but ......... not do the job.(can)
5. You ....... not behaved in this manner, my son.(shall)
6. The choice ....... between name or money.(be)
7. Bread and butter ...... the main issue for them.(be)
8. Neither he nor his brother ....... present yesterday.(be)
9. She along with her sister ........ the business. (run)
10. Rain and snow ..... falling on the mountains.(be)   







SOLUTION

ONE

Make sentences using the following verbs in their Transitive as well as Intransitive forms.

Open, Fly, Break, Stop, Begin, Run, Sing, Fight, Close, grow.

INTRANSITIVE

The door opened and she went inside.

Birds fly in the sky.
The window pane broke with a loud sound.
The train stopped and passengers alighted.
Our vacation begins tomorrow.
He ran and disappeared from the scene.
She sings sweetly.
Soldiers fought bravely.
As she went in, the door closed.
The seed grew into a small plant.


TRANSITIVE

Open, Fly, Break, Stop, Begin, Run, Sing, Fight, Close, grow.

She went in and opened the box.
Boys fly kites.
The child broke the jar.
He stopped the car by applying brakes.
They began their work today.
Boys run a race.
The girls sing songs.
Soldiers fought the battle bravely.
She closed the box.
Peasants grow wheat in their fields.



TWO

Change the following Nouns into their Verb forms.
Gift (Give), Seat (Sit), Hand (Handle), Knee (Kneel), Sale (Sell), Seed (Sow), Price (Prize), Loan (Lend), Belief (Believe), Air (aerify )


THREE

Change the following Adjectives into their Verb forms.
Large (Enlarge), Sure (Ensure), False (Falsify), Able (Enable), Real (Realise), Dear (Endear), Clear (Clarify), Just (Justify), Hard (Harden), Equal (Equalise).



FOUR

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable form of verbs given as options.

SPEAK
English is spoken by people all over the world.

BITE
The stranger was bitten by a stray dog.

DREAM
He dreamt a horrible dream last night.

LAY
Lay my books on the table.

RUN
A thorn ran into her foot.

SHAKE
He has been shaken by this news.

KNEEL
The boy knelt before the priest and begged pardon.

SLAY
Many people were slain during riots in the city.

LET
Animals were let loose on the roads in the village.

RESOLVE
He resolved to take terrible revenge on him.






FIVE

Supply a suitable verb in agreement with the subject in each of the following sentences.

1. Everyone of the team was (was/were)  very happy.
2. Keats was one of the greatest poets that have (has/Have)ever 
    lived.
3. No news is (is/are) good news.
4. A variety of flowers catches (catch/catches) the eye.
5. Five rupees is (is/are) no price for it.
6. Iron as well as coal is (is/are) found in this area.
7. Neither profit nor pleasure is (is/are) mine.
8. Early to bed and early to rise makes (make/makes) a man
    healthy,wealthy and wise.
9. The committee were (was/were) divided in their opinion.
10. A good saint and great scholar  has (has/have) arrived.


SIX
Fill in the blanks with correct form of the verbs given against each of the following sentences.

1. Did you have a pen with you ? (has)
2. Either he or his friends has done it. (has/have)
3. She might have finished her job by now.(may)
4. He tried his best but could not do the job.(can)
5. You should not behaved in this manner, my son.(shall)
6. The choice is between name or money.(be)
7. Bread and butter is the main issue for them.(be)
8. Neither he nor his brother was present yesterday.(be)
9. She along with her sister runs the business. (run)
10. Rain and snow are falling on the mountains.(be)   











ADVERB

A word that modifies anything except Noun, Pronoun or an interjection is called an Adverb. For example --

1. She walks slowly.
2. He is a strong man.
3. They are very strong persons.
4. She performed very nicely.
5. The kite flew just over his head.
6. She came just after you left.


In first sentence, the adverb 'slowly' modifies the verb 'walks'. In second sentence, the adverb, 'strong' modifies the noun 'man'. In the third sentence, 'very' modifies the adjective 'strong'. In fourth sentence, the adverb 'very' modifies the adverb 'nicely'. In fifth sentence the adverb  'just' modifies the preposition 'over'.In sixth sentence, 'just' modifies the conjunction 'after'.

NOTE  A word is identified as a particular part of speech according to its place and usage in the sentence. There are words which are used as Adjective as well as Adverbs.


EXERCISE

ONE

Make sentences using the following verbs













PREPOSITION

A word used with a noun or a pronoun to show how they relate to other words in the sentence is called a preposition. For example--

The cat is under the table.
She is short of money.
They play with a hockey.
The man writes on the slate.
The bird is in the bush.
The words 'under,of,with,on and in' are examples of preposition.






CONJUNCTION

A word used to join two words or sentences is called a conjunction. For example --

Tom and Harry are friends.
He ran away as he saw me.
John tried but failed.
She or her sister will go there.
You will succeed if you work.
She went but did not return.

The words 'and,as, but,or,if, but are examples of conjunction.




INTERJECTION

An interjection is a word which is used to express some sudden feelings is called an interjection. It is used to express sudden feelings of happiness, sorrow, surprise or appreciation.
For example--

Hurrah ! Boys, we have won the match.
Alas! she lost her purse.
Ah ! flowers withered away.
Bravo ! well done, my boys.
Oh! he is undone.
What a beautiful flower!
How stupid she is!